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Full text of "The doctrine of morality : or, A view of human life, according to the stoick philosophy : exemplify'd in one hundred and three copper-plates, done by the celebrated Monsieur Daret, engraver to the Late French King, with an explanation of each plate"

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THE 



DOCTRINE 

O F 

M O R A L I T T; 

OR, i 

À View of Human Life, 

According to the Stoick Philofophy. 

Exemplify'd in One Hundred and Three Copper-Plates, 
done by the Celebrated Monfieur Daret, Engraver 
to the Late French King. 

With an Explanation of each Plate : Written Originally in French by Mon- 
fieur DeGomberville, for the Ufe of"* the faid Prince. • 

Tranflated into Englifh by T.M. Gibbs, late of Hart-Hall, Oxon. 




L NT) N, 

Printed for E.Bell, J. Darby, A. Bettesworth, F.Fayram, J. Pem- 
berton, J. Hooke, G Rivin g ton, F.Cla y, J. Batley, and 

E. S Y MON. M.DCC.XXI. 



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Her Grace thé 



Dutchess of ORM 




ADAM, 

Contrary to the Cuftom of Au^ 
thors, in this Age, who confider 
only Intereft, and are not aflia- 
med to dedicate their Writings to 
fuch, whofe Vices render them 
as remarkable as their Titles; I 
was determin'd to prefent The 
DoBrine of Morality to a Perfon, 
whofe Vertiies, as well as Quality, might awe the 
Vitious : One, whom I could not be thought to flat- 
ter, even when I moft commended, nor blufli to 
praife. In your Grace I have found this Perfon; You, 
Madam, have every Virtue that our Sex can glory in ; 
a Mind Noble as your Birth, Charming as your Per- 
fon ; a Temper fo Sweet and Humble, that you gain 
the Love» as well as the Refpe& of all that have the 
Honour to converfe with, or approach you : In all 
Conditions of Life, as a Wife, Parent, Miftrefs, and 
Friend, you, Madam, have Ihown yourfelf a perfeét 

a 2 Chriftten, 



DE D ICATIÔN, 

Chriftian, and done Honour to the Noble Family 
from whence you are defcended ; even your Enemies 
(for fuch uncommon Vertue muft have fome ) have 
not once dared to attack your fpotlefs Charader : had 
you not been born to be fo, your Merit alone would 
have made you worthy to be a Princefs. Tis for 
thefe Reafons, above all others, that I love and ho- 
nour you; and am glad of this Opportunity to tell 
the World how much I refpeâ you : Neither can I 
omit to mention the particular Favour your Grace 
did me, in prefenting my Memorial to her late Ma- 
jefly, whofe immortal Name will be ever dear to all 
that knew her ; which engages me flill more to love 
you. The Book I here lay at your Feet, was Compo- 
sed by a Great Man, for the Inflrudion of a Young 
Monarch, whofe Fame has fince fpread itfelfover 
the World; and prefented to a Queen, who was one 
of the moft Fortunate and Prudent that ever fill cl a 
Throne : It was put into Englijh by the young Gen- 
tleman whofe Name is to it, with Defign to perfuade 
our Young Nobility into the Love of thofe Vertues 
it teaches ; which he, by his Example, though very 
young, flrove to recommend to all his Acquaintance, 
in that Univerfity of which he was a Member : by 
his Death it became mine. I prefume to addrefs your 
Grace, to take this Orphan into your Protection. 
Pardon my Prefumption, Madam, and do me the Ho- 
nour to believe me, when I profefs, That no Perfoq 
more fincerely Admires and Loves your Grace, than 

Your Grace's 

Moft Obedient Humble Servant, 



Penelope Aubin. 





Dum dubitat quo te cœlator munere ionet , 
Te, ratus est ecelo aiqimu esse nihil , 

M 




Advertif ement tv the READ E R. 




N the following Preface you will find the true Sentiments of 
him who writ it, whom it has pleafed Divine Providence to de- 
prive the World of, before this Book could pafs the Prefs: I 
am confident that all the Generous Part of Mankind will treat 
it with Indulgence, and pardon any Errors, fince he wrote it in a lan- 
guifliing Sicknefs, and has not lived to look into, and reform any 
little Overfights in it. I hope, that as his Memory is dear to all who 
knew him, fo this will perpetuate his Name to Pofterity ; and that, tho 
he did not live to fee his Five and Twentieth Year ended, yet this his 
Ingenious Work will live till Time fhall ceafe, and will fully anfwer 
his Excellent Defign in Publifhing it. 



Penelope Aubin. 



(vii) 




The Tranflator's Preface. 




N an Age, when Men Jeem almoft entirely 
abandon a to Vice and Fouy, it will, doubtlefs y 
of fear fir ange, to fee a Toung Man jlep fcrth 
with the Air of a Stoick, and Jpeak to the 
World in the Style of Plato and Zeno, and 
court the Attention of the gayeft Part of Man- 
kind with grave Dijcourfes of Death and Ver- 
tue ; when Religion herjelf is become the Object 
of their Scorn, and is Jo much difguifed, even 
among thofe who profefs to honour her, that Jhe 
appears drejjed in Majquerade. 

A good Moralifi oft makes a good Chrifiian ; and jtnce the Holy 
Writings are Jo little under flood or reverenced, perhaps Philojovhy, which 
directed the wijer Heathens to Jearch after Truth, may prevail with Men 
to follow Reajon, Jubmit to Divine Revelation, and reform the World. 

The French Author, whoje Work I here prejent to you, was, doubtlejs, 
of this Opinion; and therefore made Choice of the Stoicks Morals to re- 
form his own Nation. Zeno Jeems now to have quitted France, to vifit 
us in a manner uncommon. He comes from a Nation whoje Fafhions we 
love and follow : be fides, we are fond of Novelties ; and our Practice 
muft convince all Men, that his Morals are altogether new to us ; which 
makes me hope they will be acceptable. Both he and I expecl to be the Objetf 
of the Critic ks Malice, and the vitious Mans Scorn; but if the Vertuous 
and the Learned bid us welcome, we are happy above our Expectations. 

b z Th* 



viii The Tranflator's PREFACE. 

The fir ft Thing 1 learn d was, That Imufi die; Religion and Phi lof op hy 
J found to be the only Things that could render that Thought agreeable, 
and not dreadful to me. 1 am not vain enough to imagine that 1 fhatl 
get Honour by [this Tranflation : but I am in hopes that I may do good, 
and that I may, by this Work, fhow how much I love and honour Vertue. 

I have been obliged (many of the Difcourfes of this Book at the begin- 
ning being very intricate, and little diverting) fometimes to turn and add 
to many of the Sentences, yet without altering the Deftgn of Monfieur 
Gomberville, who feems to have adapted the Senfe and Eloquence of each 
Difcourfe to the Time of Life it treats of; Jo that when he comes to jpeak 
of Bufinefs, Solitude, and Death, he. generally fhines mo ft. This I men- 
tion^ to avoid Cenfure from thofe who perfectly under /land the French. 



Thomas Manington Gibbs, 




am 




The French PREFACE, 
and Tranflation. 






X <?/? impoffible d'aymcr les 
belles chofes, & ne pas ay- 
mer la Peinture. C'eJi le 
dernier effort de P Imagina- 
tion & de PJrt. Ceft la 
fœur de la Poefie, & la fé- 
conde Rivale de la Nature ; 
c'ejl P Accomplijhment des temples & des 
Palais ; c'eji la plus belle & la plus inno- 
cente des Erreurs de la Veuë ; c'eji enfin, 
la plus douce d$ nos Pajfwns. Les plus 
fameufes Républiques ont couronne les 
'Peintres comme les Conquerans ; & 
fait graver leurs noms, dans le même 
bronze où elles confervoient ceux de leurs 
Magijirats & de leurs Capitaines. 
Elles en ont confiderè les chef s-d' oeuvres, 
comme des tcfmoignages illujires de la 
Grandeur de leur 'Domination ; & pour 
les rendre vénérables aux peuples, elles les 
07it fait entrer par une efpccc de Confe- 
cration, au nombre des T)ivinitez de 
FEJiat. On a donné des "Batt ailles pour 
la Conquejîe d'un tableau. On a fauve 
des villes Ennemies pour fauver une belle 
Peinture ; (y pour me fervir des paroles 
du plus délicat efprit de fou Jiecle, 



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i ••F.'liiM^lBEAt 

■ lUlMllI "liilllhiunuj 



T is impoffible to love what 
is beautiful, and not to be 
charmed with Painting, 
which is the laft Effort of 
Imagination and Art, the 
Sifter of Poetry, and fé- 
cond Rival of Nature ; the 
greateft Ornament of Temples and Pala- 
ces, the moft agreeable and innocent Error 
of the Sight, and in fine, the moft pleafing 
Entertainment our Imaginations are capa- 
ble of. The greateft Nations of the 
World have crowned Painters as well as 
Heroes,, and engraven their Names in the 
fame Brafs which preferved thofe of their 
Magiftrates and Generals. Mafter-pieces 
in this Art have been ever looked upon as 
the moft illuftrious Witneffes of the Great- 
nefs of their Power ; and, to render them 
more venerable to the Peopie, they have 
in a manner made them facred, by pla- 
cing them amongft the Guardian Deities 
of their States: Battels have been fought 
for the gaining of one Piece, and conquered 
Cities faved from Ruin for the fake of 
one Pifture ; and, to ufe the Words of the 
moft refined Witof his Age, 

•'"'■'. Si 



x PREFACE. 

Si nunquam Venerem Co'is pinxiffet Apeîles, 
Mer fa fub œquorcis ille lateret aquis* 

Si les grans Peintres des fiecles pajfez If the raoft eminent Painters of paft Ages 

euffent adjoûté la Tajfwn d'inftruirc à had endeavoured to inftruft, as well as 

telle qu'ils avoient de plaire, çj puizé pleafe, or glory'd more in drawing a mo- 

dans la belle Thilofophie, lesfujcts de leurs deft 'Pallas than a wanton Venus, they 

ouvrages, ils auroient eu leurs places would juftly have deferved a Place with 

entre les Socrates & les Zenons ; q- Von Socrates and Zeno ; and their Clofets 

eut cfiè chercher dans leurs cabinets Wtile would have furnifhed us with Inftru&ion 

auffi bien que le 'Delegable. Mais ils ont as well as Delight. But, for the moft part, 

ejié la plufpart de Flatteurs lâches & mer- they have been bafe and mercenary Flat- 

cenaires, qui pour avoir du credit dans la terers, who, to gain Credit in the Courts 

Cour des Tyrans, les ont prefque tous of Tyrants, have not blufhed to deify the 

Tfeifiiez ; donnant tantofi la Foudre d'un wickedeft of Mankind ; giving lbmetimes 

Jupiter à un heureux téméraire ; tan- the Thunder of Jupiter to a fortunate 

toft PEfpée d'un Mars au plus lâche de Coward, and oft the Sword of Mars, or 

tous les 'Bourreaux; & tantoft la Majpuë Club of Hercules, to one, not a Deftroyer 

d'un Hercule, non a un dompteur de Mon- of Monfters, but who of all Monfters was 

fires, mais au plus horrible de tous les himfelf thegreateft. The famous Founder of 

Monftres mêmes. Ce fameux inftituteur the moft fevere Seft of Men that ever ap- 

de l'ordre le plus fevere qui jamais a peared in the World, I mean that Enemy 

paru dans le Monde ; cet Enn'emy de la of Flefh and Blood, Zeno, having obferved 

Chair & du Sang, Zenon dy-je, s'eftant this Fault in almoft all the Painters of his 

apperçeu de la faute que je reproche à time, was defîrous to give to fo valuable 

prefque tous les Peintres, voulut donner an Art a more glorious and laudable Ufe : 

à un Art fi important, un plus glorieux For which Reafon, fo foon as he had began 

& plus legitime ufage- Ceft pourquoy, to publifti his Doctrines, (the Novelty of 

des qéil eut commence de publier fa T>oc- which had in a fhort time acquired him a 

trine ; çj que la nouveauté d'une chofe fi great number of Followers) he caufed to 

dificile, luy eut acquis un grand nombre be built that fumptuous Gallery, of which 

de feïïateurs, il fit baftir cette fuperbe moft of the Antients have made mention, 

Galerie, dont tous les Anciens ont parlé as _ one of the greateft Ornaments of the 

comme d'un des plus grans ornemens de la City of Athens. It was not the Richnefs of 

Ville d 'Athènes. Ce ne fut toutefois n'y the Materials, or the Beauty of the Struc- 

la Richeffe de la Matière, n'y la Beauté ture, that made this Edifice pafs for one 

de la Structure, qui firent p offer cet Edi- °f the Wonders of Greece. The Out- 

fice pour line des mervilles de la Greece, fide was indeed magnificent ; but that was 

Ee 'Dehors véritablement eftoit magnifique, nothing in compaifon of the Rarities with 

Mais e'efioit peu de chofe à comparaifon which the Infide was embellifhed. The 

des Raretez dont le dedans eftoit enrichy. .Stairs which led to it were Porphyry and 

On-wontoit par un grand degré de for- Marble, to which join'd the Gallery, where 

phyreffr de Marbre, dans tine Galerie, the moft eminent Painters of that Age had 

où les plus fcavant Peintres du terns a- employed the utmoft both of their Fancy 

voient epuifè leur Imagination, (j fait and Judgment. The arched Roof, adorned 

leurs derniers efforts. La voûte cojtipre- wirh Pieces of Painting, contained all that 

noit en huiû grans tableaux, tout ce que the moft pure Religion of that Time taught 

la Religion la plus épurée de ce fiecle-là, of the Nature of the Divine Being. On each 

. enfeignoit de la Nature des T>ieux. T>e fide were placed fifty large Pictures, wherein 

chaque cofté, Von voyoit cent autres grans were fhewn all the fevere Morals of theSto- 

tableaux, ok comme da?is des Cartes, icks. It was in this Place that Zeno changed 

eftoit renfermée toute la fevere Morale des the Nature of Man, and, of a miferable Crea- 

Stoiques. C 'eftoit là, que Zenon changeait tu re, fubjed to tremble and faint at every 

la Mature de l'Homme ; & que d'un mife- Change of Fortune, compofed Heroes, capa- 

rablc jouet du terns & de la Fortune ; // ble to difpute Glory' and Happinefs even wirh 

compofoit un Héros capable de difputer Jupiter himfelf. This facred Place was for 

avec Jupiter même, de la Gloire & de la a long time held in the fame Repute amongft 

Félicité. Ce lieu fainfl fut lo7ig-têms re- Men, as the Temples of the Gods. But 

gardé par les Hommes, avec le même re- the Brutality of the Terfians, and the Am 

fpeÛ qu'ils ont de conftume d'avoir pour bkion of the Romans, (who glory 'd ii 



in 
les ' com- 



PREFACE. 



les Temples mêmes des 'Dieux. Mais la 
^Brutalité des Terfes (y P Ambition des 
Romains, f ai fans gloire de commettre des 
Sacrileges ; & de fouler aux pieds les 
chofes les plus fainfles, après avoir ren- 
verfé les Autels de la Grèce, mirent par 
terre la demeure facrèe de la Vertue dif- 
ficile ; je veux dire la fuperbc (j facrèe 
Galerie de Zenon. Quelques curieux fe 
jetterent au travers de la Flamme (y du 
Fer pour en fauver quelques tableaux. 
Mais le l'élus a felon fa coufiume, achevé 
ce que le Fer (y le Feu avoient commencé ; 
(y les Autheurs mêmes qui nous ont appris 
que cette fçavante Galerie s'apelloit la 
Variée, ne nous 07it laiffè rien de particu- 
lier 'de ce qui ejioit reprefentè dans les 
tableaux dont elle efioit embellie. Or 
comme il arrive prefque en toutes les cho- 
fes du monde, que le Têms fait revivre 
après de grandes Revolutions, celles qu'il 
avoitfait périr, il efi advenu par que. que 
bien-heureufe advanture, qu'un Voyageur 
fcavant (y curieux, a rencontré des lames 
de bronze gravées; (y avec beaucoup de 
raifon il a cru que c'eftoient les deffeins 
des Tableaux ou Zenon avoit et allé toute la 
'Pompe çy toute la Hattteur de fon Ame. 
Çuoy qu'il en fait, ce curieux efi louable 
d'avoir renouvelle la mémoire d'une Galerie 
jfi 'délectable (y ft necejfaire; & voulant en 
imiter le premier Auteur, non feulement 
il Va fait belle, mais il l'a fait publique. 
File efi ouverte à tous ceux que l 'Amour 
de la Vertu appelle à la connoijfancc de 
fes myfteres. Puifque vous avez cette 
belle envie, & que vous m'avez choifi pour 
vôtre guide, Je vous promets l 'entrée de 
£e lieu fainÛ- JLe voila, qui comme fe?i- 
fible à vôtre honnefie curiojité, fe prepare 
à vous bien recevoir. Entrons y tous en- 
semble. Mais pour en tirer le Profit que 
nous en efperons, entrons y tous entiers ; 
(y ne laijfons point nos efprits parmy les 
voluptez (y les mollejfes, pendant que nous 
yeux feront attachez fur fes Tableaux, ou 
elles font cofidammes, comme les plus mor- 
telles E?memies de la veritable Félicité. 



XI 

committing Sacrilege, and trod under foot 
the moft facred things) after having thrown 
down the Altars of Greece, rafed to the 
Earth this facred Dwelling, whereunto 
Virtue feem'd to have made herlaft Re- 
treat : And thus was destroyed this fumptu- 
ous and invaluable Gallery. Some curious 
Perfons indeed threw themfelves into the 
Flames, even amidft the Swords of their 
mercilefs Enemies, and faved a Part of 
thofe admirable Pieces. But Time (as 
is cuftomary ) finifhed what the Fire 
and Sword began ; and even the Authors . 
themfelves, who have informed us of this 
lovely Gallery (which was called nOiKi'AH 
stoa) have left us no particular account of 
what was reprefented in the incomparable 
Pictures with which it was adorned. But, 
as it ofc happens in the Affairs of this mu- 
table World, fome unforefeen Revolution 
revives what was in a manner before deftroy- 
ed ; it chanced luckily, that a curious and 
learned Traveller met with fome Copper 
Plates, which, with good reafon he conclu- 
ded, by the Defigns contained in them, were 
taken from thofe admirable Pictures, in 
which Zeno had fhewed all the Majefty 
and Greatnefs of his Soul. Whether he is 
in the right or not, he deferves at leaft 
Commendation, for having revived the 
Memory of this ufeful Gallery : And, wil- 
ling to imitate the firft Founder, he has 
here in a manner more durable and uni- 
verfal, re-edify'd this beauteous Structure, 
and again opened its long negle&ed Doors, 
to invite Mankind to enter, and partake 
of its immortal Pleafures. Here, generous 
Strangers, come, and be undeceived ; learn 
to defpife the trifling Pleafures, that allure 
the unwary Part of you, and become He- 
roes and Demi-Gods. You who poffefs no 
Crowns, may here attain to be fuch,as 
merit to have greater, and more lafting 
Honours. Hither then I invite all thofe 
who are inclined to love and honour Ver- 
nie, to whom fhe will make known her 
facred Myfteries : and if you, my Reader, 
have this happy noble Curiofity, and will 
make choice of me for your Guide, I pro- 
mife you an Entrance into this facred 
Place. Behold it here, and open to receive 
you 1 Let us go in entire ; and, that we 
may not lofe the Advantages we hope for, 
let us free our Souls from all evil Inclina- 
tions, and, whilft our Eyes are entertained 
with the charming Delights that Vertue 
offers to us, fuffer not our Minds to ligh 
and languifh after the common Satisferons 
which delude Mankind, though in reality, 
they are the mortal Enemies of our Re- 
pofe and Happinefs, 

THE 



" ■ 






A Table of the Contents of the Two BOOKS, 



N. 



The Firft BOOK. 



Cuts. 
i 

2 

3 

4 
5 
6 



ATTIRE begins, Education fini flies Man, 
• Education out-does Nature, 
Education can do all Things, 
Vertue prefuppofes the Purity of the Soul, 
To fly Vice, is to jollow Vertue, 
To be Vertuous, you mufl be ABive, 
He that never begins 

Thing, 
By running we arrive at the Goal, 
Vertue flies all Extremes, 9 

In flying one Vice, the Imprudent fall into another, 10 
Nature regulates our Defies, 1 1 

To hate Vice , we mufl firfl know how to diflinguifli 

it, 12 

The Study of Vertue is the chief End of Man, 13 
In all Conditions we may be vertuous, 



The Covetous fear all Things , yet feem infenfl- 

hie of all Things, 53 

Avarice is infatiate, 54. 

The covetous Man is his own Tormentor 5 j 

One Blindnefs is attended with another, 56 

The Covetous dye as they live, 57 
The Malice of the covetous Man furvives even after 



he is dead, 
Riches are a Blejflng to good Men, 
will never accompli/!) any The Good Man is beloved by all the World, 

8- The End of the Firft Book. 



58 
59 

60 






The Second BOOK. 



*4 

The Cure of the Soul , is more vecejfary than that of J? 

the Body, 15 INVERT Man ought to follow his Genius, 

Love Vertue for herfelf alone, 16 The Fool always complains of his Condition, 



God alone has no fuperior, 17 

Tremble before the Throne of the Living God, 18 
Impiety is the Caufe of all Calamities, 19 

The Wicked puniflj one another, 20 

Man was born to love, 21 

By Loving, we become per fed:, 22 

It is necejfary that we jhould love, to be beloved, 

23 



For every Failing we fini a Pretence, 

He that lives well, makes a fortunate Voyage, 

Learning is thegreatefl Bleffing Man can acquire, 

Idlenefs is the Mother of Vice, 

Whofoever loves Vertue, defpifes all other Things, 

The IVife alone are free, 

The Wife are immoveable, 

The good Man isfafe in all Places, 



24 A good Confcience is invincible, 

2 5 % He that lives well, conceals not his Actions, 

26 J&rtue never fails to meet with its Reward, 



The Love of the^People, is the Strength of a King- He that fuffers much, gains much, 

dom, 
True FrieftdJInp is diflnterefled, + 

A true Friend, fees not his Frienjfs Faults, 
RefpeB your Friend, but take Care of yourJelf, 
Silence is the Life of Friend flnp, • '*** T 

Envy is the Death of Friendflnp, 
He that enjoys the Necejfaries of Life ,' has\ftothing The Mind mufl fometimes be unbent, 

more to wifl) for, "• 30 * The wife Man is not always grave, 



1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 

7 

8 

9 
10 
11 
12 

15 

14 



27 jffemal Honours are the Fruits of elaborate Stu- 

28 dies, 15 
29- Vertue renders us immortal, 16 

17 
18 



Temperance is the Sovereign Good, 3 1 Mirth is a Part of Wifdom, 

'Je that is Happy in his own Opinion , is really The wife Man laughs in Seafon, 



A Country Life is preferable to all others, 
A retired Life is the befl, 



The Exceffes of the Body are the Death of 

Soul, 
The Price of fenfual Pleafures is Repentance, 
There is no Crime without its Puniflment, 
Vice is a perpetual Slavery, 
The Vicious fill go on from one Crime to ano- Nothing paffes away more fwiftly than Life, 

ther, 39 Every Thing perijlies with Time, 

He only is Rich, who defpifes Riches, 40 

The Fear of Death is tbejufl Puniflment of the Am- 



32 
33 

34 
the 

35 
36 

37 
38 



19 

20 
Vertue is the ObjeB of Envy, 2 I 

Envy yields to Death alone. 2 2 

Vertue triumphs over all her Enemies, 25 

AH Things change , to the End that all Things may 



continue, 

All Ages have had their particular Vices, 
We ought to make ufe of Time, 
Regret not the Timepafl, 



bitious, 41 
Fear is the confiant Companion of Greatnefs, 42 
Fear accompanies the Wicked every where, 43 
Poverty is rather a Bleffing than a Misfortune, 44 
Poverty is no Hindrance to Vertue, 45 
All yield to the Daemon of Riches, 46 
jT/Therfites were rich, bed be taken for Achil- 
les, . 47 
An inordinate Deflre of Riches is inconfflent with Ho- 
vefly, 48 
Money corrupts all Mm, 49 
Fortune cannot give Defert, $0 
The Love' of Riches is an endlefs Pain, 5 1 
Covctoufnefs is a great Misfortune, S 2 



24 
2? 
26 

27 

28 

29 
3o 

3* 

32 
3? 

34 
3? 



True Philofophy is to learn to die, 
Old Age has its Pleafures, 
Seek not to inform thy felf of what's to come, 
Death is unavoidable, 
Live without fearing to die, 
The Aged ought to think of nothing but dying, 
There is no Precaution can beufedto prevent Death, 

36 
Death deprives us of all Earthly Things, 37 

Death makes all Men equals, 38 

Nothing isfo certain as Death, 39 

The Road to Death, is common to all Mtn . 40 
Death is inexorable, .41 

Man is nothing but a little Dujf, 42 

Death is the End of all Things, \ 43 

B 



The Doctrine of Morality; or, 
The Explanation of the Firft Picture. 

La Nature commence, la Nourriture achevé. 

^Jis%.OSTRE Peintre Philofopke jette en ce Ta- 
N % bleau les fondement de fa doiïrhe ; & vous 
^t^M, *y*" s i P ar . manière de dire , remis dans le 
berceau, vous donne un t nouveau fentimevt 



Nature begins, Education fîniftes Man, 

,$«&&%!. H E Philofopher and Painter have com* 

J T ï prized in this Picture, the Fundamen- 

J §, tals of that Doctrine, which they are 

noW beginning to teach. They feem 




Join 



fins, des connoiffarces qui font purement intelhBueUeS) Animals have much the Advantage ; and Man i« 



ilprefie des corps à des chofes qui v^ en ont point % &rë 
prefente avec beaucoup a" art , cette piiiffance favorable 
& féconde que Von appelle Nature, Jl luy fait tenir' 
comme par Id main, Vinclinatiov vértnenfe qu'elle nain 
donne en mus donnant la vie ; & la prefente à cette 
fouveraine dijpevfattke.des Mavrs , par les foins de 
qui cette inclination doit ejlre foigneufement cultivée 



the moft Helplefs and Unfortunate of all Créa* 
tures. Yet, they intend, not by convincing us of 
this unpleafant Truth, to deject us, but, on the 
contrary, to raife in our Souls a noble Ambition j 
dewing as to confider , that' this beauteous and de- 
licate Form , which requires fo much Care , is 
raced within with a Soul folar furpaifing all other 



La voyez-vous- cette Nymphe , fi pleine de pudeur & fi Beings," that it needs only Education , to be like 

fimplement habillée, ' Elle' fait à h fagejfe- une -bien that Divine One , which made all Things. Thus 

rSifue, mais èîërf lettable decUratiàn de fin impttif- they encourage us to the Pturfuit of Studies noble 

fame ; & luy confejfe qiiil luy manque beaucoup de arid Mafculine ; and to defpife all Things unwor- 

chofes pour la perfection de fes ouvrages. Elle la fol- thy the Dignity of our Original, For this - Rea- 

licite aujfi d i he/-cirfa charité envers uftfukt qui en ejl fon they give Bodies to Things purely intellectual { 

bien digne ; & de luy fournir cette nourriture foli de Ù and, with much Art , represent to our Imaginati* 

fortifiante, q«e toute bonne mers quelle ejl , elle tféft one, that favourable and fruitful Power, known to 

pas capable de, iuj dmmêf. La Deétfe des Arts & dit Us by the Name of Nature , holding by the Hand, 

Sciences, comme . elle tout* tfnereufe, fe laiffe toucltfr in the Form of a Youth, that admirable Gift Un* 

aux premier»* foUisitationi de /<». Nature, Elle fe derftandins $ which is given to us all (tho' not in 

haijfe poUr relever de tSrre , eêtts tendre production iê a like Perfection) at the Moment of our Forma* 

fon amie ; & luy promet it in Avoir tout le foin quill» tion ; and which renders us capable of thegreateft 

a coufiumè Ravoir ieceUk q^ui luy ïm fient la conduite Improvements. She prefents him to Pallas, the 

ie leur vie. Confiderez , je vous prie i combien ingB- fbvereign Difpofer of Wifdom , by whofe tender 

fiieufement nôtre Peintre a figuré eette inclination, vèr- Care alofle, he muft be govern'd and inftructed. 

tueufe avec laquelle nous nmjfons. Son vifage p*Jle t ÎSehold this Nymph , whofe Face is full Of Mode- 

fes mains jointes, fon aUion fuppliante, fon babit dé* fty, her Habit artiefsf a.nd plain. She makes to 

étiré, &-fes armes inutiles^ font autant de teftttmn» de Wifdom an eloquent but laudable Declaration of 

fa foible fe, dejbn ignorance f & de fa crainte. La her own Inability : Gonfeihng , that tho 1 foe had 

Sagejfe qui xontmjl bien que eette tnnoeente infortunée new form'd ana brought into the World this fair 

•ft encore plus fêhle J& [plus impvijfanteqtt'tllè ne p* Creature, yet there Were ftill wanting many 

roifi, luy rafjeure Vefprit , luy échauffe le cœvr f luy Things to perfed her Work. She then earneftly 

infpire la force, luy apprend Vufage des armes que fit intreats her to eiercife her Charity upon an Ob* 



inere luy a données j & luypromyt de ne la point abdn- 
êtmner, quelle ne Fait rendue viSorieufe des MonfirlS, 
qui de toutes parts s'affembteni pVufiatembattfe. 



je<a fo highly WSrthy of it, and to make his Soul 
her Care, which more wanted Inftrucîion, than 
his Body Food. I, fays me, great Goddefi, can 
, - r , fornifh the Delicacy which will fupport and help 

the Infirmities of the Orle L , tot y#y i alone tan fapply him with the Knowledge that muft render him 
Ufef ul and Happy. My W<*fc muft decay h ym muft guide the nobler Part, which will furviveto all 
Eternity. The Geddeh of Arts and Sciences (who is all Goodnefs and Humility) fufrers her felf to be 
Mbly touched with the firft SolUcitatioris of Nature h lhe embraces, and raifes from the Earth the 
fender Offspring oi her Friend, and readily promifes to take him into her Proteaion -, requiring no- 
thing from him tot ©bedieaeê, to rinder him happy and beloved. Take Notice, I beieêch you hot» 
ingenioufly our Painter reprefentsUô All under thiiFigure of Infancy .- His Countenance Pale, his Hands 
join d m a fuppliant Pofture , h» Habit diforder'd, appearing to be wholly ignorant of the life of All 
Things ; efMcially the Arms which hie Mother has beftowed on him j and to be iuft èntring upon the 
Stage of Life ; a Strange» ertfy Thing whiéh it is neceflàry for Man to know. Wifdom, who is 
feniible that this Innocent Unfortunate is ftill more weak, and helplefs than he appears, warms himin her 
Arms, chears his drooping Spirit^ and mfpiies Mm with Courage } teaching him the Ufe of thofe Arms 
fw ■?* a L*!%$ ^^^omjfinl «ever W abandon him, till he's become Victorious over all 
thofe Monfters, thatfeêmto be affémbling fioBi all Parts to combat with him, (who are indeed 

^u?" i U r^. r S d J51 ?ém ^ WK*h Wifdom alone (if we hearken to her Counfels ) will 
enable us tè fubdue and triumph over» * 

Natttram Minerva perficit. Wisdom perfects Naître. 

Horat. 1. 4 . Senate quidMni fiû, q*U indoles Sèè what the Mind with great Examples wârm'd 

va. 4 . Nutntafaujhsfubfènétrahlms And by aufpicious Care to Vertue form'd 

?#< Can do 1 — -*— 



DoBrha nam vim promovet infitàm, 
Reflique cultus peftorà robmant. 
Utcumque defecerè Jtiorês, 
Dedecorant bene vata culpa. 



Learning improves, what Nature gives. 
Verrue from Wifdom ftrerigth receives. 
But Vice will ftaift thegreateft Race, 
And all kind Nature's Gifts eflace. 



JVfc 



A View o/Human Life. 




Ne te promets pas tout des foins de la Naturel 
Il faut que ton travail accompagne le fen : 
Le champ le plus ferait m be foin it culture, 
Et Ji le Lalmrtur m ïenfemenci ùitn> 
il «y recueille risn. 



Leave not the whole to Nature's Care alone, ■ 
Each muft to her Endeavours add to» WW, \ 
Or no Succefc wOlall hà Laboors Cwt .,„, . 
The fertil'ft Land muft be improved and tilld; 
For he that never fows, will never reap his Field. 



The 



The Doftrine o/Moralitï; or, 



The Explanation of the Second Picture. 



La Nourriture furmonte la Nature. 



Education out- does Nature* 






«^ r €« 






«f 



« 



B 

Elf 

View. 



OICT m grand exemple de l'empire ab- 

folù avec lequel la Sage (je règne far la A a- 

f ture. Nojlre Philofophe muet nous le fi- 

UttLSJ&l gVre avec t01lt ce q& fan Art a de beau -, 
& pour nous le rendre plus fenjible, il re- 
nouvelle ce fpeiïacle inftruSif qui fut autrefois repre- 
fettté fur le plus fameux Tfjeatre de la Grèce. Voyez- 
vous cet homme Ji plein de Majejlé , qui tient lire table 

de brome où font gravées des Loix qui ne font gueres ~°~ Liwcm mais, iawnv:a ti oit Laws > 

moins dures que lemetail mefme ; Ceft ce grand Lycur- engraved that were no lefs durable , than the Me 

gusquipar une politique plus qu'humaine, compofa d'une tal it felf : It is the great Lycnrgus, who by a Po- 

Republique toute perdue de debauches & de luxe , une licy more than human, compofed of a Republick 



ylEHQLD here a convincing Inftance 
TJ3 of that abfolute Power, with which 
~ ' Wifdom governs Nature. Our mute 
^ Philofopher has in this Picture ufed the 
utrneft of his Art, and fet forth to our 
. that inftrudtive Scene, which was long lince 
acted on the moll famousTheatre of all Greece. Ob- 
ferve'this Perfon of a Majeftick Mien,holdingin his 
Hands a Table of Brafs, in which thofe Laws were 



focieté de Héros & de Philofophes. ' Cet excellent Per- 
fonnae eft encore aux premiers jours defon adminiftra- 
tiott ; & les Lacedemoniens apprennent encore les pre- 
miers rudiments de cette haute vertu dont il veut les 
rendre capables. Avjji les traitte-t'il comme de nou- 
veaux efcholiers, & pourparler aivfi, comme des Cate 
r ..~,»„*. 3» r- f„„.„-,. m,:i~r—i.:- at_„ n...i *. • 



loft in Luxury and Eafe , a Society of Heroes 
and Philofophers. This excellent Perfon was at 
that Time in the firft Days of his Adminiftration j 
and the Laced&monians were learning the firft Rudi- 
ments of that exalted Vertue , of which he would 
render them ProfeiTors. He therefore treats them 



v ~« », w r .m. K ^t r r „j. ,» vm „.* »- y*«- —""-x «icii .± luicjiois. ne tnereiore treats them 

cumenes de Jajevere Philofophe. Aon feulement il like young Students, or Catechumens of his fevere 

leur enfeigne que la Nature ne fait que Vexterieur de Philofophy ; endeavouring not only to convince 

Vhomme, & que V education ejlant véritablement celle them, -that Nature makes the exterior Part of Man 

qui luy donne fame, la cognoijfance, & la vie , achevé alone, and that Education gives him Life Senfe 

ce que la Nature a commencé ; mais il veut aujfi leur and Condudt , and fo is the Finifher of what Na! 

faire comprendre que TinftruEtion pent reformer les de- ture only begins ; but likewife fhews them that 

fordres de la naiffance, & forcer imperieufement les Education can reform what fhe has left impèrfedt 

mouvements & les inclinations quelle donne. Pour le and abfolutely govern and command thofe Incli- 

leur faire avouer à eux mefmes, & les convaincre par nations which would undo us, if they were not re- 

leursproprecogvoiffar.ee, il fait laf cher devant eux un ftrainU To oblige them to acknowledge this 

Mâtin qu'il avoit drejfé pour la chajfedu lièvre ; & un Truth by their own Experience, he caufes to be 

Levron dont il avoit corrompit lagenerofté naturelle, loofed a Maftiff, who had been taught to courfe 

en le tenant enfermé dans me cuijine. L'un & Vau- the Hare ; and a Greyhound, whofe natural Gene-' 

tre voyant leurproyey courent avec la mefme impetuo- rofity had been viciated by being never ufed to 

fié. Voila le Mâtin après un lièvre qui paroijl, & le the Game ; then a Hare was fet in View and at 

leurier après lafouppequ on luy jette. Vous remarquez the fame Inftant a Difh of Meat and Broth The] 

lien aux pojlures & aux admirations dont le Peintre Dogs run with equal Fury, but different Ways • 

anime fes figures, quel eft le fentiment de toute cette The Maftiff, contrary to his Nature after the 

multitude eftonnée. Il me femble mefme, tant le Pein- Hare- the Greyhound to the Meat 'You may 

tre me trompe agreeablement, que j'entends parler Li- eafily conjedture by the various looks and Ge- 

curgus, & que s adrejfant a ce peuple : Seigneurs La- ftures of the admiring Speftators, artfully andl 

cedemomens, ( leur dit-il) vous voyez de vos propres lively delineated by our Painter, what were thel 

yeux la confirmation des veritez que je vous ay foment Sentiments of this aftonifh'd Multitude So ingeni- 

annoncees.^ Ces deux chiens font d'une nature toute ouflyarethe Figures done, that methinks I even I 

contraire ace qu ils viennent de faire. Cependant par hear Lycurgus thus addreiïing himfelf to the Peo-I 

la necefite de cette obeïjfance aveugle, que la nourriture pie : Noble Lacedemonians , fays he , you behold! 

exige des naturels les plus rebelles & les phsindompta- here with your own Eyes, the Confirmation of I 

blés, ils ont efte forcez d oublier leurs propres pajions, that Truth, which I have fo often declared to you f 

pourfereveftir de celles qui leur font direBement oppo- Thefe Two Dogs are of Natures quite different 

Jees. tela ejtant, jugez vous mefmes combien la Nour- from what they have adted ; yet ( by the Power! 

nture eft pmf ante ■ & ce quelle doit obtenir fur des of that entire Obedience, which Education brin J 

Animaux raifonnables,^ puis qu elle caufe de fi grands the moft ftubborn and rebellious Tempers to ) thevl 

changemens en ceux qui ne lefontpas. have been obliged even to renounce the Inclinati- 

a- xu r* . d. • xt ,-„ ons they were fornfd to follow, and to do what iîl 

diredlly oppofite to their Natures. If Brutes are capable of fuch Improvements, that a Maftiff may b 
taught to hunt-, judge your felves what mighty Things a Rational Creature affifted by a generouJ 
Education, may attain to ; and what an unbounded Power Reafon ought to have over us ' 




Aj^sZjt'vj:.**/ 



Educatio Mores facit. 



Virgil Adeo à teneris ajfuefcere multum eft. 
Georg. 2. 

Ovid. — Nihil ajfuetudine majus : 

guod male fers, cjfuefce, feres bene : multa vetuflas 
Lemt. 



Education makes Manners. 

The Mind for Vertue foon prepare j 
In Youth let that be all your Care. 

Habits by Time ftill ftronger prove ; 
By Cuftom 'tis we hate or love. 
Ev'n tort'ring Pains, andpreffing Woe, 
Painful when firft their Stings we know, 
By Time and Cuftom lighter grow. 



&« 



A View of H u m an Li v e. 



5 




Quiconque a des enfans au vice abandonnez, 
N'a point d'excufes legitimes : 
Car fous quelque afeendant que ces vwnjlres forent nez, 
Sa feule nonchalance a caufé tous leurs crimes. 



He that has Children funk and loft in 111, 
No juft Defence or wife Excufe can make : 
Tho'at their Birth fome fatal Stars combin'd, 
His Negligence with their bad Influence join'd. 
In Youth we may coned the vicious Will, 
Which then can lofe the Black, and Fair Impref- 

L fions take. 

C Expli- 



The Dofîrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Third Picture. 



•MS 
''Ai 



La Nourriture peu tout. 

^IHllllB- E Ventre vous ayant fait voir un grava 
s§ exemple de lapuijfance de V education, & 
■L '0 combien foigneufement il faut que dés l'en- 
_..„._ jsp" fance vous [oyons retirez du commerce des 
«?%?<& «sow V ices, & net oyez de toutes les Jouilleurts, 
que nous apportons du ventre de nojlre mere, nous re- 
présente cette excellente InJIitution, & les follicitudes 
dont elle doit ejlre accompagnée par une comparai/on 
qu'il emprunte du judicieux Horace. Il compare nos 
efprits aux vafes , qui retiennent prefque toufours 
Yodeur , foit bonne, fait mauvaife, des pre?nieres li- 
queurs dont ils ont ejlé remplis. Mais d'autant qu'il a 
deffein de rendre nos yeux les premiers juges de fes pen- 
fées, il nous fgure une menagerie, dans laquelle plu- 
feurs femmes font occupées à nettoyer les vaijfeaux 
dont elles fe fervent pour conferver leurs plus chères li- 
queurs. Regardez cette jeune file qui verfe de Veau 
dedans une vaifféïle de terre encore quelle vayt jamais 
fervy. Elle vous enfeigne que c'ejl ainfx qu'il faut net- 
toyer vos âmes du mauvais goujl quelles peuvent avoir 
receu ou de la corruption du fang, ou de celle de la nour- 
riture. Le Pebttre fait luy mefme l'explication de fa 
fgure par un tableau quil a indûftrieufement placé con- 
tre la muraille de cette mefme menagerie. Nous y voy- 
ons plufeurs enfavs qui fous la conduitte G? la verge 
d'un maiftre J'age & fcavant, reçoivent peu a peu, 
comme une terre toute veuve ; les gouttes de cette ro- 
fée fpirituelle & féconde, qui fait germer dans les 
efprits, les femences des vertus & des J'ciences. 



''Si, 

«.«!) 

F 'Xt 
«s 

M 



O 



Education can do all Things. 

CêlilàlfUR Painter having fhew'd us a great 
m H Example of the Power of Education, 

ggj proceeds next to inform us how necef- 
^J-f îàry it is to take Care in our Infancy, 
i*»*®» that we are kept irom having any 
Commerce with Vice ; and perfectly to cleanfe 
our Minds from any Imperfections, which Child- 
hood or Nature incline us to. He therefore repre- 
fents the due Care and Sollicitude , with which 
this Duty is to be perform'd , by a Companion 
which he borrows from the' judicious Horace. He 
refembles our Minds to an earthen Veifel , which 
always retains the Scent ( whether Good or Bad) 
of that /Liquor with which it is firft fill'd. He 
here fhews to you a Room, in which lèverai Ser- 
vants are employ 'd to fèafon Vefïèls with Water, 
before they venture to put in more precious Li- 
quors. Obfèrve that young Damfèl, who is Warn- 
ing one to make it clean, and fit for Ufe. By this 
fhe informs you, that 'tis after this Manner we 
ought to purify our Souls from whatfoever evil 
Habits they may have contracted, either from the 
Corruption of our Difpofition or Education. The 
Painter has given the Moral of this Figure by a 
fmall Pi&ure, which he has induftrioufly placed 
againft the Wall of this Room. There you lèe 
Children , fitting in the Prefence of a wife and 
learned Mafter, lift'ning to whom, they receive 
by gentle Portions ( like the thirfty Earth water'd 
with Cœleftial Dew ) the refrefhing Showers of 
Inftru&ion , from whence the Seeds of Wifdom* 
and Vertue fpring up in their Souls. 




Vis Institutions. 

Hor.lib. i. Qiiofemel^ eft ivibuta recens, fervabh odor em 
Epift. 2. Te fa din. 



The Force of Education. 

Cafks long the Tafte, they firft receiv'd, retain, 
And ftrong Impreflions, made in Youth, remain. 



Succe 



A ffitw of H u m a n Li f e. 




Succe avec le laiiï ce -noble fentimevt, Whilft young, thefe Godlike Principles embrace, 

Que V amour des vertus donne aux Ames bien nées, That Heav'n beftows on Souls of noble Race : 

Nos cœurs- font des vai /féaux qui gardent conjlammevt With fragrant Verrues early fill the Mind, ^ 

Les premieres odeurs que Von leur a données. Which then is du&ile, and to Good inclin'd. 

The 



8 



The Doiïrine of M o r a l i t y ; or, 



The Explanation of the Fourth Piéture. 



La Vertu prefuppofê la pureté de l'amei Venue prefuppofes the Purity of the Soul. 

^^j|#^ L L Men have not been fo happy as 
s^uJîÊ2 t ^g, t0 b e we \i educated, or not couti- 
ls "^ *§& nue ^ to ^ ve ^° P ure ty> as tne y we *e 
aCU-^-rifefr at firft tanp-ht. For this Caufè our 



^|^ US les hommes ou if 'ont pas ejlé bien 
^àjL.Jt* *gfe__ in fruits, ou n'ont pas toujours confervé 

1 ' " "' * as A m 

yfâ&t at fi 1 ^ tau g nt - 

pwï$ Painter fèts forth this fécond Simile, 

to teach his Pupils with what Preparation they 
ought to approach Vertue. He counfels them to 
purify their Souls from all the Stains andBlemifhes 
they have contracted in the Company of Vice, 
and by a voluntary renouncing of depraved Na- 
ture, determine their Wills always to do Noble 
and Good A&ions. To give more Force and E- 
nergy to his Precepts, he here reprefents to us, the 
Heads of a Family who are gone into their Cellars, 
to fee . themfelves whether the Veffels , with 
which they are fill'd , are well cleans'd, and of 
good Scent, before the precious Wines are pour'd 
into 'em, with which the Family muft be fiipport- 
ed, till Heaven's Bounty furnifhes , with the next 
Seafon, a new Store. Confider thefe wife CEcono- 
mifts * they admonifh you that it is but in vain, 
that Heaven lhow'rs down its Graces on us with 
Profufion -, fmce they are too often render'd ufe- 
lefs to us , by the Impurity of our Minds, which 
are unworthy to receive them. This reverend old 
Man, who fèems appointed Judge of the Goodnefs 
of the Veflèls, fpeaks loudly to all Fathers by his 
Adions ( more intelligibly than the Words ) not 
to commit the Care of their Children but to Per- 
fons, whofe long Experience and confummate 
Vertue renders them fuch, as thofè young Souls 
may be charm'd to admire and imitate ; that all 
the WeaknefTes we bring into the World with us, 
may thus be reform'd, and that Innocence reftored 
to us, which our firft Parents deprived us of by 
their Difobedience. 



sffl cjï?. injtruits, ou n ont pas toujiours conjerve 

|«3 T ç5J| la pureté de leur premiere injlitution. 
%^/^iCSf ǧ C'ejl pourquoy nofire Peintre éjlalh cette 
3^>g3$3&ig35pg féconde comparai/on pour apprendre à 
fes Efcoliers avec quelle preparation il faut s 3 approcher 
de la Vertu. Il le confeillè de purifier leurs âmes des 
foiiilkîtres qu'elles ont contraBées dans la compagnie 
des vices , & par une abnegation voluntaire des privi- 
leges de la rature corrompue, déterminer leur volonté à 
jaire toujîours de bonnes aBions. Pour donner plus 
d'évidence & plus deforce à fes fentimens, il nous re- 
prefer.te plufeurs bons mefnagers qui font defeendus 
dans leur Cave, pour cognoijlre eux mefmes fi les vaif- 
feaitx dont elle efi pleine, n'ont rien qui puiffe gajler ce 
qu'ils veulejit mettre dedaiis. Confiderez bien ces fa- 
ges Qeconomes. Ils vous diront que c'efi bien vaine- 
ment que le Ciel vous envoyé fes graces avec profufion, 
puis qu'elles font ordinairement gafiees par l'impureté 
des vai (féaux où elles font receuès. Ce bon vieillard 
quifemble avoir efié confiitué juge de la qualité des va- 
fes qu'on veut emplir, parle hautement à tous les pères, 
çtfjeur enjoint par fon aBion bien mieux qu'il ne fe- 
roit par beaucoup de paroles, de ne commettre ïinfiru- 
Bion de leurs énfans qu'à des perfonnes qui par leur 
longue experience & par leur probité confommée, peu- 
vent rendre à ces jennes âmes, cette innocence origi- 
naire que le premier péché leur ofla long temps aupara- 
vant quelles fu (fient formées. 









Animus purgandtjs. 

Hor.Isb.i.SwcwH»j efi nifivas, qvodeumque infundis, acefeit. 
Epift. 2. 



Lib. 3 . 

Od. 24. 



Eradenda Cupidinis 

Frwifwtt elementa : & teners, nimis 
Mentes afperioribus 

Formanda Jludiis. 



PrjRIFY THE MlND. 

Tho' pure the Wine, in vain you toil, 
The Veffel fower'd, the whole will fpoil. 

Sin muft be rooted out with Care, 
And folid Vertues planted there : 
The very Seeds muft be difplac'd, 
And our too foft enfeebl'd Mind, 
To Eafè and Luxury incline!, 
Muft be with manly Vertues grae'd. 



val. Max. Oim renwwiatur vitiis , fintirn adfeifcitur virtus ; The Moment we bid adieu to our Vices, we ad 
Lib.p.d. ram egrefus vitiorum, virtutis operatvr ingrefum, quire Vertue: For the ceafing to be Vicir^ 

makes us become Virtuous, 

Reformons 






A View of Human %.i i e. 



9 




Reformons nojlre vie ; efpurotis vos pevfées, 
Affin que les vertus fe plaifent doits vos cœurs. 
Ces ejfetices du Ciel comme d? autres liqueurs 
I Vrennent le gouj du vafe où Von les a verfées. 



' From Vice, and ev'ry Error, free your Mind, 
That Virtue there a pleafing Seat may find : 
This glorious Being, tho' it's Make's divine,* 
$he Body oft' afFefts, as tainted Calks the Wine. 

D Jhe 



IO 



The Doiïrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Fifth Picture. 



Fuir le Vice, c'eft fuivre la Vertu. 

sé&âis&i>OUS venons d'aprendre combien nous 
^Sa6ÔôSg|. f omwes -foibles , combien nous fommes 
- * ^ Ht* i m F ar f aits * Êf combien facilement nous 
*S§jgj3ggflgg;§» nous laijfons emporter à let corruption de 
«gs^R^Bs^fM^ yoflre nature. Mais aujji nous avons vu 
qu'il ne nous efipas impojfible de furmonter les infirmi- 
té*, de nofire miffance ; & que fi nous avons ajfez de 
cœur pour nous fortifier contre nofire propre foible jfe, 
Tious parviendrons infailliblement au fommet de cette 
montagne fi pénible, mais fi defirable , d'où la vertu 
nous porte dans le Ciel. Voyons maintenant par quel 
chemin & par. quelles difficulté?, nous y devons arriver. 
Si nous confiderons bien ce tableau, nous y découvrirons 
lefecret le plus important dont nous ayons befoinpour 
commencer ce fameux voyage ; & nous y apprendrons 
91071 feulement à tirer avantage de nofire mifere, mais 
aujji à remporter par des retraites magnanimes, & 
far des firatagêmes glorieux , une viBoireque tout no- 
fire courage nefçavroit nous faire obtenir. Remarquez 
bien cette trouppe audacieufe, infolente, & téméraire, 
qui en mefme temps nous cajolle & nous menace. Elle 
Je promet d'autant plus aifement de nous vaincre qu'elle 
efil bien ajfeurée que les armes qu'elle porte , font de ces 
armes enchantées qui ne fçauroient fi peu nous toucher 
qu'elles ne nous mettent hors de deffence. Vous voyez 
auj/i que cette prudente ConduBrice que la nature nous à 
donnée, ne nous permet pas d'attendre de fi dangereux 
ennemis. Elle commande à nofire jeune & audacieufe 
inclination de fe contenter d'avoir vu la countenance de 
fes cruels adverfaires - ? & de peur qu'ils ne V engagent 
au combat, elle la fait marcher à grands pas, & luy 
declare que par une fuitte judicieufe elle obtiendra des 
couronnes qu elle ne doit pas efperer d'une longue & opi- 
viafire réfifiance. Cette douce & difciplinable efcho- 
liere fe conforme d'abord aux fentimens de fa Mai- 
firejfe. Elle marche à fon cofié de peur d'efire fur- 
prife ; & mefprifant également les reproches artifici- 
eufes & les frauduleufes foïlicitations dont fes ennemis 
ejfayent d'empefeher fa retraitte, elle defiruit par un 
regard dédaigneux, tous leurs charmes & toute leur 
fuijfance ; & leur retranche pour jamais l efpoir de 
la mettre ou nombre de leurs efclaves. 




To fly Vice, is to follow Vertuè. 

^^l«fe«^sE have now learn'd how Frail and 
imperfect we are , and how eafîly 
carried away by the Corruption of 
TOfjASSiîfi* our Nature. But we have not yet 
«Ji^affpï^is^ fèen, that it is not impoffible for us 
to furmount the Infirmities of our Birth ; and that 
if we have but Courage enough to refift our own 
Weakneffes , we fhall infallibly reach to the Top 
of that vaft and delegable Mountain, from whence 
Vertue will bear us up to Heaven. Behold, my 
Friends^ by what Ways , and through what Diffi- 
culties we muft pafs to arrive there ! Confider well 
this Piflure, and you will difcover the moft im- 
portant Secret which we ftand in need of, to begin 
this glorious Journey with ; and we fhall not only 
learn to draw vaft Advantages , ( even from our 
own "Weakneffes ) but alfo to.gain by magnani- 
mous Retreats, and laudable Stratagems , a Vi- 
ctory, which all our Hopes or Couragecould not 
have any other Way obtain'd. Obfèrve well this 
audacious Troop, infolent and dauntlefs -, who at 
the fame Inftant cajole and threaten us. ' They 
promifè themfelves an eafy Conqueft, becaufe the 
Arms they bear are of that bewitching Nature, 
that if they but touch , they render us defencelefs. 
You fee next the prudent Guide that Nature has 
given us to, the wife Pallas, who permits us not to 
approach near to thefe dangerous Enemies. She 
commands her youthful Pupil, who burns to en- 
gage them, to content himfèlf with having, this 
once, fèen the Faces of thefe his cruel Adverfaries j 
and fearing to let him attack them , obliges him 
to retire with Speed , declaring , That by this ju^ 
dicious Flight he fliould gain Crowns and Laurels, 
which he could not fo much as hope for, from a 
long and refolute Refiftance. This fweet and in- 
genious Scholar, conforms himfelf to his wife Mi- 
ftrefss Will •, walks by her Side, for fear of being 
furprized-, and equally defpifes , both the flinging 
Scoffs and fraudulent Intreaties, with which his 
fubtle Enemies endeavour to hinder his Retreat î 
With a difdainful Look he defies their Charms and 
Power, and for ever cuts off all their Hopes of 
making him one of that unhappy Number, who 
are the Slaves of Vice and Victims to Folly. 



VlTIUM FUGERE VlRTUS EST. 

Hor.Wb.i. Virtus efi, vithun fugere : & fapientia prima, 
Epift. i. Stultitia caruijfe. 



To fly "Vice is Virtt;e. 

Vice to avoid, is to be good and wife ; 
And he has Wifdom that from Folly flies. 



Cicero. Si fummopere fapientia petenda efi } fummopere fiultitia If Wifdom is to be defired above all Things, then 
fugienda & vitanda efi. t Folly, above all Things, is to be fled from and 

avoided, 



Si 



A View e/HuMAN Life. 







St tu veux triompher du vice 
@iii combat jour & nu'iB pour te vaincre le cœur, 
Fuy, mais comme le Parthe ; & pour eftre vainqueur , 
Uje tantoji deforce, & tantoji d'artifice. 



Would you o'er Vice a Viftor be, 
Tour aftive, dangerous Enemy ^ 

Fly, like the Varthian, fly away : 
With matchlefs Speed he turns his Horfe, 
To kill behind with double Force. 

Ufe Force and Artifice to gain the Day. 



The 



12 



The Doctrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Sixth Picture. 



La Vertu prefupofe l'A&ion. 

•§•&«&& A fagejfe ayant htftruit au Tableau precedent 
J £ i mftre jeune inclination , s eft refolnè de l& 
Q ri ~ K Jk> quitter quelque temps , pour cognoiftre ce 
****r* quelle ejl capable d'entreprendre toute feule. ! 
Mais à peine cette audacieufefe voit elle abandonnée du 
puijfant fecours de fa Conductrice, que le courage luy 
manque. Le moindre de fes efinemis Veftonne. Elle 
tremble. Elle fiât. Elle fe cache ;& croyant faire 
beaucoup defe dérober à la violence du monftre qui la 
povrfnit, elle senfevelit toute vive dans Vobfcurité, où 
cette peinture la reprefente. Admirez, comme moy, 
Vinduftrie dont nojlre Peintre s' eft fervy pour nous fi- 
gurer cette inclination vertueufe, mas tremblante, mais 
oyfive , mais épouvantée. Son vifage eft bouffy. Sa 
teftc eft pefante. Ses yeux tout ouverts qu'ils font, ve 
peuvent diftivguer les objeBs. Ses armes luy tombent 
prefque des mains ; & bref faute d'aBion elle paroift 
fi débile & fi -mal animée, qua peine fe peut elle fou- 
ftenir fur fon fiege. Le Peintre auroit bien voulu vous 
dire que cette Uche qui appréhende toutes chofes, ufurpe 
avec injuftice, le nom & la refemblance de la vertu ; 
mais J cachant que fa foibleJfe& fa crainte ne doivent 
exercer fur elle qu une courte tyrannie, il luy laijfe les 
marques & le nom de la vertu, & les luy lai [Je avec 
beaucoup d'adrejfe. Car il la place de telle forte qu'il 
71 y a qu'une très eftroitte feparation entre elle & la 
Taineantife mefme , affin que par la comparaifon de 
ïune & de Vautre , les moins clairs-voyans connoijfent 
quelles ne font prefque point différentes. En effet 
nous ny remarquons rien de dijfemblable, finon que la 
premiere qui ne ft pas encore tout à fait léthargique, fe 
foujiient un peu fur le re^e de fes forces -, & Vautre 
qui eft enfevelie toute entière dans fon ordure , & dans 
fon infenfibilitè , femble dire par fon fileiice criminel, 
quelle fe réjouit en fon malheur , & que cell avec vo- 
lupté quelle renonce a cette vie toute glorieufe, & toU' 
te divine que nos âmes reçoivent de VaBion. 




To be Vertuous, you mujl be AÛivè. 

>ISDOM, having in the foregoing Pi* 
. dure fufficiently inftruded her Pupil in 
î-.^^j, his Duty and Danger , is refolved to 
j.^pw^g» leave him to himfelf for fome Time, to 
try what he is capable of doing when alone. But 
no fooner does this Unfortunate fee himlèlf aban- 
don'd by his powerful Condudrefs, but his Cou- 
rage fails him. The leaft of his Enemies alarms 
him : He trembles, he flies, he hides himfelf, and 
thinks he has done much to efcape from the Fury 
of the Monfters that purfue him. He even buries 
himfelf alive in Obfcurity, in which State our 
Painter here reprefents him. Admire with me 
the Induftry with which he has drawn him ; trem- 
bling, Idle, Affrighted : His Countenance difbr- 
der'd $ his Head declining ; his Eyes , tho 1 open, 
not able to diftinguifh the Difference of Objeds. 
His Spear and Sword are ready to fall from his 
Hands ; In fine, whilft he is thus unadive, he ap- 
pears to be only a Pretender to Vertue, ufurping 
the Name, but not daring to ad up to it's Chara- 
der. From whence our Painter concludes, that 
when we ceafe to be adive to defend againfl Vice, 
we are Apoftates to Vertue. He has therefore 
placed Sloth fo near him , that by comparing the 
one with the other , the leaft Difcerning may be 
convinced, that the Difference is very fmall be- 
tween 'em. It is true, our Pupil has his Head yet 
a little fupported on his Lance, and will foon 
awake out of his Lethargy : Whereas the other is 
entirely buried in his own Ordure ; loft in Infèn- 
fibility, and feems by his criminal' Silence to re- 
joice in his Mifery, and to renounce with Plea- 
fure that glorious Life, which the Soul enjoys by 
an adive Vertue. 




Virtus in Actione consistit. 

HorJJib.4. Taullnm fepidts. diftat inerti& 
od - 9- Celata virtus. 

Claudian. Major & utilior faBo covjunBa potenti 

Vile latens virtus. Qitid enim fubmerfa tenebris 
Proderit? obfcuro veluti fine remige puppis, 
Vel lyra qua, reticet, vel qui non tenditur arcus. 



Virtue consists in Action. 

Virtue from Sloth, if hid from Fame, 
Would differ only in the Name. 

Virtue that bafely flies the welcome Light, 

In Shades and Darknefs hid, conceal'd from Sight, 

Ufelefs as Lyre untouched, or Bow unbent, 

Or Ship unmann'd, cannot be innocent. 



;/ 



A Viivj of Hv ma ,v Like. 



'3 




Il faut agir hceffamment 
Et tenir V Ame en exercice , 
m Carpar V ABion feulement 
ha vertu diffère du vice. 



Let us each fleeting Hour employ, 
Our Souls rtiuft be by A&îon ftWn i 
Let Pains and Labours be our Joy, 
Thus Vice from a&ive Vertue's known. 
E 



The 



*+ 



The 'Dofîrim of Moral i t y ; or, 



The Explanation of the Seventh Piflure. 



Oui ne j commence jamais, ne fcavroit rien 
achever, 

OSTRE inclination eft enfin fortie de fes 
jy % ténèbres & de fa folitude. Mais elle eft 
iossî>P& ^' ien en prive du chemin qu'elle doit prendre 
** w^sPe p our w j~ e p as égarer. Elle trouve d'abord 
de grands obftacles ; & ces grands obftacles Vont d'abord 
arreftée. C'eft ce que le Peintre nous reprejente en ce 
tableau. Le dejfein eft tiré de lapenfée d'Horace, qui 
pour exprimerla naturelle fayneantife de quelques efprits 
grojfiers , . impute à un pauvre homme des champs , une 
Jhpiditè qui n'eft pas vray-femblable. . Nous voyons par 
fon artaufli bien que par celuy du Poète Stoïque, unPay- 
fan que la vecejjité ayant chaff é de che% luy pour gaigner 
fon pain à lafueur defon corps, rencontre un fleuve en 
fon cHenijn. Mais au lieu de le pajfer à nage ou à gué, 
il le confidere attentivement t appuyé 'fur fa bêche-, & bien 
que la faim le foUicite, il eft neantmoins fi timide qtt'il 
attend povr achever fon voyage , ou que le fleuve remon- 
te vers fafourcé, ou qu'il cejfe de couler. Mais fi fa 
brutalité neftoit aveugle^ l'exemple de fon voifin luy 
donnerait le courage & l'adreffe de vaincre cette diffi- 
culté. Car jugeant qu'il ne peut fans bazarder quelque 
chofe venir à bout de cet empefchement, il quitte hardi- 
ment le rivage, & traverfe Veau malgré toute fon impe- 
tuofité. ■ Le Peintre aujjt pour faire voir , quefecom- 
nàncemènt emporte avec foy fa recompense, a peint ce 
viefme homme dans un lointain , attelant fes bœufs à fa 
charuë, pour nous apprendre que les premiers diffciàtez 
eft ant fur montées, les autres fe vainquent facilement ; 
& nous mènent comme par la main à cet agréable repos 
qui ne fe peut acquérir que par m honneftetravail. 



He that never begins, will never accomplift: any 
thing. 

|«&e&s|,UR Pupil is at length come forth from 
O I. Shades and Solitude, but milch in doubt 

*Wï!*s!8» w ^ at ^ a y to ta ^- e » t ^ iat ^ e ma y err no 

* more. He is apprehenfive of great 
Dangers, flops, looks on every Side , and knows 
not what to refolve upon. It is this State of Mind 
that our Painter expofes in this Piece , the De- 
fign of which is taken from the witty Horace : 
Who, to defcribe the natural Slothfulnefs of fome 
bale Minds, charges a Country Clown with a Stu- 
pidity, almoft exceeding Belief. The Poet and 
Painter join their Art in this Story. Behold this 
Peafant , whom Necefiity has driven from his 
Home, to go and earn his Bread by the Sweat 
his Brows. He meets with a River in his Way, 
that he is obliged to pals over, either by Swim- 
ming or Fording ^ inftead of which , he ftands 
Leaning on his Staff, attentive, cpnfidering the 
Danger : And tho' Hunger ftrongly fbllicits him 
to venture^ yet he is fo foolifh as to wait in Ex- 
pectation of its ceafing to flow. Vain Hope ! the 
Example of his wifer Neighbour might undeceive 
and excite him to take Courage, and boldly con- 
quer this Difficulty. For he, tho' he knew that 
he could not, without fome Hazard, gain his End, 
yet bravely leaps into the Flood, and in fpite of 
its impetuous Waves , crofîès over. And to ihew 
you how this Adfion is rewarded, our Painter has 
at fome Diftance, reprefented the fame Perfon, 
chearfully plowing a Fertile Field. Thus the firft 
Difficulties being overcome, all others yield, and 
gently lead us to that Repofe of Mind and Body, 
which is not to be attain'd , but by Induflry and 
Labour. 




InCIPIENDUM ALIQ.UANBO. 

Hor.lib.i. Dhnidiuw facli qui c&ph habet ; fapere aude. 

Epift. 2. Jixipe; qv.i retté vivendi prorogat horam, 

Rufticus exfpeBat dum defluat amvis, at Hie 
Labitur, & labetur, in omne volubilis avutx. 



Aufon. Ivcipe. Dimiahtmfaïlf eft c&pife : fittperfit 
Dimidium : rurfum hoc incipe, '& efficies. 



. 



He has half finifh'd, who fome Good intends. 
Begin ; the Aftive always gain their Ends. . 
Not like the filly Ruftick, ftupid feem, 
Who idly fears to crofi the rapid Stream : 
Expedts the River would grow dry in vain -, 
And dreads to venture to the diftant Plain. 

♦ ...... • ..7 T »,., •-. 

Begin forthwith, the Deed's half done, 
If you the Work have once begun. 
To finifh what remains, begin anew, 
And all is finilh'd, what you had to do. 

I Cours 



/i View /Hiimah Life. 



»5 




Cours après lés travaux où h venu f appelle -i 
Surmonte consomment toute difficulté. 
Sjnianàun caur généreux adore une beauté, 
Jbjl-'û quelque- tourment qiïil ne fouffre povr elle ? 






Virtue's Commands with Chearfulnefs'obey, 
Bravely furrnount what e're obftruâs. vour way 5 
No Pain or Toil a Lover would refufè 
To ferve the Beauty whoih his Soul purfues. ' 

Expia. 



i6 



The Dofîrine o/Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Eighth Pi&ure. 



m l 



En courant on arrive au But. 

ES diffcnltez que mus avons craintes font 

I enfin heureufement furmontées. Nous 

*^ Wcy dans la carrière. Nous commençons 



È^$>^3 à courir, .mais ce 7i'efi pas fans rencontrer 
*"** * f** ie nouveaux obfiacles. Nous fommes tous 
reprefentez en ce tableau , fous la figure de ce Coureur. 
Vous voyez comme il ejbattaqué de divers Emiemis. 
D'uncofié V Amour & le Dieu des defiauches difputent 
avec luy la viBoire, tantofi par la force de leurs follici- 
tations, & tantofi par la puijfance de leurs voluptez. 
Mais ce f age nourri Jf on de Pallas évitant par la fuitte, 
les agréables furprifes de ces dangereux adverfaires ; & 
fe defrobant à leurs traits aujji bien qttà leurs charmes, 
femble nous dire que cefi principalement contre desper- 
ffcuteurs fi doux & fi aymables, qu'il faut fe fervir des 
infirvBions qu'il a receuës de fa fage ConduBrice ; que 
la fuitte efi bien plus honorable dans de fembhbles com- 
bats, que la refifiance ; & que le hazard quon y court, 
ne fiant que pour celuy qui veut difputer la viBoire, il 
Çfi mefme dangereux de la remporter. De Vautre cofié 
il femble que toutes les injury du Ciel ayent confpiré 
pour la- défaite de nofire jeune Héros. Le froid, h 
chaud, le vent, la pluye, la graijle, le foleil, enfin tous 
les obfiacles qui peuvent empef cher ou retarder fa courfe, 
femblent se fire mis d'accord pour le forcer defe ren- 
dre. Mais luy qui tefmoigne que fa fuitte efi mie 
preuve de la grandeur defon courage, refifie fortement 
à tant de d'ennemis -, & s' animant de defpit & de co- 
lère, deffie toutes leurs puijfances , marche plein de refo- 
lution & d'efperance -, & s'ajfeure de cueillir bien tofi 
le fruiB de tant de travaux qu'il a foufferts , & 
la recompenfe de tous le perils qu'il a courus. 



By Running ive arrive at the Goat. 

^Tfôl^^- ^ ears are k a PP^y formounted) 
p^r hf^ behold us in the Courfe. We are fe! 
O #> out , and on the Way ; but yet muft 

, expeâ to meet with new Difficulties. 

'* We are all reprefented in this Picture, 
under the Figure of the Youth before you : See 
how he is on all Sides befet with Enemies. On 
the one, enchanting Love -, and the feducing God 
of Wine, difpute the Vidory with him : Now by 
their artful and infinuating Intreatiès, and anon 
by all the united Power of their Charms. But 
Pallas s wife Pupil avoids by Flight the alluring 
Calls and Stratagems of thefe dangerous Adver- 
faries, and efcapes from them : Inftru&ing us, that 
the beft Way to conquer fuchTemptations, is not to 
Men to, but turn our Backs upon them. On the 
other Side, it feems as if all Nature had confpir'd 
to defeat our young Hero. The North Wind, the 
Mid-day Sun , Rain , Hail, Snow and Thunda 
aflail him ; and in fine all Things that can detei 
or incommode him , fèem to unite to. force him to 
yield. But he remains Deaf and Dauntlefi, re- 
doubles his Speed, and proceeds on his Way refb- 
lute , full of Hope, defpifing foft Pleafurês ant 
Iharp Pains-, being certain to receive at the Enc 
of the Race, as a glorious Recompence of all hi 
Labours, fuch Honours and Rewards, as a Nobis 
Mind prefers to Empires. 



& * & o a -s o ô < 

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CURKITE UT COMPREHENDATIS. 

Horat. de SU}" fiudet optatam curfu contingere metam, 
Art. Poet. Multa tulit, fecitque puer : fudavit & alfit : 
Abfiinuit Verier e & vino. Qui Pythia cant at 
Tibieen, didicit prias, extimuitquç magifirum. 



Ovid. Ii. 2. Dum vb'es annique finuift, tolerate labores 
At »rte. Nam uniet tacito eurvafeiieBa pede. 



Run, th#t ye may obtain. 

The Youth relblv'd to win the noble Prize, 
Oft breaths himfelf, and every Sinew tries -, 
Both Heat and Cold endures, his Strength to find j; 
Nor dares indulge with Wine or Womankind. 
He that in Mufick's Art is famous grown, 
Has labour'd long, and long a Matter known. 

Labour endure, whil'ft Youth and Vigour laft i 
Age gently on us fteals, the Hours fly fall. 



F*j 



A View of Human Like. 



17 




Fuy de la volupté les appas criminels ; 

Souffre les feux du Sud, & les glaces de VOurfe 5 

Si tu vieux acquérir les trefors éternels, 

g>ue les Dieux t'ont promis pour le prix de ta courfe. 



From the delufîve Charms of Pleafure fly : 
Nor parching Heat, or freezing Cold regard 5 
Eternal Glories are thy Toils Reward - y 

The Gods have promifed Immortality. 

F The 



i8 



The Doctrine of M o r a l i t y ; or, 



j. 



he Explanation 



of the Ninth Piéiun 



La Vertu fuit les excez. 



Virtue flies aU Extremes. 



f$^Er^%UIS^UE nous avovs appris que la 
ttp ÔW vertu vefi qu'aclion , il faut necejfaire- 

f^3 -P £jgl mevt rompre avec elle , ou fe rejoudre 
^Sk/fGDt^ii & neplusj'ouffrir l'oijiveté. Le travail 
%^s^4w* : 't^ doit ejire nofire repos ; & nous r.e pou- 
vons que dans nos Ju'éurs, trouver nope refraichijj'e- 
inent. Avjfy fommes nous evtrez dar,s la carrière avec 
cette refoluiion. Mais nous n'avons pas confideré quelle 
ejl fon efietiduë, & quels font fes limits. Ceft dequoy 
le Peintre a dejfein de nous injlruire en ce Tableau. Il 
jWJis y reprefente la vertu au milieu d'un cercle , & par 
confequent renfermée dans la circonferar.ee de cette fi- 
gure. Il nous la monjirefous le vijage de la libéralité, 
è? la fait par oijlre pleine de majefié ; confiante ; iné- 
branlable ; ne regardant vy à droit ny à gauche ; & 
vous tefmoigr.ant par fon a'àion , que les deux femmes 
qui font à fes cofiez, font égallement fes ennemies. La 
plus jeune fe peint , fe deguife, & fe pare pour ejjayer 
d'ejblouïr les yeux -, & fe faire prendre pour ce quelle 
n efi pas. Mas la vertu qui ne peut efire trompée, luy 
reproche aujfy bien qu'à Vautre , fes déreiglemens & 
fesfeureurs ; & les aceufe toutes deux, d'avoir rompu 
cette celé fie me fur e avec laquelle elles font obligées de 
travailler à la difiribution de leurs biens. Ces brutales 
s'offencevt de la feverité de fes reprehenfwns ; & par 
■une ridicule ofientatiov, veullent je faire pajfer Vune & 
Vautre pour la mefme vertu. La vielle comme la plus 
opiniafire & laplus folle , luyfoufiient que la mefnre 
dont elle fait tant de cas, luy efi abfohtment inutile ; 
pource que n'ayant nulle intention de donner , elle n'a 
nul befoin à"un infiniment,- qui ve fert qu'à ceux, qui 
veulent partager avec les autres, les biens qu'ils pojfe- 
àent. <$hiant à la prodigalité, elle fait une bien haute 
declaration qu'elle va que faire de ce que fon ennemie 
luy prefente ; pour ce qu'elle ejl naturellement fi magna- 
nime, quelle ve conte vy ve mefnre. Mais vous luy 
pouvons reprocher avecjujlkê , qu'au lieu d'efire natu- 
rellement magnanime, elle efi par la corruption de fa 
nature, ir.capable de magnanimité : puis qu'elle ne fait 
fes profitions que par le feul defiant de ne pouvoir gar- 
der ce qu'elle trouve en fa poffejfion ; & que bien qu'elle 
enrichife indifféremment ceux qui le méritent, & ve le 
méritent pas ; elle n'oblige neantmoins ny les uns ny les 
autres. 



*30 



JgKKS 
ë 






$.83 



A VIN G now learn'd that Virtue 
confifts in Attion , we muff neceffa- 
rily break with her , or refolve to be 
no longer idle. Labour ought to be 
to us Repofe -, for we can only in 
our Sweats find Refrefhment. Are we then en- 
tered the Lifts thus refolvM, and have we well con- 
fider'd what are the Bounds and Limits to which 
Virtue is confined ? This is what our Painter de- 
figns to inform us of in this Pifture : He here fets 
Virtue before us in the Midft of a Circle ; and by 
Confequence contain'd within the Compafs of this 
Figure. She appears under the Form of Libera- 
lity 5 full of Majefty, confiant, immoveable, not 
inclining either to the Right Hand, or the Left ; 
manitefting to us by her Pofture, that the Two 
Perfons which are by her, are equally her Enemies. 
The youngeft of thole Women paints her Face, 
and adorns her B r .dy ; endeavouring to blind our 
Eyes with the falfe Luftre of her Outfide, with 
Defign to make her felf be taken for what {he is 
not. But Virtue, who cannot be impofed on, re- 
proaches hçr, as well as the other, with Hypocrify 
and Sin : Accufing both, with having broken that 
Divine Rule, by which they are obliged to diftri- 
bute the Treafures committed to them. Thefè 
Monfters, ftung with their own Guilt, and the Se- 
verity of her Reprehenfions, ridiculoufly endea- 
vour to pafs for the fame Virtue with her felf. 
The oldeft, being mod opiniated and obftinate, 
maintains, that the Rule which fhe mentions, and 
fo highly commends, is altogether ufelefs -, for as 
fhe has no Defign to part with any Thing, fhe 
needs no Directions to divide with others what fhe 
délires to continue the fole Pofleffor of her felf. 
Prodigality , on the other Hand , declares aloud, 
that fhe has nothing to do with what her Adver- 
, fary pleads, fince 'tis her generous Nature, neither 
,:to Number or Meafure what fhe beftows. r But 
Virtue replies , Away , you are alike criminal : 
You, Avarice, in not beftowing what Divine Pro- 
vidence has committed to your Charge, on the 
Needy and Deferving. You , Prodigality, in not 
difcerning where a-right to confer your Favours j 
unable to keep any Thing $ you throw away with 
lavifh Hands amongft the Crowd every Thing ; 
and ftriving to oblige All, you oblige None, but 
wafte what Heaven gave you to difpofe of, where 
Wifdom fhould direâ. 



W.iv^M/.JL J^Ll J*^**Ll.»^LjL.l*/U.JJ/VjL.i4/Wj*LLjJ^ 



In medio consistit Virtus. 



Virtue consists in a mean. 



Hnr. lib. 1. Virtus ell medium vitiorum in utrumque reduftum. 
Epift. 18. J s 



Lib. 1. Efi modus in rebus, funt certi ienique fines, 
Satyr, i. ®j m v \ tr( i citrdque ?iequh conjifiere reclum. 



True Virtue in the Center ftands alone, 

And Vice at Diftance kept will ftill be known. 



Within fix'd Bounds all Virtue is compriz'd 
And all without is only Vice difguis'd. 



Lan 



A View «/"Human Life. 



19 




Lavs les extrémité* toujours Vhcmme s égare, 
L 'Avare & le Prodigue ont le mejme défaut. 
Marche comme tu dois. Jamais le fol Icare 
Ne fut tombé Ji bas, s"il rieujl volé Ji haut. 



Still to Extremities Men blindly fîjr 5 
The Prodigal and Niggard are the fame. 

Afpiring Icarus fbar'd too high, 
So fell, and gave the Seas a Name. 



Thr 



20 



The Doctrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Tenth Picture. 



En Fuyant un Vice, l'imprudent tombe en 
l'autre. 



By flying one Vice, the Imprudent fall into 
another. 



§mMWOSTRE fage ConduBrice nous vient 
^«6 SIS d'enfeigner ce que la vertu vous oblige d'en- 

f|j N sp treprendre. Maintenant elle nous mon- 
m a» lire ce que la plus part des hommes ont ac- 

s» ?i? «Pwa» coujlume de faire -, & pour nous donner 
de la honte de nos propres aftions, elle expofe à 710s yeux 
Veflat infâme où noflre joiblejfe nous réduit. Conjï- 
derez bien cette folle qui fe jette au col d'wie autre folle, 
cefl noflre Ame qui paroijl prefque toujïours, incer- 
taine, flottante, infenjée -, 6? qui ne fçachant à quoy 
s 'attacher, fe porte tantofl à une extrémité , & tantofl 
à une autre. Cefl à dire qu'elle efl ordinairement où 
dans ïexcez ou dans le défaut. Mas par ce que le vice 
nousefl odieux, toutes les fois qu'il n'emprunte rien de la 
vertu,ilar rive f cuvant que nous nous laifjonstrompsra Vap- 
parevce du bien •, &par confequent que nous nous jettons du 
coflédelaprodigalitépourcequellenousfemblemagnanime; 
yluflojl que de celuy de l'avarice, à caufe queflant toute 
hideufe & toute déchirée, e he fait horreur à quiconque 
v'apa perdu le fentiment de la noblejfe de fon eflre. 
Toittejois puis qu'il efl confiant que la vertu efl égalle- 
mevt ennemie des extrêmes, concevons de bonne heure 
cette importante vérité, que le crime efl toujïours crime , 
& bien que le temps, le lieu, ou quelque autre circon- 
Jfarce y mettent de la diflferance, il efl vray neantmoins 
qu'ils n'en changent point la Nature. 



fiaaaf.ir^ wife 

Si* form'd 

o m 



©5» 

''Xi 

«m 

«bis 



*!?ïi.-?!?%?3»'' 



a» 



Tutrefs has now fully in- 
us what "Virtue obliges us to 
undertake -, and likewife fhewn us 
what the greater! Part of Mankind are 
accuftomd to do. And to make us 
blufh at our own Afitions, {he again fets before our 
Eyes the fhameful State to which our Weaknefles 
reduce us. Confider well this Idiot, who throws 
her felf upon the Neck of Prodigality. It is our 
Soul which appears almoft continually floating, 
inconftant, and changing -, not knowing where to 
fix, but is ftill carry'd from one Extream to ano- 
ther : For Example ; Vice is generally hateful to 
us, when it borrows nothing of Virtue -, but it 
often happens, that we are deceived by it , under 
the fpecious Refemblance of a Good. And for 
this Caufe we throw our felves on the Side of Pro- 
digality ; becaufç it appears to us fomething more 
noble than Avarice ; who is indeed fo hideous and 
deform'd, that fhe muft be hateful to every Soul 
that has not loft all Senfe of the Dignity of its 
Nature. Neverthelefs , believe me , it is a con- 
fiant Truth, that Virtue is equally an Enemy to 
both Extremes : And know , that whatfoever is 
not Virtue her felf, is Vice ; and that Vice under 
every Shape is ftill the fame , changing not its 
Nature with its Form. 




In vitium sjeve ducit culpje fuga. One Extream often begets another. 



' Hor.Iib. 1". ^ )tm wtortftdti vitia, in contraria cur runt. 
Satyr. 2. 



Lib. 2. 



Satyr. 2Ï Si te aliopravum detorferis. 



Namfruflra vitium vitaverh illud, 



Fools in the Moment they one Vice decry, 
Swift to its Oppofite miftaken fly. 

'Tis but in vain, that they avoid one Vice, 
"Who blindly do another patronize. 



Vans 



A View of Human Life. 



at 




Eviter tout excez, tiefl pas chofe fdcille. 
Si Tun nous femble laid, Vautre nousparoijl bectti, 
Ainjifait Vignorant qui conduit un vaijfeau, 
S'il évite Caribde, il Je jette dans Seylle. 



'Tis difficult all Kinds of Vice to fhun; 

Tho' one we hate, we to another run. 

Thus by a Pilot, who knows not the Coaft, "\ 

The Veflèl fteer'd from ScylWs on Cbaribdis loft. 



The 



22 



The Doctrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Eleventh Picture. 



: La Nature regie nos Defirs. 

«(^'«^^^I eft vray. Toutes chofes ont' leurs 
Jïp^^lll» bornes, & la vertu s'en, prefcrit elle 
yM I '1 §|f» mefme. C'eft pourquoy vous ne pouvons 
%%&W5$i& avec juftice, vous difpenfir d'une fi 
*%s>£K%vs%iisiga d 0UC e $ ft aymable contrainte. Mais 
ne pajfons pas aujji d'une extrémité à Vautre. Ne 
craignons; pas éternellement 5 & ne vous dévorons pas 
Vefprit defcrupûles renaijfans, & de defiances pepetu- 
elles. Il eft très certain que beaucoup de chofes font 
permifes au Sage ; & que la vature comme la Lieute- 
nante Gêner aile de cette providence, qui a tout fait 
avec poids, vombre, & mefure, luy a gravé dans le 
cœur, unejoyfecrette, S? me règle cachée , avec lef- 
quclles il luy eft impojjible défaillir. _ Cette vérité vous 
eft def couverte en ce Tableau. Il juftifie la Nature, 
des accufations que les âmes dereiglées inventent tous les 
jours contre l'innocence, défis intentions. Les mechans 
la nomment inique, inhumaine, infenfée, & Vaccufent 
d'avoir donné a fis creatures, mille monvemens, quelle 
condamne prefque aitjfi toft qu'elle les leur a données. 
Mais cette calomnie eft aujji groftiere qu'il eft aifé de la 
confondre. Car ces brutaux fi figurent que nos payons 
font incapables de recevoir un bon ufage ; & qu'il ne 
faut jamais lesfuivre, ov qu'il faut fi refoudre de s'a- 
bandonner à leur fureur. S'il nous eft permis, difent 
ils, d'afpireraux ricbejfes, il vous eft aujji permis de 
fouler aux pieds la Juftice & l'humanité , puis qu'en les 
confiât ant, il eft impojjible de les aquerir 5 & ft l'ambi- 
tion n eft pas un crime, ce n'en eft pas un aujji, de pouf- 
fer le poignard dans le fiin de fa patrie, & faire paf- 
ferfov chariot fur le ventre de fin père. Mais fis gens 
là ignorent, que h Nature a donné a nospajjîons, aujji 
bien qu'à la Mer, des rivages & des limittes ; & qu'il 
Tie tient qu'à nous d'y conferver le calme, & d'en chaf- 
fer ces vents impétueux, qui fi fouvent y excitent d'hor- 
ribles tempe ftes, & qui prefque tou fours y font faire de 
fi étranges naufrages. 



Nature regulates our 'Défîtes, 

.|«£ïe&ie&55£s T is moft certain , that all Things 
J||^sZ&&g|, j iave t ^ e j r B ounc i s and Limits -, and 

^1 al* that Virtue her felfprefcribes them. 

e'lteeSSfral* Therefore we cannot , with good 
%^s*F*pz& Reafon, difpenfe with our felves 
from being fubject to this fweet Reftraint , which 
needs not fill us with Fear and endlefs Scruples, 
for many Things are permitted to the Wife : And 
Nature, the Vice-Roy of Providence, that has 
made all Things by Weight and Meafure, has en- 
graven in our Hearts a fecret Law, a hidden Rule, 
which if we follow, it is impollible for us to err. 
This Truth is difcover'd to uà in this Piclure. 
Wherein Nature is juftify'd from the Calumnies 
continually invented to blaft the Innocence of her 
Defigns by the wicked, who lay to her Charge, 
that fhe has given them PalTions and Inclinations, 
which at the fame Inftant Ihe condemns in them : 
And that they are born Slaves and VafTals to them, 
from the Moment that fhe gives them Being. Ea- 
€y it is to confound them. Fools, to perfnade 
themlèlves that thefe Inclinations cannot be turn'd 
to their Advantage, and are not much rather their 
VafTals and Creatures. If it is permitted us, fays 
one, to afpire to great Riches without a Crime, it 
muft be necefïàrily permitted us to lay afide Ju- 
ftice and Humanity ; fince it is hardly poilible to 
confiait either, and purfue that Aim. And if Am- 
bition be in fome Cafes not criminal -, doubtlefs it 
is not fo, to put fitch to the Sword, or at leaft to 
ruin all, who oppofe us. But they forget, that 
Nature abhors all fuch Actions ; that fhe has fèt 
Bounds and Limits to our Defires, as well as to 
Seas and Rivers : And that when we do Things 
cruel or unjuft, we become our own Tormentors, 
acf contrary to our Natures, and are the Authors 
of our own Deftrudtion. 



Natura Moderatrix optima. 

Hor.Iib. 1. Nonne Cupidivibus ftatuit vatura modum quern 
Satyr. 2. jgyid latvrafibi, quid fit dolitura vegatum, 

GQarere plus prodeft, & inane abfiindere foldo ? 



Lib. 2. Non in caro niiore voluptas 

Satyr. 2. Summa , fed in teipfo eft. 



Nature is the kest Mistress. 

But Nature's Laws, all needful Things do grant ; 
Great are the Gifts fhe gives ; nor can we want 
The Things deny'd -, fo fmall, fo few 
If we diftinguifh falfe from true : 
Nor Things forbid, for Things allow' d pur-i 

[fue. 

'Tis not the Scent of coftly Meat, 
That makes you like a Glutton eat : 
The Fault is in your felf, you'll find, 
'Caufè you are to Excels inclin'd. 

Les 



A View 0/ Human Life. 




Les loix qui règlent nos plaijîrs 

Ne font point des loix inhumaines. 

La Nature & le Ciel ne bornent nos defrs, 

^iie de peur d'acroijtre nos peines. 



The Laws that regulate our Pleafures are 
Neither inhuman, nor indeed fevere. 
Nature and Heaven , Man's wild Defires reftrain, 
But only to prevent th' Increafe of Pain. 

The 



24. 



The Doctrine vfi Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Twelfth Piclure. 



Pour hayr le Vice il le faut connoiftre. 



•g I 



fermées. 

enceintes 



L le faut avouer à la honte générale des 
hommes : Nous fommes tous des violateurs 
& des facrileges. A toute occajion nous ar- 
rachons les bornes ou 710s pajjtons font ren- 
Nous profanons la fainteté de ces divines 
t & fuivons l'exemple pernicieux de ce jeune 
inconfier é, qui au mefpris de Jon frère, renverfa les 
premiers murs de la premiereViUe du monde. La J age 
CoviuBrice de nojlre vertu naijfante, luyfait remarquer 
ce défaut prefque univerfel 5 & '_ de peur quelle ne s'y 
laijfe tomber, luy montre combien horribles font les 
demons, auj quels nos parlons font changées , toutes les 
fois que nous leur permettons de se fendre au de la de 
leurs véritables limites. A cet objet cette noble & ge- 
verevfe inclination entre en une magnanime cholere ; & 
pleine d'une-averjïon héroïque, oze appelle/- fes ennemis 
au combat. Mais fa celé fte Gouvernante fatisfaitè de 
ce premier mouvement , tempère une hardiejfe quipour- 
roit ejlre malheureufe -, & ne luy donnant pas la liber- 
té d'en venir aux mains avec ces vieux & expérimentez 
adverf aires, luy commande feulement de conjiderer com- 
bien ils font fers, combien ils font hardis, & combien 
ils font redoutables, afin que de bonne heure elle pre- 
pare toute fa force, & put fort art, pour fe bien def- 
fendref jamais elle en eji attaquée. Admirez mainte- 
nant avec moy combien ingenieufement le peintre vous 
reprefente un fi beau fpe&acle. Vous diriez à voir la 
Sage ffe fervant elle mefme de bouclier à J "on Echoliere, 
que tout ainfy qu'une divine & piaffante Encbantereffe, 
elle la r enfermée dans mi cercle inviolable aux demons 
qui l'environnent ; & que les luy monfrant les uns 
après les autres , fans qu'elle en puijfe ejlre ojfencée 5 
elle Vaccoufume à la veuë de ces fpe&res, & par un 
bien heureux prodige, luyfait tirer de la communication 
mefme des vices, V Amour qu'il faut avoir pour la 
vertu. 



To bate Vice , ive mnjî firft "know hûtfi to 
dijlingiiift it. 

^sfee^i|, T is to be confefs'd, to the Shame of 
♦I I s. Mankind , that we are all, in fome 
«gqaBssyra^ Meafure, facrilegious "Violators of the 
- * fe ' Laws of Nature. On the leaft Occafîon 
we break the Bounds that fhould reftrain our Paf- 
fions, and acf in Contempt of that Reafon, which 
God has furniih'd us withal to govern our Inclina- 
tions ; following the Example of that rafh Youth, 
who deriding his Brother , ftain'd with his Blood 
the Foundation of thofè Walls, which have fince 
been rais'd to a City, Miftrefs of all others. Vir- 
tue is here reprefented with her amazed Pupil, 
holding her by the Arm, whilft fhe caufes him to 
obferve, what dreadful Monfters we become , fo 
oft as we permit our head-ftrong Paflions to pais 
the Limits of Moderation. Behold our excellent 
Painter here fhews a further Proof of his Art. 
Here is what Ihould be juft Anger, turn'd to Rage^ 
Emulation to Envy ; Defire to Luft ; Decency to 
Pride ; Ambition to Madnefs and Fury -, Retire- 
ment to Stupidity and Sloth. Our Pupil fir'd with 
a juft Indignation renounces them all , belèeching 
WifHom to be his Shield and Defence againft thefe 
dreadful Enemies of his Repolè. She guards him 
in the divine Circle of her Arms from thofe In- 
chanters ; fo that he can look upon the Specfres 
Unmoved, and by her miraculous Power makes 
him draw from the Knowledge of Vice, the Love 
he has for Virtue. 




Discipline Animus attentus. 

... Invidus, iracundus, iners, vinofus, amator t 

Epift. I. ' Nemo adeo ferus eft, qui non mitefcere poffit, 

Si modo cultur&patientem commodet aurcm. 



Pallas fapientis Dea , reBam VirtutU viam demon- 
llrat. 



A Mind attentive to Discipline. 

The envious, angry, flothful, drunken Soul, 
The wild, the am'ours may his Will controul -, 
If to wile Precepts he an Ear will lend, 
Read Nature's Laws , and Wifdom make his 

[Friend. 

Pallas j the Goddefs of Wifdom , fhows us the 
true and dire& Way to Happinefs. 



Plm 



A l/kvj of Human Life.' 



2 







Plus le vice ejl horrible, & plus il a <tàpp<ts : 
Il va tomjours en tnàfque, & n'ejï rien qvefehttife. 
Âtiffi cefl an rochers qui ve paroijfent pas, 
Hj^itè le nocher fe trompe, & la barque Je brife. 



Vîce, tiio' adom'd with Aft and Wit, 

Is ftill difguis'd, and ftill a Cheat : 

Thus on the Rocks, that don't in Sight appear, 

The Veflèl ftrikes, and cheats the Pilot's Care.. 

H The 



26 



The Doftrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Thirteenth Picture. 



Leftude de la Vertu eft la fin de l'homme. The Study of Virtue is the chief End of Man. 



*§9*«fc|. A fagefe humaine afês canfes fécondes aujji 
I £ §, bien que la divine. Elle agit par leur entre- 

«Ssww&rai» M tf e » & ^' ien ? 8 ' c ^ c °P ere éternellement, 
•âs^u^g* flj- em frig veav tmoins quellefe repofe quelque 

fois •, & qu'elle fe dej charge fur mie autre, de l'injtru- 
ftion defes difciples. Nous en avons un exemple en ce 
"Tableau, ou cette Sage ConduBrice après nous avoir fait 
toucher les bornes dans lefqueïïes les payons doivent ejlre 
renfermées ; & cognoijlre que cejl de leur feul dérègle- 
ment que les vices tirent leur naijfance, nous met entre 
les mains du Temps, & luy commande , qu'en fon ab- 
fence il contribue tout ce qu'il à de bon, à la conduitte 
de nojlre vie. Le Temps obéit ; & cultivant les pre- 
mieres femences que la Nature & la Sagejfe ontjettées 
dans nos âmes ; nousmenne en ces lieux admirables , ou 
des Jardiniers fpirituels font capables par leur culture 
& par leurs foins, de les faire fruBifer. Ce font les 
Philofophes que nous voyons ajfemhlez au lieu le plus 
apparant de cette peinture. Ils fçavent def-ja le pro- 
grez que nous avons fait dans la DoBrine des mœurs ; 
& pour nous faire pénétrer plus avant, ils nous étalent 
les marveilles que leurs longues meditations leurs ont 
fournies. Cejl en vain que les vices nous parlent à 
V oreille 5 & nous propofent tout ce qui peut toucher le 
fens, pour nous arracher d'une f bonne échoie. Nous 
avons d'abord ejlé convaincus par les veritez qui s'y en- 
feignent. Nos DoBeurs nous les feront voir bien tojl 
les unes après les autres. Cependant ils nous affurent 
que tous les efprits font également capables de cet ejfude 5 
qu'il n'y a point de condition qui en foit exclufe -, & 
que nous n'avons à faire autre effort fur nous mefme, 
qu'à rendre à la partie fuperieure de nojlre ame, l'em- 
pire que fon ef clave luy a violamment vfurpé. 




U M A N Wifdom has its fécond Caufès, 
as well as the Divine ; and works by 
them : And tho' it is always working, 
yet it fbmetimes fèems to repofe -, and 
leaves to another the Inftrudtion of its Pupils. An 
Example of which we have in this Pi&ure, where 
our wife Governefs having Ihewn us the Bounds to 
whidi our Pallions muft be confined 5 and con- 
vince! us, that all "Vices owe their Birth to our 
Negleét, of her Laws ; puts us into the Hands of 
Time, commanding him, in her Abfence, to fur- 
nifh us with all that is good and necefTary for the 
well- governing our Lives. He obeys ; and cul- 
tivating the Seeds which Nature and Wifdom 
have fown in our .Souls, leads us into thole de- 
lightful Walks, where learned Tutors, like skilful 
Gardeners,manure and render them capable of bear- 
ing Fruit worthy their Toil. Such are thefe Phi- 
losophers, whom we fee here aflèmbled in the 
Midft of this Pidture. They already know what 
Progrefs we have made in the Doftrine of Mora- 
lity ; and to enable us to penetrate yet farther in- 
to it, they communicate to us what rare Difcove- 
ries their long Experience and Studies have pro- 
cured for our Ufè. It is now in vain that Vice 
whifpers in our Ear, offering fenfiial Pleafures to 
draw us from this lovely Place. We are at the 
firftView convinced, that here Truth refides 5 and 
that the Things here taught are fuch as well de- 
fèrve our utmoft Application, and will anfwer our 
Curiofity and Pains. Each Do&or in his Turn 
will acquaint us with fbmerhing worth the trea- 
furing up in our Memories : Firft alluring us, that 
every Soul is in fome Meafure capable of this 
Study ; that no Condition excludes us- from being 
eminently Virtuous ; and that we have nothing 
more to do, but to fubmit to the fuperior Part of 
Man (our Reafon) the Command of our Paifions, 
which have unjuftly ufurp'd the Dominion over 
us. 



IK v.4 itzvi it.v.i u.v-i irïm w- vi u:\iiuivi «i 



MM 



" or - llb, |- Inter cunUa leges ; & p'ercunBabere àoBos i 
<$hià ratione qu'éas traducere leniter &vum : 
Ne tefemper inops agitet, vexétque Cupido : 
Nepavor, & rerum medlocriter utiliumfpes. 

Perf. Petite hire juvenefque fenefque 

Finem anima certum, mfenfque viatica cams. 



Books oft perufè, and wife Men's Counfel court 5 
Learn how to fpend with Eafè a Life that's {hort 5 
Left fear of Want, or eager Thirft of Gain, 
Your Peace deftroy, and keep your Soul in Pain. 

The Young from hence may early learn whereon 
Their Minds to fix, and Aged to feaft upon. 

Dégagez 



A View «/"Human Life. 



27 







"Dégagez, vos efprhs de crehite& à"efpraitce. 

Soufrez, que la vertu vous rende la raijhu 
Uef clave ejl hifenfê qui creint fa délivrance-, 

Et te malade effou qui lait fa guerifon, 1 



from Hope and Fear thy Soul fet free, 1 

And Virtue to reform your Mind endure : 

The SlâVe is mad that fears his Liberty ; 
The Sick a headftrong Fool, that fears his Cure. 

The 



■ 



28 



The Doctrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Fourteenth Picture. 



En toute Condition on peut eftre Vertueux. In every State of Life a Man may he Virtuous] 



'OMME la Sage ffe eft également 7iece (faire 
\ à tons les Hommes, elle leur eft aiifti egale- 
ÏÊï me M favorable. Elle a de V amour pour le 
JK3 Pauvre comme pour le riche , pour le laid 
^* comme pour le beau , pour le villageois 
comme pour le Prince. Quiconque la dejïre, lapojjede-, 
& toutes les fois qu'elle échappe a vojhe poitrfuite,- ce 
n'eft jamais par fa rigueur , nyparfa légèreté $ mais 
tousjours ou par voftre négligence, on par noftre perfidie. 
Les deux excellens philosophes que vous avez devant les 
yeux, font les chefs de deuxfeB.es direBement oppofées : 
Et toutefois comme deux Athletes tres-hardis & tres- 
robujies, ils marchent contre les vices avec une égale 
Refohtion ; & nous demandent pour fpeBatettrs de leur 
combat, pource qu'il font également affurés de la vi- 
Boire. D'un cofté Diogene, ennemy des grandeurs, de 
la pompe, & des riche (fes, paroift aufjy glorieux à fen- 
tree defon tonneau, quint Conqiwrajit dedans fon char 
de Triomphe ; & nous témoigne par fon aBion, qu'il fe 
fent desja viBorieux de la fortune, & qu'il foule aux 
pieds toutes les chofes pour qui feules, les crimes trouvettt 
des adorateurs. D'autre part s avance pompeux & 
brillant, le Phîlofophe courtifant Ariftippe, qui ri a pas 
laiffé de r emporter la viBoire, encore quil paroiffe 
armé pour un jour de Triomphe , pluftoft que pour un 
jour de bataille ; & tout fuperbe de la gloire quil vient 
d'acquérir, raille agr'eeablement la gueuferie de Diogene, 
& l'accufe luy mefme de trahir la Majefté de la Philofo- 
jfhie, en la contraignant par fa mauvaife humeur, de 
n'avoir pour Throfne , que le fumier fur lequel il eft 
couché. Mais ri entreprenons, pas de le accorder. Voi- 
la le grand Alexandre qui s eft conftitué leur Juge \ & 



|P'; 



qui par les louanges quil donne àl un & à l'autre 5 té- 
moigne qu'ils vieritent réciproquement les Couronnes 
immortelles, aufquelles ils afpirentpar desvoyes fi con- 
traires. 



S Wifdom is alike neceflàry for ail 
Men, fo is Aie always ready to offer 
^* herfelf to all Men. She loves the poor 
_ equal with the rich; the deformed as 
well as the beautiful ; the Peafant is 
as deaf, to her as the Prince. Whofoever defires 
her, poffeffes her ; and whenfoever fhe avoids our 
Purfuit, it proceeds neither from Cruelty nor In- 
conftancjr, but from our o'iTi Neglecf and Ingrati- 
tude. The two excellent Philofophers before us 
are the Heads of two different Se£ts diredly oppo- 
fite •, yet like two refolute Combatants both march 
with equal Courage and Bravery to oppofe Vice, 
inviting us to be Speétators of their Combat, with 
full Afiurance of being Conquerors, On the one 
Hand , Diogenes, the profeflèd Enemy of Glory, 
Honours, and Riches, appears feated in the Mouth 
of his famous Tub, more happy and glorious than 
a Conqueror in his triumphal Chariot ; and wit- 
neffes to us by his Geftures, that he already finds- 
himfelf victorious over Fortune, and treads under 
foot and defpifes all thofe Things for which Vice 
alone gains Admirers. On the other Side.advances 
the courtly Philofopher Ariftippus, all gay and 
mining in Purple and Diamonds , juft triumphant 
from a Viftory gained by his inimitable Eloquence 
difplayed in the Defence of Virtue. He divert- 
ingly rallies the fordid Humour of Diogenes, accu- 
sing him of debafing, by his morofe odd Temper, 
the Dignity of Philofophy ; which rather merits 
to be feated on the Throne, than on Straw and 
Earth, which he chofe to lie on. But let us leave 
the deciding this Difpute to the mighty Alexander, 
who makes himfelf their Judge. He gives great 
Praifes to both, and confeffès that they equally de- 
ferve immortal Honours and Commendations, be- 
ing alike the Friends of Virtue, tho' they follow 
her in Ways fo vaftly different. 




Hor. lib. i. Sipranderet olus patienter, regibus uti 

Epift. 17.; Nollet Ariftippus ; ftfciret regibus uti, 

Faftidiret olus, qui me notât. 



Àriftoph" Virtuofns bene utitur quibufcumque. 

OvkJ.^ VeBoribus mores totfunt, quot in orbe figura \ 
fj&àfapit, innumeris moribus aptus erit. 



Could Ariftippus Herbs and Roots fufEce, 
He would the gaudy Courts of Kings defpifè. 
If you, Diogenes, a Court well underftood, 
You'd quit your Herbs for nobler Friends and Food, 

A virtuous Man makes a good Ufe of every Thing. 

Each Mind as many different Pallions bears, 1 
As Nature various Forms and Faces wears, V 

And yet the wife Man always wife appears. J 



t 



En 



A View of Human Life. 



n 







En tous Lieux la Vertu fe trouve, 
Chacun peut entendre fa Voix ; 
Et bien foment on la dej couvre 
lèlleparmy les Bruits de Louvre, 
Quelle eft an Silence des 3ois. 



Virtue in every Place is found, 

And every lift'ning Ear 

Her charming Voice may hear ; . T ""• 

Oft in the croildy rioify Louvre dwells, 
The lame as in the lonely unfrequented Cells i,' 
Oft on the mining Throne, as on the humble Ground. 

I The 






30 



The Ikiïrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Fifteenth Pi&ure. 

^— ■ *■ ' 

La guerizon de l'Ame eft la plus Necefîàire. The Cure of the Smtl, is more neceffary th 

that of the Body. 

^êM^MihUIS^UE vous avons appris que vous 
'ïp m Tommes toits également appeliez à l 'Echoie 






, ji gommes toits également appe... .. 
...,, P siS de là Fhilofophie, & quil ejl abfohment 
Sx, s»- necelfaire que vous refpovdiovs de vofire 

%g%s%&8<3» vocation, ïijaut que nous conoijjions nofire 
devoir • & que pour vous en aquitter dignement, nous 
J cachions ce que la vertu exige de vofire obeyjfance. Le 
voicy. Elle veut que vous fortions de fa compagnie, 
meilleurs que vous v'yfommes entrez. Pour ce fvbjet 
elle vous dome uve leçon fort commune, mais fort in- 
JlruBive. ; & vous arrachant de Vefprit , une erreur 
quiàprefque infetté tout le monde, vous fait confie ffeir 
quejufques àprefent vous v avons efié fenfibles qua nos 
moindres maladies; &parconfequant, que vous n'a- 
vons travaillé quà la guerifon de celles qui ejhient les 
moins confiderables. Tous les perfonnages dont cette 
peinture efi compofée, font autant de témoins quelle 
produit contre vos habitudes brutales ; & qu'elle pro- 
duit exprès, pour vous contraindre àfgner vous mefme 
vofire condemnation. Nous voyons d'abord un mif éra- 
ble, du nombre de ceux que le monde vomme bien heu- 
reux, qui ayant Vame mangée d'ulcères, le cœur rongé 
de tous les vers que les crimes y forment; & Vefprit 
combattu de toutes les payons les plus déréglées, refufe 
veantmoins les remèdes agréables & infaillibles, que le 
Temps & la Sageffe luy offrent. Il s offence impudam- 
•ment de la generojitê, par laquelle ils ont daigné préve- 
nir fes prières ; & les renvoyé avec ce compliment or- 
gueilleux, que s'il à jamais befoin de leur ajffiance, il 
ve manquera pas de les faire appeller. Cependant pour 
un peu de rougeur qui luyparoifi à l'œil, il crie impa- 
tiemment après le fecours de tous les Oculifies. Cette 
petitte infiammation luy ofie le repos ; & luyfaifant 
oublier ce grand nombre de biens qu'il s'efi acquis par 
■un plus grand nombre de crimes ; luyperfuade, que toute 
fa félicité efi renfermée en la guerifon de fon mal. 
'L'Operateur aufii travaille avec toute Vindufirie dont il 
efi capable ; & promet à cet aveugle volontaire, que 
bien tofi ilfoulagerafa douleur. A la vérité l'ail ex- 
térieur peut efire guery. Mais la veiie la plus precieufe 
ve le fera pas. Aujji efi ce d'un art bien plus fubtil, 
& bien plus divin, que v'efi la chirurgie ; qu'il vous 
faut attendre la guerifov de fes fens délicats, par qui 
feulement l'hcmvie efi véritablement homme. 



Ç£o:e?:BêiêJ.;3 -t are now , 

>Sffi 
«sa 



I doubt not, convinced 
jf| that all Men are equally obliged to re* 
w If pair to the School of Virtue ; and that 
Pg ;cg! ™JK il: is absolutely neceffary for us to be 
*;?«£? «;?*i?a»< well inform'd, and to ufe the utmoft 
Diligence at our Entrance there, to know what 
our Duty is , that we may acquit our felves hand- 
fomely in all that Virtue requires of us. Behold, 
fhe is here come in Perfon to inftrucf you : Firft, 
and above all Things, fhe enjoins that we go forth 
from her Prefence,. Wifèr and Better than we en- 
tered into it ; a Thing almoft impoffible for any 
of us to fail in. For who can be fb flupid as to 
converfe with Virtue, and not ceafè to be Vici- 
ous ? She would next free us from an Error, with 
which great Part of the World are infected, by 
convincing us, that we were till now only fenfible 
of our fmalleft Infirmities, and have labour'd to 
cure thofe Indifpofitions that were leaft worthy our 
Notice, negle&ing thofe Which Were moft dange- 
rous. All the Perfons reprefented in this Picfure 
are Evidences of this Truth which fhe produces, 
to oblige us to fign with Blufhes our own Condem- 
nation. Behold here an unfortunate Wretch, (yet 
of the Number of thofe, whom the World ftiles 
happy J who having his Soul ulcerated, and his 
Heart devoured by the Vultures his Crimes have 
created there ; his Reafon and Paffions in a conti- 
nual War, yet refufes the healing and wholfome 
Medicines, which Time and Wifdom offer him. 
He even proceeds to affront thofe who generoufly 
prevent his Wifhes, and vouchfafe to vifit him un- 
intreated ; knowing that he muft perifh without 
their Aid. He fends them away with the ungrate- 
ful Compliment of, If I want your AJfiftance I 
fhall not fail to fend for you. But the Moment he 
feels a fmall Diforder in his Eye, he impatiently 
cries out for help from the Oculift. This flight 
Inflammation wholly ruins his Repofe, and makes 
him forget and neglecl: to take Pleafure in all he 
poffeffes, (tho' gotten with the utmoft Pains and 
Injuftice.) He believes all Happinefs confifts in 
the Cure of his Eye. The Operator ufes his ut- 
moft Skill to gain the vaft Reward he offers -, and 
psomifes him Eafe and Sight, which no doubt but 
he may poilibly perform. But alas ! the Light of 
his Reafbn is yet blinded : It is from a nobler Art 
than Surgery he muft hope a Cure. The Divine 
Artift Wifdom muft give him Sight and Health : 
The Infirmities of our Souls only fhe can cure, 
and render us worthy to be called that noble Crea- 
ture Man. 




Hor.lib.i. j|«« l&dunt cculos fefiinas demere : ft quid 
Epift. 2. Efi animum , differs curandi tempus in annum. 



Why if your Eyes offended are, 
Do you look out for Help with Care ; 
And if your Mind is lick, the Cure defer ? 



A\ 



A View o/Human Life. 



3 1 




As tu dans Y un des yeux quelque tache mipevfombre, 
Tu veux que VOculiJle en arrejle le cours. 
Toname cepandant foufre des maux fans nombre, 
Et tu la vois périr fans hy donner fecovrs. 



îf in your Eye there fhoitîd a Speck appear, 
Wou à you iiot feek for Help, and Blindnels fear ? 
Yet numerous Ills your fickly Soul opprefs, 
And you regardlefs feek lor no Redrefs. 

The 



3? 



The Docïrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Sixteenth Piclure. 



Aime la Vertu, pour l'amour d eUe-mefme. 

^Ç^^^^O US ve pouvons plus ignorer que la ver- 
|p J Û| tu n eft pas vertu , fi elle vagit, ft elle 
iâî N SI ve combat, & fi malgré le grand nom- 
l§GDGSt^ bre des ennemis dont elle eft attaquée, 
%.r$.ï$3$u%.r$.3%%. elle tie demeure viftorieufe. Voyons 
maintenait de quelle forte elle doit agir ; & par quel 
mouvement elle fe doit porter aux entreprises les pliis 
difficiles. Le peintre nous h fait voir dans un éloigne' 
ment, qui refufe en laperfonne Sun defes adorateurs, 
les Couronnes qui îuy font offertes. Elle nous protefte 
par ce magnanime refus, quelle trouve fon prix en elle 
mefme ; & quelle fer oit tovfiours tres-fatisfaite de fa 
fortune, quand il n'y auroit n'y tef'moins pour voir f es 
allions, ny Hérauts pour les publier , ny gloire pour en 
eftre la recompenfe. Mais la Peintre ne s eft pas con- 
tenté de nous monftrer cette beauté toute nue, pour nous 
la rendre encore plus aymable , & nous embrazer plus 
piiijfamment du delîr de fa poffeffton, il luy oppofe tout 
ce qu'il y à de difforme, & de hayjfabk dans ces âmes 
laches & mercenaires, qui ne feroient jamais du party 
des gens de bien, s il y avoit de lafeureté dans céluy des 
mechans. Çonf.derés cette treuppe d'hypocrites de tonte 
condition, & de tout aage. Vous croiriez à leurs 
geftes, qu'ils font nés ennemis irreconcilable s de l'inju- 
ft ice, & de I inter eft. Cependant ils engloutirent des 
yeux, ces vafes d'or, & ces facs d'argent , qu'on leur 
prefente exprez pour les tanter ; & bien qu'il feignent 
de les avoir en horreur, ils font totitefois intérieure- 
ment dévorez du deftr de les pojfeder. Mais nous n'a* 
vonspas befoin de deviner qui leur fait faire cette vio- 
lence fur euxmefmes. Nous voyons le f rain qui les ar- 
refte. Ceft cette Dee(fe boiteufe qui les fuit. Cette 
implacable Nemefis, qui chargée de tous les inftrumens 
inventez pour punir les crimes, les chaff e a grands 
coups de foiiet ; & les contraint de retirer leurs mains, 
des chofes ou ils ont def-ja mis tout leur cœur. 




Love Virtue, for her felf dora. 

|g*^*ME can be nô longer ignorant, that 
^LjAi. Jg^ Virtue would ceafe to be, if fhe was 
not active to refift, defy, and be 
ever victorious over all the Enemies 
that attack her. Behold then thé 
Manner hoW fhe behaves her felf in the liioft diffi- 
cult Enterprizes. The Painter has here fhewn her 
to us at fome Diflance, under the Form of one of 
her Followers, who is refufing the Diadems and 
Honours that are ofter'd him. In this magnant 
mous Action fhe declares to us, that fhe finds her 
Reward in her felf ; and that fhe is always fàtif- 
fy'd With her Condition , even when fhe has no 
Witnefs of her Actions, nor Heralds to publifh, 
nor Honours to recompence them. But the Pain- 
ter, not content to fhew us this Beauty ? thus un* 
adorn'd and limply clad, proceeds likewife to con- 
vince us that fhe is no lefs lovely and charming, 
even in Rags and Obfcurity. To induce us alfo to 
Love and Defire her , he fets near her alt that is 
deform'd and hateful in thofè bale and mercenary 
Souls, who never fide with the Virtuous and Ho- 
neft, if there is any Safety in the Company of the 
Wicked. Confider this Troop of Hypocrites of 
all Ages and Conditions. You would believe by 
their Geftures, that they are born the irreconcila- 
ble Enemies of Injuftice and Intereft ; but, alas ! 
they devour with their Eyes thofe VefTels of Gold 
and Bags of Silver, which are fèt there on purpofe 
to tempt them ; and tho' they feign to have fuch 
Thoughts in Deteftation , yet are they in Reality 
racked with an impatient Defire to pofïèfs them. 
But we need not give our fèlves much Trouble to 
divine what obliges them to do this Violence to 
their Inclinations. You may fee what reftrains 
them : It is the lame Goddefs that purfues them, ' 
the implacable Nemefis ; who , loaden with her 
torturing Inftruments of Juftice, drives them be- ; 
fore her, and lafhes them on with Scorpions ; con- 
ftraining them to withold their Hands from thofè 
Things, on which they have already fet their 
Hearts. 









.. nt, t Oderuvt peccare boni virtutis amore, 
Epift. 16. J" nihil admittes in te jormidine pans,. 
Sitfpesfallendi : mifcebts facra prof ants. 



For VirtueVSake the Good all Crimes deteft ; 

'But you for fear of Punifhment forbear. 
Confcience you think is only a mere jeft -, 

Let Laws permit, and yon no Crimes would fear 

I ^ Si 



A Viens) o'i H u m a S L i r e. 



M 




St de pevr dufuplice, & non de peur du crime, 
Tu fabftiens des t refors à ta garde commis ; 

Ta jujfice apparente eft indigne îeftime, 

he larcin nef pas fait, mais le crime eft coi 



If you for Fear of Punifliment alone abftain 
To tonch the Treafures to your Keeping left ; 

All your Pretence to Virtue is but' vain, 
You're guilty of the Sin, tho 1 not the Theft. 

K The 



3+ 



Tie Doiïrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Seventeenth Picture; 



Dieu feul n'a point de Maiflire. 

% PRENEZ qu'il ejl un Dieu, Ames am- 
S. bitieufes & brutales; & ne vous figurez 
e, phis que la Religion foit le partage du peuple. 
« 77-....- r egnez, il ejl vray. Tr ""' -"»rrhm 



Vous 



Vous marchez 



I A \ 

fur la tejfe des hommes, il ejl vray -, & pour adjoufier 
Voprolre à la cruauté, vous violés les premier s, lesloix 
que vous leur avez impofées. Leurs biens, leur hon m 
veur, leur repos, leur innocence, & leur vie font les 
jouets de vojlre fureur. Vous profanez les chofes Sa- 
crées. Vous renverfez les Autels. Vous pillez les 
Temples -, & cejl dans les lieux les plus Saints que vous 
commettez vos allions les plus abominables. Dieu les 
voit. Dieu les foufre. Dieu y paroijl infenfible. Je 
X avoue. Mais attendez encore un peu, Efprits orgueil- 
leux, & vous fevtirez qu'il ejl le Dieujallotix, quil ejl 
le Dieu vengeur, quil ejl le Dieu vifitant Yiniquité des 
Peres fur toute leur pojlerité. Non non, nefuivezpds 
le confeil que monjujfe couroux vous donne. Il ejl 
digne de vous, mais il n ejl pas digne de la Philofophie. 
Pevfés pluflojl à craindre les jugements que vous avez 
toufiours mcprifez Regardez cette éternité malheureufe 
qui doit châtier vos crimes ; & fi ce nejl V amour qùau 
moins la crainte vous donne de Vhorreur de vous mefme ; 
& vous porte à la penitence. Vojlre falut ne fera pas 
defefperé, fi vous changés de vie, fi vous efies touchés de 
la calamité de vofire prochain ; & fi vous recognoijfez 
une puijfance bien plus haute, & bien plus legitime, que 
celle que V excès de vojlre ambition vous a follement 
perfvadée. Venez voir, & ejludiés le bon Roy que cette 
peinture vous donne pour exemple. Il ejl environné de 
f es peuples. Il rendjujlice à la Veufue & à V Orphelin. 
Il arrache le foible de Toprejjion du fort ; & prend en 
main la caufe dupavure contre les perfecutions du riche. 
Mais voyons qui font les Minifires & les Confeillers 
qu'il covfulte. Il levé les yeux au Ciel. Il contemple 
cette Jujlice fupreme qui ejl la reigle & Vidée de toutes 
les autres ; & declare hautement quil na pour objet 
que V execution de fes volontez. Cette declaration ne 
Iny ejl pas infruftueufe. Elle attire du Ciel, les bene- 
dictions & les graces fur ce Roy, véritablement digne 
d'ejtre Roy -, & Vefieve autant au dejfus des autres 
Princes, quejfefiivement il sabaiffe devant le Maijlre 
des Princes. 



God alone has no Superior. 

3«&j«&i|, N O "W that there Is a God, great and 
K 8, ambitious Tyrants, whom his Providence 
- has raifed on high -, and think not that 
Religion is the Bufinels of common Peo- 
ple only. You rule, 'tis true , you fill Thrones, 
before which they tremble and bow. There you 
command like Gods -, adding to Injuftice, Cruelty 
and Oppreffion, and violate the Laws you have 
impofèd on others. The Lives, Honours, For- 
tunes and Happinefi of your Subjedts you difpofe 
of in Sport and Merriment : You prophane the 
moft fàcred Things ; throw down Altars , pillage 
Temples ; and even in Places confecrated to the 
Almighty , commit A£tions the moft impious 
and deteftable. God fees, God fuffers, Gcd takes 
no Notice as yet, I confefe. But ftay a little, you 
miftaken Souls, and you will be convinced that 
God is a jealous God , artd will vifit the Sins you 
commit, upon you and your Pofterity. You 
fmile ; well ! go on ; follow not my Counfel ; 
perhaps it proceeds from a peevifh Humour in me. 
"You think it becomes you to adt thus : But 'tis 
my Duty to reprehend : My Miftrefs Wifdom 
commands me to do fo.Yet look back, repent,and ra- 
ther fear his Juftice whom you have defpifed. Look 
towards that unhappy Eternity, which is prepared 
to recompence your Crimes -, and if not for Love, 
yet at leaft for Fear , view your felves with Hor- 
ror -, and before it is too late repent. Your Salva- 
tion is not yet to be defpair'd of, if you amend 
your Lives -, become touched with the Calamities 
of your Neighbour, and acknowledge that Power 
which your blind Ambition has made you till noW 
forget. Draw near and take notice of this good 
King here reprefented for your Imitation. He is 
furrounded with his Subjedts, ren'dring Juftice to 
the Widow and Fatherlefs : He frees the feeble 
from the Oppreflbr ; and takes the Caufe of the 
Poor into his Hands, againft the Perfecutions of 
the Rich. Behold who are the Minifters and 
Counfèllors that he confults. He lifts up his Eyes 
to Heaven, and contemplates the fupreme Juftice, 
who is the Rule and Perfection of all Things ; de- 
claring, that he délires nothing but to fulfil his 
Pleafure. This Piety goes not unrewarded ; Hea- 
ven fhowers down Bleifings and Favours on him ; 
and raifès him as far above all other Kings, as he 
bends his Heart, with the greateft Humiliation 
and Submiflion, to adore the King of Kings. 




Hor. lib. 2. R e £ um timendorvm in proprios greges, 
•Od. 1 . Reges in ipfos imperium ejl Jovis, 
Clari Giganteo triumpho, 
CuvBa fitpe/cilio mémentos. 



Tho' potent Kings do Laws to Nations give, 
And trembling Subjedts in Subjedtion live» 
Yet even they by Jove are made ; 
He the ftrong Giants did or'ethrow, 
And with his Nod rules all below. 
He fmiles at Man that's Duft and Shade, 
And will by Monarchs be obey'd. 



Mot* 



A View «/Human Life. 



% 




Mortels, il ejl m Bien. Vous en efts T Image, 
Aymex. le comme tels, & rêverez Jes loix. 
Lafoy qui de vos cœurs exige cet homage, 
L'exige également, des Berges & des Roys. 



Mortals, there is a God ; his Laws revere 3 
Love him as fach, fince you his Image are. 
The Law tiiat this requires, alike does bind 
Kings, Peafants, Swains, and all Mankind. 



The 



3 <s 



The Doftrine of Morality ; or, 



The Explanation of the Eighteenth Picture. 



Tremble devant le Throne du Dieu vivant. Tremble before the Throne of the Living God. 



r T de fois que ton ante cor- 
l , que tes fens dépravez, & que 
A gs* ton inclination abrutie , ozeront te por- 
>? : gïîîÇîS8§-§' ter aux attentats ou f impieté attire les 
<%!%x%K%ss%a mec hants. Autant de fois que tu feras 
a fez infevfé pour douter s'il eji un Dieu. Autant de 
jois que tu voudras entreprendre quelque defein au delà 
de tes forces ; vien con filter cet horrible fpe&acle, & 
inédite profmidemevt fur le fuccez que le Gel referve 
aux entreprifes abominables. Tu apprendras bien tojl 
à humilier ton orgueil ; à reprimer ta témérité j & à 
connoijlre combien il ejl efpouvantable, de tomber entre 
les mains de Dieu , quand nos crimes Vont mis en cho- 
lere. ! que cette fable exprime bien cette vérité. 
Ceux que nous voyons icy chargez de rochers, & montez 
jufque au de fus des niées, ef oient les plus grands & les 
plus redoutables des hommes. Mais quelque extraor- 
dinaire que fut leur courage aujfi bien que leurpuifance, 
ils firent toutefois des efforts inutiles ; & tentèrent des 
chofes criminelles, pour ce qiiils ozerent fe porter con- 
tre le Ciel. Les Géants ne furent pas ecrafez pour a- 
voir entrepris au de la de leurs forces, mais pour sefre 
révoltez contre ceux qui les leur avoient données. 



«gefegfes&ss&s S oft as your corrupted Inclinations 
rafflSa%& and depraved Defires tempt you to 
. V|| A III* Thoughts, which Impiety infpires 
J^8?ï8S8sllf' m tne Vicious, ( if ever you are fb 
%s$Ktps*ps%o i n f a tuated as to doubt whether there 
be a God;), or that you would undertake any 
Thing above y our Strength and Power , come and 
confult this horrid Spectacle, and think ferioufly 
on the Succefs Heaven gives to wicked Enterprizes. 
Thus will you foon learn to humble your proud 
Soul ; to bluih at your own Temerity, and trem- 
ble to think what a dreadful Thing it is to fall in- 
to the Hands of the Living God, when our Crimes 
have render'd him angry with us. How well does 
the Fable here before us explain this Truth ? Thofe 
whom we behold loaden with Rocks and Moun- 
tains, climbing up the Hills to fcale the Battle- 
ments of Heaven, and appearing the moft daring 
and boldeft of Mankind, (altho' Gyants in Stature 
and Impiety) fail in their Attempt -, and by the 
Almighty Thunderer are ftruck down to perifh in 
their own Foolifhnefs. Yet I defire you would 
obferve, that thefe Gyants are deftroy'd, not for 
atrempting Things above their Strength ; but be- 
caufe they employ'd it againft him that gave it. 






_ . _ _. _ „ ._ IneCi ïttî**** i^aCf MI-rMTt.v/ i VWE rsgPf oft , « > ^-oTtJvrf teg jrxgi < 

~n ''ii' i i-itttt rrnj2 i xgj xiim rzHULLiiii mum j mn ujuii ^jjjjj, ii^j n r^nn E-^jj " ""i 1 "' ' CTd m^ii miTii nyn ixgm xxrri . mut irirr: ruTTT .rrrr < ■ n_q xnm mu] n TTT l\-_ 

JD:TTTTL U-i-i îJ:rrTT i-n iTnnn tt ^-j; j j^ 1 I tttttt tttttt tth tt I'linniHI mil i tttTTT tT^ti idii t itiii * TTjjll TÎ.i i irr^ TT t,H : . 7r^— . > . m i ■ Yrr^r ^SljïâSXi HUT? ËZXTL T " ' ' *' n i i^xu <0) 

- '- - " '" "' -' —— ----- -~- - --— .-- . *- — - --r^iÉ " - - - -"- — — - -' 



* 0» I' i- 5- ir .:+ «* 5> » «S p it ft fi- SV «> © v- <s -à ir f.r V O «S & & O G C <' i' Zr C- w <? O « * <•"* & <? C" O 6 C-* O » » 



Uor. lib z. V u cov fil' e *pers mole ruitfua : 
Od. 4. Vim temperatam Di quoque provebur.t 
In majus, iidem odêre vires 
Qmne nefas animo moventes. 



Lib. 1. 
Od. s. 



Kil mcrtalibus arduvm eji. 

Cœlum ipfnm petimus Jlultitia : neqtie 
Per noflrum patimur fcelus, 

Iracunda Jovem potière fulmina. 



Born down by their own Weight the Wicked Fall : 
The Pious by the Gods afhlted live, 

Still get the "Victory and conquer all ; 

But mighty Crimes the Gods will ne're forgive. 

Giants in ill, and impious grown, 
Our Folly bids us fcale the Sky : 

Boldly we do aflault the Throne 
Of mighty Jove, his Laws defy -, 
Nor give him leave to lay his Thunder by. 



Ou 



A View of Human Life. 



37 




0« te porte ta rage, homme digne du foudre ? 
Crois tu chafer ton Dieu defon Throfne éternel ? 
S il navoit pour toy-mefme un amour paternel, 
Def-jafon bras vengeur t'auroit réduit enpoudreè 



What will thy Rage attempt, Wretch worthy Death, 
Think'ft thou th' Almighty to dethrone ? 

Long fince with Thunder he had ftopp'dthy Breath, 
But his Paternal Love alone 
Has fpar'd thee yet, and Mercy ftiewn. 

L The 



3 8 



The Doctrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Nineteenth Picture. 



L'Impiété catife tous les Maux. 

«gs&M&i|î» E fpeBacle qui nous a frappez d'ùnjujle e~ 
JS C ''% tomiement, nefi quune partie des calamitez 
,â ê, dont Vimpieté efifuivie. Tous les fecles, & 

w 5 '* e t0J{ f es j es jetions en fournirent des exemples. 
Céluy qui feprefente à nos yeux , napas moins de hor- 
reur que le premier 5 & ne doit pas moins que luy, nous 
donner de la terreur des jugements de Dieu. Non feule- 
ment cefi une tragique reprefentation des defolations 
pajfées, cefi aujji un fidelle advertifement , & un cer- 
tain prefage des ruines, & des defiruBions que le cour- 
roux du Ciel prepare pour le cbafiiment de nofire im- 
piété. Confierons ces Temples ahbatus , ces maifons 
bruflées, ces hommes efgorgez, & ces miferables femmes 
que le Soldat vefemble efpargner, que pour leur faire 
àchepter au prix de leur honneur, la fervitude qu'il 
leur define. Ce font autant de monuments de la vdn- 
geance celefie, & comme autant de prophéties quelle 
fait marcher devant elle , pour annoncer fa venue, & 
porter les hommes à la penitence. Cefi pourqiioy s'il 
nous refte quelque fentiment de nous mefme , & quelque 
crainte de tant de miferes, commençons à travailler 
ferieufement à ce grand ouvrage de nofire converfon, 
& croyons quelle eft la feule chofe qui peut defioumer 
de dejfus nos tefies , la foudre dont nousfommes mena- 
cez. 



Impiety is the Caufe of all Calamities. 

,|«£k&s|,H IS Sight , that ftrikes us with a jufl: 
3 T §» Aftonifhment , is but one Part of thé 
•§*m»(|» Miferies with which Impiet y is atten- 
* ded : All Ages and Nations can furnifh 
us with Examples of this Kind. This which is 
here prefènted to our Sight, is no lefs full of Hor- 
ror, than the Precedent, and ought to fill us with 
no lefs Dread of the Judgments of God. It is not 
only a tragick Reprefentation of Defolations paft, 
but it is alfo à faithful Advertifement and certain 
Prefage of the Ruin and Deftruftion Heaven pre- 
pares for the Chaftifement of our Impiety. Con- 
sider thefe beautiful Remains of ruined Temples, 
levefd even with the Earth : This noble City all 
in Flames $ Thefe Heaps of dying Men, and more 
wretched living Women and Virgins, whofe Lives 
are preferved by the relentlefs Soldiers to lofe their 
Honours, and who fèem condemn'd to perpetual In- 
famy and Slavery ; a Misfortune without Compa- 
nion, worfè than Death. Thefe are all certain 
Monuments of the divine Vengeance , and fo ma- 
ny Mefîèngers that he fends before him, to denounce 
his Coming , to perfuade and lead Men to Repen- 
tance. If therefore there ftill remains in us any 
Love and Efteem for our felves, any Defire to 
avoid the like Miferies, let us now begin from this, 
Moment, to fèt fèrioufly about the great Work of 
our Converfion, and be convinced that it is the 
only Way to avert the Storms and Judgments that 
hang fas yet) over our Heads, and threaten us 
With entire Ruin and Deftru&ion. 






'\o. ii/Vjj^W» U Li l.L|.VUi«^ i*/\A JoAO. iJ^A uAi U '.»*. J_ *j, J*J «A ±* L> JjAÂ id 1 U-lijj ^ .. ^ ...:- 



Hor.lib. 2. DrfiSa majortim immeritus lues 
Od . 6. Romane, donee templd rejeceris, 
jEdeifque labenteis Deorum, & 
Fœda nigro f.mulacra fumo. 



virg.d.^E. Difcite Juftitiatn momti, & non temnere Divos. 

2 



Oh, helplefs Romans ! by the Gods decreed, 
For your Fore-Fathers horrid Sins to bleed , 
Unlefs your Piety prevent ; make hafte, 
New Shrines and Temples build , by them defae'd. 
Obey the Gods who only made you great : 
'Twas they firft raifed,and muft fupportyour State. 

Let Mortals learn to grow more wife ; 
Nor Juftice, or the awful Gods defpifè. 



A View of H u m a N Life. 



39 



: 




. 



. 



Si h glaive & la fame, ovt les champs defertez \ 
Les Temples abattus, & les Villes brûlées : 
Si tu vois au tombeau, tes fils précipitez, 
Et traifner aux cheveux tes filles defolées : 
Toy ; par qui tant de loix ont ejlé violées, 
S'hache que cef le fruit de tes impietex. 



If Fire and Sword have laid thy Cities wafte « 
Thy Temples, and thy ftately Towns defac'd s 
If in thy Sight thy darling Sons are flain, 
And cruel Vidors do thy Daughters ftain ; 
Thou art the fatal Caufe : Thy Crimes alone 
Have reach 'd the Skies, and brought thefe Judg- 
ements down. 
The 



4o 



The Dofîrine of Morality; oy\ 



The Explanation of the Twentieth Pidure, 



«IS 

m 

«SB 

««s 



Les Méchants iè punifîênt l'un l'autre! 

^êUMMI OU S les mechansfont punis. La jujïice 
«| étemelle nen difpenfepas un ; & quand 
g»! k J bourreaux ont achevé de tourmenter les 
3 * coupables, Us font à leur tour, condamner. 
aux fuplices, pour ce quils ne font pas 
plus innocens que les autres. Les horreurs de ce Ta- 
bleau vous annoncent ces veritez. Voyez cette ville em- 
brafée. Nombrez ces hommes, ces femmes, & f es en- 
fans ajfajjinez. Contemplez ces gibets & ces roues. 
Ils ne font pas moins le chafiiment que les effets de nos 
crimes. La punition fuit le mal comme V ombre fuit le 
corps. Bien quelle J oit boitteufe, & quelle ne marche 
pas toufiours aujji vijleque le mefchant, elle le fuit toute- 
fois fans cejfe 5 & quand elle ejl bien longue à venir, 
ù'eft une prévue certaine quelle a long-temps médité fur 
le genre defuplice, dont elle veut punir ces perfecuteurs 
inhumains qui ont ejlé les injirumens de lajujlice di- 
vine. 



The Wicked punifb one another, 

IptltgtÉL L that are wicked are punîfli'd ; eter- 
fa fl nal Juftice fpares not one : And when 

û A o» the Executioners have finiih'd tor- 
fLe<*»JK renting the Guilty , they themfelves 
!K--ii?%iy%?S5 are in their Turn condemn'd to the 
Torture , becaufe they are equally culpable. The 
Horrors of this Picture denounce this Truth to 
us. Behold another City in Flames ! What con- 
fined Heaps of murther'd Men , Women and In- 
fants ! Confider the Gibbets, Wheels and Scaffolds, 
which are left the Punifhments , than the Effeds 
of their Crimes ; for Punifhment ever follows Sin, 
as the Shadow does the Body. Tho' perhaps Ju- 
ftice may feem Lame , and follows not fo faft as 
the Villain offends ; yet fhe furely overtakes him, 
when he is leaft aware -, and when ftie ftays long 
behind , 'tis a certain Sign that fhe is meditating 
fome uncommon Vengeance to manifeft God's 
Anger on thofè inhuman Perfècutors of others, who 
having executed the Divine Juftice upon many Of- 
fenders , ought now in their Turn to feel it theni- 
felves. . 



I*iV:1S*T-M».V: IJfiV If.V Itt.VMK.v.rjf.v.i.tt'iV 



Hor. lib. 5. S &pe Diefpher 

oi. 3. Negleftus, incejlo aididit integrum : 
Raro antecedentem fcelefium 
Deferuit pede pœ?ia claudo. 



ieneca. 



Sequitur fuperbos à tergo Bens'. 



TibuII. Ah mifer, etji quis primo perjuria celai J 
*j* h ?'• Sera tamen tadtis pasm vent pedibus* 



Jove fbmetimes angry fèems on all 

To let his dreadful Thunder fall: 

Nor does the Good, more than the Villain fpare j 
But the Lame Goddefs ftill purfues 
The guilty Souls 5 and Time does chufè 

To ftrike, and right the Gods who blamelefs are. 

Divine Vengeance always purfues the Proud. 

Unhappy Wretch, that thus himfelf deceivesj 
For tho' his Perjury he well conceals ; 

Juftice, when he himfelf fècure believes, 
Does foon o'retake, and gently on him Reals. 



Tragiques 



A View of Hv m an L [ v e. 



4i 




Tragiques injlrumens des vangeances celejles, 
Monfires dont la fureur fe déborde fur tous : 
Regardez ces bourreaux inhumains comme vous, 
Bien toji vous fentirez leurs atteintes funejles. 



You fragick Inftrumenrs ôf Vengeance fèe -, 
Monfters whom Heaven did in Anger frame, 

Such as your felves, \vell skill'd in Cruelty -, 
And from their Hands expe<2 to feel the lame. 

M The 



4* 



The Doiïrine of M o r a l i t y ; or> 



The Explanation of the One and Twentieth Picture. 



L'Homme eft Né pour aymer. 



^ -^ ^ f on origins, que de luy rendre Jespre- 
4cVr^^p miers beautez ; & h porter à. ce haut 
ci&Qjgig^iQjg point de perfe&ion , quelle recent lor s 
que fon Antheur luy commanda de venir efclairer les 
homines. Vous voyez aujji qu'ils fe tiennent coniepar la 
main -, & que la Morale chreftienùe m enseigne rien, 
que la naturelle renous ordonne. L'un & ïautrepre- 
mieremcnt exigent de nos cœurs , V adoration de Dieii ; 
& veulent enfuitte, que tous les hommes s'aymentdvec 
autant de tendre fe, que fî ejfeiïivemént Us eft 'oient fortis 
d'une mefme nier e. Ce Jl à cette importante & 'neceffaire 
partie de la vie civile que nous fommes arrivez. Ce 
Tableau nous présente les devoirs de V amitié ; & nous 
fait entendre combien doivent efire inviolables & 
faintes, ces loix qui ont eflê gravées du doigt mefme de 
la nature, dans le cœur de tous les hommes. Vous voyez 
aujji comme elles font religieufement obfervêes par les 
deux amis, dont noflre Peintre nous donne les pourtraits. 
Ils font tellement conformes, & tellement unis, qu'on 
pour r oit dire que ce font deux corps qui ne font animez 
que d'une ame. Ils quittent Fun pour Vautre tout ce 
qui peut nuire à leur amour. Les honneurs, les ri- 
che ffes, les délices, nontponit de charmes qui puifent 
vy les feparer pour long-temps , ny. mefme fit/pendre 
pour un feul moment -, Vaiïivhé de leur affe&ion. 
Pourveu qu ils fepojfe dent Vun l'autre , ils croyent pof- 
feder toutes chofes -, & trouvent dans leur contentement 
réciproque, une plenitude de félicité que la fortune ny la 
beauté ne promettent que faucement. 




Man teas born to -Love. 

not the Deftroyer of 
never aim'd at more 
from its Beginning , but. to reftore 
ISsP^PtI Morality, to its firft Beauty, and to 
^Jîop^ço^ refine and raife it to that high Per- 
fection, which it receiv'd from God its firft Au- 
thor, when He commanded it to go and illumi- 
nate Mankind. You fee that they walk Hand in 
Hand ; and that Chriftian Morality teaches no- 
thing but what the Natural ordain'd. ' They both 
equally oblige all Men, firft, to adore their Crea- 
tor ; and next,' to love one another as tenderly, as 
if they were really all Children of the fame Pa- 
rents, and the Fruit of one Womb. It is to this 
important and ufeful Time of Life that we are 
now arriv'd. This Picture reprefents to us the 
Duties of Friendftiip , and fhews us how facred 
and inviolable we ought to efteem them, fince her 
Laws are engsaven in the Hearts of Men, with 
Nature's own inimitable Fingers. Of this our 
Painter gives us an admirable Proof in the Two 
Friends here delineated. They are fo conforma- 
ble and obliging to each other , fo very much One, 
that you would conclude they were Two Bodies, 
actuated but by one Soul. They quit for each 
other whatever is prejudicial to their Friendftiip ; 
Honours, Riches and Pleafures have not Charms 
powerful enough to fèparate them long ; no, nor 
to fufpend for one fingle Moment the Ardency of 
their Aftedtion ; if they poflefs but one another, 
they believe they poflefs all Things , and find that 
mutual Satisfaction in each others Converfation, 
which Riches and Beauty promife (but in vain) to 
thofe who gain the largeft Share of them. It is in 
the Union of Souls alone, that we can have a 
Tafte of eternal Felicity. 




Hor. lib i. Nil ego contiderimjucundo fanus amico. 
Sat. 5. 

Virgil. Omnia vincit amor; & nos cedamus amori. 

Ecdef. iq. "Perde Pecuniam propter amicum. Amico jucimdo ma- 
gis egemus, qttàm aqua vel igne. 



Unlefs my Reafon fails, and makes me err, 
I'll nothing to a pleafant Friend prefer. 

Love over all Things Vidor reigns, 
Then yield, and gladly wear his Chains, 



L'amoiir 



A View jfHuMAN Life. 



43 







Vawmtr mhne defes fames, 
Tous ceux qui font dignes^ du jour. 
Les hommes qui n ont point d amour, 

Sont des cor$sqxà vivent fans âmes. 



Friendfhip and Love a gen'rous Warmth beftow 
On each, that's worthy Life and Joys to know ; 
But he, whom no fuch facred Flames înipire, 
Stranger to friendly BUG, or fond Defee ; 
On whom no foft endearing Arts can win, 
'lis true, a Body has, hut not a Soul within. 



The 



4+ 



The T)oftrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Two and Twentieth Picture. 



( 



| En aymant on fe rend parfait. 

? 炙1!^1j ^ 1^ m ^ es P™ia$<Mx dogmes de la 
" 7 . H^ Philofopbie (V Amour , que le Peintre nous 
â Jïa met devant les yeux, avec cette judicieiife 
efl*]P dextérité que nous avons def-ja tant de fois 
"^ admirée. Ces deux hommes doivent eftre 

véritablement femblables , jour ejlre véritable- 
ment amis. Nous voyons cependant qu'il y à 
beaucoup de vertus d'un cofté, & beaucoup de vices de 
Vautre. Si Von met des cbofes d'une Ji vifible difpro* 
portion dans une balance jufte, on y doit rencontrer in- 
failliblement une notable differance. D'ailleurs il n'eft 
paspofftble que V amitié puijfe durer ft cette differance 
fubfifte. ^ue fait V Amour ? Ce qu'il doit. EJlant 
comme il ejt tout ingénieux , & tout accommodant, Il 
vient au fecours du parti le plus faible ; & fe met luy 
mefme du cofté de la balance qui eft le moins pefant. 
Ainfi von feulement par fin contrepoids, il donne de 
V égalité aux cbofes inégales ; mah il fait que les imper- 
fections & les vices fe convertirent peu à peu en la na- 
ture des vertus qui leur font oppofées ; & que par la 
pnijfance de fes charmes, devenant une mefme chofe, 
elles ccmpofent de différantes parties cet accord harmo- 
nieux, qui e(l le lien indijfoluble des âmes. 



By Loving we become perfeB. 



'^g' 



EH OLD one of the principal Do- 
ftrines of Philofbphical Love, which 
*«* _k2 tne Painter fets before our Eyes with 
SwL^JHe t ^ iat i n g emous Dexterity, which we, 
aw ** have fo often admired. Thefe Two 
Men ought to have much Refèmblanœ to each 
other to become real Friends ; yet may you difco- 
ver that there are many Virtues on the one Side, 
and many Imperfections on the other, if they were 
weigh'd in a juft Balance y and fo vifible a Difpro* 
portion, that it is impoflible a Friendfliip fhould 
continue between them, unlefs this can be reme- 
dy n d. What does almighty Love ? He flies to the 
Afliftance of the weaker Side, and throws himfelf 
into the lighter Scale -, giving by his Weight not 
only the Advantage to that Side , but with his 
aétive Heat purifies the grofTer Paffions fb, that 
they become the Virtues oppofed to them, and the 
Two Souls grow equally bright and pure ; compo- 
fing of the differing Humours that harmonious 
Accord, that is the indiflbluble Tye of Souls. 



<w 



Ifmm 









imm 



•m 4 



Hor. lib. i. 
Satyr. 3. 



Amicus dulcis, j/f aquum eft, 



Cum mea compenfet vitiis bona, pluribus hifce, 
Si modo plura mibi bona funt, inclinet, amari 
Si volet : bac lege in trutina ponetur eadem. 



A generous Man who does intend 

To know him well, he makes his Friend, 

Who weighs my Virtues and each Vice j 

And finds the firft are moft, if wife, 

Nay juft, will let that Scale go down, content 

And I'll to do the fame by him confent. 



Lam. li.7. Zeno Cittieus rogatus, quid rêvera effet amicus : refpon- Cittiean Zeno being ask'd what a perfedt Friend was, 
ft i- dit, Alter ego. anfwer'd, Another I. 



Cupere eadem, eadem odiffe, eadem metuere , homines 
in unum cogurt : fad h&c inter bonos amicitia eft, 
inter malos fBio eft. 



To have the fame Inclinations, the fame Averfi- 
ons, the fame Fears, is the Means of uniting 
Men. This betwixt good Men eftablifhes 
true Ffiendfhip, but with the Bad is only but 
Pretence. 



Seneca. Dicebat Hecaton, Ego tibi monftrabo amatorhm It was a Saying of Hecaton's, I Will, fays be, teach 
fine medicamento, Jine berba, fine ullius ver.efcs. you a Love-Potion, made not with Herbs or 

carmine : Si vis amari, Ama. Magick-Spell: If you would be beloved, 

Love. 

1 L'homme 



A View of Human Like. 



45 




L'homme receut également 

Le bien & le mal en fartage : 
Et Dieu Va fait expreffement-, 

Afin que fa vivante image 
Deut aux foins de V amour, foii accompliffemefitl 



The Gods not any Mortal perfeft «lake, 
But ftill fome little Frailty leave, to fhew 

That tho' we of Divinity partake, 
Yet 'tis to Love we muft Perfection owe. 

N The 



4 6 



The Doiïrine o/Morauty; or, 



The Explanation of the Twenty-Third Picture. 



Il faut aymer, pour eftre aymé. 



rtâifeONFESSONS que pour fçavoir parfaite- 
C S, ment aymer , il. faut fçavoir parfaitement 
*t£gMtBM% complaire. Nojire Peintre qui nous veut 
^pqpg' g ravgr cette ver jté dans Vame , a cboify de 
tousles exemples de Vàntiquité, le plus puiffant & le 
plus propre afin dejfein. , Voyez vous ces deux hommes, 
qui par la difference de leurs vifages, montrent claire- 
ment la contrariété de leurs inclinations. Ce font deux 
frères toutesfois : deux frères di-je qui ayant furmonté 
par une réciproque complaifance , la diverftté de leurs 
temperaments, ont mérité de vivre en la mémoire de 
tous les hommes. L'un eft Amphion, cet incompara' 
lie Muftcien : & Vautre Zethés ce déterminé chajfeur. 
Le premier aymele repos : Vautre le travail. L'un 
rieft touché que de la douceur de fa Lyre. L'autre ne 
Teft que dufon enroué de fin Cor. L'un donne tout à 
X exercice de Vefprit. L'autre tout a Yexercice du 
corps. Cependant par vn concert véritablement amou- 
reux, & par mie mutuelle condefcendance, Amphion 
fait taire fa lyre toutes les fois que Zethés veut faire 
entendre fin Cor. Mais Zethés auffi rend aux bois, £?" 
aux bejles, le repos quil leur a Jtfiuvent troublé, quand 
Amphion à fin tour, voulant troubler V ordre de la 
rature , fait par la puijfance de fa. voix, marcher les 
rochers & les pier res dont il a refilu de baftir les mu- 
railles de quelque Ville., 



It is necejfary that tee fhouïd Love j to be 
Beloved. 

,|«£m&j|, E muff acknowledge , that if a Man 
M W % would know how perfectly to Love , he 
•IfitfWMs!* mu ^ k now how perfectly to pleafè. 
* Our Painter who would even engrave 
this Truth upon our Souls, has chofen from all the 
Examples of Antiquity the moft proper and fit for 
his Purpofe. Behold thelè Two Men, who by the 
Difference of their Countenances clearly ihew the 
Difference of their Inclinations. They are how- 
ever Two Brothers , who by a mutual Complai- 
fance have conquer'd their Difpofitions, which were 
extreamly unlike y and by fo doing -juftly merited 
to live in the Memories of Men. The one is Am- 
phion, the incomparable Mufician : The other, Ze- 
the, the indefatigable Hunter. The firft loves Re- 
pofe ; the other Labour : The one is touched with 
nothing but the fvveet Sound of his Lute j the 
other is pleafed with nought but the Mufick of his 
Hounds : The one efteems no Exercife but that of 
the Mind ; the other none but that of the Body. 
Notwithstanding this vaft Difference of Humours, 
both animated by a real AfFeclion, mutually con- 
defcend to oblige each other. Amphion filences his 
Lyre, as oft as Zethe founds his hunting Horn ; 
and Zethe likewife gives Repofe to the Beafts and 
Woods (which he fo often difturbs, ) when Amphi- 
on in his Turn takes delight to diforder Nature, 
caufirig by the Power of his inimitable Voice the 
Rocks and Stones to follow him , to ereét fbme 
City with, where he would perpetuate his, Name 
and Art. 









t i ti 'l jTirn < p ri h ri trn , pu j rr Ttrr ll^xj 



■ rTi T ^ T T Vi T 1 f,n fTTiTT i f f> TI TTfrTT t : t > T. \7 pli TI ,lr T yi 'f' J J. .tjtv jrp"n _\s n' f i "Tf* 1 FPU (t 

sunning rrn n 5 ri 1-T n cj - * œh . . jrrc tli±i- So c urn : uzttj *imh win ■ mn i 
3Q0Ç 3J0i-t *>6U i»X 330ÎÎ33&:. SJSit 33=0 KS=& Ï& Ï3=C S® §5^ Ï3&. 3 



a jy-r jjxî œv r/5 *5k. itt C=c js g^s r^i fyri r&o \. 



Hor.Iib.i. Kec tva laudabis ftudia, aut aliéna reprendes : 
Epi ft. 1 8. Nee, cum vevari volet ille, poemata panges. 

Gratia f.c fratrum geminorum , Amphionis at que 
Zethi difjiluit : donee fufpeBafevero 
Conticuit lyra,fraternis cejjijfe putatur > 
Moribus Amphion. 



Sail, in 
Cacil. 



Idem veUe atque idem nolle, ea 

demum frma amicitia eft. 



If thou do'ft Mufick love, or Poefy, 1 

And thy Friend kindly asks thy Company > 

To Hunt, or Ride, refufe not but comply. J 
The Harp Amphion, ZetLus fports purfu'd j 
Zethus to pleafe, Amphion Beafts fubdu'd, 
And laid his Harp alide to fhow, 
What to oblige his Friend he'd do. 
Brothers in all Things grown -, they only {trove 
To give each other mutual Proofs of Love. 

The Title of true Friends thofe only claim, 
Who the {âme Things do love, and hate the fame. 

Les 



A View of H u m a n Life. 



47 




Les amis doivent tour a tour 
Se tefmoipier leur defferavce. 

Ceux la 11 ont pas beaucoup d'amour 
^uinontgusres de complaifajice. 



Friends mutually mould ftrive to fhoW 
How each his Will to pleafè can bend : 

He nothing can of Friendfhip know, 
Who won't delight to pleafe his Friend. 



The 



48 



The Doctrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Twenty-Fourth Picture. 



L'amour des Peuples, eft la force des eflats. The Love of the People, is the Strength of a 

Kingdom. 



,§«£r<t&ie&e&s OUT ahtjiqtte le Soleil ve regarde pohit 

^mmwm> de Ue „ x qu >n m Us rempli ft de lumière ; 

r§t T ftp? de me/me l 'amitié n'ejt jamais dam une 
"l*"i5?Sî52S5?si§f* Republique, quelle vy produife la Paix, 
«^î^SK^M^fs Yvmon, gf la force. No fire Peintre 
paffant de l'amitié partiuliere à la publique, pbilofopbe 
ainfi dans ce Tableau \ & pretend de montrer aux pères 

de familles, anjji bien qu'aux Minières d'Efiat que le 
nombre de leurs enr.emis vefera jamais capable de les 
perdre, s'ils n'y contribuent eux mèfmes par leurs fe- 

crettes mef-intelligences, & par leurs divijions dome- 
jfiques. Mais ve fe croyant pas affez eloqitant pour 
prouver cette grande vérité, il emprunte le vifage & 
l'efprit de Sertorius, afin que par la haute opinion que 
fa vertu hy adonnée, il luy J oit plus facile de nousper- 
fuader-, & pour rendre fes perfuafions plus populaires, 
ilfefert de la familiarité d'un exemple qui peut frapper 
indifféremment les f ages, & les idiots. Il fait amener 
devant une armée , deux chevaux, dont l'un paroijt 
jeune, & vigoureux ; & l'autre vieil, foible, & dé- 
charné. Il commande à un vieil homme , cajfé de tra- 
vail, & fraifchement rélevé de maladie, de tirer poil à 
poil laqueiie du beau cheval ; & à un jeune & robujle 
Soldat de prendre celle de Vautre cheval, & la luy ar- 
racher tout à la fois. Le dernier obcït ; & abufant 
de fa vigueur, entraine le cheval tout entier, luy donne 
mille fecoujfes , & fe fait mille efforts. Mais autant 
qu'ils font grands, autant font ils i7nitiles. Cependant 
le vieillard tout débile, & tout exténué qu'il ejl, ofte les 
poils du cheval fougeux , les uns après les autres ; & 
vient aifemeitt à bout de ce qui luy a ejié commandé. 
Voila, nous dit voftre Pbilofopbe muet par la bouche du 
fage & vaillant Romain, la reprefentatwn de la vie ci- 
vile. Tant que Us peuples font bien unis , & bien affe- 
Siofinez les tins aux antres, ils ve peuvent ejire la proye 
des étrangers, mais quand les haines & les partialité* 
leur ont fait autant d'ennemis domefiiques qu'ils font de 
particuliers, quelques foi blés que foient ceux qui les at- 
taquent, il leur eft facile d'en ufurper la liberté. 



•g«£îe£«&M&5 S the Sun beholds no Place that he 
I Jga9aa|! fills not with his Light, fo Amity is' 
V|j -A- g|» never in a State where it produces not 
%Èmfîmig > Peace, Unity and Strength. OurPain- 
%*$aiipsip^p> ter pacing f rom particular Friendihips 
to the Publick , philofbphizes alfb in this Picture, 
with defign to inftruct Fathers of Families, as well 
as Minifters of State, that the Numbers of their 
Enemies Abroad are not able to ruin them ; unlefs 
they, by their inteftine Jars, and domeftick Feuds 
contribute to their own Deftruftion. But fearing 
his fingle Eloquence will not prevail to convince 
you of this Truth, he borrows the Face and Lan- 
guage of Sertorius ; that by the vaft Reputation Iris 
Wifiom has gain'd him in the World, we may be 
the more readily induced to credit what he tells us. 
He here makes ufe of a popular Example proper 
for the Comprehension of the Vulgar and Un- 
learned , in Imitation of that great Man , who 
caufèd to be brought before the Roman Army Two 
Horfès ; the one young and vigorous , the other 
feeble and paft Service : He commands â decre- 
ed weak old Man, worn out with Years and La- 
jour, juft rifen from a fick Bed, to pull oft Hair 
jy Hair the young Horfe's Tail. And then he 
bids a young robuft Soldier , to take hold of that 
of the other feeble Horfe , and tear it off all at 
once. He obeys, and employing his whole Strength 
draws the Horfe backwards, making a hundred 
fruitlefs Attempts: For, alas! he might fooner 
have torn the Beaft in Pieces, than accompliih his 
Defign whilft he held the Tail entire. On the o- 
ther Hand , the old Man , not concern'd at the 
Strength of the young Horfe, diflevering the Hairs, 
eafily performs what he was commanded. Behold 
then, fays the wife and valiant Roman, the true 
Emblem of the Republick ; whilft the People are 
unanimous and affectionate to one another, they 
can never become a Prey to Strangers j but when 
particular Quarrels and Prejudices render them 
Enemies to each other, any united Force (tho* 
never fo fmall) of an Invader that attacks, ruins 
and fubdues them. 

J 



iii^iiiiiiiiiiiii^iiiiiiiiiii 



Hor. ©»zi von profit rerum Concordia ? 

Epift. i. **- r J 

Tacit. J5o W j amid, magnum boni Imperii infrumentum. 
in Ann. 

Saluft. in Regnum, fi boni eritis, firmum ; fin mali , imbecillum. 
tell. Jug. ]\~am Concordia parvs, res crefcunt, difcordia 

maxima dilabuntur. 



What cannot Concord do ? 

Faithful good Friends are fit Inftruments to fùpport 
an Empire. 

A Kingdom where the Subjects are good Men, is 
in it felf ftrong -, but where Bad , weak and 
tottering : For by Concord fmall Things 
grow great and formidable ; by Difcord great 
gradually weaken and decay. 

Arti- 



A View of Human Life. 



49 







Artizans hifenfez des difcordes civiles, 
, Naccujez point le Ciel, de vos calamité*. 
Vos haines, vos complots, vos partialitez 
Sont les premiers Tyrans qui defolent vos Villes. 



You fenfelefs Workers of the publick Ills,' 
Blame not the jufter Gods if you're undone. 

Your Plots, your private Feuds, your Country kills j 
You are its Curfe, and bring its Ruin on. 

O The 



5° 



The Doiïrine of Morality"; or, 



The Explanation of the Twenty-Fifth Picture. 






. La vïaye Amitié eft def-intereflee. 

♦|«&e*i|, , /£ vy avait poht de contraires, il n'y atiroit 
«8 S % $°* vt & com b<fts ;& files combats cejfoi- 
«Isaa'&wit» eytt, > en me f me tm P s cefferoit Î emulation & 
-%<s^s%tg ^ gi i r6t (fefipourquoy il faut qu'il Je ren- 
contre continuellement des cccafions de faillir, afin 
qu'inceffamment Us s'en prefente, pour donner de ï ex- 
ercice à la vertu. En voicy une bien grande & bien 
commune. Cefi d'apporter en toutes nos amitiez, une 
ame def-interejfée ; & ne point faire un fale com- 
merce, d'une chofe qui ne doit jamais efire ny achetée 
ny vendue. L'amour e fi le prix de l'amour. Quicon- 
que fe propofe en aymant, une autre fin que d'aymer, 
viole les plus fainBes lois de la nature ; & comme un 
facrilege abominable , polliie les fan&uaires , renverfe 
les autels, & employe à un ufage profane , les chofes 
confacrées 'au feul fervice du Dieu de l'union, & de 
l'amour. No fire Peintre qui n'ignore pas cette vérité, 
& quifçait aujfi combien elle efi aujourdhuy mefprifée, 
nous reproche nofire bajfejfe , nofire corruption, nofire 
lafcheté ; & par la plus vif ame de toutes les comparai- 
fions, nous veut obliger nous mefme, à concevoir de 
l'horreur de nofire infamie. H nous accufe que nous ne 
fommes amis, qu'autant que nous fommes payez de nofire 
amitié. Que pour pojfeder nos affeiïions vénales, il 
riefi nece [faire que d'avoir une bonne bourfe -, & que 
les hommes vulgaires font plus incapables de la belle dif- 
cipline d'amour, que les befies les plus lourdes, & les 
plus fiupides ne le font du noble exercice des che- 
vaux. 



True Friendlhip is difinterefted. 

rM*3|. F there were no vicious Perlons, the Vir* 
I S, tuous would not find Trials to diftinguifli 
«Sia&sajiii» themfelves. ^ no Recompences for the 
Conqueror, Emulation and Glory would 
cealè. We muft therefore not tire in the glorious 
Purfuit of Virtue. We muft endeavour to van- 
quifh our felves in all that we find defective in us. 
Every fordid Délire or unruly Paffion muft be iùb- 
dued. Now then fomething offers, little known, 
or at leaft thought of by the greater Part of Man- 
kind -, in all our Friendlhips we muft keep a dif- 
interefted Soul, and make not a bale Traffick of a 
Thing, that ought not to be bought nor fold. 
Love only is the Price of Love ; and whofoever 
propofes in loving, any thing more than to be 
loved again, violates the moft holy Law of Na- 
ture ; and commits the moft abominable Sacri- 
lege, equal to that of polluting Temples, and de- 
fpoiling Altars, by putting to a prophane Ufè a 
Thing làcred to the Service of the God of Unity 
and Love. Our Painter, well acquainted with this 
Truth, and fenfible how little it is in this Age re- 
garded, does here reproach by an apt Simile all 
bale and mercenary Souls , whom he would this 
Way reform, comparing fuch to the moft ftupid 
and contemptible of Brutes , the dull Als, who 
may as eafily be taught to imitate or out-do the 
noble and docile Horfe, as lèlfîlh, fervile Souls to 
love fincerely. 



{\A. jJU. iJU\lJVjl J*AJ **^A ^^ **>^ W JjA* XAJL WUr^Au U/Vi fc*VJL.U/W -**^*- -4-i 



^"^S"ï«S SS& J 3VÎ î u î îua«F^^ 



Hor.lib. i. ■ Si cognatos, nitllo natura labor e 

Satyr, i. (jfotos tibi dat, retinere velis, fervareque amicos 5 
Ivjelix operam per das : utfi quis afellum 
In campum doceat patentent cur r ere frenis. 



Ovid. 2. Turpe quidem ditfu : fed fi modo verafatemvr, 
de i J onto. Vitlgus amicitias utilitate probat. 



Can you e're hope to keep your Friends Efteem, 
Whilft you are covetous, and fordid feem ? 
No, no, my Friend, it is an idle Thought, 
L, ike his, who to the Field his Afs once brought ; 
Hoping he foon might learn to run the Race, 
Grow fleet, and with the noble Horfe keep pace. 

It may be thought a Saying too fèvere, 
But if one would the very Truth declare ; 
The Vulgar all their Friendlhips balèly prize 
By what they gain, and know no other Ties. 

The 



A View of H u m'a n Life. 



u 




Le profit eft Tobiet âe l'amitié vulgaire. 
Maïs un cœur grand Êjf noble, ayme fans intereft j 
Et je croy que l Amour, ejiant Lieu comme il ejl, 

N'eft ufurier wy msreemire. 



"lis Intereft only vulgar Frïendfhîps binds,' 
But Intereft has no Place in noble Minds. 
Love is a God, and does difdain 
Allbafe, all fordid Thoughts pf Gain, . 



W 



I 



5 2 



The Doctrine 0/ Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Twenty-Sixth Pi&ure. 



L'amy ne voit point ie deffàut de l'amy. A true Friend fees not his FriencTs Faults] 



WdMMȧ^ELUT-la cognoijfoit bien la vatvre, ou 
Sis Sfjf ph'Jioft ta fatalité de Y amour, qui s eft 

Si C f£ perfuadé que V amour ne pouvoh eflre veri- 
fy* jjsj* tablement amour, s il neRoit privé de Yw 

&!«,!,- COTONS"*! - , TIT /l Tl • J> 

*$*£<>ïiv.z®i* jage des yeiix. JS/oftre Peintre nom len- 
f eigne en now faifant voir dans ce Tableau, tin Père 
qui tout infortuné qu'il ejî en fa race, ne laijfe pas, gar 
un bien doux & bien nece faire aveuglement, de trouver 
dans les dif graces de fa famille, non feulement dequoyfe 
confier, mais dequoy rendre graces aux Dieux. Il la 
voit au travers de ce bandeau trompeur , que T amour 
luy a mis devant les yeux. Il donne de beaux noms à 
des chofes difformes. Il corrige par fon affeSion, les 
manquements de la nature. Il cherhue en la beauté du 
vif age, dequoy oppofer à la difformité de la taille 5 & 
rencontre dans une taille bien faite, dequoy recompenfer 
la laideur du vif age. Ce que ce Père fait pour fes en- 
fans, Y amy le doit faire pour fon amy ; & croire qu'il 
viole les loix fondamentales de Y amour, toutes les fois 
que fon jugement envieux, luy fait remarquer quelque 
défaut eulaperfonne qu'il ayme. 



^pilàlMIE well knew the Nature, or rather Fa-' 

^s , s§ tality of Love, who conceived that no 

JS& H '"- - - • - - - 



Jp Man could be faid really to love, who 
|1 _.,;|»' could not in that Refpecl: be truly 
vm><&W$£ efteem'd to have loft the Ufe of his 
Eyes, Our Painter, to verify this Truth to us, Ihews 
us in this Piclure a Father , (who tho' moft unfor- 
tunate in his Children ) fails not by a wife and ne- 
cefiary Blindnefs to find in the Misfortunes of his 
Family fomewhat, not only to confolate him, but 
even Occafions of praifing God. He looks thro* 
the Vail with which Love has cover'd his Eyes, 
and gives foft Names to the Deformities of his 
Offspring. He amends with Affection what Na- 
ture has negledted. _ He finds in the Beauty of the 
Face of One of his Sons, fomewhat to comfort 
him for the Deformity of his Body ; and in the 
excellent Shape of another, a Compenfation for 
the Homelinefs of the Face. What this Father 
does by his Children, we ought to do by our 
Friends, being fully perfuaded that we violate all 
the Laws, andfacred Ties of Love and Friendfhip, 
whenever our malicious Natures incline us to be 
fevere, remarking, divulging, or taking Advan- 
tage of any the leaft Imperfection in the Perfon 
we pretend to Love and Honour. 



Hor. lib. 
Satyr. 3. 



Ibidem. 



At, pater ut gnati, fc nos debemus, amid 
' Si quod Jit vitium, non fajlidire. Strabonem 
Appeliat p&tum pater : & pullum, male parvus 
Si cui flius eft : tit abortivus fuit ohm 
Sfyphus, hunc varum, dijlortis cruribus -, ilium 
Falbutit fcaurum, pravis fidtum male talis. 
Par civs hie vivit ; frugi dicatur; ineptus, 
EtjaSavtior bicpaido eft : coticinnus am'icis 
Poftulat ut videatur : at eft truculentior, atqw 
Phis &qno liber : fmplex, fortifque habeatur. 
Caldior eft : acres inter numeretnr opinor, 
H&c res &juvgit, junftos & fervat amicos. 



vith's nemo fine nafcitttr : optimus ilk eft, 



fgui ?mnimis urgetur. 



As Parents Childrens Faults conceal, 
We Ihould our Friends, but ne're reveal. 
He that a Son has got, whofe Eyes or Shape 
Is much deform'd, cries, 'Tis a pretty Ape : 
Or if like Sifyphus, untimely he 
Be born a Dwarf, ne're from Difeafes free, 
He calls him Chick, and loves him tenderly. 
Is thy Friend covetous and clofe? beware ; 
Say, he's a thrifty Man ; and ftill take care 
Not to expofe and blaft his Charaft er. 
If he is vain, to boaft and brag inclin'd, 
Say, he's a pleafant Man, and Mirth defignM : 
If he is rude, morofè, and apt to rave, 
Say, he's a downright Friend, and very brave. 
If he be humorous, then applaud his Wit. 
This I do think a Friend will keep or get. 

For no Man e're was born from Failings free j 
He perfect is, in whom the feweft be. 

Vamour 



A View of Ho m a n L î f e, 



53 




L 'amour porte un bandeau, feul pareil àfoy mefme. 

On ne voit an travers, rien qui nefemble beau. 

Quiconque veut aymer, doit porter ce bandeau , 
Et trouver tout parfait en h cbofe quil ayfme. 



Love wears a Veil, thro' which all Things appear' 7 
Bright ashimfelf, for Love makes all Things fair-,> 
He thai: would Love, this ufeful Veil muft wear. ) 
So ravifh'd, view the lovely fhe, 
And all Perfections in her fee, 

P The 



54- 



The Doftrine cf Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Seven and Twentieth Picture. 



Refpe&e ton amy : Et prend garde a toy. RefpeU your Friend, but take Care of your [elf. 



.>««, 
$ 



E Tableau devroit efire tiré dit lieu ou il 
v - ,„ » efl, pour efire attaché par tous les carre- 

tÊj >Ê& f ours ' ^ am % s ®$*" & e tous les Roys ; 
©wgfg'TRÏS & en tous les autres lieux ou les hommes 
2bm,oJù& 0JJ t coufiume de s : 'afe?nbler. Car de tous les 
vices dont lafocieté civile efi infeBée, le plus pernicieux 
& le plus frequent , ejl cehy que le Veintre nous repre- 
fevte fioics té vîfage malicieux de ces curieux imperti- 
vents. Cet amour propre qui nous ojle Vufage des yeux 
toutes les fois que nous avons befoin de les tourner fur 
vous viefmes ; & qui nous rend des Argus lors que nous 
avons à traiter avec les autres ; efi Virreconciliable 
ennemy de la parfaitte amitié. Vous voyez ces trois 
perfides amis qui penetient jufique dans le fond du cœur 
de leur amy , pour en arracher le plus fecret defies 
crimes, ce font des.monfires que la nature a formez en 
fa choisie ; & qui méritent <t efire cruellement chafiiez, 
comme des violateurs de la Religion ; ou fi vous voulez, 
comme des traifirës, qui feignent les zélés pour la liber- 
té de leur patrie, & qui cependant traittent avec les 
efirangers pour les en rendre maijires. 



#'; 






HIS Pifture fhould be taken from the 
Place where it now is , to be hung up 
in Kings Palaces , and all other pub- 
lick Places, where Men ufùally aflèm- 
ble. For of all the Vices, with which 
civil Society is inferred , the moft pernicious, but 
moft frequent One is , what the Painter here re- 
prefents under the malicious Countenances of thefe 
curious Impertinents. This Self-love, which de^ 
prives us of the Ufe of our Eyes, whenever we 
turn them inward Upon our felves, and renders us 
as clear-lighted as Argus in judging of others, is a 
moft deftrudfive Enemy of true Friendlhip. Y ou fee 
there three perfidious Villains,who under thePretence 
of Friendlhip, are diving into the very Bottom of 
their Friend's Secrets ; that having difcovered his 
whole Heart, they may the more entirely ruin 
him. Thefe are the Monfters, that Nature form'd 
in her Anger, who defèrve as cruel Treatment as 
tholè Traitors that feign a mighty Zeal for the 
Liberty of their Country, and at the fame Time 
treat with Strangers to betray it. 




Hor. lib i. Cwffi tuapervideas oculis mala lippus inunBis, Of thy own Faults infenfible and blind, 

Sat/3. ' Cur in aviicorum vitiis tarn cemis acutum, Thy Friend's Defects, fofoon, how can'ft thou find ? 

Ghiam aut aquila, autferpens Epidaurius ? at tibi con- The Eagle's and the Serpent's piercing Eye3, 

'^~ [ tra By thine's out-done -, thine every Thought defcries. 

Evenit, inquirant vitia in tua rurfus & illi. Go on, and glut thy Soul, thy Friends abufe ; 

' But know, with you they'll the fame freedom ulè. 



Terenr. Ita comparata efi hominum natura, 

Heautont. ^fana melius ut videant & judicent, quamfua. 

Perf. ^' c wmo m M e tentât defcendere, nemo ; 

Satyr. 4. At pr&cedentis fpeflatur mantica tergo. 



Necuretis, 



jftdibus in nofiris qua p rata aut reft* gerantur. 



Such is Man's Nature, that he can better fee into 
and judge of other Men's Affairs, than his own. 

Into himfelf no Man attempts to pry ; 

Nor is there One that is not curious to defcry 

What's in his Budget that before him goes. 

Pray do not criticife upon , 
Or mind -what in my Houle is done. 



Bom» 



A View ç/"Human Life. 



5* 










Doux 6? traîflm cenfeun ," Amis à deux vîfages, 
$hti croyez faucement, que tout vous eft permis j 

Cogvoijfez vos défauts : &Jï vous ejlesjages, 
Vous ferez indulgeants à ceux de vos amis. 



You Cenfùrers, who double Faces wear, 
Bafely traduce your Friends, and no Man ipare. 
"View rather your own Lives, your Adtions try ; 
And if your'rewife, you H pafs their Failings hv. 

The 



5« 



The Doctrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Twenty-Eighth Picture. 



Le Silence eft la vie de l'Amour. 

fEra/^tjiisI ^ e ^ quelquefois jufe que Xàmy parle 
Jib ^Sp* librement à fori amy, mais il ne Vef 
lib* J -:.g§|| prefque jamais, quel 'amj i parle librement 
■fÇ^croï^lr <Wo« «toy. Si la premiere loy £ amour, 
$?W 5 ï ï c w y*ft daymer , (3 'la féconde da'uoir 
bonne opinion de fon amy, la troifefme ejl infailli- 
blement comme aux my feres de ces anciennes Religions, 
voir, ouïr & fe taire. Car il n'y a rien qtiifoii f 
propre à conferver V amitié, que ce refpe&ueux Jilence, 
qui nous fait garder dans le cœur , tout ce que nousfça- 
nons de nos amis'. Le Peintre nous reprefente cette vé- 
rité, par' la fgure du Dieu dti flence, qui toufi ours 
muet, &, touf-jours maiflre de fay , commande à toutes 
les pajjions qui peuvent troubler, ou le repos des âmes, ou 
l'harmonie de là parfaitte amitié. S'il a des aifes, 
c'ejl pouritefmoigner qu'il emprunte fon aBivité de l'a- 
mour, &. que nous efevant de VaffeBion des creatures à. 
celle du Créateur, il peut porter nos cœurs juf que dans 
ce Temple "Eternel , ou nous devons devenir les vérita- 
bles adorateurs de ce veritable Dieu, qui en toutes fes 
operations, conferve un fierce perpétuel, jeveuxdireh 
repos imihuable de fa nature bien-beureufe. 



Silence is the Life of Friendfhip. 



C T is foirtetimes requifîte that a Friend 
fliould fpeak Freely to his Friend, but 
hardly ever , that he ihould fpeak 



IS ï-g. 

!§&$a$t§l fr^y °f his Friend. If the "firft 
wwWw Law of Love is. to love ; and the 
Second to have a good Opinion of his Friend, the 
Third infallibly is , what was pracf ifed in the My- 
fteries of the ancient Religions, to fee, hear, and 
be filent. For there is .nothing fo proper to pre- 
fèrve Friendfhip, as this refpeftful Silence, whicj 
treafures up Secrets and keeps^them inviolable, 

The Painter reprefents this Truth to us, by f 
Picture of the God of Silejite,wh§àïways mute, an 
always Mafter of himfelf, comimrtds all the Par- 
lions that are ufed to difcprnpofe^éither the Repofè 
of Souls, or the Harmony of a peffeÇt Friendfhip. 
If he has Wings, it is to {hew. he lends A&ivity to 
Love, and raifes our Affè&ions to: die Creator j 
that he carries our Hearts, even into that eternal 
Temple, where we are made fincere Worfhippers 
of the true God , Who in all his Works conferves a 
perpetual Silence -, or rather that immutable Re^ 
pole which fuits the Divine Nature, 



re- 
nd 




Hor lib.-. %ft & fideli tutaflentio Mer ces. 

Arcamim neque tu fcrutaberis ullius unquam 
Epift.'i8. Ccmmijfumque teges, & vino tortus, & ira. 



C to lib i. Virtutem primam ejfepwta, compefcere livgvam 
D:flick." ' Proximus ille Deo ef, qui fcitratione tacere. 

I 



Silence is always rewarded. ■ 

In Secrets never pry : Nor what -thou know'ft dif- 

[clcfè: 
Tho' Wine. and. Anger urge , yet don't thy Friend 

[ expofe. 

The chiefeft Prcof of Virtue, is to reftrain and 
curb the Tongue. He is almoft a God, who 
knows when to be filent. 



Ls 



A View of H uman L î f e. 



57 




Le pence eft un bien fupréme. 
Ceft la vertu diifage ; & celle d'un amant 
^ui m parle que rarement 

N'ojfènce jamais ce qu'il ayme. 



Hail, Silence, good Supreme, chief Excellence 
In the Brave, Lover y -and beft Proof of Senfè. 
The Wife nere let their Tongues their Thoughts 

[betray. 
He feldom will offend, who will but little fay. ! 

d The 



5» 



The Dofîrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Twenty-Ninth Pi&ure. 



Le Silence eft la vie de l'Amour. 

«gefcs*s|.0 ICT dans tnmefme Tableau deux fuppli- 
«g y & ces bien cruels. Mais cefine fas conoifire 
&W$ ùitf*™" peines, mu, de les comparer 
<* *"*.<" \\ m à Vautre. L execrable invention de lin- 
humain-. Penile , efionne les courages les plus ajfeurez ; 
& cejliovtce que nofire philofophie peut faire , que de 
donner àfes SeBateurs ajjèz de fermeté, pour entendre 
fans efffoy, les mngijfements, qui fortent par les or- 
gares de ce Bœuf artificiel, des Innocents malheureux 
qui brident tous vifs dam fon ventre. Cependant fi 
vous confiderez ce monfire fi hideux, fi dévorant, & fi 
ememy .de tout le genre humain qu'il ejl contraint de Je 
manger le cœur, quand il ne peut trouver fur quiajfou- 
virfa rage ; vous avouerez avec moy , que cefi le plus 
redoutable, & les plus horrible desfuplices. En effet 
les ferpens qui fervent de cheveux a ce demon, la faim 
enragée qui le dévore, & la cruauté qui enfanglante fes 
lèvres noires & livides, ne font que des crayons com- 
mencez], & des images imparfaites des tortures que 
fcujfrcvt ces âmes inhumaines & brutales, que les pro- 
fperitez de leurs amis font entrer en fureur ; & qui 
portent le fer , & le feu dans toutes les familles bien- 
beureufes. 



Silence is the Life of friendfbip. 

.g«£«jfes|.EHOI.D, in the fame Piece are repre- 
| B I fented Two cruel Tortures. How dif- 
■isMKMsf' f erent thei 1 " Pains are we can only know 
by comparing the One with the other. 
The execrable Invention of the inhuman Perillus 
daunts the Beholders ; and 'tis as much as our Phi- 
lofopher can do to infpire his Speflators with 
Courage enough to look on, whilft Fancy fills their 
Ears with imaginary Sounds of the Bellowings and 
dreadful Cries fent forth from the Organs of this 
artificial Bull, by the unfortunate Innocents, who 
are fuppofed to be burning alive in its Belly. Not* 
withstanding all this, if you confider the other 
hideous Monfter Envy, the devouring profefs'd E- 
nemy of all Mankind, who preys upon her own 
Vitals, when fhe cannot find ought elfe to fatisfy 
her Rage ; you will confefs with me , her Tortures 

are the moft terrible and painful of the Two. « 

The Serpents which fpring from her Head as Hair 5 
the infàtiate Hunger that feems to devour her $ 
the Cruelty that appears in her Face ; her bloody, 
black and livid Jaws, are but the Out-Lines»and 
imperfect Images of the Tortures thofe inhuman 
brutifh Souls feel, whom even their Friends Pro- 
fperity puts into a Frenzy ; who conftantly, where- 
ever they gain Admittance, bring into all unhap- 
py Families, Diffraction, Ruin and Confufion. 



(■*v t^ ~*) 'i rjrrTT rrTTT p 7 ; et t i '.i 'i. g r;'n mTTT jj-LiJX *? ' wz | 7, ■; . j i ; j g tt z ' 'J ~ rrrr^ tttt»t ÇT_fJIZI O "1 ' ' I ' al ' j 1 m ' ' ' I Ç W O r zU-U *" * Tin t) rrti n go t j j iTi i jn p ft nSH TTTT 7 * P n -'* nn?| 
(T? "~. H '_I r fTTl j T.i j r T~"- I ' I T , ~ T ~^ ■ " T7 □ I * "*' m'r ' yrp'rT'tiii 1 1 \ i r> \\ ['■ r nU ; ; r ■, i j ; j n i . i \ • ; it r I f I TI n r j TT 7 ÇP j 1 ! ! j 1 1 " ' * 1 ' f ' j j 5 j 1 j j tv fTTT t. rnT f j riTî 'yi r: '. \ fJTt T T 5 ( j i Ï r*Trr y; ri 1 1 ÎTVÎ f l i')M>tf 

*&&&«* &«&»*«» s*©©»»*»***»»»»*»©**»*»*©'?' »& « • « & * «* * » « * * «ir 



Hor. lib. i . Tnvidus alterius viacrefcit rebus opimis : 
Epift. 2. Ivvidiâ Siculi non invenere tyranni 
Tormentnm majus. 



At their Friends Wealth, the envious frill lament 
No Tyrant e're could Pains like theirs invent. 
To which compared, the Rack's no Punifhment 



nt ; > 

-A 



Sil.lib.17> dirum exitiinn ! 6 nihil unquam 

Crefcere, nee patiens magnas exurgere laudes 
Invidia. 1 



Oh ! horrid Envy, that can't bear to fee 



That any Thing fhould thrive, or happy be. 



Varl 



A View of H u m a N Life. 



59 




lïmt famer eft mi art hphs beau dé h vie. 

<|W lepratiqtie biertfeitife renin immortel. 

Mais pour devenir tel, 
Ujwû avoir vaincu le monjlre- de {"envie. 



No Art's more excellent thaïi loving well: 
And he that well does pra&ife it,ihall be 
Sure of a glorious Immortality : 

But he muft firft the Monfter Envy quell. 



The 



6o 



Thé Doiïrine 'of' 'Morality; 'cr, 



The Explanation of the Thirtieth Picture. 

Qui a le necefîàire, n'a rien a fouhaiter. He that enjoys the Vecejfaries of Life, has 

7iothing more to xoiflo for. 



% 



Element digne de la 
meilleurs fiecles luy ont 



;gk«fos&sfe RULY worthy of the Honour the 
^k^gl* beft Ages gave him, was that great 



C* donnée, qui vous a le premier enfeigné jag 

«^SSSSSSSl* 9 ue la foufrance faifoit la moitié de la 3iW^>. -• . t .,, , ,., .„. ■ ;». (J1 , .,, : !je . 

«g^ses^K^K^B ^p,-^ gf ?w , Z'awrre confijloit en Vab- %^^^^o and Temperance the other: Onr 

il" TIT n 7D_-..j...- •_./!„«. --t — Tr â * ~7„ J- __ —.. — ..3 \Jti i tifn« AJu/infarl -» « *-h£» V/ ■ r»*~ii~» 1 j-\T thin /MViTi-tn *. 



Man, who firft taught Mankind that 
Patience makes one half of Virtue, 



JHnence. Noflre Peintre injlruit en t 'école de ' ce grand Painter educated in the School of this eminent 
Philofophe, vous ejlale les images, & nous prcpofe les Philofbpher, fhews us by Images and Emblems of 
emblèmes de cette importante vérité. Il afatisfait aux Things, this important Truth. He has explain'd 



deux grandes & principales loix de la Nature : cejl à 
dire qu'il nous a monjlré ce que nous devons à Dieu, & 
ce que nous devons à nos femblables. Maintenant il 
v.ous injlruit de ce que vous fommes obligez de nous 
rendre à nous mefme ; & produit à vos yeux, le vifage 
fevere, mais magnanime de l'abjlinence. Par la il veut 



to us the Two chief and principal Laws of Nature, 
inform'd us what we owe firft to God , and next to 
our Neighbour -, he now proceeds to inftruct us what 
we are obliged to do for our felves ; fetting before 
us the fevere but magnanimous Face of Abftinence, 
defirous to convince us, that to deny our felves a 



vous faire cognoijlre qu'il ny a rien qui vous dejlacheji too great Indulgence of our Appetites is the moft 
puifjamment de la fervitude des vices , que la refinance ready Way to free us from the Tyranny of all Vi- 
què nous apportons aux charmes, & aux follicitations ces. For the moft powerful Charms with which 
dont ils ont accoufinmé de vaincre nos âmes par Vintelli- Vice vanquifb.es our Souls, are generally thofe that 
gence de vos fens. Regardez bien ce Sage, qui mefu- hold Intelligence with our Senfes, and delude thé 
rant à fa foif, ce qitil faut pour Te feindre, porte un Sight , Tafte , and Touch -, enchant the Under- 
petit vafe en me petite fontaine ; & y recevant goûte à ftanding by the Ear, and diftill the poifonous Plea- 
goute la liqueur qu'elle ver fe fans aucun me flange de fa' fures into our Blood, wliilft Wine and coftly Diet 
ble & de limon , fe dej altère aujji pleinement, que s'il continue the Flame that confiâmes us. Confider 
avoit bu dans lesfources mefme du Gange & de l'Eu- attentively the Reverend Old Man,who meafuring 
frate. Maisve dejloumez pas fi vifte les yeux de def- his Thirft by what is only necefiary to quench it 
fus cette peinture . Vous n'en avez encore vu qu'une carries a little Earthen Pitcher to a fmall Foun- 
partie. Çonfiderez ce loingtain qui fe perd parmy des tain, and receives Drop by Drop , the lovely Wa- 
precipices inaccejjibles , & des rochers effroyables ; & ter that diftills from it, unmix'd with Clay and 
vous y verrez un ennemy de l'abjlinence, emporté par la Drofs ; and departs as well làtisfied as if he had 
violance d'un torrent-, .qu'il pouvait , s'il eiîjl voulu, fa- drank at the Head-Source of Ganges or Euphrates, 
cilement éviter. Mais ce pauvre fou , qui dans les ê- But, hold ' turn not away your Eyes from this 
coles du monde a reçeu cette pervicieufe doiïrive, qu'il Piéture, you have feen but the one half of what it 
v'y a que les petits efprits qnife contentent d'une petite contains : Behold , a diftant Profpecf of Moun- 
fortune, s'ejl perfuadé qu'il luyfalloit un fleuve tout en- tains mix'd with Rocks and dreadful Precipices 
tier pour ejlré délivré de fan alteration. Cejl aujfl where one would believe Men would not dare to 
pour ce fujet qu'il s'ejl imprudemment engagé dans les go ; there you will fee an Enemy of Temperance, 
perils ov il Je pert ; & pour ne s'ejlre pas voulu con- born away by a Torrent ; which, if he had pleas'd, 
tenter du peu qui fufifoit à fa conservation. II are- he might with Eafe have avoided. This -is.one of 
cherché le trop, qui au lieu de luy ojler lafoif, luy of e thofè Fools, who in the infatuated Crowd had 
Yefperance & la vie. learn'd that pernicious Maxim , That none but 

mean Souls are contented with a fmall Fortune ; 
that nothing lefs than a fuper-abundance of all Things is able to make a Man happy. Thus he 
thought nothing but a whole entire Flood could fiiffice to quench his Thirft -, and therefore imprudently 
engages in Difficulties and Dangers in which he perifhes ; and not contented with that little which 
would have fufficed for his Confervation, feeks that Superfluity , that inftead of only quenching his 
Thirft, deprives him both of Hopes and Life. 




Hor.lib. i. Bum exparvo nobis tantundem haurire relinquas, 
Satyr, i. Cur tua plus laudes cumeris granaria no fris ? 
Ut, tibi fift opus liquidi non amplius urna, 
Vel cyatho : & dicas, magno deflumine mallem, 
Ghiàm ex hoc fonticulo tantundem fumer e. Eo fit, 
Plenior ut fiquos deleBet copia juflo, 
Cum ripapnul avidfos fer at Au f dus acer. 
At qui tantuli eget, quanto ejl opus, is neque limo 
Turbatam haurit aquam, neque vitam amittit in vndis. 
4 



I know not why you fhould your Granary prefer 
Before my little Store, or Flagon to my Jar ; 
For if a Cup you'd fill, the little Stream hard by, 
Would better than yon mighty Flood your Want 

[fupply. 
Miftaken thofè who Superfluity do prize y 
And nought but a whole River, or a Seall fuffice 
To quench their raging Thirft , drown'd in the ra- 

[ pid Stream, 
Anfidus rowling, bears away the Banks and Themj 
Whilft thofè who covet only what's enough, fècure, 
Tafte all the Sweets of Life, drink all their Water 

[pure 
Dan, 



A View of Human Life. 



<Ji 




Dans Vheureiife cabane ou lapaille me couvrei , 
Je confie des plaijirs qui font bannis du Louvre, 
Et préfère mon Jort, au fort mefme des Rois, 
Ne de f rant que peu, fay ce que je dejire. 

Et trouve que fay fait un choix, _ . 

Plus grand & plus beau que l'Empire, 
Pour qui mille Tyrans ont dejlruit mille loix, . 



In the bleft quiet Cottage where the Thatch alone" 
Does fhrowd my Head, I Pleafures tafte to Kings I 

unknown ; < 
And would prefer my humble Manfion to a Throne, _ 
Asking not much, I all I ask poflèfs, 

And find the Way of Life I've chofe, 
More folid Joys than Crowns beftows, 
Which Tyrants buy with Lofs of Happine'fs. 

' R Thé 



6l 



The Doctrine of M o r a l i t y ; or, 



The Explanation of the One and Thirtieth Piclure. 



La Temperance eft le foaverain bien. 

0MMàÊà ARCHONS doucement ; & eftudiovs des 
*! W, P re ceptes qui vous font ft veceffaires. Le 

W, M 'ft, Tableau qui s'offre à vos yeux ne mériteras 
•'S 2f moins d'attention que le précédant. Il 

%v-?t'^;-'%sw> -nous représente l image de cette magnani- 
me frugalité, dont les crémiers Philofophes ont com- 
pofé la beatitude du fecle d'or. Admirez avec moy, 
je vous prie , ce couple bien heureux qui tout mortel 
qu'il eft, s' eft eflevé par fa propre vertu, à la conditi- 
on mcfme des Dieux. Il vous tefmoigne par fon aBion 
qu'il a befoindeftpeu de chofe, que je ve diray rien avec 
exagération , quand je diray, qu'il a miraculeufement 
fur monté les veceftitez de la vie ; & par f on abftinence 
trouvé V art de s'affranchir de la mif érable fervitude, 
ou la rature purement humaine , a de tout temps efté 
condamnée. Vous le voyez aufft dans une tranquillité 
qui ii eft troublée , vy par les maladies de fame, 
jiy par les dereiglemevs du corps. Il vit fur la 
terre, de la mefme forte que l'on vit dans le Ciel. 
Les Faj/iovs n'ozent V approcher ; &' les regar- 
dant de loin , comme ft elles eftoient devenues elles 
mefmcs, jaloufes de fa félicité, confeffent a la gloire de 
tabftiner.ee , que les tempérants font d'une efpece beau- 
coup plus noble que ve font communément les hommes ; 
& qu'à mefure que vous nous retranchons, eu le defir, 
eu l'ufage des biens qui periffent ; vous vous metWis en 
poffeffion de ceux qmfovt éternels. 



Temperance is the fovereign Good. 

IplSlllMj? E T us move gently on , and well con- 
p fider the Precepts that are fo necelïàry 
jp for us to remember : The Picture that 



■ass 



. g : 0&:e i? nere °ff ers it: felf t0 our E 7 es , merits 
%?&.«&*?& no lefs v Attention than the Precedent 5 

it reprefents to us in a lively Manner , that mag- 
nanimous Frugality; in which the Philofophers of 
former Ages conceived the Felicity of the Golden 
Age to confift. Admire with me, I beg you, this 
happy Pair, who, tho' mortal , are by their own 
Virtue raifed to be almoft equal with the Gods 
themfelves. They fèem to - witnefs to us by their 
chearful Countenances, that they are fo far from 
wanting any Thing the World can give , that I 
come ffiort of Truth, when I tell you , they have 
furmounted miraculoufly the Necefilties of this 
Life : and by a noble Self-denial found the Art of 
being, in a manner, freed from that miferable 
Slavery to which human Nature is generally fub- 
jecf ed by Paffion and Appetite. Behold , they 
appear in a Tranquillity uninterrupted by Difor- 
ders of the Mind, or Difèafes of the Body. They 
live upon Earth, after the fame Manner as they 
will in Heaven. Vice and Pallion dare not ap- 
proach them, but ftand gazing afar off, as if even 
they were become ( not only envions but ) Admi- 
rers of their Happinefs -, and refufe not to confefs, 
to the Honour of Abftinence, that temperate 
Perfons are much nobler , and far- above 
the reft of the World. Like them, we" by re- 
fera ining our Paffions and Defires , by contemning 
Riches and Honours here below , may become 
Heirs to , and Pofïèfïbrs of Pleafures that will ne- 
ver End nor Cloy ; and Treafures exceeding all 
our Wifhes, fiich as Time cannot take from us, 
but will continue ours to all Eternity. 




Hor.Iib.4. Viviturparvo bene, empatervum 
Od. 16. Splendet in menfa tenui falinum, ^ 
Nee levels fomnos timor, aut cupido 
Sordidas aufert. 

Lib. 1. Pauper enim von eft, cui rerum fuppetit ufus. 
Epift. 12. $ mn tri bene, ft lateri eft, pedibufque tuis, vil 
Divitiœ poterunt regales addere majus. 



Lib. 1; 
Satyr. 3. 



■Modo, ft mihi ?nenfa4?'ipcs, & 



.... — , j.. ...... j„^, .j---, ~, 

Concha falls puri, & toga, qu& defendere frigus, 
giiamvis crafta, queat. 



He's only bleft, who in his humble State 
Content, his Table graces with no Plate ; 
But the bright Salt his honeft Father left, 
By neither Fears nor Cares of Sleep bereft. 

He that a Competency has, and knows 
Well how to ufè what bounteous Heav'n beftows, 
Can't be accounted poor : If thou haft Food 
And Cloaths for nfe, not rich, but clean and good, 
What more could Empire give. If you decline 
At Feafts to eat, and chufè on Herbs to dine, 
And are content -, you could enjoy no more, 
If Fate with Mines of Gold increas'd your 

[ Store. 

Give me, fays he, to hold my Salt a Shell 5 y 
A Little Table with Three Legs -, a Cell ; S 
A Coat that's warm, not fine, and fits me well. \ 



Tern- 



A View o/Human Life. 



«3 




Temperance héroïque & fainte, 
Quiconque le loge eu Jon cœur -, 
Peittfe vanter qu'il ejl vainqueur 

Le Vefjierance & de la crainte. 



Bleft Temperance, Virtue divine, 
He that does lodge thee in his Breaft, 

A Conqueror o'er Vice ftiall fliine -, 
By neither H^iesor Fears opprefs'd. 



The 



j 



6%. 



The Doiïrine of Morality; w, 



The Explanation of the Two and Thirtieth Picture. 



Qui ayme fa condition, eft heureux. 



He that is happy in his own Opinion 
b fo- 



is 



real- 



^séa^ERSONNE ri ignore la fable de Phitê- «|s&Kifcs|,CARCE any Perfon is ignorant of the 
.3 P £. mon & de Baucis. Elle ell teinte dans J « fL fabulous Hiftory of Philemon and Baucis. 



| p I mon & de Baucis. Elle eft peinte 
„S & toutes les Galeries* Elle Veft dans toutes les 

* *™ mémoires. Mais peu fçavent l'intention de 
ces anciens Philofophes qui Vont les premiers inventée. 
Les commis Mytologiftes fe perfuadent que cejl un pour- 
trait des recompences de laofpitalité ; & veulent par 



S % fabulous Hiftory of Philemon and Baucis 
J î ^ 3 e. The Painters of all Nations have em 
•%-^K^g- ^oy'd their Art and Pencils to repreient 
the beloved Story : And the learned Poets have 
bleft almoft every Language with the pleafing 
Tale ^ but very few are perfectly acquainted with 
la grandeur ou font eftevez ces deux pauvres vicllars, the true Meaning and Defign of the ancient Sages, 
apprendre aux hommes, d'eftre perpétuellement charita- who were the Inventors of it. The common My- 
bles, & Homier au moins leur bonne volonté, ft la- for- thologifts are of Opinion, that it is a Reprefenta- 
tune ne leur permet pas de donner advantage. De moy tion of Recompence given to Hofpitality. The 
je vayplus avant ; & vous declare que la penfée des an- Grandeur to which thefè poor Cottagers are railed 
dens Théologiens a pour fon obiet en cette agréable at laft, they believe defign'd to induce Mankind in 
feinte, là recoinandation de Vabftinance, & lafplen- Hopes of Reward, to be generous and charitable 
dew des couronnes qui luy font ajfurées. Tous les Ho- to Strangers. And if adverfe Fortune permits not 
fpitaliers n'ont pas touftours des Dieux dans leurs logis, to give largely, yet (at leaft like this Holpitable 
Mais les tempérants les ont touftours en leur compagnie. Couple ) to give what they are able, Bread and a 
ghii fnpporte fa mauvaife fortune fans murmure. Ghà kind Welcome, inftead of Dainties. My Opinion 



rend gmces aux Dieux, des incomoditez de fa condition 
& de celles de fâ vielle ffe, ©ai s' ab fient mefme des 
petites chofes que fes foins innocens luy ont acquifes. Ce- 
luy lafeul attire les Dieux de leur fejour éternel ; & 
les oblige de fe comuniquer a luy. Ils le vifttent. Ils 
le refpeBent. Ils reçoivent avecjoye, tout ce qu'il hur- 



ls, that there is yet fomething.-rnore contain'd in 
this agreeable Fable. The ancient Hiftorian, 
doubtlefs, defigii'd in it to recommend to us the 
noble Virtue of Temperance , by which we are 
enabled to be bountiful to others , and {hall not 
fail of immortal Rewards our felves. All Men 



prefente de fon cœur, aujji bien que de fes mains ; & have not had the Honour of entertaining Cœleftial 
fajfociavt au partage de leur gloire , ils ne V abandon' Beings ; but the Temperate have the Gods always 
vent point, qiiils ne Tayent reveftu de ce facerdcce in their Company. He who fupports ill Fortune 
Royal & perpétuel, par le miniftere duquel découlent without Murmuring -, who can render Thanks to 
fur la nature humaine, les graces & les privileges de là God even lor Difappointments and Poverty, not 
condition divine. complaining of the Incommodities of .old Age h 

and abftains from all Excels even in thofe little 
Things that his innocent Induftry has acquired, defiring nothing more than Necefïàries lor Life ; it is 
he only whom the Gods vouchfafe to vifit and converfe withaL For him they quit their Heavenly 
Maniions -, him they love and honour, and willingly accept whatever he prefents -, and in Return, e're 
they depart, like God's Reward, create him their High-Prieft, and grace him with an Underftanding 
fuitable to that great Employ, by which lie becomes a Sharer of the Glory and Wifdom of that Divine 
Being, by whom he is thus cherifh'd and honour'd. 



t-~dS=>. »--aï=î «^iL^î I -M^i fstS^ t~iu=i i-vaHJ >-^i t^i^î fW! «=2^ t^^^c fWV «^k^S «=3^? i*i&î i-iiëv t-^i t^eb^ «s^=S r=siS=; t^i&i t^àft* 



Hor. 
Od. 



UK 



, Xon pofidentetn multa, vccaveris 
Re iïè beatum, recliùs occupât 
Nomen bead, qui Deorum 
Muneribus fapienter uti 
Duramque callet pauperiem pati, 
Pejufqve letho fiagitium timet. 
Non ille pro caris amicis 
Aut patria , timUusperire. 



5 Tis wrong that Men ftiould call him bleft, 
"Who Lands and Store of Gold has got ; 

He's only fo, who is poflèfs'd 
Of Senfe to ufe what is his Lot. 

Whofe noble Soul his Fortune does excel, 

And Talent is to manage all Things well. 

He that can Poverty endure, 

And Death it felf prefer to Shame : 

This Man his Country to lècure, 

Or Friend, lels Fond of Life than Fame, 

Will bravely in their juft Defence engage, 

Fight till he dies, and nobly quit the Stage* 






Le 



A View of Human Life. 



6 5 




Le mefprh des grandeurs, de la pompe, & du bruit 5 Contempt of Greatnefi, Noifè, and Show, 



Et le repos obfeur d'une innocente vie ; 
Ont ce couple facréjuf qu'au Throne conduit. 
La gloire^ eft comme l'ombre. Elle fuit qui la fuit ; 

Et fuit ceux dont elle ejifuivie. 



The harmlefs, quiet Life they lead, 
This fàcred Couple crowns below, 

And makes them great before they're dead. 
Glory's a Shadow, if purfued it flies, 
And follows him, that Honour does defpife. 

S The 



66 



The Doftrine of Morality; 



The Explanation of the Thirty-Third Picture. 



La vie des Champs eft la vie des Héros. A Country Life is preferable to all others. 



WHzMi ^ ^ venons de cognoijlre combien font 
r^ rares , & combien font def rabies , ces 
îSa biens fpirituels que nous recevons de lafru- 
7 $|3^jj» galité. Contemplons tout à nojlre ayfe, 
ceux qui tombent fous les fens, & qui peu- 
vent eftre, ou vus, ou touchez. Ce font les félicitez de 
la vie des champs, & les travaux délicieux qui compo- 
fent la deftinée bien-heureufe de ceux qui loin delà 
cour &' du grand monde , goufient fur la terre cette 
profonde tranquillité, qu'à peine les ambitieux fe figu- 



m w fia 



"sIT^t "E are R0W î n f° rm, d how excellent and 
' "^ defirable the fpiritual Advantages are 
&! which we fhall gain by a temperate 
;3 and frugal Life. Let us now fee what 
fenfual Satisfactions it brings. If the 
Senfes of Man can here be gratify 'd, if Retirement 
fuits beft with Nature, and frefh Air and plain 
Diet be more agreeable than Noife, Excels and 
Grandeur ; fee here the Charms of a Country Life. 
'Tis this alone will make you blefs'd. The fweet, 



rent dans le Ciel. Ne vous perfuadez pas que ce labou- the delicious innocent Employments and Pleafures 

rer fe plaigne du travail, qu'il ejl obligé de partager that there every fweet Seafon brings! Happy the 

avec f es bœufs. Sa peine luy eft un repos. Sa tâche un Fate of thoiè, who far from Courts and all the 

diverti jj'ement, & tin jeu ; & à la fin de la journée, numerous Inconveniences that attend them, tafte 

fon corps ne fe trouve pas plus fatigué que fon efprit. in the cool Shades, that charming Tranquillity of 

Le Vigneron qui T accompagne, & que poftible vous efti- Soul, and Pleafures which the Ambitious promiiè 



mez mal 'heureux, pour ce que vous nefies pas tout à 
fait guéris de I intemperance, ne reçoit pas une moindre 
fatisfaBion. Il marie les vignes aux ormeaux , & fait 
cette alliance avec tant de joye, que fi nojlre Peintre 
avoit le don de faire parler les images , nous entendri- 
ons cet innocent bien-heureux, rendre graces au Ciel des 
douceurs de fa condition. En effeiï ceux la font veri- 



to themfelves (but in vain ) in the Poflèlfion of 
Empires. Fancy not that the Labourer complains 
of the Toils he here feems to ihare with his Oxen: 
Labour is to him delightful ; he applies himlèlf 
to it as a Diverfion, and at the End of the Day 
finds his Body and Mind rather refrefh'd than tired. 
The Husbandman that accompanies him, who 



tablement heureux qui fe pofedent tous entiers, & qui poffibly you may imagine lefs happy , believe me, 
defiravt peu, pojfedent tout ce quils défirent ; & non receives not lefs Satisfaction in his Employ than 
pas ceux que nous voyons dans un lointain, armez defer the Plowman : "With a fecret Joy he joins the 
& de feu, fe porter comme be fies enragées, à la défini- circling Vine to the young Elms ; and makes this 
Bion les uns des autres. Alliance with more Eagemefs and Pleafure, than 

others (lefs wife) conquer Kingdoms. Had our 
Painter the Art to make his Figures fpeak , we fhould now hear this happy Peafant rendring Thanks to 
Heaven for the Felicity of his Condition. For know, thofe only are truly happy, who with Innocency 
enjoy what Heaven bellows -, who defiring but few Things, poffefs all Things they wifh for : And none 
more curs'd than thofe the diftant Profpe£t fhows us, who arm'd with Fire and Sword, behaving them- 
felves like enraged Beafts, deftroy one another ; and not contented with the Condition they were born 
to, ftrive to acquire more unjuftly, and fo meet the wretched Fate they merit. 




éà&émêf* ■■■■ 



Hor. lib. i . Meatus ille qui procitl 7iegotiis t 
Epod. od. Ut prifca gens mortalinm, 

Paterva rura bobus exercet fuis, 

Solutus omni fenore : 
Nee excitatur clajfico miles truci. 

Nee horret iratum mare,, 
Forimqne vitat, & fuperba civiuvt 
Potentiorum limina. 



Virgil. :. fortunatos nimhim ! fuafibonanôrint 
Georg. Agricolas, quibus ipfa procul difcordibus artnis 
Fundit burnt facilejfi viSvmjufiijfima tellus : 



Happy the Man, and only blefs'd, 
Who of paternal Lands poffefs'd : 
From Debts and Buflnefs free, does live, 
Nor Intereft to the Mifer give. 
Sees that his Servants plow his Fields and Fences 
And lives like Man in his firft Innocence. 
No dreadful Trumpet breaks his Sleep, 
Nor will he truft the faithlefs Deep. 
The brawling Bar, and Noife he ever fiies ; 
Nor fawning courts the Great, or caves to rife. 
i 

Oh, happy, happy Swains ! if they but knew 
Their Blifs, to whom kind Ceres grants 
A fafe Retreat, and all that Nature wants ; 

Secur'd where clafhing Arms do ne're purfue. 

J'avte 



A View of Human Life. 



6 7 




Vantt qui voudra les Citez, A City Life let who will chufe, 

Ou les mortels comme enchantez, And fîay, where Men their Freedom lole. 

Tiennent pour des grandeurs, leur contraintes ferviUes. Mortals methinks enchanted there appear, 

Pour moyfayme les champs. Car fy voy des beau- And bafe Conftraint to Liberty prefer. 

[tez I love the open Fields, where Joys abound, 

me Von m voit point dans les Villes. ' That can't in bufy Courts and Crowds be found. 

4 The 



6B 



The DoHrine sf Moia l it y ; v or, 



The Explanation of the Four and Thirtieth Pi&ure. 



La vie cachée eft la meilleure. 




I» S &% jouteroit pas ce Tableau aux quatre pre- 
^SVvO'T^i^ë' cédants. Mais il nous declare qu'en ce- 

■$&W^lJdJtJ& j -7 7 '-7 ' v ' r 

*T~.*> --" ■ V "*' "E- V^-v^f4r>v^K-b-^ / ■»■ XI **ai «• J -(/' i/lli/l Ziyi rum m 4 1 m* *f*ifl44> ru m m ,\ I 



&§*$£?&ip$$z luy-cy, il achevé ce qu'il n'avoit quef- 
baitché datta les autres. Il nous a communiqué les a- 
vantages, & les douceurs que goujlent les tempérants. 
Il veut maintenant leur apprendre , que pour ejlre par- 
faitement heureux, ils doivent cognoijlre leur bon-heur ; 
& le regovjlant , s'il ejl permis déparier ainfi, par la 
reflexion, & par la mémoire, faire de cet efiude, le 
principal,- & le plus ajjidu exercice de leur vie. C eft 
pourquoy il nous peint un parfait Tempérant dans le 
fond d'une valée obfcvre & folitaire. Par fon aSion 
arrejiée & méditante , il nous tefmoigne les fpe dilations 
de fon ame : & femble jwus dire qu'examinant fa vie 
pa/fée, il tâche de découvrir dans le fond de fon cœur, 
s'il ne s'ejl point égaré de ce milieu , qu'il s'ejl propofé, 
comme le terme de fes aBions ; & fi ces mefmes aBions 
refpordent bien au niveau, par la juftefe duquel il à 
dejfein de les régler. Four nous autres qui ne fommes 
pas dans cetîêxamen, portons nos yeux de tous coftez, & 
voyons foigneufment ce qui fe pajfe au de (fus de luy. 
Voicy des roches bien haut ejlevez. Mais ils font em- 
portez par la violance des tonneres. Voicy des tours 
d'une excejjive hauteur. Mais le tefte fera bien toj} au 
de fous des fondements. Voicy des Pins qui portent in- 
folammevt leurs points juj que dans le Ciel. Mais ils 
font anachez par les racines ; & fervent de but à la 
cholere des vents. Tous ces fpeBacles fuperbes &fmie- 
fies, font aùt&vt d' tnfeignemens quela nature nous don- 
ne, pour nous faire éviter les excez , & pour nous ob- 
liger à croire qu'une grande ambition eft un grand mal ; 
& que les intemperances d'efprit ne font pas moins cri- 
minelles que celles dît corps.. . 




A retired Life is' the bejl. 

need only 
Painter would 
f ^ not add this Pifture to the Four pre- 
cedent -, but in this he finifhes what 
he has only touched on in them. He 
has communicated to us the Advantages and Satif. 
fadtions the Temperate enjoy ; but now he informs 
us, that to be compleatly happy, it is abfolutely ne- 
cefïàry that we are truly fenfible of our good For- 
tune ; that we are hourly refle&ing upon the Pro- 
vidences and Bounty of Heaven , and calling to 
Mind what Bleifings we have formerly and do at 
prefent poffefs, whilft others are wretched and mi- 
îèrable -, and that we mould next turn our Eyes in- 
ward, and examine what Returns we have made 
to God. This ought to be the principal Study and 
Bufïnefs of our Lives. For this Reafon our Pain- 
ter reprefents a Man of confummate Virtue, fit- 
ting in the Bottom of a lonely obfcure Valley. 
Silent he feems, and deeply meditating -, and it is 
not difficult to guefs the Bufïnefs in which his Soul 
is employ'd. He is examining his Life pafs'd, and 
endeavouring to difcover in the moft hidden Re- 
ceflès of his Soul, whether he has not any ways 
fwerved from that ftri£t Mediocrity which he has 
propos'd to keep in all his Acfions ; or whether 
they are exactly fquared to the Rules of Virtue, 
which the Plumb-Rule in his Hand reprefents. — 
For us who are not at prefent fo employ'd, let us 
lift up our Eyes to fee what is doing on the Moun- 
tains that cover him. Behold there mighty Rocks 
rent by irrefiflible Thunder -, likewife Towers of 
an exceflive Heighth, whofe Roofs are foon levell'd 

with their Foundations. See next lofty Pines, 

whofe proud Tops almoft reach'd the Skies, torn 
up by the Roots. All thefè fatal Sights, are but 
fo many kind Advertifèments that Nature gives 
us, to make us avoid all Excefi ; and to convince 
us, that it is a great Sin to be ambitious or proud ; 
and that Intemperances of the Mind are no lefs 
criminal than thofe in which the Body lhares. 




Hor. lib. 2. 
Od. io. 



Aurcam quifquis mediocritatem 
Diligit, tutus caret obfoleti 
Sordibus teBi, caret invidenda. 
Sobrius aula. 

S&piùs venus agitatur ingens 
Finns, & celfs. graviore cafu 
Decidmit tunes, feriuntque fummos 
■ Fulmina montes. > . 



He that the middle State of Life does chufè, 
The wretched homely Cottage does refufè, 
And wifhes not for envied Palaces, 
But in a decent Manfion lives at Eafe. 

The lofty Pines are torn when Tempefts rife, 
And Towers deftroy'd whofe Tops approach'd the 

[Skies. 

Thunder the highefi: Mountains firft does rend, 
And mighty Rocks with dreadful Force defcend. 

■- ■ ■ • * Cefi 



A View of Human Life. 



dp 




Cejfe de te ronger de foins ambitieux -, 
Foule aux pieds les grandeurs quen vain tu tepropofes, 
Vy pauvre-, mais contant. Ceux la font presque Dieux 
§>ui non befoin d'aucunes chofes. 



Ceafe to diftratt thy Mind with vexing Care, 
Contemn the Grandeur that thy Soul admires : 

Live meanly, but content ; like Gods they are, 
Who need no more, than juft what Life requires. 
T The 



7° 



The Doctrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Five and Thirtieth Pichire. 



Les excez de la Bouche, font la mort de 

' lame, r-:- '"-:' 



•|«&6&ig. S TRS j gavant Defjignatenr emprunte du 
M 2V %> maVhevr de quelque vertu foible, VinJlruBi- 

j) è oil qu'il nous veut donner ; & tirant de la 

<* •»• -r ». p er i e d. m particulier, un adverti jj ement ca- 
pable d'en f aver beaucoup, nous veut faire cognoifire 
que nous ne faijonspasfifouvant naufrage par les grandes 
tempefies qui trompent nofire cofidiiite, que par f igno- 
rance , avec laquelle nous nous embarquons fur une mer 
qui nous ejl ïnconu'è. ; Les apparances du calme nous o fient 
la craint éde V orage, &' comme au commencement elle 
vous a rendu téméraires, à la fin elle nous rend impui (fans 
& timides. Le mif érable que vous voyez enfevely tout vi- 
vant dansfon ordure, ne se fi pas reprefenté en faifant 
la dejlavche, les inccmmoditez dont elle efifuivie.. Il 
va jugé du vin que par le .goufi v & n'apenfé ny a la 
foce ny a: la malignité de fes fumées. Auji la tejle 
fait à bon droit, la penîtance de fa propre faute ; & 
pour n'avoir pas donné de bons confeils, foujfre la peine 
quelle a méritée. Ne laijfez pas d'accorder quelque' 
chofe à l'infirmité de l'homme. Traitiez cet yvrogne 
plus doucement qu'il re devroit efire; & le confiderant 
comme un nouveau foldat, qui pour n'avoir pas fceu bien 
combattre, ejl demeuré efiendufurle champ de bataille, ■ 
avouez que s'il fe fyt fervi de fes armes, & dejbn 
cœur, auffi bien qiié'fon compagnon, il aurait comme 
luy, triomphé des eni'èmis, qui luy ont fait mordre la 
poudre. \ Toutes Ces figures ne nous reprefentent autre 
chofe Jmoji, que là prudence, la fobrieté , & la vigi- 
lance , doivent efire infeparabïes d'une ame qui veut 
monter au temple delà vertu. 



The Excêjfes of the Body are the Death of the 
Soul. 

,gs&«&j|, U R learned Painter borrows from the 
«| O |* Misfortune of a weak Virtue the In- 
^rasîMsi ftrudion he, here gives us ; and at 
the Expencé ;pf one Fool endeavours to 
favê many unexperienced Perfons -, defigning to 
convince us , that we are not fa often fhipwreck'd 
by great Tempefts that our Prudence could not 
forefee ; as by ignorantly launching out into a Sea 
altogether unknown to us. The Appearance of a 
Calm takes_ from us all Fear of a Storm. Thus at 
the Beginning we are bold and fearlèfs, and in the 
End become impotent and helplefs. The con- 
temptible Wretch, which you here fee deprived of 
Senfe, did not foréfëe, in committing the Debauch, 
the Inconveniences with which it was attended. 
He judged the "Wine good by the Agreeablenefs of 
itsTafte, and, forgot the Strength and Malignity 
of its Fumes if immoderately taken/ Hi,s Head 
with juft Reafon does Penance for. not having 
counferd him better, and is the greater* Sufferer, 
as indeed it merits. But in Confideration of the' 
Frailty of Man's Nature, let us treat this Debau- 
chee with fome Pity, looking on him as a young 
unexperienced Soldier, who lor want of knowing 
how to defend himfelf vigoroufly, is left extended 
in the Field of Battel ; confefling , that if he had 
ufed his Arms and Courage , as well as his Com- 
panions, he had like them triumphed over his 
Enemies, who have now made him lick the Duff, 
Let thefè Reflections bring us to noble Refutations -, 
and lince wè are convinced that Prudence, Sobrie- 
ty and Vigilance muft be, the. infeparable Compa- 
nions of thofe , who would afcend to that glorious 
Templej- where Virtue makes her Residence : Let 
usxourt- their Friendfhip, refill all Temptations to 
Vice, and. doubt not but Virtue will reward us 
amply in the End. 






• Qiiin corpus onufium 



Hor. lib 
Sar. 2. 



Hefiernis vitiis animum quoque pr&gravat una, 
Atque affigit humo divins, particulam aura. 
Alter, ubi diBo citiùs curata fopori 
Membra de dit , vegetuspr&fcripta ad mumafurgit. 
Hie tamen ad melius poterit tranfeurrere quondam ; 
She diemfefium rediens advexerit annus, 
Seu recreate volet tenuatum corpus ; ubique 
Accèdent anni, & traiïari moïliùs &tas 
hnbeeilla volet. 



Yet what is worfe, Excefs the Senfe impairs, 
The Body fick, the Soul its Weaknefs fhares. 
The Stomach over-charg'd, black Fumes arifè ; 
Our Minds are dull'd, and lofé their Faculties. 
Not fo with thofe who moderately live, 
And fparingly do eat, their Bodies give 
Short Slumbers ; fo refrefh'd and vig'rous wake 
To follow their Employs : Yet thefe will make 
On Feftivals, or when Friends come to eat; 
Or they're inclined to Mirth, a fplendid Treat. 
Wifely reflect that Age will come, and then 
You fbinething more will want, than younger. Men. 

Monfire 



A View jfHoMAN Life. 



7 y 




Monflre que Ton voit touftours yvre, 
fourcean dont le ventre ejl le Roy : 

A tort tu te vantes de vivre ; 
Ceux qui font m tombew t nyfetitjias tmtquetoy. 

4 



Mbnfrer of Man, wlioneWatf. fob» fottnd;, 
Thy Appetite's thy God, thon sat its Slave: 

Eoaft not thou liv'ft, in vile Excelles drowtfd j 
Loft to the World, as thofe that fill the Grave. 

The 



72 



The Doïïrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Thirty-Sixth Picture. 



Qui achette les voluptez, açhette un repenter. The Trice of fenfual Pl'eafures, is Repentance. 




vous expliquer les. 
enis de ce Tableau. 
J ifc?* Il faut n efre-pàÀ' tu monde pour ^h 
*iÊmm$Ê' les pas-cognoi}re-, & pour rfeftre pas 
^p^pzgxïgs p er f m dé : quêlebal, le jeu, le v'w,:ë> 
V amour font les, plus' ordinaires , & les plus délicates 
liaifons de la converfatim ' civilifée. En -cela les cours:, 
ne font poiyit difirMès Jesfvitles. -Les bourgeois enche^- 
riffent fur la galantereè'ies. courtifans. Ils -marchent 
tous également mx dejbauçhes.; & Vailftefké des anci- 
ennes meres-de: familles:, sefant aprivflifee par la gal r 
Jante communication M coquettes, cejl maintenant ejfre 
du grand monde, que- de voir les files conduites par leurs 
mères vaines & ridicules, en ces marchez, folèmnels, ou 
la pudeur &.l'honejleté font prejque aïijji rarement don-, 
nées, quefoiwant elles font vendues. Mais que cesvo- 
luptez ne nous corrompent pas àujji bien que. les autres -, 
fnous ne fomms pas çffëz magnanimes poîir aymer la 
vertu à caufe d'elle mefîne, au moins foyons prudants -,. 
& Taymons pourVafnour de nous mefme. Voyons de 
-quelles incomoditez. les vohtptez font fuiyies. Apprenons 
ce qui fepafe dans . le cabinet dès- dejbauchez$ & écou- 
tons ce que difent ces gueux , &ces malades que wofire 
Veintre à cachez dans le fond de f on Tableau. J en- 
tends leurs plaintes, je voy leurs larmes, & apprends de 
leurs propre bouche, que les douleurs , 6f la viandiciié 
qui eji la plus grande de toutes , font les mterefts épou- 
vantables, que le temps exige delà jeuneffe perdue, pour 
les voluptez perniciexifes, que cetufurier. hur a'pre- 
fées. •• 



|e&^ss|sssfèp Will not-ftop to explain to you all the 
;J jmaSJ^jf, Fouies alld Diforders r'eprefented in 
I HI* tn is Pi&ure. He muft he a Stranger 
^<lfo§§ggS5il* to thé "World, who does not Jknow 
•jgtpqpipi^, that Mafquerading, Oaming, Drink- 
ing and Intriguing, are the moft frequent and moffc 
charming Parts ,of Çohyérfation in this vicious 
Age. In this the Court is not to be diftinguiûYd 
from the City : The old Alderman delights in the 
Courtezan's Company, as well as the young Noble- 
man... Théyall with equal Ardor fly-to Debauche- 
ry. ' The Gravity and Prudence of Matrons and 
Miftrefïès of llluftrious Hohfes are corrupted by the 
vile'and wanton Conyerfation of Coquets' and Jilts. 
It' is. now cuftomary to fee Daughters brought by 
their uhwife vain Mothers to publick Alïèmblies -, 
Places -where Bafhfulnefs and Honefty are more 
rarelyfound , than frequently fold. To prevent 
thefe ruinous Diverfidns from corrupting us as well 
as. others, if. we are not yet wife enough to love 
and prefer Virtue, out of a true Senfe of her own 
Sortît ••yet: at leaft in '.Prudence and Pity to our 
felvesj.let us follow _ and ferve her, and obferv 
• here with what Inconveniences Vice is attended, 
tetushére learn what païïès in the Olofets of De- 
bauchees : Let us hear what- thefe dying and refe- 
rable Spendthrifts, whom our Painter has placed in 
the moft remote Corner of this Picture, fay. Me- 
thinks I hear their Groans,, and fee their Tears, 
their miferable Defpair ;. and learn from their own 
. Cphfefhon, that thefe Difeâfès and Want, and this 
molt abjeâ Poverty they are. fallen into, (the worft 
of Ills) are- the dreadful Intereft which Time 
claims from undone' Youth , for all the fleeting ill— 
fpent Moments they borrow'd from him. 



[1 

e 

r 
Î 




Hor.lib.i. Speme voluptates, meet emta ddlore voluptas. 
Epift. 2. 

Aul. Gel- Lais Corinthia oh elegantiam venujlatemque forma, 
lius. grandem pecuniam demerebat : conventufque ad earn 
ditionim hominum ex omni Gr&cia célèbres erayit : ne- 
que admittebatur, nijl qui dabat, quod popofcerat. Ad 
banc Demojlhenes clanculum adit ; C, ut fbifui copi- 
ant faceret, petit. At Lais ^Mtiai SfA-^jjÀf » idhcu>Tw 
popofch. Tali petulantiâ mulieris atque pecùni& mag- 
nitudine iBus expavidufque Demojlhenes avertit -, Of 
difcedens, *k «a'cBfttu, inqilit , [Meiwv Sfayulfi (trmp'i- 



Fly all Excefs, Excefs deftroys, and we, 
Ne're fail to pay for it, with Pain and Mifery. 

Lais a Courtezan of Corinth, by the Beauty and 
Excellence of her Wit and Perfon, ( which fhe ex- 
pofed to Sale, and fet a Price upon), gain'd vaft 
Sums of Money ; being frequently vilïted by ma- 
ny of the moft noble and wealthiest Men of 'Greece j 
of which not one was admitted to her Embraces, 
till he had paid down the Money fhe demanded. 
To this Woman Demojlhenes came privately, and 
earneftly intreated her to let him enjoy her : Lais 
ask'd a Talent of him for the Favour. He much 
furpriz'd, and indeed confounded at the Infolence 
of the Woman , and Exhorbitancy of the Sum, 
turn'd himfelf away , and departing faid , I will 
not buy Repentance at fo deaf a Rate, as the Ex- 
pence of Ten Thoufand Drachmas. 

Mifera- 



A View î/Human Lise. 



73 




Bale, ma/que? brelande, yurogne, fais Vatn<mr % 

Sois tout aux vdhptez; & les pojfede toutes. 

Bientoji la pauvreté, lagravelle, ou les goûtes $ 
Et mille autres douleurs qui viennent à leur tour , 

Te feront par de longs fuplices t 

Payer à chaque heure du jour, 
Le cruel interejl de tes courtes délices. 



Make Balls and Mafques, Game, Drink, and court 

[the Fair ; 

A Slave to vicious Pleafures be, and tafte 
Of every Sin : The Gout, Stone, Want and Care 

Will feize thee fbon : Pain will thy Hours wafte, 
And tedious Sufferings make thee fadly pay 

A Cruel Intereft for Enjoyments paft, 
For fhort-liv'd Joys, which foon are fled away. 



U 



The 



74 



The Doctrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Thirty-Seventh Picture. 



Il n'y a point de Crime fans chaftiment. There is no Crime without its Vunifbment. 



jS&s&dg'É-UT -ejtre n'avez vous pas remarqué ce 
Ǥ P % que je vay vous dire. Cejl que la peinture a 

'Q&erïâttfr ce ^ a ^ e commm avec l" 1 P°ëfe dramatique, 
» ** e q U ' en chaque Tableau, avjfi bien qu'en chaque 

piece de theatre, l'on y doit obferver V unité de fujet. 
Nefaifonspas ce tort, je vous prie,, à nojlre excellant 
Peintre, de croire -qu'il ait ignoré cette reigle fonda- 
mentale de fon art. Il les a toutes conuès, & les a 
toutes judicieufement pratiquées. Mais ayant dejfein 
de nous donner en ce Tableau, une inftruBion toute en- 
tière, il s'ej} volontairement difpenfé de lafeverité de 
ces lois, afin de joindre des chofes qui ejfoyent feparées 
de temps & de lieux ; & par cet artifice, nous mon- 
trer coimke tout à' uneveùë, la caufe & l'effet de nos 
incontinences. Vous voyez confinement V Europe •& 
ÏAfie-, la Pbrigie*& la Grèce ; Troye & Laçedemone. 
Ces hommes armez, & çombattans , font les complices 
du jeune Prince de Troye , qui tous enfemble ont enlevé 
cette fameufie Reine, dont la beauté fut fiatalè à tous les 
demy-Dieux defonfiecle. Ses ravijfeurs la portent dans 
le vaiffeau, qui la doit mener à Troye. Mais fi vous 
haujfez les yeux, vous l'y, verrez def-j a arrivée $ & 
vous la verrez bien diftinUement, à la lueur des flames, 
qui confument cette fuperbe& malheureufe viUe. Per- 
mettez moy, s'il vous plaift , de faire maintenant une < 
nouvelle reflexion, fur le fujet de cette, peinture y & 
dire à la gloire de mon Peintre, qu'il a très religieufie- 
ment obfervé les myfleres de fon art. Car le rayijfe* 
ment d' Hélène, & îemhrazement de Troye- ne font 
qu'une mefme chofe, puis que Troye commence à hrujler 
dans Sparte mefme ; & que les Troyettsfont condamnez 
a la fiervitude des Grecs, au mefme htfiant que le vo- 
luptueux Alexandre ravit \ ]a femme impudique du trop 
indidgeant\Menelaus. f :'... ■'"' -■ 



«g«&M&s|* Ô U are ignorant perhaps of what I am 
«| Y I going to tell you : It is, that the Rules 
4m™& of Paintin S> and Dramatick Poefy ob- 
. * * lige Poet and Painter ,in one Pifture or 
Scene to obferve Unity of Aftion, and not to 
bring Things afted at Diftance of Place and Time 
at the lame Inftant to "View. But our judicious 
Painter, deligning in this one Piece toinftrudtus 
fully of the Beginning and Effect of a wicked 
Action, has ( willingly difpenfèd with this Rule, 
and fhewn you together Helen's Rape t and Troy in 
Flames. Behold here a mix'd Company of Men 
of all Nations, divided into two mighty Armies 
fiercely engaged ; the one is form'd of the Accom- 
plices of the. young Prince of Troy, who aifift 
him tcmvifh from her Hufband that famous Queen, 
whofe Beauty was fatal to all the Hero's of that 
Age. The Ravifhers bear her to the Velïèl that 
carries her to Troy ; but lift up your Eyes and fee 
what fucceeds her Arrival there. The Flames 
that are confuming that noble unfortunate City, 
will inform you. And give me leave to tell you, 
the Rape of Helen made the Deftru&ion of Troy 
inevitable ; and Troy drew on its own Ruin at the 
Moment it received and protected the luflful Prince 
Alexander, and the fhamelefs Wife of the too in- 
dulgent Menelaus. 




Hor lib Seditione, dolis, fcelere, atque libidine, & ira 3 
Epift. a. ' Hiacos intra muros peccatur, & extra. 



Lib. r. 
Od. 15. 



Pajlor cum traheret per fréta navibus 
Id&is Helenen perfidus hofpitam, 
Ingrato celeres obruit otio 
Ventos, ut caveretfera 
Nereusfata. Mala ducis avi domtivi, 
giuam multo repetet Gr&cia milite, 
Conjurata tuas rumpere nuptias t 
Et regnum Priami vetus. 



Nothing in Camp, or Town, but "Vice appears j 
Luft, Rage and Villany no Vizard wears. 

When wanton Helen crofs'd the Seas and fled, 
With fàithlefs Paris from her Hufband's Bed, 
Nereus in Pity ftilFd the angry Seas, 
Making the raging flormy Winds give o'er, 
And foaming Billows ceafe to lafh the Shore -, 
Whic^ the impatient Lovers did difpleafe. 



î 



? r . 



Tiien fung, Fond ' ^y thou beared with thee 
Her who'll thy ft o^ and Country's Ruin be. 
Tht injur'd (Breeks incens'd, fhall all unite 
To fetch her back -, both Wit and Force employ 
Thy noble Race, and Father to deftroy ; 
And even tear her from thy Arms and Sight. 



i 



Miferables 






4 View ofHuMAN Life. 



7* 




Misérables Troyevs, par les Dieux immolez. 

A leurs vavgear.ces legitimes : 
N'accufezplus les Grecs, Ji vous ejles brûlez. 

Vofire Prhwe impudique, & Vexcez de vos crimes, 
Ovt allume le feu qui vous a defole%. 



Oh, wretched Trojans by the Gods deftroy'd, 
To their juft Vengeance doom'd a Sacrifice ! 
Blame not the Greeks, the cruel Flames that rife, 

And burn your City, you'd in vain avoid. 
Your lhamelefs Prince, and your own Crimes iùf- 

[fice 
To've lit th« Fires, and caufèd your Milèries. 

4 The 



7 5 



The 1)oflrine of Morality; w, 



The Explanation of the Thirty-Eighth Picture, 






m$à>% j Jù& 



Vice is a perpetual Slaveryl 

OU cannot but think well, I believe, 

of that excellent Method which the 

&L Romans made ufe of, as Plutarch relates, 

to deter their Children from Vice, 



** which to unexperienced Youth appears 
very alluring and delightful. He fays, to create iri 
their young Noblemen an Averfion to drinking, the 
great Men would fometimes make their Slaves 



Le Vice eft une Servitude perpétuelle. 

WO US vous foitvenez bien , comme je croy, 

^ de Y excellante méthode , dont fe fiervoyent 

*Sa ^ es R° ?naim j P 01 ' r détourner leurs enfians 

'$8jv3 de ce chemin fatal que Y abord artificieux 

>s de la- volupté, leur figurait plein de délices. 

Plut arque raconte qu'autant de fois que ces grans 
hommes voulaient donner à ces jeunes geiis , horreur dé 
l'yurognerie,ils avoient acouflumé défaire enyurer leurs 

efclaves, & les leur faifoient voir comme noyez dans drunk, and bring their Sons to fee them ; who could 

lecume, & dans le vin qu'ils avoyent rendus. JYojis not DQt abhor and fly a Vice that renders a Man 

avons trop bonne opinion denofire Peintre Jioique, pour f° odious and contemptible.'" Think not our Pain- 

croire qu'il ayt quitté les galeries de Zenon, pour fe jet- ter m thisPiéhireis changed from a referved Stoick 

ter fur le fumier de Diogene. Cela nefipasaujji. Mats to , a Debauchee ; or quitted Zend's Gallery to throw 

il s'efi perfuadé qu'il ne pouvait faillir d'imiter la fa- himfèlf on Diogenes's Muckhill, becaufe he here re- 

gejfe Romaine -, & que pour imprimer bien avant dans prefents fbmething to raife your Blufhes : He, in 

lès âmes, Y averfion de ces dejbauches, que l'honnefieté Imitation of the Roman Prudence, to imprint in 

ne permet pas de nommer, il devoit les repref enter, avec our Souls a true Diflike to Crimes which Modefty 

toutes les circor, fauces perilleuj r es & ridicules, dont elles permits not almoft to be named, reprefents Luft, 

font prefque toufiour-s accompagnées. Il j one done icy with all the ridiculous and dangerous Circumftan- 

la catafrophe d'une comédie Italienne. Le Pantalon ces, with which it is generally attended. See here 

que tous les de fins comiques condamnent , àlanecefité a Story reprefented in an Italian Comedy ; The old 

d'ejlre touf ours poltron, & touf-jours cocu ; ayayt efé Man, who is call'd Pantaloon, is a Perfbn whom 

adverty par fon valet, que quelque Le andre, ou quelque the ill-natur'd Stars had deftin'd to be both a 

Lelio efi avec fa femme, entre la dague a la viain, pour Coward and a Cuckold. He being inform'd by his 

immoler fini & l'autre , à la mémoire defon honneur. Servant, that a Gallant is with his Wife, enters 

Mais Marinette, qui efi faitte au badinage, n'a pas the Chamber with a Dagger in his Hand, threat- 

manquk d'advertirlesamants de la venue du bon homme, ning to façrifice both her and her Lover, to his 

Leandre aujji n a fait qu un faut du lit dans un coffre ; Honour and Refentmènt. But Marinet her Maid 

s efi imaginé que le cocu n aurait pas le nez. affezfin had given Notice to the Lovers of the good Man's 

pour fe mettre fur fies voyes. La fortune toutefois le coming. Leander makes but one Leap from the 



trompe, carle vieux puvais a fenty l'odeur de la befie $ 
& vous le voyez courir à la vangeance, mais en une po- 
flure plus propre à faire rire, qu'à faire peur. Ifia- 
belle cependant contrefait la defolée j'fîjf reclame les 
Dieux auj quels elle ne croit point. Pour le galant bien 
qn il f Cache que le Pantalon efi une mauvaife lame, il ne 
laijfe pas de fe repentir de la dangereufe curiofitê, qui 



Bed to a Cheft -, and there conceaFd , fmiles at his 
injured Rival's Threats ; imagining, that the old 
Fox has not his Senfes fharp enough to find him 
out. But Fortune again deceives him , for the 
Eyes' of the Jealous are fharp : And Pantaloon difl 
covering him , flies to execute his Vengeance on 
him : Vet trembling and irrefolute^ whilft Ifabella. 



hy a donné Y envie de prendre part aux plaifirs d'autruy ', appears difcoufolate, and implores his Pity-, ex- 
& par de belles remanffrances conjure le Pantalon, de. claiming againft that God, in whom fhe believes 
ne point tremper fon glaive dans le fang d'un homme not : Whilft the mifèrable Adulterer, who with 
plus malheureux que coupable. good Reafon fears to die, fails not to repent of his 

dangerous Curiofity ; and curfes the vile Paffion 
that has undone him : Begging with Tears and Sighs, for that Life he is unworthy of O! Spare me, he 
cries, generous Pantaloon, and dye not your Sword in the Blood of a Man, that is now as wretched as 
criminal. Pantaloon, moved with Pity, confents to fpare him. And thus he faves his Life with the 
Lofs of Reputation, and the moft abje£t Submiliions -, to which Practice a brave and honeft Man would 
prefer even Death it felf. 



Hor. lib. 2. Ghiid refert, uri virgis, ferrove necarl ? 
Satyr. 7. y^uBoratiis eas : an turpi claufus in area, 
Quo te demifit peccati confeia herilis 
Contrafium, genibus tangas caput ? 

pallida letfo 

Defliat mulier : miferamfe confeia clamet. 

Eftne marito 

Matrons, peccajttis in ambos jufiapotefias £ 



Lib. 1. 

Sjryr. 2. 
Lib. 2. 

Satyr. 7. 



In cormptorem veljufiior ? 



2 



It matters not, whether with Rods your beat, 
Kill'd on the Spot, or in the End retreat -, 
Expos'd, and fore'd with Shame a Life to buy : 
Or bafèly in fome Coffer trembling lie. 
Bound Neck and Heels, by the vile Chambermaid, 
Who does the Secret keep, and is like you, afraid. 
Whilft the poor guilty Wife with Fear half dead, 
Shrieks out, and leaps from off the Confcious Bed, 
And her unhappy Lover now too late 
Repents, and fighing mourns his Fate. 
Think you the injured Hufband of the Dame, 
The wanton She, an equal Right don't claim 
O'er her and you, to punilh both ; nay, may "7 
More juftly you, who did her Heart betray, > 
And fhamelefs, taught her firft the vicious Way. \ 

The 



i 



jâitëiçw of. H U M A N L l F fr 



77 







Voleiffun llenjt cherafôii vrây pofefëù/i 
Monjlre qnitn feu butai iwefament cotifuitte*, 
Confejfe an trifte objet dit glaive puni jj'eiir, 
®m tonplaijir pajjé n'a paint eu de doiweur, 
§*t ton peril prejbit ne change en amertume. 



Robber* who bafely fteai'ft what U rnoft dear $ 
The fair One to another does belong. 

Slave to a brutilh Flame, now fill'd With Fear 
At the dread Sight of him Whom thou didft Wrong, 

Freely confefs that all the Plea fares pafs'd 

Are into Torments turn'd, and lole their Tafte. 
X The 



78 



Tie Doiïrwe ©f MbirXxi tr j w± 



The Explanation of the Thirty-Ninth Pictured 



Le desbauché paflè d un Crime a l'autre. 



|**|j£ Pantalon ^avoit pas dejfein, comme 
û| V0Us voyez en ce Tableau, de pardonner 
|jy L (§| l'injure qu'il àvoit receu'è. Mais ayant 
4^^««-^£<§J! pour le moins autant de peur que l'adul- 
ww*$«pw t&re, il luy a donné le temps de fe de- 
fimbaraffcr de fin coffre, & de gàigner la campagne. 
Le voila qui fi covle je long de la rue ; & qui fi rit 
dis menâtes que le Pantalon luy fait fur le feûil de fit 
porte. Cejl a (fez de cette Comédie. Ne vous diver- 
ti fins pas d? avantage de ces folies criminelles ; & re- 
prenant nofre firieux , fiparons le pur de V impur. 
Voyez vous ce dejbàucbé, qui a par manière de dire , le 
poignard à la gorge. Peut eflre voUs figurez vous, 
qu'ejlànt devenu fige par. le péril qu'il a couru, ilfe rë : 
tire chez luy, avec une firme refolution d'abandonner le 
vice, & de m courre plus de bâtard, que dans les. oc- 
cajions d'honneur. Nullement. Mais plus infenfible a 
fa propre bonté, &^a : JoW propre danger , que le Ljon 
ou le Tygre nëÇejlM fa cage, & aux fers, dont il ejl 
efcbappé,-ilpaffe d'une abyfme en Vautre 5 & va cher- 
cher chez un fécond Pantalon,, une féconde Ifabelle. 
<jhie cette f délie intage de la corruption du fecle nous 
doit fenfibleme^ toucher. Certes la vie de la dejbàucbé, 
ejl une vie btèn baffe, bien honteufe,& bien brutale. 
Il ne faut pas s'ejlonner files figes font tous les jours de 
Ji grands efforts fur eux mefmes , pourfurmonter de Ji 
grandes foible Jfes ; & fipour n'y tomber jamais, ils dé- 
clarent une guerre fifanglante, & f mortelle a la maï- 
heureufe chair , qui toute ef clave & tozite déchirée 
qu'elle ejl, ne biffe pas de nous follkitet •continuellement 
àdesorduresi 




The Vicious Jliïl go on from one Crime îd 
another. 

: A NT ALOON has no Defîgn tô\ 

pardon the Injury Leander has done 
him, but fearing Troublé, he con- 
fents to let the Adulterer efcape, gi- 
ving him an Opportunity to difèn- 
gage himfelf from the Cheft , and to gain the 
Street. He follows him no farther than to his 
Door, and from thence purlùes him only with 
Threats, of what he will do if ever he returns thi- 
ther again. At which, the other, now fafe, laughs 
aloud • tho Fear perfuades him not to ftay to ma- 
nifeft the little Senfe he has of Shame or Grati- 
tude. But let us, inftead of being diverted with 
^thefe criminal Follies, return to the ferious Con- 
sideration of this Matter. Behold this wretched 
Libertine, whom you faw not many Minutes fince 
with a Poniard at his Breaft, and under the great- 
eft Apprehènfions of Death. One would now ima- 
gine that he is grown wifer, and retiring to his 
Home, firmly refolved to abandon Vice , and ne- 
ver venture to hazard his Life again , in any other 
Caufè than in the Defence of his Religionor Coun- 
try. But, alas, he thinks of nothing lefs ! Infen- 
fible of Shame or Danger; like a Lion or Tyger 
efcaped from a Den or Chains , hé is madly going 
in fëarch bf another Pantaloon , and a fécond Ifa- 
bella. How true an Emblem is this of this cor- 
rupted Age! And how fenfibly ought We to be 
touched, when we refleft how much we, in repeat- 
ing our Follies, refemble this infatuated Man ! In 
Truth, the Life of a Libertine is fo fliameful , €0 
rnonftrous, fb miferable, that a wife Man would 
even macerate his Body , and chufe to dye a 
VicHm to Virtue , rather than fubmit fo Palli- 
ons and Inclinations that would thus undo him. 
And indeed it is neceffary ( fùch are the Frailties 
bf human Mature ) that we declare War againft 
bur Pallions ; that we obftinately and even to 
Death refift all our Inclinations and Propenfities to 
lènfùal Pleafures ; for tho' our Bodies are morti- 
fy'd and kept under with the Utmoft Care, yet 
will our Defires never cëafè ftrongly to follicite us 
to fin. 




Mor 'ib 2 E va fl l - ? credo metues do&ufque cavebis : 
Siuv.' ' <j$u& res quando iterum paveas, iterumqve perirS 
Pojjis. ! toties Jervus qua bellua riiptis 
Cumfemeleffugit, reddit fi prava, catenis ? 



Once more got loofè, fiire you will wifèr grow 
By Dangers warn'd, and ne'er again do fo. 
What, yoU'r refolv'd on Ruin, madly fly 
To the fame Vice, to Death and Infamy. 

Oh, Have to Luft, how oft in vain 
Haft thou efcap'd 1 Is there a Brute like thee, 

Who having broke his irkfùmè Chain, . ' ," 
Will back" retimr to ;hatefal Slavery • > 



■gut* 



\sâ, Vk^i j/HuMiM Life. 



19 




3$W efprit impudique efl efclhe au vice, 
^ueflmmmeeft maVhevreux, qui fi laiffe emj) 



Rfgar'tfe çè-pefàn qui fort du- precipice. 
&neneji'e£cb<ippeqtie : jt6ur s'y rejemr. 



ij)orter. 



How much à Slave to Vice, how tarfâ Iskè,- - 
Who gives his Pallions way? Wrth Wonder féé 
The thoughtlefs Wretch who jnftj^tfree,' . .; s. 
Seems only fov\i for greater Mifery. ! . ;•' ' 

i ,.■.,'• '..' '.'"■' 'the 



8o 



The Doctrine of M,qral lt y ; or. 



The Explanation of the Fortieth Pi&ure. 

Celuy la feul eft riche qui mefprife les Ri- He only is Rich 3 who defpifes Riches. 

chelles. 



*&0$&$g&? E rfzfl P<* s *¥<& dé vaincre vue partie 
g g^g. àe vos ennemis. Tant qu'il y en aura 
If® ^ ss en e -P at de vous attaquer, vous ferons 
^ESJ^SBSf* en danger d'efire battus. Il faut donc 
%*&p$Ki$Ki£t açbevgr de les défaire, afin de rempor- 
ter tire entière vitioire. Je me figure que vous avons 
profité des enfeignemens que notre Philofopbe novs a don- 
nez. L'amour, le jeu, le vin, font pofjible autant d'en- 
vemis revverfez à nos pieds. Mais V ambition ve Vefi 
pas. Cet infenfé^defir des tiltres , des couronnes, & 
des riche ffes , nom ronge encore les entrailles , vous 
pique l'efprit, & tache de triompher de vôtre tempé- 
rance. Voyons de quelles armes nous avons befoin,pour 
éviter cette hovteufe deffaite, & vous arracher à une 
fervitvde, qui ejt d'autant plus ignominieufe, que les 
marques que nous en portons, e fiant des marques fort 
efclattantes, font vi fioles a tout le monde. Mais il ne 
faut pas que nous cherchions allieurs, VinfiruBion qui 
•nous efi necejfaire. Nous la pouvons tirer de la mag- 
ranimité du demy-Dien, qui efi peint en ce Tableau. 
Confiderovs je vous prie, comme il fe conduit parmy 
les tentations de la fortune, & les appas de l'ambition. 
Le Feintre nous le reprefente convertie fa peau de Li- 
on, & armé d'une majfe viBorieufe de tous les mon- 
fires, dont il a ejlé combattu. Il foule aux pieds 
l'amonr des riche fi es ; & par la vitioire qu'il a rem- 
portée fur fes pafiions, doit infpirer nn grand defir -à 
tous les hommes , de mêprjfer des biens qui ofient le 
feul bien de la vie. L'Oriant & ^Couchant, le Midy 
& le Septentrion : en un moi, Fiin & Vautre monde 
luy offrent à Venvy des couronnes. Mais il les refufe, 
avec plus de generofitè, qu'elles ve luy font offertes ; & 
re prétendant autre gloire, que celle dont la vertu le fait 
eclatter, vous apprend que celuy la feul qui foule aux 
pieds les grandeurs, efi digne de kspojfeder. 



î'ÊF'^êÊpfy T ** not enough, that we have vai> 
**,>&Sft«|& qui(h , d o ne p art of our EnemieS) 

I HI» fince whilft there is yet more in a 
5 HBôSSësil* Capacity to hurt us, we are in Dan- 
«gt^sw^i^^ ger of being yet overcome : Let us 
then proceed to finifh a Work fo well begun, and 
gain an entire Victory. I doubt not but you have 
much profited by the Inftruclions our learned Pain* 
ter has already given you. And that Luft, Ga- 
ming, and Drinking are now probably but fb ma- 
ny Enemies proftrate at our Feet. But Ambition 
is not yet conquer U The fènfelefs Defîre of Ti- 
ties, Empires, and mining Gold , yet preys upon 
our Souls, diforders our Minds, and endeavours to 
triumph over our Temperance 5 let us arm then, 
and, if poifible, avoid this fhameful Defeat : Let 
us deliver our fèlves from a Slavery (b ignomini- 
ous, that rightly confider'd, a Man would loath it. 
For Crowns, (unjuftly gain'd,) tho' bright and daz- 
zling, mark us nr greater Monfters than the reft of 
Mankind ; and aie but the hated Proofs of illu- 
ftrious Villany. We need only behold the Piflure 
before us, to learn all that is neceflary for us to do. 
See but how this Hero behaves himfelf , amidft 
the Temptations of Fortune and Charms of Am* 
bition : He appears habited in the Skin of a Lion 
and arm'd only with a Club , yet victorious over 
all that oppofes him. He treads under Foot the 
Daemon of Riches ; has nobly gain'd the Maftery 
of all his Paffions : And by his Example fhould 
methinks infpire all noble Souls, like him, to de* 
fpifè thofe Things that we cannot gain with Inno- 
cence, nor keep without Anxiety and Fear. AH 
Nations revere and offer him Crowns and Em* 
pires, paying a juft Homage to his Fame, which 
has reached the remoteft Corners of the Earth ; but 
he refufès them with more Generality than they are 
ofîèr'd him ^ and aims at no other Glory than 
that which Virtue makes him Poflèfïbr of-, teach* 
ing us, that only he, who condemns Honours and 
Riches, who would not ftoop to do a bale A&ion 
for a Kingdom, is worthy to poflefs one. 




Hor. lib. 2 1 Latius règnes avidum domando 
Od. a. Spiritnm, qvam fi Libyam remotis 
Cadibus jungas, tfuterque Pottius 
berviat uni. 



Stnec. Rex efi, qui pojuit metvs t 
Thyert. jjf fi r \ malapeBoris : 

Quern non ambitio impotens t 
Ht nunquam fiabilis favor 
Vulgi pr&cipitis movet. 
<gui tuto pofitus loco, 
Infra fe videt omnia. 



The Man who his own Soul can guide, 
And Wifhes bound ; an Empire wide- 
Has gain'd , and's greater than if he 
Could Spain with Libya join, and be 
Their King -, or Carthage call'd him Lord, 
By Nations honour'd and ador'd. 



He is indeed a King, who nothing fears, 
Nor darling "Vice does harbour in his Breaft-, 
No torturing Crime that hourly breaks the Reft, 

And guilty Minds like hungry Vultures tears. 
He whom no Pride oc wild Ambition fires j. 
Nor vain Applaufè of fickle Crowds délires. 

Whofè Virtues only having raifed him where 
He may fècure look down on Earth, and chufe, ; 
Does all below with juft Contempt refufè ; 

Thinking what's Mortal is not worth his Care. 

Peupla 



A View «/Human Life. 



Si 




Peuples de Vim & Vautre monde, 
Vous tantez vainement, un homme égal aux Dieux. 
Le globe ou vous marchez, efi un point a f es yeux : 

Ht bien loin de régner, fur la terre ou fur Vonde, 
Il médite un Empire, aujjî grand que les deux. 



Natives of diftant Worlds, in vain you try 
To tempt a Man, who fcorns Mortality. 
This Globe appears a Trifle in his Eyes ; O 

Empires and Crowns, nay Worlds he does defpifè,> 
Nor can a lefs than Heaven his Soul fuffice. y 
Y The 



82 



The Dofîrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the One and Fortieth Picture. 



La crainte de la Mort, eft: la punition des The Fear of Death isthe juft Punifihment of 'the 
ambitieux. • Ambitious. 



>4» L 



■OU S avez trop otiy parler du fameux & 
J redoutable feftin, qui éft peint en ce Ta- 
fcïi tSa fà eau * P 01tr me perfaàder que vous en 
sl^^jiilf f }^ en peine. Néantmoins je ne ïaijfe- 
ray pas de. vous en entretenir fuccintement, 
puis qu'eftànt encore extrêmement malades de la mala- 
die delà cour, il eft nèce faire de vqus donner jonvant 
des cojitrepoifons, contre vin fi dangereux venin. Mais 
je vous traitte trop favorablement, de ne vous::cokfi+ 
derer que comme des . malades ordinaires. Vofire mal 
eft fur naturel. .' Vofire ame en eft attaquée âuji bien que 
vofire corps ; & j'oze dire, fans vous offencer, queftant 
pojfedezpar le demon de l 'ambition , vous éft es dzzes 
Ene/pimenes hifortunez, que les conjurations ,. ^? les 
exorcifmes mefinie ne font pas capables de guérir, iMflis 
vous ne le ferez jamais, fi vous ne Ve fies par la vertu : dè: 
V exemple que je vous propofe. Vous connoijfez bien cet 
ancien Tyran de Syracufe , afamineorgueitfeirfje& 
cruelle. Ne vous arrejlez dene pas a le èànfidêrer -, 
mais tenez les yeux arreftez, fur Vanibitieux ■ Dàvïôcles, 
aujji fixement quiljt la veiie attachée a la pointe du 
fer, qui luypen&fur là tefie. S'il n'efiok efpotivanté 
comme il eft, faurois bien envie delay demander silfe 
fouvient des derniers vœux qu'il à faits; ■& s'il goufte 
bien lefuperbe & délicieux appareil , pour lequel il lès 
a faits. Mais iln'a nonplus d'dreiUespour nous, qu'il 
en a pour la mujîque qu'on luy donne. Ceft pourquoy 
je vous ionfeille de lai fer ce timide, & 'ridicule courti- 
fan, dans le fupplice qu'il a mérité \ & rire de le voir 
à la table dim Tyran, aujî gefné , que s'il efioit-à la . 
torture: Confeffez aujji que Denis efioit un habille 
homme, qitoy qu'il fufi un mefchânt Prince, puis qu'il 
avoit mie fi parfaite côgnoijfance defa condition-, & 
puis qu'il nous confie fe encore aujourd'huy , qu'il a tou- 
fiours efté plus malheureux, que ceux la mefme qu'il a 
les plus tourmentez ; & quoy que le monde infenféfe 
figure, que la condition de bourreau , rt'ejl gueres moins 
funefte, que celle des miferables qu'il efiend fur des 




roues. 



Hor.lib. 3. 
Od. 1. 



Diftriiïus enfis cuifuper impia 
Cervice pendet, non Sicul& dapes 
Didcem elaborabmtt faporem, 
Non avium, cytbar&que cantus 
Somnum reducent. Somma agreftium 
Lenis virorum non humiles domos 
Fafiidit ; umbrofamqve ripam, 
Non Zephyris agitata Tempe. 



AM apt to think, that being, fldird in 
.: Hiftory, you are not ignorant of the 
- * Story of the magnificent Feaft here 
reprefented. Yet I muft beg leave to 
entertain you fome Time upon each 
Particular of it. I am indeed obliged ( being to~ 
fpeàk of one extreamly infedfed, with Ambition) 
to arm you with Antidotes to prevent the contagi- 
ous Difeafè from prejudicing you. .But, alas, I 
, think tot» jTavourably of you, it maybe : You, 
like; others, ate already fick, your Souls diforder'd 
as well as your Bodies ^;fo , you are moft unfor- 
tunate | for he that is poflèfs'd. with the Damon of 
AmbitioiTr^fJiay % accounted one of thpfe mifera- 
J bïë Pèn^hiacks ! whonî even Conjurations and Ex- 
;-ùfa'f^|5^i^1py^|^Jti^^lable to deliver. But 
you will never be recoye-i? â< , if the Virtue of the 
Exampjè^'haye propoî^ to you fails to cure you. 
The Maj&fstth hau|hty3îien and; cruel Look is 
Denis ithe ^bMody Tyranf, who at 'that Time go- 
verned the ; Kingdom of Syracitfe ; frorri whom turn 
your Eyes, and: fix them* upoii the, ànibitious Da- 
mocles, as attentively as his 'are kep| jupon the 
Point of that threathing Sword, that only faften'd 
by a HorfëB Hair^ hangs over his Head. If he 
was not thus terrify'd^L would methinks afk him, 
What he now thinks ofhis rafli WifiV , and whe- 
ther Greatnefs is defirabiê:?, How he relifhes the 
coftly Meats and ricli Robes; for which he (b much 
figh'd. and pray'd ? But he would dpubt]efs be as 
deaf to us , as to the Mufick that irï vain endea- 
vours to divert him. Pity he defèfvèVnot ; let us 
then defpife his Folly, who though- fïeated on a 
coftly Throne, and at a Prince's Table , yet is as 
uneafy as if extended on the Rack. The Tyrant 
does, I oWn, defèrve Applaufe, who fo ingenuoufly 
confeffes, that he perfectly knows his own Con- 
dition ; that he was at all Times more unhap- 
py, than even thofe Innocents, whom he put to 
the cruel Tortures, by his guilty Confidence's con- 
tinually tormenting him. From whence the blind 
World muft be convinced, that Ambition is the 
greateft Folly Man can be guilty of : That Inno- 
cence is preferable to Kingdoms ; and that Ty- 
rants are more miferable than thofe their Cruelty 
condemns to Wheels and Gibbets. 

s p^> t^J^ «Ws i4&s tï&k «ï&=f «^^> «4S^s î^ï (^^•^L^ <%i& t*S& • ù« 

The wicked Wretch that o'er his guilty Head, 
Sees the impending Sword of Death in dread, 
No Relilh finds in the moft coftly Meat ; 
Mufick Divine, and warbling Birds repeat 
Harmonious Airs in vain. No Joy he knows. 
The peaceful God in vain his Eyes would clofe : 
The fweet, the gentle God, that don't difdain 
To blefs the humble Cottage, and the Swain, 
Still loves the fhady Groves, and haunts the Cell, 
The purling Brooks, where Innocence does dwell : 
The humble Vale where fragrant South Winds blow, 
And on the Swains fweet Slumbers does beftow. 

Voyez 



A View of H u m A n Life. 



8 3 










Voyez vous ce Tantale au milieu £es fejlins, 
Sjhii meurt à tous moment, pour trop aymer la vie. 
Sachez, ambitieux, qu 'ayant la mej me envie 

Vous aurez les me/mes dejtins. 



See you this Tantalus amidft a Feaft, 
Wrack'd with the Fear of Death, he hourly dies. 

Thus you ambitious Fools are ftill unblefs'd, 
And to your own Defires a Sacrifice. 

The 



8, 



The Dofîrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Forty-Second Picture. 



La crainte eft: la compagne de la puiflânce. Fear is the confiant Companion of Great?wfs, 



<jk$aa&i,% E voy bien Vintention , avec laquelle nofire 
,3 cf | Teintre a formé le dejfein de ce Tableau. 
j| é, Il vettt que nous foyovs nous mefmes jvges en 

^ï'fe nofire propre cavfe ; & que nous conférons 
fioftre aveuglemeyû, & nope imprudance ; puis que 
tous ce que nous fommes, nous ; cherchons no fire repos , 
où jamais perfonne ne la trouve. Les tins Je font ima- 
ginez, que V abondance, & les riche ffes ne font defirées, 
qua caufe des aifes, & des conteyitements quelles don- 
nent à leurs poffeffeurs. Les autres ont cru que les 
grandes fortunes efioient trop hautes, & trop refpeBées, 
pour appréhender ces petits demons familiers , qui fous 
le nom de fonds & d'inquiétudes, tuent les corps, & 
ejnpoifomtent les âmes. Mais le Tableau que nous 
regardons, ejl une belle & convainquante refutation de 
toutes ces erreurs ; & tout enfemble , un excellant re- 
mède pour guérir les ambitieux. Confderez le avec 
prefar.ce defprit, & vous y verrez comme entajfez les 
mis fur les autres ; tous les biens dans lef quels chaque 
homme croit rencontrer, ce que tous défirent également. 
Voicy Vun des Cefars ajjis dans un Throfne, d'où il 
règne fur tout le monde. Il ejl viBorieux de mille 
peuples, chargé de mille lauriers, riche des defpouilles 
de VOriant , & du Miày ; enfin adoré des peuples les 
plus ef oignez de V Italie,' Il eji cepandant fi perfecutê 
des bourreaux fecrets, qui font infeparables des grandes 
fortunes , qu'il ne confidere tous les avantages qu'elles 
luy donnent, que comme autant de cruels , & irrécon- 
ciliables ennemis, quifuccedent les uns aux autres, pour 
remettre le fer de moment en moment , dans fes playes 
toutes farglantes. Ce v'efi pas aujji cognoijtre l'excellence 
de la nature de l'homme, que de croire que J on bonheur 
foit attaché a des chofes qui dependent du caprice, & 
de la brutalité d'un morfire qui a mille tejles -, & ne 
pas avouer ave&noftrefage, que lesfoucis, lesfoubçons, 
& les craintes ,, font les plus ajjidus, comme les plus im- 
portuns coJirtifans, qui font la foule dans le cabinet 
des Princes. 



,|«£s«s£s|, T is not difficult to difcover thé Intenti- 
S 1 |» on of our Painter in this Picture ; he 

4sxk&>% would here make w our own J ud Se s > and 
confound us with a Senfe of our Stupidi- 
ty, in feeking Repofe where never any Perfon 
found it. He boldly avers , that Ambition is 
equally a Crime and a Folly in Men of all Con- 
ditions. Some imagine, that great Riches are to 
be defired chiefly for the Eafe and vaft Satisfa- 
ftr ns they procure to their Pofleflors : Others, 
that high and eminent Stations gain Refpe£r and 
fet Men above the bufy Vulgar, fkreen them from 
Scandal, and fecure them from thofè little fami- 
liar Damons, who under the borrow'd Names of 
Fear and Diftruft, deftroy and poifon the Mind. 
But this Picture refutes all thefe Errors , and is a 
moft effectual Cure for the Ambitious. Conlider 
it attentively, behold whole Heaps and Coffers 
full of that fhining Ore, which all Mankind co- 
vet } in the Pofleiiion of which, all Men hope to 
find that Happinefs which all equally délire. A- 
midft thefe is feated on a Throne, the Mighty Ju- 
lius C&far, Lord of all the known World, and Vi- 
ctor over all Nations, loaden with Palms and Lau- 
rels ; rich with the Spoils' of the Eafi and Wejlern 
World ; adored and fear'd of Nations, whom Pro- 
vidence has placed at the fartheft Diftance from 
Rome : Yet is he inwardly tormented with thofè 
cruel and irreconcilable Enemies, Fear and Di- 
ftruft , ( the confiant Attendants of great Men J 
who ceafe not every Moment to ftab and wound 
him, with new Doubts and Jealoufies ; and fo ren- 
der him infenfible of all the Advantages of his 
Condition. He is a Stranger to the Excellency of 
Man's Nature, who believes that Things which 
Chance, or the brutal Voice of the Rabble, may 
take from him, (fiichas Wealth, Honour, and 
Fame,) can make him happy. It is in his own 
Breaft alone where he muft leek Repofe. There 
he may fix a Throne, and reign abfolute Lord of 
himfelf, whilft wretched Kings confefs that our 
Philofopher fpeaks Truth, when he avows, that 
anxious Cares, Jealoufies and Fears conftantly 
crowd into their Clofets, break their fofteft Slum- 
bers, and pall all their Enjoyments : And that a 
private Man with juft a Competency, and a good 
Confidence, is infinitely happier than a King. 




,- b Non enim gazs, iieque confularis 
0d['i6." ' Sommovet liBor miferos tumultus 
Mentis, & curas laqusata circum 
TeBa volanteis. 



Lib. i. 
Epi ft. 2. 



Non domus & fundus, non &ris acervits, & ami, 
JEgroto domini deduxit cqrpore febres, 
Non animo curas : valeat pojfejfor oportet 7 
Si comportâtes rebus bene cogitat uti. 



It is not Wealth or Power can free, 
Or drive away the Troubles of the Mind : 
The Cares that ftill an Entrance find, 

Where Greatnefs dwells, and Tyranny. 

Not Palaces, nor Lands, nor Heaps of Ore, 
Can to their feverifh Lord loft Health reftore, 
Or cure the tortur'd Mind. He muft be free 
From Pain, that hopes to tafte Felicity. 



Ces 



A View «/Hbman Li f e> 



8< 




Ces gardes aux cafaquesf mités, 

Dont les Rois font environnez. -, 
Ne les dejfendent point des creintes, 

À quoy Dieu les a condamnez. 
Ceft en vain qu'ils ozent fe pleindre, 

D'un Arrejifijujle & fi doux. 

Celny qui fe fait creindre à tous 
Doit ejlre réduit à tout creindre. 



Thefe dreadful Guards, with mining Helmets grac'd, 
"Who round this wretched, mighty Prince are plac'd, 
Cannot defend him from the racking Fears, 
The Tyrant feels who Heaven's Anger bears. 

In vain he murmurs at the God* Decrees ; 
'Tis juft that he no Peace of Mind ihould know, 
Who makes himfelf be fear'd by all below j 

Nor ever, ever tafte one Moment's Eafè. 

2 The 



36 



The DoSrine of Ma-u.ALiTj; ér, 






The Explanation of the Forty-Third Picture. 



Par tout le foucy. nous accompagne. 

j£TT£ peinture -it eft que l'explication 
*t?&. d'une penféed^ plus infrutfif, & du 
C ^§| plus moral des,'} Poètes Latins. Pour 
nrrr&Ss* nous monftrer qttïl ny \à point de condi-- 
tion ôuVbomme trouve fon repos, il 
nous propofe dertahes personnes., dont les unis cherchent 
leur element dans la licenceidè la guerre ; &les autres 
dans cettevie oyfive & pareffeufe- qui compofe la féli- 
cité des matelots; Le Peintre -nous -reprefente après hy 
des Soldats à pieâ & à chenal, WmezpourTàttaqne, 
& pour la defence $.& nèmttmoins iî nous les figure 
tellement frappez de-terreurs paniques, &JipuiJJament 
combattus d'ennemis invifibles , que bien qu'ils fuyent à 
toute bride, ils defefperent toutefois de pouvoir échapper- 
ait fer qui les pourfuit. Les blejfeuresj lafervitude, & 
la mort ; enfin tout ce qu'on fe figure déplus effroyable, 
dans une condition extraordinairement malheureufe, fe 
f refente à leur imagination ; & par le redoublement de 
leurs craintes, leur fait payer avecufure, lafaujfejoye 
qu'ils ont gouftée dans Vimpuniié dé leurs crimes. . Ce 
ri eft pas affez d'avoir vu ces malheureux. Voyons en 
d'autres, que la folle curiofité de pqjfer d'un monde à 
Vautre, ou Vinfatiable avidité des riche ff es, ont fait in- 
confiderem\nt embarquer fur V Ocean. A peiné ont its 
perdu la terre de veu'è , & découvert les premiers, fignes 
de la tempéfte qui fe forme , qu'ils fe repentent d'avoir 
cm leurs mauvais confeillers ; & Je trouvent environ- 
niez de fouets bien plus cuifans , & d 'apprehen fions bien 
plus vives, ^que neftoient les incommoditez qui les ont 
chajfez de leurs maifonsi 



Tear accompanies the Wicked every where. 



find Repofe. 



§êÊr$rÊÊ H IS Piaure is the Explanation of à 
Sa2«**8WKA Thought of one of the moft judicious 
and moral of all the Latin Poets. Here 
you ihall fee, that there is no Con- 
dition in which a wicked Man can 
Here are fbrne Perfbns who quit 
their Countrey in hopes to efcape the Punifhment 
of their Crimes -, and feek in the licentious Army 
to find Security and Peace of Mind. Others, whd 
prefer the. uncertain Seas, and.chufè to be confin'ct 
to a clofè wooden World, where fudden Drowning 
or grim Want, are hourly to-be expected-, and 
greedy Death feems conftantly in View. Next, 
Soldiers appear, both Cavalry and Foot, arm'd at 
all Points, fit to attack their Enemies , or defend 
themfelves. ;'■'. Yet they all appear ftruck with fuch 
pannick Fears, by the powerful Enemies, who, un- 
fèen, purfue and wound them , ( the Terrors of a 
guilty Confcience, that flings them within,) that 
they fink into the utmoft-Defpair, and think of 
nothing but Death, Wounds, Slavery, and whate- 
ver elfe can be imagin'd moft dreadful and terrible 
in a Condition the moft miferable. This is the 
Price they pay for all the Satisfactions they en joy 'd 
in committing thofe Crimes which they now vain- 
ly repent of. But this is not all: See yet thofè 
others, whom a foolifh Curiofity of feeing ftrange 
Lands, or the infatiate Defire of Riches, has made 
inconfiderately embark upon the Ocean : Scarce 
have they loft Sight of Land , but they difcover 
Signs of an approaching Storm -, and begin to bit- 
terly repent their Folly ; finding themfelves feized 
with Fears and Apprehenfions far more dreadful 
and uneafy, than all the Inconveniencies that drove 
them from their mûre fàfe and peaceful Homes. 




Hor.lib.2. Scandit &ratas vitiofavaveis 
Od. 16. Qura : nee turmas equitum relinquit} 
Ocyor cervis, & agente ni?nbos 
Ocyor Euro. 



Lib. 3. — ■ titnor & nana 

Od. 1. Scanâmit eôdem quo domimis : neque 
Decedit srata triremi, & 
Poft equitemfedet at ret cur». 



- ' . r I * '■ 

mi 

■ 
1 l 

«uxiil - ''" ' s' 

woi I ' ■ " - 

r 



Fears that in Minds depraved are hourly bred, 
Attend us every where ; into the Vefiel goes, 

If Voyages we make : And fill'd with Dread 
The guilty Soldiers hafte to meet their Foes ; 

Fear ftill purfues, and with the Swift keeps pace 5 
More fleet than Does, or than the angry Wind 
That diifipates the Clouds. It dogs the Mind, 

And finds us out in the remoteft Place. 

But anxious Fears and Dread ftill keep 
Their Souls in Pain, and every where attends. 

Weary of Land they plow the Deep, 
But Fear into the Vefièl ftrait afcends. 

If they take Horfe, black Care is alfo there, 

Sits clofè behind, and haunts them every where. 

Jette 



A View of H ù m a n Li f e. 



87 




■:.r ■ -■ ■ ■ 

, ■ '• 



fàtte toy damlaCoun Etre dam ks affairs. 
Monte fur V Ocean. Cows lek deux Hentifyberes* 
Demeure em f autre ikondel '■ Habite celuycy.- 
Suy les drtsdèta Paix ; ou V horreur dé la gît 



Tant que tu vivras fur la terre, 
Tu ve ceux vivre qn'eti'fûttej, 



la gîter ni, 



i ... 



f Fly to the Court, the brawling Courts frequent $ 
Ride on the Séas, the diftant Coafts furyéy. 

In India dwell, or on the Continent} 
Or War, or peaceful Arts purfîie •. each Day 
Thou liv'ft on Earth, each Hour will readily fhoW 
No perfe&Pe'â£e of Mind Is found below. 



88 



The Doctrine of Morality; or> 



The Explanation of the Forty-Fourth Picture, 

La Pauverté eft pluflofl bien que mal. Poverty is rather a Blejfing,than a Misfortune. 



As£'.(L#:«&fl&s ENTEND S vos murmures fecrtts ; 
||«8fiSS&|g. & VO y bien à vos aBions , que vosfenti- 

$Ê J H^ ™ em ve f mt f a * t0U f'J°" rs d'accord 
f; HaS^iS'l* avec ^ Philofcpbie. Vous avouez avec 
■^S* 5 ^» 8 elle, que la Cour, que les richeffes, & 
que les conditions eminentes font accompagnées de grandes 
inquietudes. Mais vous voulez aujji, quelle confejfe, 
que la pauvreté ejl un grand mal ; & que chagrin pour 
chagrin, fancy pour foucy, fupplice pour fupplice, l'a- 
bovdance ejl incomparablement plus fuportable que la 
mijere. Nojlre Teintre a prévenu vos objections -, & 
pour vous le tefmcigner, il représente en ce Tableau, 
toute la rage C toute la tyrannie de la pauvreté. Mais 
ce n ejl pas de la pauvreté illnjlre , de la pauvreté vo- 
lontaire, de la pauvreté héroïque. Cette pauvreté bar^ 
bare & inhumaine qu'il nous peint, ejl une pauvreté po- 
pulaire, une pauvreté forcée ; enfin une pauvreté lâche, 
ivfame, & corrompue, qui n'a autre père que le q-'me, 
vy autre objet que le mal. En effet fi cette enragée ren- 
contre une ame foible, une ame timide , une ame igno- 
rante, il faut avouer qu'elle exerce d'efirangesfupplkes 
fur elle ; & quand une fois, elle s^en ejl rendue mai- 
Jlrejfe, eUe devient lapins cruelle des furies, & luy tient 
foujiours devant les yeux fes fouets, & fes ferpents, pour 
luy imprimer le defefpoir. Si cette mijerable pojjedée 
rejijle à cette tentatio7t, elle la fait fuccomber fous une 
autre. Elle luy commande imperieufement de tout faire, 
£f de toutfouffrir. Elle la cojitraint de fe jetter les 
yeux fermez , dans les precipices qu'elle luy prefente. 
Elle efface peu à peu le caraiïere divin, que l'homme 
porte fur le front. Elle luy arrache les fentiments 
d'honneur, & de vertu, que la nature luy a gravez dans 
le cœur & l'ayant détourné de pénible chemin,par lequel 
on monte aux Temples de ces deux divinitez, elle luy 
deffend mefme de hauffer les yeux vers la cime de la 
montagne, ou elles font adorées. 



'if^'watftt^ Perceive you fecretly murmur , and 
^*~7W your Looks difcover, that your 
>1 I If» Sentiments do not yet agree with 
lÊzmmok oui Philofopher's. You own that 
%*PQpzpi& CourtS) immenfe Riches, and emi- 
nent Stations are attended with many Cares and 
great Inquietude ; but you require him likewife to 
acknowledge, that Poverty is a great Misfortune j 
and that comparing the Inconveniencies of the* 
one with the other, Abundance with many Cares 
is much to be preferr'd to Want with Few. Our 
Painter allows your Objection, and in this Pi- 
dure does admirably reprefènt that wretched Con- 
dition, with all its Circumftances of Mifery, in 
the Form of a Woman, whole Face is full of 
Rage, her Eyes hollow , her Body almoft naked 
clad with nothing but Rags ; her Food only Roots 
and Pulfè -, in fine , a Creature £o wretched and 
forlorn, that nothing can better exprefs the Ter- 
rors of extreme Want and Poverty. But this is 
not the Poverty he would recommend to you ; It 
is that heroick, glorious Poverty that is volun- 
tary ; fuch as is the Choice of thofè great Souls 
who quit the World, to gain Heaven j who beftow 
Pofïèlfions on the Poor, and refign Crowns and Ho- 
nours, to enjoy Repofe and Solitude. The inhu- 
man barbarous Wretch before you, is a vulgar Po- 
verty, the Confequence of Idlenefi and Sloth, in- 
famous and fhameful j which has no Parents' but 
Vice, nor Caufe but Sin. If this enraged Monfter 
feizes on mean Souls, fhe certainly exercifes a cruel 
Tyranny over them, and is the moft inexorable of 
Furies s, holding continually before their Eyes a 
Scorpion's Scourge to lafh, fting, and drive them 
to Defpair. If they refill one Temptation, fhe 
leaves them not till they fink under another, but 
imperioufly forces her Slaves to do and fuffer all 
fhe plea fes -, and often confirai ns the Wretch whom 
fhe purfues , to throw himfelf blindly into the 
Precipice fhe leads him to. A Poverty of this 
Kind effaces iy Time even thofè divine Princi- 
ples that are imprinted in Man's Soul, and tears 
from him all Senfè of Honour and Virtue ; and 
having turn'd him out of the Path which we 
muft afcend with Difficulty to the Temples of the 
Gods, forbids him to lift up but even his Eyes to 
that glorious Place-, where they are worfhipp'd. 












. Improbis 

Hor l ; b. 2 Magnum pauperies opprobrium, jubet 
Od.24.' guidvis &facere, &pati : 

Virtutifque viam deferit ardusi. 



If Poverty, the worft of Ills efteem'd, 
Oblig'd Mankind to do, or fuffer ill j 

If it a Foe to Virtue always feem'd ; 
Turn'd us out of her Paths, conftrain'd our Will, 

It juftly might a dreadful Thing be deem'd. 



Inpaupertafe nihil mail effe, quifquis modo nondum Every Man, whole Underftanding is not preju- 
rvetiit in infaniam omnia fubvertentis avariti*, atque diced with deftruclive Avarice, or Luxury, is fen- 

fible that Poverty is in it felf no 111, 



Senec. 

Confol. ad pervertit 

Helviam. faxuri*, intelligit-i 



u 



A View o/Human Life. 



8 9 




La pauvreté 11 eft pas indifférante ; 
Zenon â tort de la mettre en ce rang. 

^ ar I<i vertu, ïame la moins pui faute, 
Peut triompher de la chair & du fang. 



Poverty's not a Thing indifferent * 
Zeno to call it fb, was much to blame : 

It Power has in Minds to Goodnefs bent, 
Even all vicious Habits to reclaim. 

A a The 



9° 



The Doctrine o/Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Forty-Fifth Picture. 



La Pauverté ne nuit pas toufiours à la Vertu. 

^n^i«^j|, £ voy bien que mes raifons font capables de 
(3*1 vous vaincre, mais qu'elles ne le font pas de 

J3 «a, vous perfuader. Vous n'avez rien a re- 

m v v » partir, & toutefois vous n ejtes pas Satis- 
faits. Voicy notre Peintre qui vient à votre fecours. 
Il nous prefente un Tableau, quifemble parler en vô- 
tre faveur j & nous montre jufqu'à quelle bonteufe 
fervitude, Yhomme ejl réduit par larigeur\de la pauvre- 
té. A rien mentir point , cet objet eft une puijfante 
raifon, pour porter les efprits à la recherche des biens 
de la terre. Mais ne triomphez pas de la confejjion qui 
m eft efchappée. Vous ne conferverez gueres Y avantage 
qu'elle vous donne. Qui penfez-vous , Je vous prie, 
que fait cet infâme, qui pour un bien imaginaire vend 
fon honneur, fa confcietiCe, & fa liberté ? Ceft un de 
ces miferàbles aveugles volontaires , qui par une lâche 
& brutale intemperance , dejfwnorent la pauvreté -, & 
qui font une efclàve, une caimande, une proftitutée, de 
celle dont les Philofophes ont fait une Reyne, une con- 
quérante, une Sainte. Le Ciel aujft qui s' eft toujîours 
déclaré pour elle, ne laijfepas long-temps cet ennemy de 
la vertu, dans Vimpurirté de fes crimes. Le Tableau 
que nous regardons, eft tout plein des fupplices, dont il 
eft diverfement tourmenté ; G? vous voyez que ceux la 
mefmes qu'il a choifts pour fes proteBeurs, deviennent 
fes tyrans, & fes bourreaux. En effet pour ce qu'il ne 
peut fupporter une condition qui l'approche bien près 
des Dieux ; il tient à honte ce dont les Philofophes, & 
les Héros ont fait toute leur gloire , & proftitu'è tan- 
toftfa liberté, & tantoft fa vie, pour fe de ff aire d'un 
bien qui doit eftre acquis, aux defpens de la liberté 
mefme, & de la vie. Mais détournez les yeux de cet 
objet indigne de vôtre compaffion ; &. regardez ce riche 
h f oient qui s' eft fait une monture du mif érable, qui le 
croit plus heureux que luy. C'eft une furie vangerejfe, 
que lajuftice du Ciel a infeparablement attachée à ce 
grand coupable, pour luy faire fentir combien eft hor- 
rible , & combien" digne de punition , cette bajfejfe 
d'ame, qui le rend ef clave des ricbejfes. ■ 



Poverty is no Hinderance to Virtue. 

.|«£ssfes|, Y Reafons are doubtlefs fuch as muft fi- 
| M| lence you. But yet I fear you are not 

•âîMwapfi» fo^y coriv i nce< i '■> y° u have nothing left 
/ to reply, yet are not fàtisfied, or wil- 

ling to abandon all Things for Virtue's Sake. Our 
Painter here feems to favour you, fhewing to what 
a fhameful Servitude Men are reduced by a rigo- 
rous Poverty. And I own this feems a fufficient 
Reafon to excite us , ardently to covet and endea- 
vour to obtain the Treafures of this World. But 
triumph not, I fhall foon undeceive you -, the 
"Wretch before you is one of -tholè bafe Souls , who 
has blindly fought for Happinefs in fenliial Plea- 
fures ; and having confumed by Intemperance the 
reafonable moderate Fortune Providence had be- 
ftow'd on him, now wanting Bravery and Senfè to 
fupport that Poverty which his own ill Conduct 
has brought him to ; and which Labour and Re- 
tirement could render not only fupportable but fweet 
and delightful , chufes vilely to fell himfelf for 
Bread to an imperious Lord, and proftitute that 
freeborn Soul, of which Philofophy would have 
made a Monarch or a- Saint. Heaven who ftill 
takes Virtue's Part, fails not to punilh this Ene- 
my of hers ; - his Patron proves his Tyrant and 
Tormentor, ufing him with the utmoft Contempt 
and Cruelty. Behold this Pidture is fill'd with 
Reprefèntations of what he fufters : And it is but 
juft that he who could not lùpport a Condition 
neareft to that of the Gods ; who held in Scorn 
what Philofophers and Heroes glory'd chiefly in, 
who has fold his Liberty and Repofè only to get 
rid of a happy Poverty, a glorious Freedom Men 
can only tafte in Retirement , and an obfcure Cell or 
Cottage, to attend on Greatriefs -to fawn and be fub- 
je&ed to another's Will : I fay it is but juft, that 
fuch a one ïhould live wretched and defpifed, and 
die unpitied. But now look on the rich Infolent 
that thus infults him , who is in Reality himfelf 
no happier than this Wretch ; a revenging Fury, 
whom the Juftice of Heaven has infeparably join'd 
to this Criminal, to make him fenfible how de- 
teftable that Bafenefs of Soul is , which has thus 
render'd him a Slave to Vice and Gain. 






uraut^f ^|f , , , ,, 



7ffiM/Rs 



Hor. lib. i. Sic qui pauperiem veritus, potiore metallis 
Epill. io. JJbertate caret, dominum vehet improbus, atqtie 
Serviet Aternum, quiaparvo nefciat uti. 



Mcnand. Paupertatem ferre no» omnis, fed viri fapientis. 



So he that fearing to be poor, does give 
Himfelf away, chufîng a Slave to live, 
Parting with all that's dear, his Liberty, 
A Vaflal to another's Will fhall be. 
Shall ftill a Mafter fear, and be ill ufed j 
Becaufe to live with little he refufed. 

The feeble Mind Adverfity does fear : 
The Wife alone Misfortunes nobly bear. 



Riche 



A View o/Human Life. 




Riche infâme, il eft vray : Les eftoiles ingrates 
'T'ont fait tyran du pauvre, & Vont mis fous ta loy. 
Mais s'il eft magnanime, il e/t plus grand que toy : 

Et tel que fut Cœfar an milieu des pirates, 
Bien qu'il foit ton efclave, il te commande en Roy. 



Rich Knave, 'tis true, thy lucky Stars decree 
The Poor thy Slaves , whilft thou curs'd Wretch | 

[ art free : 
But he that has a nobler Soul than thee, 
Like Gzfar in the Pyrate's Chains ftill brave, 
Shall even make thee fear, altho' thy Slave* 

4 Th« 



02 



The Doctrine of Morality 



or 



The Explanation of the Forty-Sixth Piclure. 

Tout cede au Demon des richefîès. All yield to the Damon of PJches. 



: E Tableau devant lequel vous vous aires 
tez, ejlé mis en fuite du précédant , pour 
combattre mes raifons, & mes exemples. 
Auffi me le montrez-vous pour tacher de 
me convaincre, & me faire changer d'o- 
pinion. A la vérité cette a ff emblée mefurprend ; & 
l'idolâtrie qui s'y exerce me met prefque en colère contre 




H E Picture before which you {lay, 
feems placed next the Precedent, to 
difpute againft my Reafons and Ex- 
amples, and you ieem full of Hopes 
to convince me that I am in the 
Wrong -, and that Riches only can make a Man 
( whilft on Earth ) happy and refpefted. I muft 




la vertu que fay tant défendue. Je vois icy un melange confefs I am furprized at this Aflembly -, and the 

efpouvantable de chofes faints & prophanes. Je voyle- Idolatry here practifed, makes me ready to blaf- 

demon eflropié des riche fes afis fur le throne, ou doit pheme that Virtue I have To long ador'd : I fee 

régner la pauvreté héroïque. Mais ce qui viefpouvante here a frightful Mixture of Things facred and pro- 

leplus, cejl que je voy lafageffe elle mefme, ployé les phane. The defomfd Dsmon of Riches fèated on 



genoux devant ce monjlre ; & que la Religion detrui- 
fant fonufage tout fpirituel , employe fes Autels & fon 
encens à l'adoration des idoles. La renommée , la li- 
berté , la vobleffe , ïhonveur font du nombre de ces 
adorateurs. Mais leur lâcheté ne vie met pas en peine. 
Ce font quatre mercenaires, qui ont coutume de fepro- 
Jlituerpour un peu d' inter ef ; & qui fe vendent à vil 
prix , toutes les fois qu'ils rencontrent des acheteurs. 
<%hii conque a de V argent, trouvera cent Poètes , qui le 
porteront jufqu à la table des Dieux ; & autant de Ge- 
nealogijles qui indifféremment le feront def cendre de 
Priam ou d 'Agamemnon -: des AZacides, ou des Ce- 
fars. Mais que lafageffe , & la pieté fefoyent abaif- 



that Throne, where heroick Poverty ought to 
reign. But what ftartles me more, is, That even 
Wifdom her felf bows down before the Monfter ; 
and Piety, falfe to Heaven, employs her Altars 
and Incenfe to honour the Idol : Fame and Ho- 
nour are of the Number of its Votaries. But their 
Bafenefs moves me not -, they are Mercenaries 
that are accuftom'd to proftitute and fell them- 
felves to every Purchafer. He that has Wealth 
fhall not fail to find Poets to rank him with the 
Gods in Virtue and Renown -, and Genealogifts 
who will prove him defcended either from Priam 
or Agamemnon, Hercides or Alexander. But that 



fées jufqu à Vadoration du vice, cefl un prodige qui Wifdom and Piety fhpuld debafethemfelves fo low 
peut efre ?nis au nombre de ceux-, dont Vimagination as to worfhip Vice, is a Prodigy far exceeding all 
trop* audacieufe des Peintres & des Poètes , peuple tous thofè which the too audacious Imagination of the 



les jours, leur monde fabuleux. Je ne puis toutefois 
me perfuader, que dans une matière fi ferieufe, nojlre 
Peintre qui ejl fifage, ait voulu abufer de fa Phïlofo- 
phie, & fe difpenfer de fon ordinaire feverité. En 
effet je recognois le fecret de fon ame , dans les linea- 
ments de fa peinture. Cette vertu qu'il peint a genoux, 
v.'efl pas la veritable vertu qui! adore. Cefl cette fauffe 
& pernicieufe vertu qui trompe les fimples, qui méfie 
les fourbe , & les trompeurs a la focieté des gens de 
bien ; & qui fe tenant fur les leur es des mefchants, leur 
ejl un mafquefubtil & charmant , qui les fait toufiours 
prendre pour ce qu'ils ne font pas. J'en dis autant de 



Poet has ever devifed ; I can no longer perfuade 
my felf, that in a Matter fo ferious, our wife 
Painter would abufe Philofophy , and diveft him- 
felf of his ufual Severity. And at length I difco- 
ver the Secret of his Soul in the Lineaments of 
his Painting. The Wifdom here kneeling is a 
Cheat, not the Goddefs he adores. It is the dif- 
fembled Virtue that the Wicked put on to intro- 
duce themfèlves into the Company of the Good 
and Virtuous. Virtue that dwells not in the 
Heart, but on the Tongues of Deceivers ; the moft 
fubtle and taking Difguife they can put on. Such 



la pieté, qui l'accompagne. Cefl Vhypocrife qui ejlant, alfo is the Piety that accompanies her. It is Hy 

pocrify, who you are fenfible is all Impofture and 
Pride, and covers herfelf with the Mantle of Pie- 
ty, to abufe and undo the credulous ; and is ever 
taken for what it is not. See then all thofe that 
oppofe that Truth which I maintain, are ( tho' in 
other Shapes difguifed) but the fame Vices I have 
all along warned you of, and taught you to van- 
quiih. Be not any more deluded , Virtue will ne- 
Covfeffez donc ingenuèment, que ce ver bow to Vice ; or great Souls bend for Avarice 
aucun avantage aux avares ny aux or Ambition. 

ambitieux, puifque nous ne voyons que des vices cachez, 

on des vices découverts, s'abaiffer devant l'idole des ri- 

cheffes. 



comme vous ft avez, toute impojlure, G? toute ambiti- 
on, fe couvre perpétuellement du manteau de la pieté, 
pour abufer les innocens, & leur couper la bourfe. Ce- 
la ejlant, covime il ejl, ne devez vous pas avoiier, que 
je iiay point fujet de vie rendre, puis que tous 

veux dire , 

ces mefmes 

m'avez vu 



ceux qui font arviez contre moy, je 
contre la vérité que je deffends-, font 
monjlres , que def a tant de fois vous 
fouler aux pieds. 
Tableau ne donne 



ois. 



»/» 



Hor. lib. 2, 
Satyr. 3. 



Omnis enhn res, 



Virtus, fama, decus, divina, hvmanaque pulchris 
Divitiis parejit : quas qui conjlruxerit, ille 
Clarus eiit, fortis, jujlus, fapievs etiam, & Rex ; 
Et quidquid volet. Hoc, veluti virtute palatum, 
Speravit magna, laudifore. 



For well he knew that every Thing below, 
Virtue, and Fame, the Young, the Fair, and all 

Divine and Human Things muft cringeand bow, 
And proftrate to the God of Riches fall. 

He that has mighty Treafures got, with Eafe 
May Wife, Renown'd, Noble, and Valiant be ; 
A Lord, a King, nay, thought a Deity : 

For he with that is every Thing he pleafè. 
Believing this, he thought immortal Fame 1 
He might procure, if that his Tomb proclaim > 
His mighty Wealth, together with his Name, j 

Mon- 



A VklSj of H'BMAN L t V E. 



n 




Movfire, it qiif U front eft ceint cTun dtadcfmt, 
Cor-rm^teur des efprits, jier tyran des Mortels ! 

Qui geiit te rejijler ? puijijue la vertu mefni4 
Oubliant & ({ti' elk eji y t'ejlevc des A*telu 



Monfter ! whofe Head a Diadem does grace, 
Thou vile Corrupter of the Mind, i, 
Fierce, cruel, Tyrant o'er Mankind, 

Whr. boldly do'ft ufurp bright Virtue's Plare: 
\Vho can refift thy Charms, fince here we fee, 
Virtue forget her felf, and worlhip Thee ? 

fib The 



94 The Doftrine of Mo r -a i i T y t or, 

The Explanation of the Forty-Seventh Picture. 

Si Terfite eft riche, on le prend pour Achille. JJfTherfites was rich, hed be taken for Achilles. 



&^*^*&ROIEZ vows que ce Tableau foit une 
^U^Lw^» nouvelle refutation des veritezquefay 
|y C (§| défendues ? Si vous efies de cette opi- 

=^vT'^t1^É kî "°" ' vom e fl e * extrememevt àbufez h 
^ojojoyjsojt^ car au lieu d'en tirer avantage, vous 
allez voir que les richejfes n'ont jamais eu le privilege de 
rendre illufires, ceux qui les poffedent, ou pour parler 
plus régulièrement, ceux qui en font pojfedcz. Je ne 
veux que vous faire la defcription du principal perfon- 

r.age de cette 'peinture ; afin que vous demeuriez aac- 
j 'J, '■ .1*1 ....... r.z •.^i..(r. i :r„. > a 



fefs'd 



tc$rÊnzM 0U wil1 now.be fully convinced, 
that "Wealth never had the Privilege 
to render thofè truly noble and illu- 
ftriou's who poffefs'd it ; or to fpeafc 
more properly, thofe whom it pot 
That is what Virtue and Bravery can only 
do. I need only to defcribe to you the principal 
Perfon in this Picture, to oblige you to agree, that 
notwithftanding all his ill-gotten Riches, he is un- 
worthy of the Name of Man. He is in Ferfon 
cord, que malgré toutes fes richeffes mal-acquifes, cefi deform'd, but in Mind much more refèmbling a 
un mon fire qui a beaucoup plus de la be fie que de Beaft, and a Sot ; bufy'd in counting over the im- 
Vhomme -, & qui fans Voffencw nefi quunfot, encore menfè Sums , which griping Ufury and bafe Craft 
qu'en la pofiure oàilefi, il contrefajfe V homme d'im- have made him mafter of He fèems a Man of 
portarce , & pa[fe pour tel parmy les flateurs qui Veil- Confèquence, and crouded with Sycophants, who 
virement. V&tts voyez Venus, les Graces, T Amour, court his Acquaintance for his Monies fake : 
& V Bloquera , qui par leurs cajoleries , & par leurs He grows vain and impudent j and fancies himfèlf 
faufjes louanges, perfuadent à ce camus, àcepmais. à to have great Merit. Venus, the Graces, Love 
ce jinge qui parle, quil n'y a rien de beau ny de grand, and Eloquence unite to cheat and cajole him ; and 
où, avecjufiice, il nait raifon de prétendre. Mais endeavour to perfuade the contemptible Wretch, 
vousfçavcz que ce font des fourbes & des ra'illeufes, qui (who lias the Face of a Monkey, and left Manners 
ont coufiuvie de fe divertir aux defpens des Jots ; & qui than a Peafànt ; and a Soul fordid and incapable 
pour Je mocquer adroittement de la vanité de celui cy, of one great Action,) that he has Befert and Beau- 
en feignant de luy prefenter la couronne de la galanterie, ty, and may not fear to gain the Heart and Affè- 
le coiffent de celle qu'il a méritée. Regardez à fa main ÊtioH of the moft Fair and defèrving Lady what- 
garicbe, cette trouppe de Matrones hypocrites, d'Efai- ever. Next, diverting themfèlves at the Fool's 
vains mercenaires , & d 'autres femblables ajfronteurs. Expence, they proceed to offer him Crowns of 
Ils le traittent de Caton & de Fabrice. Its l 'élèvent Flowers ; call him Bridegroom, and excite him to 



plus haut que les Cèdres du Liban ; & lefovtfortir 

d'une tige plus ancienne & plus fameufe , que celle des 

chefnesde Dodone. Sçavez-vous pourquoy tout cela fe 

fait ? Cefi pour luy faire prendre pour femme , une 



be fb, in Hopes to fee him made by a Wife what 
he defèrves to be. On his Left Hand there ftands 
a Troop of Women , hackney Poets , and a Lady 
richly adorn'd -, whofe Face and Perfon are both 



belle & jeune gallante, qui a be foin de J 'on argent ; pour fet forth with all the Art and Coft imaginable: 
faire èclatterfes charmes, & enrichir d'bonnejles gens They fàlute him with the Titles of Cato and Fa~ 
incommodez. Ce Squelette animé, mefurantfon mérite b/icins ; fet him above the Cedars of Lebanon, and 
à la hauteur de fes facs& de fes coffres , fe croit homme praife his Race as more ancient and famous than 
de bonne mine & de qualité ; & fourient impertinam- the Oaks of Dodona. But why all this ? And with 
ment à cette jeune merveille, luy promet, que ponrveu what Defign ? Why, to draw him in to marry the 
quelle fâche connoifire le bon-heur que fa vertu luy a Jilt, which has need of his Fortune to maintain 
procuré, il ne luy refuferapas V honneur defon alliance, other Men, who have more Senfè , and no Pohefli- 
Mais ce qui efi plaifant en cette rencontre, e'efi que ons ; and to purchafè the Ornaments for her Per- 
VUfurierfe figure quil ny a rien au monde qui le vaille, fon, that mult enhance her Charms^ and keep their 
& par confequent, quil efi affeuré d'efire tout feulle Affection. This Baboon rating his Worth by his 
pcjfejfeur de fa femme. Cependant, défia toute la jeu- Bags and Coffers, fancies himfelf defèrving of all 
fie (Je de la ville fe poudre, fej rife, Je pare, & fait mil- this; and grinning, with Tranfport, tells her, 
le parties, pour luy affermir fur la tejle , la couronne that fînee fhe is fèniible of her good Fortune, and 
que Venus luy a fi libéralement donnée. Aujfi, ne fera- chufes him to enjoy her, tho' he had no Thoughts 
ce pas une petite merveille , silfe trouve unfeuljour de of marrying, yet he will condefcend to accept of 
difiance, entre fon mariage, & fou infamie. the Honour of her Alliance , and fb contents to 

efpoufè her. What is moft diverting is, that this 
old Ufurer believing that nothing is more charming and agreeable than himfelf, fancies that he is con- 
fequently fuie of being the foie Pofleffor of his Wife -, whereas all the Youth cf the Town are powder- 
ing, dreiïing, and laying Deflgns to fix on his Head the Coronet Fate has deftin'd him ; and it will be a 
Wonder if a Day pafles betwixt his Marriage and Difgrace. 




Hor.lib. i. Scilicet uxorem, cum dote -, fidemque Gf amicos 5 
Epift. 6. Et genus, C formant regina Pecunia donat, 

Ac bene mmmatum decorat Suadela, Venufque. 



Gold is a Queen, that can all Things beftow } 
A Wife with mighty Dower, Young and Fair -, 
True Friends, Nobility , and JBeauty. rare. 

Venus her felfr, aud Eloquence do fliow 
Refpect, and court the ugly Ufurer. 



! que 



| ! R «. ^ 



tj£ View of H UM AN Li f e. 



95 



I •• ' t 



]■' 










/ 5»« *»_/«« d'outrage aux vertus héroïques, 
Dort Ji fan •) 1) émeut tu te piques •/ 

Himme fins honneur &fansfoy. 
Tu flattes lâchement un infâme Tantale $ 
it le cœur embrazé dime flame brutale, 
p ■ -.7b fais defoti argent, ton Idole & ton Roy. 






Heroîçk Virtue you do bafely wrong} 
And moftunjuftly are her Enemy. 

Bafe Man, to whom no Honour does belong 5 
Meanly thou flattereft one whofe Infamy 

Is what thy fervile Mind adores, his Gold j 

The Idol God, for which thy Soul is fold. 



The 



9 6 



Tée Doctrine of WJoralitï; or, 



The Explanation of the Forty-Eighth Piéture^ 



Le defir des biens eft cortthïrc aux chôfèâ 
honeftes. 

<^<^«&«&«y|sO ICT le premier des crimes importants, 
^W m '^ÈS' où nous fait tomber l 'aveugle pafjion des. 
•H ^" W^ riche fes. D'abord qu'un homme en eft 
I^SW^ëf' poffedé, il perd cette grandeur d'âme 
•gs^ss^B^K^s ai,ec laquelle il eft né; & fe precipitant 
de cette haute élévation, dans tout ce qu'il y a de plus 
bas & de plus infâme en la vie j il renonce publiquement 
à la vertu, & par confeqvant, à tous les avantages qu'il 
aveit recevs de la libéralité de la nature. Si vous eftu- 
diez bien ce Tableau, c'eft ce qu'il pretend de vous en- 
feigner. Ce jeune courage , qui pouffé par les mouve- 
ments de grace & de la nature, voidùit marcher fur les 
pas d'un Alciàe -, & connue luy, monter au Temple de 
la vertu, eft a peine entré dans un fi pénible fentier, quà 
febjet des riche ffes que le vice luy prefente , ilfe trou- 
ble : il s'arrefte : il confulte : il Je repent de fa gene- 
reufe refolution : il tourne le dos à la vertu ; & ayant 
abandonné lafehement les armes quelle luy avoit données, 
fe met avec fes femblables , a faire cas de chofes qui à 
proprement parler, an lien d'eftre les derniers efforts, 
& les chef d' œuvres de la rature, comme les avares fe 
font perfitadcz, n'en font que les excrement & les par- 
ties honte? fes. 



An inordinate T>epre of Riches ^ is inconfijlent 
with Konejly. 

«S4^sjfcj8^ss£sEE here the firft confîderable Crime 
||«9a9j&||. ^hich t he Man who is eager to ob- 
v|j S HI» tain great Riches, falls into. No 
"I^WSSSSslI* fooner does he begin to covet Wealth, 
%v$xfrvpiîp but he lofes that Greatnefs of Soul 
with which he was boni, and falls into Contempt i 
not blufhing to do Things the raoft bale and fer- 
vile : He renounces Virtue , and grows carelefs to 
improve all the Advantages he has received from 
Nature or Education. If you consider well this 
Picture, you will difcover this is what it is defign'd 
to teach us to avoid. This (once hopeful^ }^oung 
Man excited by Grace and Reafon , fet out in the 
Paths of Virtue, as refolved and vigorous as Abi- 
des ; and like him, purpofed to afcend to Wit 
dom's glorious Temple : But he was no fooner en* 
tred on the rugged Way, than Vice meets and offers 
him vaft Treafures to turn Back again. At the 
Sight of which he flops, grows thoughtful, trou- 
bled, unrefolved •, at length he yields, forgets his 
fïrft noble Befign, turns his back upon Virtue, 
and having bafely abandon'd the Field, aflbciates 
with fuch undone Wretches as himlelf , makes no- 
thing but Money his Care -, Gold and Silver are 
the Gods he worfhips : Thefe he looks on as the 
nobleft Work of Nature , and Gift of Heayen : 
For thefe he waftes his Strength , and wakes all 
Night. Thus are the Covetous deluded , who will 
not be convinced, that -this is the leaft valuable 
Thing Nature produces for Man's Ufè, fince it can 
fcarce be gain'd with , or kept without much An- 
xiety and Care ; or will be of any Service to us 
after Death. 






... r Perdidit arma, locum virtvth defemh, qui 
Lph'.iô 1 .' Semper in augenda feftivat & obnàtur re. 



Lib. 2. 
Sac. 3. 



Lib. i. 
Satyr. 4. 



Ximirvm infavns paucis videatur, eo quod 
Maxima pars hominum mcrbo jallatur eodem. 

Qvemvis media erue inrba, 



Aut oh aiaritiam, avt mlfera ambit ione labo/at 



The Man that ever toils, with Cares opprefs'd ; 
Anxious his Fortune to increafe, unblefs'd, 
Bafely deferting Virtue, quits his Poft -, 
And is to all that's good or noble loft. 

His Folly is obferv'd by few' with Care -, 

'Caufe moft Men feiz'd with the fame Sicknefs are* 

A m id ft the Crowd make choice of one, you'll find 
That Avarice^, or Pride, infers each Mind. 



J&MM4 



■ 



A View of H U M A N Ll=FE. 



97 




Homme avare & brutal, pourquoy murmures-t* 
Contre lafupreme fagejfs ? 
H n en faut point douter. L 'amour de la ricbejfe, 
Eli la haine de la vertu. 



Vile, fordid Wretch, why do you ftill repine, 
And dare to murmur at the Power Divine ? 
No longer can we doubt, or need debate ; 
He that doss Money love, muft Virtue hate. 

Cc The 



pS 



The Doëkive of Mqraiïty ; or, 



The Explanation of the Forty-Ninth Picture. 



L'argent corrompe tout. 

I vous ejies aujfi fenfuetyqite vofire âge & 
_ ■ ■ v vojfre mine veulent me le perfuader , je 
1È? iÊI tie doute point que vous ne. trouviez en ce 
Wfa&j^â Tableau, un grand fvjet d'aymer les ri- 
*«*>*^'« c bef es. Le Peintre y fait éclatter tout 
ce que l'or, a de charmes 5 & la fable qu'il reprefente, 
efi un grand exemple ou de la force de ce' metal, ou de 
lafoiblejfe des femmes. La beauté que vous voyez vo- 
luptuêujëment couchée fur aliiï, e]t cette fameufe 
Prince fie, que lajaloujie de fon père enferma dans une 
Tour d'airain ; & fit garder par tout ce qu'il avoit 
d'hommes vaillans & incorruptibles. Cependant ces 
demy-Heroi, ces cœurs de lion, ces âmes incapables de 
lafcheté, qui deffioient les Cieux & les Enfers > & qui 
demandaient tous les jours , qu'il fe prefentafi une occa- 
fion où ils peujfent tefmoigner à leur Prince leur valeur 
& leurfoy , font éblouys au premier éclat de l'or qui 
brille fur leurs tefies. j &pour le pojfedêr , ils oublient 
leurs promefies , & abandonnent leur honneur & leurs 
armes. Toute leur fidélité efi corrompue par ce dan- 
gereux metail. Ils trahijfent aujji l'attente & la de- 
fiinêe de leur Prince ; & livrent à la mercy du cor- 
rupteur , laproye que fans fon or , il avroit vdànement 
pourfuivie. La fragile Banaé n'a pas plus de, vertu 
que fes gardes. Elle prend plaifir a voir tomber fur 
elle des gouges d'une phyefi prëcieufê ; & Vïnnocente 
quelle efi ,fe découvrant toute pour efire rafraîchie 
d'une fi doute rofée, ne s'apperqoit pas de la perfidie 
qu'elle exerce contre foy-mefme. Mais il ne nousfer- 
viroit de rien de hy donner cet advis. Elle a def-ja re- 
ceu le prix de fon honneur. Il faut par èmfëquent 
quelle livre ce qu'elle a vendit,; & que fon artificieux 
amant qui s%fi coulé dans fon UB avec fon or, entre en 
pojfejîon de ce qu'il a fi bien achepté. 



Money corrupts all Men. 







p&s 



F you are as fenfual as your Years, 

and Looks perfuade me , I do not 

€s e doubt but you will find in this Pi- 

]fc3 dure a fair Pretence to love Money. 

**** The Painter has here fèt forth in its 
full Luftre,. all the Charms of Gold. And the 
Fable he here reprefents, is a great Example of 
the Power of this bewitching Mettle, and of the 
Frailty of Women. The beautiful Lady that you 
fee wantonly laid on her Bed, is that famous Prin- 
cefs , whom her jealous Father had fècured in a 
Tower of Brafs : To keep which he fet a Guard, 
compofed of the braveft Men in his Army ; fùch 
as he believ'd would not be bribed or feduced. Yet 
thefe Lion-hearted Heroes, thefe noble Souls who 
boafted themfèlves incapable of bafe Adtions, cal- 
ling. the Heaven they believed not, . and the Hell 
they fear'd not, to witnefs their Integrity 9 pre- 
tending they had long wifhed for an Opportunity 
like this, in which they might manifeft their Va- 
lour and Fidelity to their Prince. Thefe very 
Men dazzled with the firft Appearance cf that glit- 
tering Cloud, in which Jupiter conceal'd himfelf, 
abandon their Arms, forget their Charge, open 
'the Gates, and tumultuo'ufly ftrive to mare the 
golden Shower that falls on them. And thus at 
once they betray their Princefs and their Prince's 
Fortune ; delivering into the Arms of the amorous 
God the fair One, whom he had without his Gold 
purfued in vain. The thoughtlefs Var.ae frail as 
her Guards, fees with joy the mining Drops of that 
glorious Rain fall on her Bed, and innocently leaves 
her lovely Body all expofed , to tempt and re- 
ceive the tranfported Ravifher, who fteals into her 
Arms -, and before fhe is aware undoes the harmlefs, 
innocent Maid. Methinks I would warn her of 
her Danger, but 'tis, alas! too late -, (lie has ac- 
cepted the Pfice of her Honour , and muft permit 
her fubtle Lover, whole Gold covers her Bed, to 
enter there, and poflefs the Treafure which he has 
bought at fo great Expè%ce. 



Hor. lib. 2 . Inclufam Danaen turris aënea 
Od.'itf. ' Robufi&que fores, & vigilum canvm 
Trifies excubls, munierant fatis 
Notturms ab adulteris : 



Si non Acrifium, virgims abdits 
Cvfiodem pavidum Jupiter & Venus 
Rifijfent : fore enim tutum iter, & patens, 
Qnverfo in pretium Deo. 



Aurum per medios irefatellhes, 
Et perrnmpere amatfaxa, potenths 



IBufulmbwo. 



When old Acrifins did with pious Care, 
Within a Tower of Brafs fecure the Fair, 

The lovely Danae, with a double Guard ; 
He finely thought he took the wifeft Way, 
That no bold Lover fhould the Maid betray j 

Whilft Dogs did watch, and all the Gates were 

[barr'd. 
But Jove and Venus did his Care deride : 
With potent Gold the Gates they open'd wide. 

They knew the Way to Gold muft open lie. 
In Liquid Gold the God himfelf convey'd, 
And in the glorious Shower enjoy'd the Maid ; 

That forc'd the Gates, and fhut each watchful Eye. - 

Gold through the ftrongeft Guard and Doors will 

pafs ; 
Makes Rocks to melt, and brittle be as Glafs. 
With greater Force than pointed Lightning flies. 
'Tis.Gold that gains all Hearts, and blinds all Eyes. 
4 . Beauté 



A View $f H. v M A n Life. 



99 




étante qui mets nos cavrs en cend^è^ 

Et qtti mefme des Dieux, fais tes adorateurs j 
Vor eji le Roy des Enchanteurs, 

Ton cœur tout fier qu'il eft, ne fçauroit s'en dépendre. 
Et s'il trouve des acheteurs , 

Il na rien qui ve fcit à vendre* 



Beauty who do*ft au* Hearts -enfante, 
And even ©f the Gads cmû. Captives make ~ 

'Gold is the powerful God, whofè Name 
Has Charms, all the fair Sex to take j 

And him thy Heart refills in vain. 
Believe me, there's nothing on Earth fo rare, 
But can be bought, if there's a Purchafer.- 



The 



ICO 



The Doctrine of Morality; or, 



The Explanation of the Fiftieth Picture. 






I La Fortune ne fait point le mérite. 

,|e&îtt&v|,Û U R peu que vous foUicitiez ma complai- 

«i P §» S arice t e ^ e e ft *$& m ft s & a Jf ez f ac ^ e -> 

jo ^^é, pour prendre vojlre party , contre mes pro- 

* . presfentimens. Afin donc de vous tefmoi- 

gner combien je fuis accomodant, je vous confejferay, Ji 

vous m'en priez, que les richejfes donnent de la mine à 

un faquin, & font au moins, qu en apparence un fot a 

quelque chofe d'un honnejle homme. Mais n exigez pas 

davantage, de ma naturelle facilité. Car Ji j ' allais plus 

avant, je ferois contraint de me démentir moy-mefme ; 

& vous expliquant le Tableau devant lequel nousfommes 

arrejiez , ruiner entièrement les agréables illufons 

dont ma complaifance vous a flattez. Ne voyez vous 

pas que la Fortune qui pour faire enrager les gens d'bon- 

neur, prend plaifir à voir lesfages dans la boue, & les 

fot s fur la pourpre, na pu toutesfois fi bien defguifer 

le Singe quelle a couronné , qu'au travers des ornemens 

& des voiles dont elle Va couvert, il ne paroijfe touf- 

joitrs ce que la nature Fa fait. Tirez de là cette confe- 

quence necejfaire, quunfot eji toufours un fot ; & que 

plus un homme mal-fait efi paré, 6? plus J es difforvvj,- 

tezfe connoiffent.' Vous me direz que je ne vous tiens 

pas parole, & quà Ventrée de ce dif cours , je vouspro- 

mettoisplus de condefcendance. . Il ne tient pas à moy. 

Mais je ne puis. La force de la raifon m'emporte, & 

bien que je fois fort amy de vies amis, je le fuis encore 

plus de] la vérité. 



Fortune cannot give Defert. 

rK&>|.ERHAPS you have' hitherto thought 
p 1 me too fevere ; and therefore as a Pro 

4™*™>P °l mj g °^ ^ atur ^ I w ^ , now yield - t0 

" * allow with you, that Riches can give 
even to a vile and fordid Wretch , at leaft an Air 
of Greatnels ; and that a Knave has often in out- 
ward Appearance fome Refemhlance of an honeft 
Man. But I can proceed no further. For in ex- 
plaining this Picture, I lhall convince you that 
'tis all Illuiion ; that the Difference is fo vaft be- 
tween what is really good and noble ; and what 
fallèly appears to be fo, that ycu muft be blind if 
you prefer not Virtue in Rags, before Vice and 
Folly in Purple and Diamonds. It is true, Fortune, 
that fickle Goddefs, to try the Patience of great 
Souls, often takes delight to leave the Wife neg- 
lected in Obfcurity and Want, and feats the Idiot 
on the Throne. But 'tis not in her Power to dif- 
guifè the Monkey (he has crown d fo well, but that 
through all the gaudy Robes and Ornaments with 
which {he has endeavour'd to conceal' his Deformi- 
ties, he ftill appears to be fuch as Nature has made 
him : Like Men deform'd, who are but mrre re- 
markably ridiculous, for being finely drefsd : So 
alfo wicked, vain Men, the mere they are ad- 
vanced by Fortune in Wealth and Hon ur, the 
more their Faults and Vices became conipicu' us. 
Forgive me that I fpeâk thus plainly. I am con- 
ftrain'd to be thus warm in Truth's Defence, 
would oblige my Friend, and condefcend to avour 
his Opinions, tho'not altogether fuited*to the ftriâ 
Rules of Wifdom ; but where Virtue is concern'd, 
I love my Friend well, but Truth much better. 




Hor. lib. i. Katuram expellas furca, tamen vfque recurret, 
Epjft. 10. g t mala perrumpet furtum fajiigia vittrix. 



Lampfon. Caca fove hidignos Foras, vt lubet, at tua dona, 
Simia ve maneat fmia, nonfacie?it. 



Things againft Nature do, 'tis all in vain j 
She will with double Force return again. 
Your evil Habits cure, and Will conftrain. 

Blind Fortune, raifè the worthlefs as you plealè; 
Ycu only can beftow fuch Gifts as thefè. 
Drefi up an Ape, and place him on a Throne, 
Yet he will ftill, through all Difguifè, be known. 



Scnec. de jSfonfaniu t eqvum meliorem aurei fr&ni : neque ho- Trappings of Gold the Horfe don't better make ; j 
vie. beat. . miiJjnp/^JiamioremfortunAornamenta. nor is the Man more excellent, who dees par- 

-. . . take of Fortune's choiceft Gifts. 



Mangt 



A View of Human Life. 



IQl 







Mange dejfous un Dais ; dors dedans un Batuflré, 
Sois Fils de mille Rois, & fetit Fils des Dieux ; 
Si tu n'as la Vertu qui les mit dans les deux : 
7u ne feras qu'un Sot illuftre. 



Sleep always hi a giît Alcotë, 

And eat beneath a Canopy, 

Son of a potent Monarch be, 
And near ally'd to Mighty Jove : 
Yet if thofe Vermes wanting are, 

Which made thy Anceftors be deify *d, 
Thou wilt a gaudy Sot appear, 

And be defpis'd in all thy coftly Pride. 



Dd 



101 



The DoBrine of MORALITY; or, - 

The Explanation of the One-and-Fiftieth Picture. 

L'Amour des Biens eft un Suplice qui ne y/ je Lo . v ' f ^j c hes is an endlefs "Pain, 
finit point. 





/ la perte de la Vertu n'avait point de 

fuittes dangereuses, je ne doute pas que la 

plufpart des Hommes ejlant lâches Ù in- 

fenjibles comme ils font, nefuffent aifement 

confolé de fa perte. Mais eftant réduits 
à la deplorable necejfîté de fouffrir tous les Maux qui ac- 
compagnent le Crime, au mefme infiant qu'ils ont aban- 
donné la Vertu; je m'eftonne que leur propre Inter eft 
ne les oblige pint à faire quelques efforts pour tâcha- de 
fe la conferver. Ile fi vray, que le Gel a refolu que les 
Ames bajferfoient toujours mal-heur eufe s. Il faut donc 
que leur deftin s' accomplice. En voicy deux qui pour 
s'enrichir, n'ont apprehend- ni les Dangers de la "Terre, 
ni ceux de la Mer : & qui pour affouvir leur infatia- 
ble Avidité, ont violé également les Loix divines & 
humaines. Ne refufez, pas, je vous prie, la grace que 
je vous demande. Confiderez, avec moy, quels font les 
Fruitls de tant de Travaux & de tant de Crimes. A 
la vérité, ces Perfonnes font iliuftres par leurs grands 
Biens. Leur Ville efi ornée des Palais qu'ils ont fait 
baflir. Les Plaines les plus vaftes, ne font qu'une 
partie de leur Domaine. Les Montagnes & les Vallons 
les reconnoiffent pour Seigneurs. La Mer gémit fous le 
nombre des Vaijfeaux qu'ils envoy ent d'un Minde à 
l'autre. Voila des chofes qui paroiffent jcrt éclatantes 
& fort belles. Mais elles le parroiff ent feulement, & ne 
le font pas en effet. Ces Riches mij érables, n'ont repos 
ny nuiEl ny jour. Leurs Veilles font troublées de mille 
fafcheux Meffages ; & lenr s Sommes de peu de durée, 
font trarverfé par des Songes & par des Phantofmes 
efpouvantables. Aujourdhuy ils craignent le desborde- 
ment d'une riviere ; Demain la grefle leur donne d'a- 
larme. Le Tonner e ne fçauroit gronder, qu'ils ne trem- 
blent, non de peur d'en e/b-e frapez,, mais de l'appre- 
henjion que leurs moiffons n'en foient renverf'es. Au 
feul nom de Banqueroute ils palijfent ; & fe perfuadent 
qu'ils n'y a pas un Courtier de Change qui ne foit un 
Voleur dêguifé. S'ils ofoient reftablir l'Adoration des 
Idoles, ils fenient de bon cœur des Sacrifices à Neptune 
& aux Vents, pour en obtenir le falut de leurs Vaif- 
feaux ; & adjcufians le facrilege à l'ùfure, interejfe- 
roient, s'il leur eftoit pcjfible, Dieu mefme dans la cvn- 
fervation de leurs Biens mal acquis. Pouvez.-vous 
maintenant appeller ces Gens, Grands, Ik'ufires, Heu- 
reux. Si vous le faites, vous nèfles pas du Sentiment 
d'un Homme qui a pu donner jaloufie au grand Alex- 
andre. Vous le voyez, dans fon Tonneau, fans inquie- 
tude, fans crainte & fins douleur, pour ce qu'il eft fans 

richeffe. Il fe mocque des fous, qui fe defefperent de Idolatry to Ufury. Nay, if it was poffible, they 
leurs pertes ; & fe vante d'eftre véritablement grand would even intereft God himfelf in the Conferva- 
Seigneur, puifqu'il efi au deffus des chofes que le Monde tion of their ill-gotten Treafure, by praying on 
eflime les plus grandes. this Occafion, tho they do fo on no other. You 

may yet continue to ftile thefe Men Great, No- 
ble, and Fortunate ; but if you would be truly Wife, hearken to that wondrous Man, whofe 
Condition was 1 even envy'd by the Great Alexander. See here Diogenes in his Tub, free from Fears 
and Cares, boafting that his Poverty is his Happinefs. Fools that you are, fays he, whom Loffes throw 
into Defpair ! How far am I above you ? I am indeed a mighty Man, who have learn'd to defpife 
all thofe things which the World moft efteems, and for which you figh and languifh. 
jfr ) *> i *< ft ft ft ft ^^^ft*fr^-4H 



|F to beat enmity with Virtue was not 
attended with very ill Confequences, 
I fear that the greater part of Man- 
kind are now fo bafe and fenfelefs, 
that they would little value or court 
her Friendfhip. But being certain to fuffer all 
the Miferies that are the Effects of that Crime, 
and to be wretched from the moment they forfake 
her ; I am amazed that the Senfe of their own 
Intereft does not prevail with Men to make at 
leaft fome Efforts to preferve her Friendfhip. Cer- 
tain it is, that Heaven has decreed all mercenary 
and ignoble Souls fhould be in themfelves mifera- 
ble. Behold here two Perfons, who to acquire 
great Riches have defpifed all Dangers of the Seas 
and Climates ; and to fatisfy that hateful Paflion, 
broken through all Laws, both Human and Di- 
vine. Confider, I befeech you, with me, what 
are the Fruits of all their Pains and Crimes. 'Tis 
true, thefe Perfons are famous and renown'd for 
their great Wealth. The City where they dwell, 
is adorn'd with ftately Houfes and Palaces built at 
tKeir Coft. The largeft Plains adjoining, are but 
a part of their Poffeffions : Mountains and flowry 
Vales acknowledge them their Lords ; the Seas 
foam under the vaft weighty Ships they fend to 
every Quarter of the World to trade in hopes to 
increafe their Store. Thefe things make their 
Condition to appear very tempting and happy, I 
allow : but they are in reality quite otherwife ; 
miferable is their Condition. They know no 
Peace day or night. When they are awake, fre- 
quent Alarms of VefTels loft, of midnight Fires, 
and Debtors going off, diffract their Souls, and 
pall all their Enjoyments. When fleeping, ftrange 
Dreams of Hell, of Death, and terrifying Fiends, 
of Tempefts, and Ghofts of thofe they have un- 
done, appear ; and thus they ftart, and trembling 
rife, to be a-new tormented. To-day they fear 
fome River fhould o'erflow their Lands : to-mor- 
row r a Shower of Hail alarms them ,• and Thunder 
cannot rear, but they look pale, not fearing Death 
fo much, as that their Harveft fhould be fpoil'd. 
Name but a Bankrupt, and they change Colour, 
and look upon every Man as a Thief, that would 
borrow any thing of them. If they dared, they 
would raife Altars to Neptune and the Winds, in 
hopes to obtain Safety for their Ships ; and fo add 



Horat.1.2. 
Oii. 



Defiderantem quod fatia efi, neque 
Tumultuofum follicitat mare, 
Nee favus ArBuri cadentis 
Impetus, aut orientis Hozdi : 
Non verberata grandine vinea, 
Fundufque mendax, arbore nunc aquas 
Cubante, nunc tor r ent i a agros 
Sidera, nunc hiemes iniquas. 



^fr^ft^^frj^jfr ft ft ft ft ft ft frft ft ft ft ft ft ^Afoff frft jfrftfon-frfrj fr ft 4 , 4 , 4 , ij u f , , « , jfrj^ jj^jj^jfrfojwjij^fr 

He that no more than what will Life fuffife 
Does ask, no Change of Fortune can furprize : 
Loud Storms and Tempefts he unmov'd can hear. 
And unconcerned behold the clouded Skies, 
And gathering Winds in horrid Difcord rife ; 
Let Nature fhake, his Soul's exempt from Fear. 

Let dreadful Hail his hopeful Vineyard fpoil, 

Or Olives parch 'd, fhrink up and yield no Oil ; 

His Field unfruitful all his Hopes defeat, 

His Orchards wanting Fruit, appear to mourn 
The Summer's Drought, and faded look forlorn; 

Or fudden Froft deftroy, his Life is ftveet. 



A View of Human Life. 



3 




Ccnfulte, Ambitieux y ce que tu vois icy ; 
Et ton Cœur aura fait un excellent Eflude. 
Le pauvre Vertueux vit fans inquietude, 
Et le riche Méchant nef. jamais fans foucy. 



Ambitious Men, obferve what here you fee, 
A Truth of mighty ufe to all it fhows î 

The Poor and Vertuous live from Terrors free, 
The Rich and Wicked never know Repofe. 



io4 



The Dottrine of MORALITY; or, 



The Explanation of the Two-and-Fiftieth Picture. 



L'Avarice eft un grand Mai. 



Cocetoufnefs is a great Misfortune. 




\OMME fi ce n'efioit pas affez, des Craintes ||l*ljg|HE numerous Cares with which the Ava- 
& des Soins dont les Avares font tourmenté, |||2jfÉ ritious are tormented, are not fufficient 
toutes les fois qu'ils hasardent leurs Biens, il W^^M to compleat their Punifliment. There 
le font encore des Demons familiers qui habitent leurs \s a fort of familiar Spirits that continually haunt 
Cabinets & leurs Coffres ; & qui les tiennent continuelle- their Clofets and Coffers; whofe Names are Dif- 
ment dans l 'apprebenfion de pe-fdre l'Argent qu'ils ont truft and Doubt, which keep them perpetually on 

the Rack, under the moll terrible Apprehenfions 
of lofing thofe Treafures which the vigilant Slaves 
have fecured under a hundred Locks and Bolts. 
The miferable Wretches pafs the tedious Hours 



ment dans F apprebenfion de perdre l'Argent 
enfermé fous cent Clefs. Ces Miferables paffent d'une 
Inquietude à l'autre ; & d'une 'Trouble eftranger à un 
Trouble domeftiqiïe. Les voicy reprefenté, après na- 
ture en la Perfonne de ce viel Ufurier. Il tient d'une 

main les Borderaux & les Regifires de l'Argent qu'on of Life in continual Inquietudes, and are as much 
luy rapporte, avec les Interefts à Cent pour Cent ; & à concern'd from what may happen in their Homes, 
Vinflant mefme qu'il le reçoit, il efl intérieurement per- as at what the Seas and foreign Shores may pro- 
' ''■■'' " T ' ' duce, to undo their Traffick, and deftroy their 

Fortunes. See here, moft naturally reprefented in 
the Perfon of this old Ufurer, the Condition of 
thefe People. He holds in his Hand a Lift of the 
Sums of Money with the Intereft brought him, 
fill'd with a fecret Tranfport to obferve how the 
abominable Intereft of Cent, per Cent, has increafed 
the damning Store ; and yet at the fame inftant 
trembles, with the Fear of being robb'd. He 
looks upon his own Children as Harpys, who 
wait in continual Expectation of his Death, and 
long for nothing fo much as to be his Heirs. He 
even looks upon all their Tendernefs and Services 
to him, as fo many Snares and Defigns againft his 
His Servants, whofe long-try 'd Faith has 



fecutè de la Crainte d'eftre Volé. Il regarde fes propres 
Enfans comme, autant de Harpies qui veillent pour luy 
dévorer avec fin Or fin bon-heur imaginaire. Il inter- 
prette leurs Services & leurs Demonftrations d'Amitié, à 
des Amorces & des Pièges, où ils ont fait deffein de le 
prendre. Ses Serviteurs n'ont eflé admis au miniftere 
défis Trefors, qu âpres qu'ils ont eflé f ouf mis à toutes 
les efpreuves qu'il a âefiré. Cependant, quoy qu'il 
fuit affeuré du refpeEl des uns & de la fidélité des au- 
tres, il pâlit, il tremble, il fi defefpere. Ses Yeux, fes 
Pieds, fes Mains, & fes Soupçons, fint d'ajfidus mais 
d'infidèles Efpies, qui errant de Chambre en Chambre, 
& de Coffre en Offre, luy donnent jour Ù nuitl de 
fauffes & cruelles Alarmes. 

Life 
prevail'd with him to permit them to bring in and manage his Treafures, he's ftill fufpicioûs of: and 
thohe has all the Réâfon in the world to be affured of his Childrens Affection and their Fidelity, yet 
he ftill wakes, ftartles, liftens, and fhakes at every Noife. He fteals from one Chamber to another, 
pries into each Corner of his Coffers, to fee if nothing's loft. Thus Night and Day he languifh.es for 
thatRepofe, which he never can poffefs, till he becomes wife, and ceafes to fear the Lofs, of all things 
but Immortal Treafures, which are only worth our Care. 



c- * -x- st SU £î- 4®. -&- <5- 4£ •&• 4%. # . 4£ J&- 45- 4£ 46. 4£ JÇ. & '&- i^ J^ S S ft 






Horat.l.3. Crefcentem fequitur cura pecuniam, 



Od. 16, 



Juvenal. 
Sat. 4. 



Majorumque fames. 

Interea pleno cum turgit façculus ore, 

Crefiit amor nummi, quantum ipfa pecunia crefcit, 

Et minus banc opt at qui non habet. 



As Riches do increafe, fo does Defire ; 

Still more we fear their Lofs, and more require. 

As the Sack fwells with the dear Store, 
So does the greedy Mifer's Thirft for more ; 
Whilft he who leaft of Fortune's Bounty (hares, 
Does leaft defire Wealth, and 's free from Cares. 



A View of Human Life. 




Cet Avare aux lèvres déteintes, The Mifer here, with pale and withered Pace, 

Met fon Bon-heur en fon Argent ; Does in his Money all his Comfort place ,- 

Cependant le Chagrin luy donne mill' atteintes; Whilft Care to keep it like a Vultur tears 

Et comme un fier Vautour fes Entrailles rongeant : His Soul within, and endlefs Doubts and Fears 

II meurt cent fois le jour, de Soupçons & de Craintes. Deftroy his Peace, and wafte his joylefs Yeats. 



io6 



The Do&rine of MORALITY; or> 



The Explanation of the Fifty-Third Picture. 



L'Avare craint tout, & ne craint rien. 



'EST un grand Mal- heur que d'ejîre 
éternellement dans la Crainte & dans 
l'Inquiétude. Mais -pour comble de 
Mal-heur, & pour le dernier Châti- 
ment des Crimes de l'Homme avare, 
il arrive quelque fois qu'il devient 
infenfible à ce qu'il fouffre ; & que 




"The Covetous fear all things, yet fcem 
infenfible of all things. 

T is a great Misfortune to be per-* 
petually in fear and dread ; but 
the laft and greateft Punifhment 
that Heaven can chaftife a Man 
withal, is to let him become ftu- 
pid and infenfible of all he fuffers, 
fo as to go on in Sin, without a- 




comme un Homme letargique eft d'autant plus periUeufe- waking to Repentance : This often happens to the 
ment malade qu'il n'a plus de fentiment de fon mal. 
L'Homme qui femble fe repofer dans ce Tableau, eft un 
Couvent able Exemple de ces Punitions divine*. Il a 
l'Ame & les Yeux tellement attachez, fur fin Argent, 
& eft fi extraordinairement frapp: 1 de ITnfenfibïliiè de 
fon Mal, qu'il n'a plus. d'Oreilles pour ouyr, n'y d'Yeux 
pour voir les horribles Supplices que le Ciel & la Terre 
luy préparent. Tantoft fon bon Génie luy découvre le 
Fer fanglant des Voleurs qui le doivent égorger. Tantoft 
il luy monftre les Chaînes que luy préparent les Corf aires 
qui font en mer, pour s'enrichir de fes dépouilles. Tan- 
toft il hy prêfente les Efcueils qui font cachez, fous les 
ondes ; & tantoft il nffemble tous les Vents, & leur, fait 
exciter des Tempeftes capables d'effrayer les Monftres 
mefmes de la Mer. Cependant, ce faux Philofophe de- 
meure immobile parmy tant de SpeBacles d'Horreur ; & 
fon Avarice luy promettant une VtEloire générale fur 
tant de différents Ennemis, il va au travi 
des Flammes, affouvir l'exécrable Pajfi 



l va au travers du Fer & 
Ion qui le dé- 



vore. 

cies that 
freed from 
what he has 
Fire and .the 



Covetous. Like a Man in a Lethargy he grows 
every day lefs fenfible of his Difeafe, as he grows 
nearer his End. The Man who appears in this 
Picture to repofe himfelf, is a terrible Example of 
the Divine Vengeance. He has his Soul and Eyes 
fo attached to his Money, that regarding nothing 
elfe, he has neither Ears to hear, nor Eyes to. fee, 
the dreadful things that Heaven and Earth have 
prepared for him. His good" Genius in vain 
warns him one moment of the bloody Death which 
the Swords of the watching Thieves prepare for 
him. Anon he fhows him the ponderous fettering 
Chains the Pirates have at Sea got ready to bind 
him withal, in hopes to fhare his Spoils amongft 
them. Then reminds him to liften to the aflem- 
bling Winds, who raife Tempefts, terrible enough 
to affright even the Monfters who inhabit the 
Seas; whilft the united Waves join their loud 
Murmurs to augment the Terrors of the aftonifh- 
ing Scene. Yet this dull Lethargick remains un- 




moved amidft all thefe horrid Spectacles. He fan- 
he is feated on his Treafures, he is invulnerable. He would not be poor, tho to be 
.hefe Dangers. He will endure all things to be rich, and refolves not to part with 
thus hardly fcraped together, but with his Life ; and will expofe himfelf even to 
Sword, rather than voluntarily part with what gratifies his brutifh Paflion. 



Horat.l.i. 
Sat. i. 



-Cum te neque fervidus aftus 



Demoveat lucre, neque hyems, ignis, mare, f err urn, 

Nil obftet tibi, dum ne fit te ditior alter. 

Sic feftinanti femper kcupletior obftat : 

Ut, cum carceribus miffos rapit ungula currus, 

Inftat equis auriga, fuos vincentibus, ilium 

Prateritum temnens extremos inter euntem. 

Inde fit, ut raro qui fe vixijfe beatum 

Dicat & exaBo contenus tempore vita 

Cedat, ttti conviva fatur reperire queamus. 



Whereas neither the Winter's freezing Cold, 
Or Summer's Heat, or raging Seas with-hold 
You from Purfuit of Gain ; or Sword, or Fire, 
Can make you flop, or quell the fierce Defire : 
All that oppofes you furmount, but why ? ' 
Becaufe no Man fliall Richer be than I. 
As in purfuit of Wealth one always finds 
Still one that richer is, which galls our Minds ; 
So in the Race, when from the Bar 
The Chariots ftart, each Driver far 
From minding thofe he has paft by, 
Still on the foremoft keeps his Eye, 
Proud to be always firft, we ne'er look down 
On thofe whofe State's inferiour to our own : 
This is the Caufe one rarely finds a Man, 
Who cries, I own I've happy liv'd, and can 
Contented be this day to quit the Stage, 
It is enough, I've liv'd to a good Age ; 
Chearful takes leave, and Death does fmiling meet, 
As pleas'd as he that rifes from a Treat. 



A View of Human Life. 



Ï07 




Ce viel Avare à tous momens 
Surffre mille divers Tourmens. 
Jl craint les Elemens, les Demons, & les Hommes 
Il croit mal-ajfeuré, ce qu'il a dans les mains. 
Et cependant mij érables Humains ! 
Voila ce qui nous plaift ; voila ce que nous fommes. 



This Ùfurer each Moment feels 

Torments as great as Racks and Wheels ; 

He fears each Noife, ftarts at the Air, 

Fancies fome Thief, or Devil's near ; 

And thinks not what he grafps fecure. 

See miferable Mortals here 

Your wretched State, the Pains you muft endure. 



io8 



The DoBrine of MORALITY; or, 










L'i 




<%S9^&) X 


'iH- 


m] 






WS^YKSr 



The Explanation of the Fpurtand-Fiftieth Picture. 



L'Avarice eft Iufatiable. 



Avarice is I/ifatiaie* 



E trouvez, pas mauvais que notre Pein- 
tre ait ajouté ces Maledictions à celles 
qui funt de/ta tombées fur les Avares. 
Il reprefente ces Miferable's, fcuffrant 
le plus horrible Suplice dont le jufie 
Difpenfateur des chofes a de coutume 
de punir ces Voleurs, que les Loix ci- 



HINK notf our Painter too fe 
vere, in adding this Example of 
another Curfe that attends the Co- 
vetous. Thofe miferabie Wretches 
are here reprefented fuffering, the 
moft cruel Torment with which 

the juft Judge of all things is ufed 
viles ont toujours condamnées & toujours laiffé viure im- to pun'dh thefe worft of Villains,who make ad van- 







punis. C'efi la Faim renaiffante, & V Infatiabilité 
prodigieufe qui les dévore. Ils ne pouvoient eftre mieux 
Figures que pay le Portrait d'un Hydropique. Les Dé- 
bauches & la Gloùtonnie de ce brutal luy ayant gaflé les 
parties qui fervent à la Fabrique du Sang ; & par -con- 
sequent à la Confervation de la Santé : il eft juftement 



tage of the Neceffities of the Unfortunate. They 
are fuch whom the whole World in general con- 
demns, and the Laws have left unpunifh'd : but 
they fuffer a never-dying Hunger and Thirft, an 
infatiate Defire of More, that devours their Souls. 
No better Reprefentation could be made of this 



châtié par les mêmes parties qu'il a injuftement Offen- fad Condition, than by this Pidure of a Man dy- 
cées. Il fçait que fan Eftomac n'a plus de chaleur qui ing with the Dropfy. This Debauchee has ruined 

ne foit à demy étouffée; que fm foye n eft plus capable 



de fes Functions , & que tout ce qu'il prend fe convertit 
en ferofiteés mortelles. Cependant le malheureux qu'il 
eft, il eft orulé d'un feu domefii que qui ne peut eftre 
efteint ; & croit qu' à force de boire il recevra quelque 
foulagèment. Il boit, donc, & plus il boit <ÙX plus s' 'ac- 
croît le dejir de boire. Le Corps luy enfle jufque aux 
extremitez. des pieds & des mains. L'Eau luy regorge 
prefque par la bouche ; & néanmoins il eft toujours 
altéré. Il reprend auffi le verre, & boit fa mort, avec 
l'Eau qui rend fon Mal incurable. . Faites l'Applica- 
tion de cette Similitude. Conftderez, l'Avare, comme 
nous avons confideré V Hydropique ; & vous verrez, ou 



his Health with Exceflive Eating and .Drinkino- 
and is now juftly punifli'd in the fame kind in 
which he has offended. He is fenfible that the na- 
tural Heat of his Stomach is almoft loft, that his 
Liver is no longer able to perform its Office, and 
that all the Nourifhment he takes to fupport Life 
is for want of a good Digeftion immediately con- 
verted into crude watry Humours, that increafe 
his Pains, and haften his End. Unhappy Wretch ! 
he is inwardly confumed with a Fire that Art can- 
not extinguifh, and hopes for Eafe by abundant 
Drinking, which makes his Diftemper worfe: The 
more he drinks, the more his Thirft increafes. 



qu'ils font Malades d'une femblable Maladie, ou que His Body is.fwoln even to his fingers ends: a 



s'il y a quelque difference, c'eft que l' Hydropique n'eft 
pas ft 'cruellement puni de fes Def ordres, que l' Avare 
I' eft de fes Deréglemens. Car l' Hydropique ne languit 
que deux ou trois Ans au plus ; & l'Avare eft des trente 
& quarante Annies continuellement tourmenté des Dou- 
leurs & des 'Tortures, que fon Infatiabilité renouvelle à 
toutes les heures du jour & de la nuiB. 



Flood of Waters fills his Stomach,"ând yet he's 
ftill dry. He continually puts the Cup to his 
Mouth, and fwallows Death with the greedy 
Draught. Make you the Application of this Si- 
militude, my ingenious Companions. Confider 
the Avaritious Man with attention, and you will 
find him ill of the fame Difeafe, or rather 
wbrfe : For the Dropfy holds not above two or 



three Years at moft, and then Death puts an end to his Pain ; but the Covetous generally languifh 
thirty or forty Years, continually tormented with that infatiable Thirft after Wealth, which nothing 
in the World can fatisfy ; that Anxiety and Care, which drives Sleep from their Eyes, and Peace from 
their Souls, and renders them the moft contemptible and wretched of all Mankind. 



&&&&&&&^&£&&&&^&^&Mi^&^&&£&&&^&&&M&& 



Horat.1.2. Crefcit indulgens fibi dirus hydrops, 
Od. i. 2Vec fitim pe'llit, nifi caufa morbi 

Fugerit venis, & aquofus albo 

Corpore languor. 



Lib. 5. 
Od.24. 



— — Scilicet improba 

Crefcunt Divitia, tamen 

Curta nefcio quid femper abeft rei. 



He that the Dropfy has, no Eafe can gain 

By drinking oft, but does increafe his Pain ; 

Indulging it, he ftill augments his Grief: 
He firft that watry Humeur muft expel, 
That does his Body wafte, nor can be well 

Till Drinking's left, and Phyfick gives relief. 

Altho the Mifer's Riches ftill increafe, 
He feems not fatisfy 'd, or lives at eafe : 
Something's ftill wanting to compleat his Store ; 
Ye Gods, he cries, give me ftill one thing more. 









A View of Human Life. 



109 




Retranche le dejîr qui t'agite & te trouble : 
Borne ta convoitise où finit ton pouvoir. 
Plus l' Hydropique boit, plus la foif luy redouble . 
Plus l'Avare a de biens, plus il en veut avoir. 



Quell that ùntam'd Defire that breaks thy Peace } 
Wilh not for things beyond thy Rank and Power. 
The Dropfical, by drinking, does encreafe 
His fatal Thirft ; the Rich ftill covet more. 



Ff 



no 



The DoBrine of Molality; or, 



The Explanation of the Five-and-Fiftieth Pi&ure. 



L'Avare eft fon Bourreau. 



ft be Covetous Man is his ow/i tor nie titer. 




L manquoit deux grands maux aux Avares, 
four efire au comble de leurs miferes. Vbicy 
le premier, qui efi le plus épouvantable Fléau 
dont la Jufiice du Ciel a couftume de les châtier. Si 
je vous demande pour quoy les Hommes prennent tant 
de peine, pour quoy fi fouvent ils bazardent leur vie, en 
un mot, pourquoi ils deviennent leurs 'Tyrans, & leurs 
Bourreaux ; vous me refpondrez, infailliblement, que c'efi 
pour acquérir par le travail de leur efprit, ou par celuy de 
leurs mains, les richejfes que la naijfance leur a refufée. 
Si je pourfuis ma demande, & vous follicite de me dire 
quelle efi, la fin de tous les travaux que les Hommes, 
foujfrent pour acquérir des richejfes ; je fuis ajfeuré que 
vous me répliquerez,, que ces travaux ont pour leur 
cbjetl, la joye, l'abondance, la bonne chère, & Us 
autres délices, qui ne nous peuvent efire données que 
par la pcjfejfion des grands biens. ! que fi vous avez, 
cette créance, vous efies dans une grande erreur. Tour- 
nez, les yeux fur cette Peinture, & vous connoiftrez, 
qu'il n'y a point de gueuferie fi fordide & fi lâche que 
celle de tous les Riches. Je dis de tous les Riches, pour 
ce que c'efi une vérité fondamentale, que tous ceux qui 
font devenus Riches par leur travail, font en mefme 
temps devenus extrêmement avares. Celuy que vous 
•voyez, efi un de ces ennemis de luy même. Ce gueux 
milieu de tous ces biens, meurt de foif & de faim ; 



au 



& fi quelquefois il accorde à fon ventre quelques mavais 
aliments, c'efi avec tant d'épargne & tant d'Avarice, 
que dans une générale fterilité de toutes chofes, il n'y a 
point de pauvre honteux qui vit fi miferablement. Ce 
monftre cependant, trouve des délices incomparables en 
cette forte de mifere, d'autant que vivant ainfi, il ne 
voit diminuer n'y les monceaux de bled, n'y le nombre 
des tonneaux de vin qui l'environnent. 




HERE are yec wanting two great Mis- 
fortunes more, to compleat the Miferies 
of the Avaritious. Behold the firft, one 
of the moft terrible Chaftifements with which 
Heaven is ufed to fcourge them. If I fhould 
now ask yo;i why Men take fo much pains, and 
fo often hazard their Lives by Sea and Land ; 
in a word, why they become cruel to themfelves, 
and fatigue their Bodies : you would doubtlefs 
anfwer, 'tis to obtain by the Labours of their 
Hands, and Study of their Brains, that Compe- 
tency and Fortune which their Birth deny'd them. 
If I fhould yet proceed to ask you farther, what 
is the View and Defign with which Men labour 
thus for Riches, I am affured you would reply, 
'tis in hopes to enjoy Plenty, Pleafure, and all the 
Satisfactions which render Life agreeable and 
happy ; and which nothing but a large Fortune 
can furnifh. But believe me, Friends, you are 
much deceived, if you think thus. Turn cue 
your Eyes on this Pifture, and you will be con- 
vinced, that there is no Poverty fo vile and bafe 
as the covetous Man's. For 'tis a known 
Truth, that all thofe who have obtain'd great 
Riches by Ufury and Extortion, have in Age be- 
come extremely covetous. The Man before you 
is one of thofe Enemies to himfelf. This rich 
Beggar even ftarves with Hunger and Thirft 
amidfl his Stores, and affords not to his craving 
Stomach Food, either good or fufficient ,• and even 
that which he does make ufe of, comes with as 
much Regret and Sparingnefs from him, as if it 
were a time of Scarcity and Famine ; nor is there 
on Earth a more wanting or miferable Creature, 
fancies that 



Yet this Monfter fancies that he finds incompa- 
rable Satisfaction in this miferable kind of Life, fince he percieves not his Corn and Wine to decreafe. 
There confifts his Joy ; his Clothes wear not out, and his Barns are full. 






Horat.1.2. 
Silt. 3. 



Qui Nummos, Aurumque recondit, nefcius uti 
Compofitis, metuenfque velut contingere facrum ? 
Si quis ad ingentem frumenti femper acervum 
PorreBus vigilet cum longo fufle ; neque Wine 
Audeat efuriens Dominus contingere granum, 
Ac potius foliis parous vefcatur amaris : 
Si pofitus intus Chii, veterifque Falerni 
Mille cadis, nihil eft, ter centum millibus, acre 
Potet acetum. 



What differs he from him, who having Store, 
And Heaps of Gold, does dare no more 
To touch, or ufe, than if it facred were ? 
Or he that arm'd with a long Staff, with Care, 
Should pafs the Nights to guard his Heaps of 

Wheat, 
And almoft flarv'd, forbear one Grain to eat, 
But feeds on bitter Herbs ? His Cellars flor'd 

with Wine j 
A thoufand, nay, three thoufand Tuns of Chio fine, 
Or old Falernian of the beft, fhould chufe 
Sour Lees to drink, and better fear to ufe ? 



#. 



A View of Human Life. 



hi 




Non ; il n'eft pas befoin d'inventer un fupplice 
Pour punir ce brutal de Jon avidité. 
Il s' eft fait fin bourreau par excez, d'Avarice ; 
Et Jçait bien fe punir comme il a mérité. 



No ; there's no need a Torment to invent, 
This fordid Fool to punifh ; racking Pain 
He gives himfelf : His Thirft of Gain 

His Life deftroys, and is his Punifhment. 



Ill 



The DoBrine of MORALITY; or, 



The Explanation of the Fifty-Sixth Picture. 



Un Aveuglement eft fuivy d'un autre. One "Blindïiefs is attended 'with another* 




I l'Avare eft puni au dedans par la 
crainte qu'il a d 'ufer de ces richejfes, 
il ne I' eft pas moins au dehors, par le 
peu de connoifsance qu'il a de fa bru- 
talité. Il eft toujours frappé de 
l'efprit d'aveuglement, & comme cer- 
tains faux qui fe croyent parfaitement 
fages, il fe figure d'eftre un Achille & n'eft qu'un 
terfite. Quelques injuftes & quelques opiniaftres par- 
tifans des richejfes que vais foyez,, vous ne fçauriez, 
voir le riche & ridicule Midas, que vous ne demeuriez, 
d'accord, qu'on peut eftre tout enfemble extrêmement 
riche & extrêmement fot. Mais ce qu'il y a de pis en 
cette avanture, ceft qu'à proportion que le fot s'êleve 
fa fottife s'êleve aufft. Elle monte avec lui fur le 
'theatre qu'il s' eft lâty defes trefors; & fe fait mon- 
trer au doigt, par tous ceux qui font affez, clairs- 
voyants, pour ne pas confondre une Marotte & une 
Diadème. Nôtre Peintre veut que vous foyez, de ces 
illuminez, ', car il vous prefente en ce "tableau la fottife 
elle-même, qui coiffe bien plaifamment le Dieu des 
richejfes, du plus ample defes bonnets ridicules ; & lui 
met entre les mains le fceptre grotefque avec lequel elle 
commande à la plus grande partie de l'Univers, tour- 
nez,, je vous prie, les yeux fur ce kintain, que ce 
Peintre a fi heureufement prattiquè fur la cime d'une 
montagne. Vous y verrez, un exemple bien fameux de 
la vérité que je vous annonce, en ce Prince impertinent, 
qui ayant demandé aux dieux de convertir en Or tout 
ce qu'il toucheroit ; obtint fi mal-heureufement pour 
luy, l'accomplijfement de ces vœux, qui l fût incapable 
de tout autre chofe que de faire de l'Or. Mais en 



WSSÈ 



H E Covetous are not only pu- 
nifhed with Fears, and that un- 
accountable Terror that forbids 
them to make ufe of thofe things 
which they poffefs, but they even 
grow ftupid and infenflble of their 
own Folly ; they feem, as it were, 
ftruck with an incurable Bhndnefs ; and like mod 
Fools, who think themfelves perfectly "wife. The 
Mifer fancies himfelf a fécond Achilles, when he 
is indeed more ridiculous than a te-fitis. Were 
you one of the moft partial and obftinate Fa- 
vourers of Riches, yet it would not be poffible 
for you to look on the ridiculous Figures here be- 
fore you, without agreeing with me in opinion, 
that a Man may be at the fame time extremely 
rich, and extremely foolifh and contemptible. 
Nay, what is worfe, it is generally ■ feen, that 
fuch People's Folly does increafe with their For- 
tunes. The avaritious Man feems to mount a 
Theatre which he has raifed with ill-got Trea- 
fures, on which Folly's placed, cajolling him, 
whilft he" ftands expofed and pointed at by all 
thofe who have Wifdom enough to diftinguifh a 
Fool's Cap from a Diadem. Our Painter is de- 
firous that you fliould be of the Number of thefe 
illuminated Perfonsj and therefore here repre- 
fents Folly herfelf employed in decking the God 
of Riches, on whom fhe puts one of her moft 
remarkable Ornaments, a Cap, whofe greateft 
Excellency conflits in a large Pair of Afs's Ears j 
which well expreffes the Merit of the Wearer. 
She puts into his Hands a Grotefque Scepter, 
with which he indeed governs too great a part of 
the World. Lift up your Eyes now to the Top 
of yon Mountain, which our Painter has inge- 
nioufly drawn, you will there fee an Example one 
of the moft curious of all the Stories that Nature or Antiquity records ; which though it is a Fiâion, 
has yet an excellent Moral. Midas the King, who is there feated, had fome time before befought the 
Gods to grant him his Requeft ; which was, That all things he touched might be converted into 
Gold ; which he unfortunately obtain'd : fo that he was in danger to perifli, his Food being turn'd 
into that damning Metal. But as a juft Punifhment for his criminal Demand, he fo abfolutely lofes 
the Ufe of his Reafon, that he finds more Harmony in the Horn-Pipe of Pan, than in the ravifhing 
Harp of the God of Mufick. 



punition de fa demande criminelle, il perdit fi abfolu- 
ment l'Ufage de la raifen.Û 'des fens, qu'il trouva plu 
d'harmonie au cornet enroilê d'un Monftre, qu~ l 
lyre mefmedu Dieu delà Mufique. 



us 
la 






Hor. l.i. 
Epift. 18. 

Ariftot. 
Rhet. 2. 
Itbcrat. 
Arcopag, 



Stultitiam patiuntur Opes- 



v Ort £mfra » istAï^î îsj> 

TlKurioi;, àfTOK Jhvasîinus aeo;«, ^ 
Mira' Ttv'jvi ÀKohctna. 



My Wealth will fupport my Folly. 

A rich Man's always mad. 

Madnefs is always the infeparable Companion of 

Wealth and Power ; and next to her in Favour, 

is Intemperance. 



A View of Human Life. 



ii| 




Ne te vante jamais n'y d'efprit n'y d'adreffe, 
four avoir plus vole, que n'ont fait tes ayeux. 
Midas efioit tout d'Or ; & malgré fa riche fe, 
Il pajja pour un Afne au jugement des Dieux. 



Boàft not thy mighty Wit and Parts, 
Becaufe by Frauds and cunning Arts, 
Thour't richer than thy Anceftors. 
Midas, who all things turn'd to Gold, 
The Gods in no efteem did hold, 
But crownM him with an Afs's Ears. 



Gg 



114 



The Doiïrine of MORALITY; or, 



The Explanation of the Seven-and-Fiftieth Pidure. 
L'Avare meurt comme il a vefcu. r Tfhe Covetous die as they live. 




UELQUES melancholiques que "vous 
foyez,, de vous voir fi éloignez* de vos pre- 
tentions, il faut néanmoins que vous riez, 
du plaifant fpeEïacle, que nôtre Poè'fie 
muette vous a préparé. Approchez, donc, 



F you was difpofed ever fo much to- 
Melancholy, or difpleafed to be con- 
vinced of your Error (if inclined to 
love Money) yet you muft needs be 
diverted at the pieafant Sight our 
du miserable HEl où gift un malade encore plus mife- mute Hiftorian has prepared for you. Draw near 
rable ; & contemplez, l'avare Opimius, contraint far then to the Bed-fide of a Man more miferable 




un mal violent d' abandonner la garde de [es Sacs Ù 
de fes Coffres. Le catherre l'étoufe. La flutlion lui 
fait perdre l'ufage des fens. Il dort en dépit qu'il en 
ait, d'un fomme prefque Mortel ; & fon ame qui veille 
encore un peu, ne lui reprefente autour de lui, que des 
troupes de voleurs, refolus de s'enrichir de fes depciiilles. 
Mais ces vifions ne font pas abfolument trompéufes : 
car fes héritiers acharnez, fur fon argent, comme des 
Vautours fur une charogne, engloutiffent des yeux & de 
la penfée, tous les trefors que ce dragon a fi long-temps 
gardez,. Ils en parlent comme s'il étoit défia mort. Us 
fe raillent de la peine qu'il a pris à les enrichir ; &■ 
pour fe mocquer de luy, s'entre-difent qu'afin que fa 
mort foit conforme à fa vie, il ne faut pas beaucoup 
depenfer à fes funérailles. Le Médecin cependant, plus 
charitable que les héritiers, accourt au foulagement du 
malade. Il vient le remède à la main; & employe 



than the wretched Place he lies in appears to be. 
It is the Covetous Opimius, who is conftrain'd, 
by a violent Difeafe, to abandon the Care of his 
Baggs and Coffers. A violent DeSuftion almoft 
ftifles him j he fleeps notwithftanding, render'd 
ftupid by a Lethargy, which inftead of refreshing 
him, is the Symptom of approaching Death. His 
Soul, which is yet awake to torment him, repre 
fents nothing to his rack'd Imagination, but 
Troops of 'Thieves, refolved to enrich themfelves 
with his Spoils. But his Fears are not altogether 
groundlefs; his Heirs gaping after his Money, 
like Vulturs on a dead Carcafe, devour with 
their Eyes the Treafures which this watchful 
Dragon has fo long kept from them ; look on 
him as already dead, and proceed to reflect on his 
Memory, calling to mind the indirect Ways by 



toute fa fauffe eloquence pour vaincre fon affoupiffement. which he has gain'd thefe Riches : and then con- 



Comme il voit qu'il n'en peut venir à bout, il tente le 
dernier & le plus puijfant moyen qu'il a de l'éveiller. 
Opimius (luy crie t'il) ouvrez, les yeux : On vous 
vole. Vos héritiers ont rompu vos coffres. • Ils parta- 
gent voftre argent. Chacun en emporte fa part. Suis- 
je encore en vie, s'écrie douloureufement l'avare ? Ouy, 
luy répond le Médecin ; & fi vous ne voulez, faire 
grand plaifir à vos héritiers, prenez, vifie le feul re- 
mède, far lequel vous pouvez, rendre la force à la na- 
ture défaillante. Combien coufte-t'il, demande baffement 
le mal-hereux avare ? Peu, repart le Médecin. Mais 
encore combien, adjoufte Opimius? Cinq fols, dit le 
Médecin. Ha! je fuis mort, s'écrie V avare. Et quoi,n'eft 



elude with Scoffs, that it is fit his End fhould be 
anfwerable to his Life ; and that fince he was fo 
fparing whilft he lived, he ought to have little ex- 
pended in his Funeral. The Phyfician, the mean 
while, more charitable than his Heirs, haftes to 
fuccour this poor Wretch. He brings fome Re- 
medies in his Hands, aud ufes all the Eloquence 
he is Mafter of, to awaken him from his Lethar- 
gy. But finding all in vain, he refolves to try 
the. laft and moft probable Means to rouze him. 
Opimius, he cries aloud, open your Eyes, look up, 
and fee you are robb'dj your Heirs have broke 
open your Ch efts, and are dividing your Money, 



ce pas même chef e, que je fois ajf affiné ou par la malignité and each is defign'd to carry off his Share. Alas ! 



de mon mal, ou par le vol de mes héritiers, ou par la ra- 
pine des Apoticaires ? A cette belle confederation leMedecin 
fe meta rireaujfi bien que les her hier s, & laiffe mourir tres- 
juftement celuy,qui à dire vray, mérite d'eftre ajf affine par 
lui-même. 



cries the Mifer, with a faint Voice, am I yet 
alive ? Yes, anfwers the Doctor ; and if you are 
not defirous to oblige your Heirs, take this only 
Remedy immediately, which will revive your 
Spirits, and help Nature, that is for want of pro- 
per Medicines, decay *d, and unable to continue 
your Life without Help. What does it coft ? Opimius replies. A Trifle, fays the Phyfician. But 
now much, I beg to know ? Five-pence, anfwers the Doctor. O ! I am dead, cries the miferable 
Mifer : Is it not the fame, whether I am kill'd by my Diftemper, by the Cruelty of my Heirs, or 
by the Extortion of the Apothecary ? I will not purchafe Life at fuch an Expence. Confounded 
at this Fool's reply, the Doftor turns away and laughs, no longer condemning his Heirs, and leaves 
him to die ; who indeed merited no better Fate, fince he was his own Murderer. 



Horat.1.2. 
Sat. 3. 



Pauper Opimius argenti pofiti intus, & auri, 
Qiti Veientanum feftis portare dielus 
Camp ana folitus trulla vappamque profeflis, 
Quondam lethargo grandi eft oppreffus, &c. 



Opimius poor, amidft his Store, did ufe 

On Feftivals, poor Wine to drink, and chufe 

A homely Jug, nor four Lees refufe 

On working Days, fell in a Lethargy, 

No Hopes were left of his Recovery : 

His Heirs o'erjoy'd, ran boldly up and down, 

And feiz'd his Trunks, believing he was gone. 



. 



A View of Human Life. 



«Ç 







1"e voila, pauvre Avare, à la fin de ta Vie ! 
Implore à ton fecours l'Or qui fut ton envie. 

Voy s'il te peut tenir tout ce qu'il t'a promis : 
Mais au fort de ton Mal, le traifire t'abandonne ; 
Et pour ton defefpoir, le voila qui fe donne, 

Aux plus grands de tes Ennemis. 



Art thoti then here ? Poor Mifer, near the End 
Of thy unhappy Life : call to thy aid thy Friend, 
Thy Gold, and fee if it will Comfort bring, 
Or Health reftore. No, *tis a faithlefs thing ; 
Now in thy great Diftrefs the Traytor flies^ 
And to diftraâ thee more, before thy Eyes 
Gives itfelf to thy greateft Enemies. 



ii6 



The DoBrîne ôf MORALITY; of, 



The Explanation of the Eight-and-Fiitieth Pidhire. 



La Malice de l'Avare vie après fa ifhe Malice of the Ccvetous Man furzk 

Mort. even after he is dead. 



•es 





OUS me reprochez, par vôtre filence 
mucqueur, que; mes Inventives ont 
trouvé leurs bornes ; ' & puifque l'A- 
vare eft mort, que ]e ne fç aurai s aller 
au delà. Vous vous trompez, : L'Avare 
eft méchant jufqu après fa mort ; & 
vous allez, voir une Peinture, qui toute 
boufunne quelle eft, ne laijfe pas d'eftre auffi in/lrucîive 
que les plus ferieufes qui font en cette Galerie. Ce font 
les FuneraiLes ridicules d'une méchante Vielle, qui uute the Picture before you 
fa vie avait regardé fes Héritiers avec les Jeux de l'A- 
varice ; c'eft à dire, avec les Jeux les plus, injuftes & 
les plus envenimez., que la haine puijfe donner aux vin- 
dicatifs. Comme elle connût que fon heure eftoit fenn e ; 
& que la Mort l'alloit donner en proye aux Corbeaux, 
qui depuis foixante ans attendoient fa charogne, elle 



O U feern now methinks, Compa- 
nions, to reproach me by your 
Ironical Silence, that all my In- 
vectives are at an end, and that 
the Àvaritious Wretch being now 
dead, I have nothing more to 
charge him or the Vice with. But 
you are deceived : for the Covetous are wicked 
and malicious even after Death, as you'll find in 

which, tho it reprefents a 
Story very odd and ridiculous, yet is it not lefs 
inftru&iye than the moft ferious in this Gallery. 
It contains the uncommon Funeral of a wicked 
old Woman of Thebes, who had all her Life-long 
look'd on the Perfon that was to be her Heir with 
the moft inveterate Hatred and Averfion that can 
s'avifa d'une malice digne d'elle, afin que même en cef- poffibly be conceived, becaufe he mu ft poflefs what 
f ant de vivre, elle ne put cejfer d'eftre ce quelle avoit fhe could not carry with her. She finding that 
toujours efté. EUe ordonna donc par fon Teftament, the fatal Hour approached, and that her wicher'd 
qu après fa Mon fon corps nu, feroit trempé dans un Carcafe, muft become a Prey, to the Earth (to 
'tonneau d'Huile ; & que tout degauftant de cette Li- which indeed fhe was long a Burden) refolves to 
queur, il feroit par fin Héritier auffi tout nu, porté de do fomething worthy herfelf, that fhe might even 
fa Maifon jufqu au lieu de fa Sepulture. Il fallut que after Death be feen to be the fame fhe was whilft 



ce digne Héritier fe mit cette digne charge fur les E 
fpaules ; & que de peur de perdre la fucceffion, il em- 
pefchât que cette- coulêvre ne luy échappât des mains 
Cent fois elle faillit à luy couler d'entre les ferres. ' ; 



Mais 



living. In order to this, fhe appoints by her laft 
Will, that her Body fhould be fiript, and thrown 
into a Tun of {linking Oil, from thence be taken 
naked and wet with this unpteafant Liquor, and 
cet oyfeau de rapine fçavoit trop bien fon meftier, pour borne by her Heir on his naked Back (who was 
quitter ce qu'il avoit fi ardemment pourfuivy. Il la likewife to be ftript) from her Houfe, to the 
tient donc, comme vous voyez, fi ferme, qu'en dépit de Grave, which was far diftant ; in hopes to flip 
toute l'Huile de l'Attique, il ne l' abandonnera point que . from him now fhe was dead, (from whofe Atten- 
pcur luy e'erafer la tefte en la precipitant dans la foffe, dance and Importunities fhe could never be freed 
que pour cette raifon il a fait creufer une fois plus qu'à whilft living) which if he fufter'd her to do, he 
l'ordinaire. was to lofe the Eftate. Her Heir, as refolute as 

fhe was malicious, fearing to forfeit the Succef- 
fion, places on his fhoulders the Hateful Load, and gripes the old Snake fo fail:, that tho he was often 
ready to fink, and in danger to let go his Prey, yet he as oft renews his hold ; and, like a true Bird of 
Prey, lets not go what he has fo ardently purfued. You may perceive that he holds her fo faft, that 
all the Oils of Afia cannot unclinch his Hands till he reaches the Grave, into which he throws her with 
all the Scorn and Fury that file deferved. The Grave being made by his Order of uncommon Depth, 
he bids the Earth be thrown upon her, and departs, leaving no other Monument but her own detefted 
Actions to record her Name to Pofterity. 



Hor. l.z. 
Sat. 5. 



-Anus improba "fhebis, 



Ex teftamento fie eft elata : Cadaver 
Unclum oleo largo, nudis humeris, tulit hares ; 
Scilicet elabi fi poffet mortua. Credo 
Quod nimiùm inftiterat viventi. 



At Thibes a wicked Woman dy'd, her Heir 
Was, by a Will fhe made, injoin'd to bear 
On his bare Back her Body to the Grave 
Naked, and oil'd, doubtlefs in hopes to have 
The pleafure to efcape his Hands when dead, 
Whofe Importunities fhe living fled : 
For I fuppofe that he with too much Care 
Did wait and tend, in hopes to be her Heir. 






A. Viert of Human Life. 



in 




L'Avare eft pleine d'Ire & d'Envie ; The Covetous ate fiUM with Spite and Rage ; 

Le temps qui change tout, n'en change point leforti Time that all things does change, and Age, 

' fut méchant toute fa vie, In them no Change can make, wicked alive 

// I' eft encore après fa mort. And dead, their Malice does furvive. 



Hh 



iï8 



The DoBrim of MORALITY; of, 



The Explanation of the Nine-and-Fiftieth Plate. 



Les RichefTes font Bonnes aux BonSi 



Riches are a "Blefmg to Good Mem 



j A g? 



& des Poifons. 



]PRES tant d'exemples des Crimes & 
• des Mal-heurs, dont les Richejfes font 
\ accompagnies, nous fommes réduits, me 
i direz,-vous, à la necefjitêd'effre gueux 
: toute notre vie, & de regarder les 
5 Biens du Monde, comme des Monfires 
Nullement, mes chers Amis, pourveu 
que les RicheJJes ne vous poffedent pas ; & ne vous por- 
tent point aux Injvftices & aux Abominations m fe 
plongent tous ceux qui font pojfedez, de la pernicieufe 
envie d'en avoir, il vous e fi permis de les fouhaitter, de 
les acquérir, d'en ufer. Cette cruelle befle qui règne 
jufques dans le Sanctuaire, peut rencontrer fon vain- 
queur. Cette Idole des Richejfes devant qui tant de feu- 
pies ployent honteufement les genoux, peut perdre fes Tem- 
ples &fes Autels. Voyez, noftre Sage, qui par les Prin- 
cipes de fa Philofophie eft le Maiftre abfolu de toutes les 
chofes. Il change l'abus des Richejfes en une legitime 
Vf age. Il a comme un autre Jafon, mis feus le joug ce 
Dragon épouvantable qui garde l'Or > & l'ayant con- 
traint de changer de Nature, le rend docile à la Voix 
de la Vertu. Ce 'Tableau expofe ce beau Spectacle à 
nos Yeux, & nous apprend que pendant que le peuple 
idolâtre & brutal, reclame la Richeffe comme une Divi- 
nité, les grands Hemmes la gourmandent, l'enchaifnent } 
& la traittent comme une ej clave rebelle. 



and to look 



FTER fo many fad Examples of 
the Crimes and Misfortunes which 
accompany Riches, we muft be 
now reduced, fay you, to a Ne- 
ceffity of being poor all our Lives 
if we will be happy, or innocent, 
upon all the Good Things of the 
World as Monfters and Poifons. Not fo, my dear 
Friends : If Riches are not too greatly efteem'd 
by you, and your Souls not tainted with that 
dangerous Defire of more, which plunge Men 
into all forts of unjuft and abominable Actions, it 
is permitted you to defire, acquire, and ufe all 
things both for Ornament and Convenience, fuit- 
ing your Quality and Eftate. The Golden Idol, 
who too often feems to reign, even in the Sanctua- 
ry, is often overcome ; and tho Crouds of Vota- 
ries are daily feen to pay a fhameful Homage, and 
to bend before it, yet her Altars and Temples may 
be overthrown and ruined by the Wife and Good 
Behold here the Wife Man, who by the Study of 
Philofophy is become abfolute Matter of him- 
felf in all things. He converts the Abufe of 
Riches into a lawful Ufe. He, like another Ja- 
fon, has put a Yoke on the Neck of that terrible 
Dragon that guards the Golden Fruit ; and having 
conftrain'd him to change his Nature, renders him 
docile and obedient to the Voice of Vertue. This 
Pi&ure here before us offers this agreeable Truth 
to our Eyes, and informs us, that whilft the ftu- 
pid and idolatrous Populace revere Riches as a 
Deity ; the Wife and truly Great hold her in 
Chains, and treat her as a vile Slave. 



s& 



eafose 



$S, Iff 



•$• M.? M 



&>s 






& -<& 



Aft. 






Hor. lib.i. 
Epift. io. 



Hor.llb.i. 
Epift. 1 6. 



Imperat aut fervit collecta Pecunia cuique : 
Tortum digna fequipotius, quàm ducere funem. 

Quo melior fervo, quo liberior fit Avarus, 

In triviis fixum cumfe demittit ob ajfem ; 

Non video. Nam qui cupiet, metuet quoque porro ; 

Qui metuens vivit, liber mihi non erit unquam. 



Money muft be our Tyrant, or our Slave ; 
And fure 'tis beft that we the Power fhould have. 

How can the wretched Mi fer be 
More than his Slaves thought free ? 
Or a much better Man, who if he fpies 
A Farthing dropt, fhall fnatch it up, and flies 
When Intereft calls ? He that délires more, 
Muft fear to want ,• he ftill is poor, 
'Caufe not content, his Mind not free : 
His Slave's a happier Man than he. 



A Vievj of Human Life 



i 




La plus part des Mortels font fi peu genereuXj 
hi ils flattent lâchement des monftres trop heureux 

Que leurs biens mal-acquis font l'objet! de l'Envie. 

Moy qui n'ay point comme eux, le courage abbattu ; 
'Je veux toute ma vie 

Mcprifer la Fortune, & fuivre la Vertu. 



Mankind are fo degenerate grown, 
They'll bafely court, and vilely praife 
The lucky Monfter, Fate does raife ; 
Sigh, and with Envy on him gaze, 

Wiftiing his Fortune were their own : 
My Soul fuch Bafenefè does abhor, 
I'll Vertue, tho in Rags, adore ; 

And Vice defpife, tho on a Throne. 



120 



The DoBrine of MORALITY; or, 



The Explanation of the Sixtieth Picture. 



The Good Man is beloved by all the World: 




L'Homme Bien faifant eft aymé de tout 
le Monde. 
! STR E Philofophe muet ne pouvait mieux 
finir la matière des Richeftes que far le 
'Tableau qu'il nous prefente. Apres avoir 
monftré les ordures Ù les miferes de l'Ava- 
rice, il avoit a faire paroi/ire avec éclat-, 
la Vertu qui luy eft oppofée, Je fçay qu'il pouvoit par mains now that he fhould reprefent to us the op 
un grand nombre de "Tableaux, produire les Beautez. & pofîte Vertue, in its mod advantageous Light. It 



||UR mute Philofopher cannot better 
finiih on the foregoing Subject, than 
! by the Picture he here prefents to us. 
Illllj After having fhewn us the Miferies 
• •> ! ■ ' and Bafenefs of Covetoufnefs, it re- 



o 



les Beatitudes de la Libéralité. Mais n'ayant qu'une 
place de refte, il y a tres-judicieufement renfermé, tout ce 
qui eft de plus grand, de plus iliuftre, & déplus merveil- 
leux en la Vertu qu'il reprefente. En effet, bien que 
ceux qui s' enrichirent par des voyes innocentes, & qui 
fe fervent genereufement de leurs Richejfes, ne perdent 
pas un feul moment de leurs jours ; & ne faffent toute 
leur vie que des A&ions héroïques ; il n'y a toutefois rien 



would, I am fenfible, afford matter for many Pic- 
tures, to fet forth but a part of the Glories and 
Bleffings that attend Liberality ; but having only 
this one place left on this fide our Gallery, he has 
been obliged to comprehend in one Piece all that 
is moft noble, charming, and wonderful in the 
Vertue he would commend to us. In fine; altho 
thofe who inrich and make themfelves great by 



de ft extraordinaire & de ft émerveiUable que leur fin. Ways laudable and honeft, cannot be faid to lofe 

lis quittent leurs Biens avec plus de fatisj action qu'ils ne one moment of their Lives, and may without vanity 

lei ont poffedez,. Ils les difpenfent fans regret & fans fay i that their Days have been all fpent in doing 

haine ; Û fe font tellement acquis le cœur de leurs He- good and heroick Aftions ; yet there is nothing fo 

ritiers, que e'eft de là véritablement que partent les extraordinary and furprizing as their End. They 



larmes qu'ils voyent rêpaUdr'e. Efcoutez,, je vous prie, 
le Difcours de nôtre Philofophe. fe vous ay fait voir, 
vous dit-il, la fin épouvantable de l'Avare. Mainte- 
nant pour vous ne faire perdre la mémoire, puis qu'il 



leave their Fortunes with more Satisfaction than 
they poffefs'd them, and difpofe of them without 
Regret or Hate, They have fo intirely gain'd 
the Hearts of their Heirs, that none are half fo 



eft indigne qu'on fe fouvienne de lay, je vous monftre much or really concerned at their departure ; the 



l'eftat heureux, ou fe trouve l'homme de bien, quand il 
rend les derniers Devoirs à la Nature. Vous ne Verrez, 
point autour defon UEl, cette troupe abayante & affamée 
de Chiens & de Corbeaux qui attendent la proye. fe 
veux dire, les deteftables Heretiers d'un deteftable Ava- 
ricieux. De tous ceux qui font dans la chambre de nôtre 
malade, il n'y en a pas un qui penfe à crochetter fes 
Cabinets, ny fes Coffres. Perfonne ne fe met en peine, 
s'il laiffe du bien ou s'il n'en laijfe point. Tous les fiens 
n'ont autre foin [n'y autre penfée, que de le conferver. 
Icy les larmes font toutes véritables. Icy les cœurs ne 
démentent point le vif age. La bouche n eft que V Echo 
des difcours de l'ame ; & bref, tous ceux qui environ- 
nent ce Saint Homme, confpirent unanimement à luy pro- 
longer la vie. Il n'y a point de remèdes qui leur fem- 
blent chers. Ils croyait que l'Or & les Pierres pre- 
cieufes ne peuvent mieux eftre employées, qu à la Con- 
fervation d'une Perfonne encore plus precieufe. 



Sweetnefs and Generofïty of their Behaviour hav- 
ing made their Lofs not to be repair'd by the Pof- 
feffion of what they leave behind, tho ever fo con- 
fiderable. Hearken, I beg you now, to our Phi- 
lofopher : I have fhown you, fays he, the refera- 
ble and unhappy End of the Covetous, to banifh 
the fad Remembrance of fuch who are indeed not 
worthy to be thought upon ; I now fhow you the 
happy Condition in which the good Man finds 
himfelf, when he is call'd to pay the laft Debt of 
Nature. You fee none of thofe Vulturs and Ra- 
vens that gape for their Prey ; I mean the ravenous 
Heirs of a deteftable Mifer. Of all thofe that 
are in our Sick-Man's Chamber, there is not one 
that fo much as thinks of looking into his Coffers 
cr Cabinets. Nobody is in pain, or concern'd 
whether he will leave any thing or no behind him ; 
all that belong to him, think only how to preferve 



and keep him alive. Here Tears flow without 
Diflimulation, and each Face fpeaks a true Grief: The Tongue of each Man that fpeaks, agrees with 
the Sentiments of his Soul ; in fhort, all thofe that are about this Holy Man, are unanimous in defiring 
to prolong his Life. There is no Remedy that they think too coftly to ufe, in hopes to fave him : 
They believe that Gold and Diamonds cannot be better employ 'd, than in the Prefervation of a Life 
that is infinitely more valuable. 



Hor. l.i. 
Sat. i. 



At fi condoluit tentatum frigore corpus, 
Aut alius cafus leElo te affir.it : habes qui 
Affideat, fomenta paret, medicum roget, ut te 
Sufcitet, ac reddat natis, charifque propinquis. 



But if fome fudden Cold do feize 
Or you fall fick of fome Difeafe, 
Tour Friends will croud to your Bed-fide, 

Reftoratives and Cordials foon be made, 

And the Phyfician call'd to aid, 
And nothing coftly be deny'd ; 
Entreating him to fave your precious Life, 
And give you back to your dear Friends and Wife. 



A View of Human Life. 



121 




Heureux ces Hommes Innocent, 
Qui vainqueurs abfolus des fens ; 
Quittent avec flaijîr cette obfcure demeure : 
Qui partagent leurs biens avec jugement ; 
Et qui font affeurez. qu'entrant au monument, 
Leur digne fuccejfeur les regrette & les fleure. 



Happy thofe Glorious Men, who having gain'd 
The Maftery o'er Senfe, and liv'd unftain'd, 
With Pleafure quit this Life, and gladly die ; 
To part with all their Wealth wîth Joy confent, 
Affur'd that o'er their honour'd Monument 
Long time their worthy Heirs,with Grief unfeign'd, 
Shall weep, and Men revere their Memory. 

Ii 



è-i ' 




k 




P R E F A C E 




ENAGEONSnos forces puif- 
que nous ne fommes qu'à la moi- 
tié de la carrière ; & par une utile 
Meditation, comme par un agré- 
able repos, préparons nous à finir 
glorieufement nôtre courfe. Nous 
avons vu tous les tableaux qui en- 
richifTent le cofté droit de cette fameufe Gallerie ; 
& je ferois tort à nôtre jufte & vertueufe cu- 
riofité, fi je doutois que de tous ce que nous fom- 
mes, il y en eût un feul, qui n'eût aporté à un 
fi beau fpedacle, les yeux de l'Ame auffi bien que 
les yeux du Corps. Cela eftant, nous avons tous 
également remarqué les Vertus & les Vices dont 
toutes les Conditions font accompagnées. Pour 
mon particulier, j'ofe croire fans faire le vain, 
que vous ayant tiré les rideaux dont tant de fça-* 
vantes Peintures étoient couvertes, j'ai fait voir 
diftindement aux yeux mêmes les moins clairs- 
voyans, ce que l'art du Peintre fembloit envier 
aux connoiflances vulgaires. Il n'y a maintenant 
plus de Pallions n'y de vices, quelque fard & 
quelque artifice qui les deguife, qui foient capa- 
bles d'abufer ou de l'innocence ou de la mavaife 
veuë de leurs Spedateurs. Leur malice n'eft plus 
cachée. Leur fard eft remarquable. Chacun 
peut voir leurs pièges & les éviter. L'Amour y 
eft reprefenté fi volage, fi cruel, & fi perfide, 
qu'il n'y aura plus que des infenfez volontaires, 
qui ferviront de butte à fes traits, & d'aliment 
à fes flames. L'Ambition qui paroiflbit illuftre, 
pource quelle paroiflbit genereufe, a perdu les 
titres pompeux qu'elle avoit injuftement ufurpée. 
Nous luy avons arraché le mafque & la pourpre 
qui la rendoient en apparence, la plus noble des 
Paffions ; & par la connoiflance que nous avons 
donnée de fa baffefle & de fa vénalité, nous 
croyons que déformais les âmes bafles & merce- 
naires feulement, en pourront eftre touchées. La 
Colère, l'Envie, l'Avarice, l'Orgueil ; bref, tous 
les crimes y ont efté reprefentez tels qu'ils font. 

Ils 




ET us flop a while, and by a lit- 
tle ufeful RefleSlion, like a fweet 
Slumber, refrefb our Spirits, and 
prepare ourfelves bravely to finijh 
what we have fo well begun ; being 
now arriv'd half way in our glorious 
Undertaking. We have feen and ex- 
amined all the PiBures on the Right Side of this fa- 
mous Gallery ; and I potild injure you, who have 
pawn fo much Curiofity and Patience in going thus far 
with me, if I fiould believe that any one among ft m j 
having fo beautiful and enchanting a Sight before him, 
has not receiv'd good Imprejfons in his Soul, ■ as well 
as diverted his Eyes .- and therefore I think we mit ft 
all have obferv'd the fevexal Virtues and Vices with 
which each different State of Life is attended. For 
my own part, I hope I may without vanity fuppofe, I 
have been ufeful to you, in having explain d the Mean- 
ing and Moral of each particular Piece. And where 
the Vulgar, who gaze only on the Painting, go away 
uninftrutled, and confequently unimprovd ; you have 
the Advantage of learning all the beautiful Truths 
that Philojcphy communicates only to the Learned and 
Wife. 'There is no longer any Painting or Difguife, 
with which Vice can conceal herfelj, or deceive you. 
AH Mankind may here learn to know and avoid the 
Snares fhe lays for the Innocent and Unwary. 'Loofe 
Love appears here fo dangerous, fo inconftant and 
infamous, that none but fuch as are willing to be un- 
done, or are already lunatick, will nourifi its Flames, 
or fubmit to its imperious Sway. Ambition, that 
feems a Paffion mofl noble and generous in Men, is 
now ftàpp d of that Purple Habit, and Pompous Ti- 
tles, with which the World has honour' d her; and 
appears bafe, brutifh, and worthy the Contempt of a 
truly great Mnd. Rage, Envy, Avarice, and Pride, 
in fine, all Criminal Paffions being foown in their 
true Shape, are alike hateful to us ; and our Souls are 
fili'd with Horror and Aver/ion to them, having re- 
ceived the Seeds of Vertue : which will in time produce 
in us Fruits worthy the Cares and Cultivation of Phi- 

lofophy. 



I 



PRÈFAC 



Ils nous ont auifi fait également horreur & ont 
jette dans nos âmes, des femences d'Indignation 
& de haine, qui doivent infailliblement germer en 
leur faifon ; & produire des Fruits dignes des foins 
& de la culture de la Philofophie. Mais il eft 
temps de continuer nôtre promenade ; & retour- 
nant d'où nous fommes partis, donner a nôtre 
curiofité, la Satisfaction qu'elle attend de nos 
yeux & de nos oreilles. Toutefois, avant que 
de les arrêter fur le premier des tableaux qui nous 
refte à étudier ; il eft à propos, que je vous donne 
advis de l'intention de nôtre Peintre Philofophe. 
Il nous a fait voir jufques ici, toutes les Condi- 
tions de Ja vie, & nous les a fait voir fans nous y 
vouloir attacher. A prefent, il nous les offre 
avec la penfée de nous les faire embraffer, mais il 
pretend que nous choififfions celles qui font les 
plus dignes de nous, c'eft à dire, qui font les 
plus nobles, les plus fpirituelles, & les plus pro- 
portionnées à la hauteur de nôtre origine. Il ne 
nous en produira point d'autres dans ce fécond 
ordre de ces tableaux ; & s'il s'en rencontre 
quelques-unes qui vous paroiffent honteufes, & 
mechaniques, fçachez que nôtre nouveau Zenon 
n'eft pas de vôtre fentiment. Car il croit qu'il 
n'y a point de métier honteux, quand 1 homme 
le peut exercer avec innocence ; &c que ceux que 
vous nommez des Arts nobles 8c libéraux, de- 
viennent infâmes & mercenaries, toutes les fois 
que ceux qui les exercent, les exercent avec une 
intention fervile & corrompue. Cependant, il n'a 
pas deffein que nous nous arrêtions à ces exer- 
cifes. Il ne les expofe à nôtre veuë, que comme 
des yeux & des divertiffemens pour ceux qui font 
riches j ou comme des aides & des fecours pour 
ceux qui font mal avec la fortune. En effet, ils 
font comme autant de rudiments, & comme au- 
tant de premieres leçons, que la Philofophie nous 
donne, afin que peu à peu nous puiffions atteindre 
à la connoiflance de ce grand Art, de ce Meftier 
divin, de cet exercife continuel des Héros & des 
Anges, qui eft la pratique de la fouveraine fagefle. 
Tachons donc de renouveller l'attention de nos 
yeux (s'il m'eft permis de parler ainfi) & de fuivre 
pas à pas un fi fidelle conducteur. Nous parvien- 
drons infailliblement par fa prudence, à la pof- 
feffion du Trefor que le peuple cherche vaine- 
ment ; & recevant la Vertue pour la compagne de 
toute nôtre vie, nous ferons fi heureux, que même 
à nôtre mort elle ne nous abandonnera pas. 



lofophy. But it is time for us to continus our JVaUk^ 
ana- to return to a farther Search after Truth, to fa- 
tisfy that laudable Curiofity that has brought us thus 
far ; to feafi our Eyes and Ears in order to enrich our 
Minds. But before we proceed, let me inform y su of 
the Intention oj our philofophical Painter : He has hi- 
therto fijown us only what wejhould avoid in every State 
of Life, but not any thing that we fhould chufe to 
follow. He now is going to recommend to us fever al 
Projetions, and leaves it to our own choice, which to 
fix on, in hopes we jhall embrace that which is mofi 
noble, excellent, and fuitable to the Dignity of Man's 
Nature. And if you here find any Employments that 
you fancy too mean or mechaniek, be cautious not to 
condemn his Judgment ; for our Author is of Zeno'f 
mind, who held this for an ajfured Maxim, That there 
was no Employment lafe or vile, by which a Man could 
fupport Life, with Innocence and Honefly ; and that all 
thofe which the World calls noble and liberal Arts, 
when taught and pratlifed by Men of vile Lives ana 
wicked Morals, render' d them more odious, and the 
Arts contemptible. Tet he recommends not to you me- 
chaniek things, nor Jhows them but as Diverfions and 
Amufements for the Rich; or as proper Methods for 
thofe to whom Fortune has deny'd a paternal EJiate, 
to provide for, and raife themfelves : to put Men in 
the way to live, that the anxious Cares for Bread 
Jhould not dijlurb their Thoughts. Nor can any Con- 
dition render us unfit to pra&ife that noble charming 
Art of Studying ourf elves, and Adoring the Almighty ; 
which is the only thing our Philofopher intends to engage 
us to. Let us then joyfully follow him to the end, and 
we Jhall infallibly obtain, by his Advice, the Pojfejjton 
of that Treafure which the Generality of Men feek 
for in vain ; and having made Vertue our Companion 
in all the Actions of our Lives, we '/ball be fo happy 
as to engage her not to abandon us, even in Death, but 
to accompany us into the other World. 



ffî) 




Kk 



iz6 



The DoBrine of Morality; or, 

The Explanation of the firft Picture of the Second Book. 




Chacun doit fuivre fori Inclination. 

'UE pouvait choifir nôtre Peintre de plus 
charmant Ù" de plus aymable, pour nous 
exciter à la pratique de la vertu, que la 
belle variété qu'il nous figure en ce ta- 
bleau ? Certes, je le conjîdere comme une 
vive image de la glorieufe condition de nos efprits ; & 
fi j'entends lien fin langage muet, il me dit, que la 
Nature nous a trop aymez,, pour vouloir que nous 
vécufions une vie d'efilaves, ou plutofl pour nous 
avoir animez, d'une ame née à la fiervitude. Ouy, 
mes amis, nous fommes nez, libres. Nous fommes nez, 
les arbitres & les artifans de nôtre fortune. Nos in- 
clinations ne font point contraintes. Elles fe portent 
librement à ce qui leur paroifi le plus digne d'eftre em- 
brfijfé ; & avec la même liberté, elles now; ckoififfent 
nos emplois & nos exercifies. Regardez, ce Peintre qui 
fie laiffe fi agreablem.ent emporter à fin caprice. Il 
règne dans fin travail', & ne finit pas heureux 
comme il efi, fi, au lieu de fion pinceau, on luy mettoit 
un fieptre à <la main. Vous en devez, croire autant de 
fin voifin, qui trouvant dans fia belle melancholie, & 
dans fies ingenieufes vificns, quelque chofie au delà desEm- 
fires & des Ccnqueftes, eflime le laurier qu'il a fiur 
la tefie, plus fioble Ô" plus glorieux que celuy des Alex- 
andres <o des Cefars. Si vous jettez, les yeux plus loin-, 
vous découvrez, un Médecin & un Mathématicien qui 
ont rencontré leur element & leur joye dans la con- 
noifiance des chofies qui font conformes à leurs Inclina- 
tions. Entres, je vous prie, jufiques dans la Boutique 
de ces Forgerons ; & leurs vifiaga auffi bien que leurs 
chants , v.ws apprendrons que leur labeur efiant un la- 
beur volontaire, leur efi un labeur délicieux. De là, 
concluez, que chaque Homme compcfefia propre beatitude ; 
Ù 1 que pourveu qu'il apporte au choix de fa condition y 
tout le jugement & toute la connoijfance qu'elle exige 
de luy, il efi impoffible qu'il ne faffe dès cette vie, un 
effay des félicitez, de l'autre. \ 




Ei cry Man ought to folow Ms Genius: 

HAT could our Painter have choferi 
more charming and alluring, to in- 
vite us to the praftice of Vertue, 
than the Variety of Employments 
amcngft Men, reprefented in this Pic- 
ture ? Methinks it appears to be a lively Image 
of the glorious State of our Mind's Freedom ; 
and if I well underftand his Language, he tells 
me, that Nature is too tender of us to defire that 
we fhould live like Slaves, and be born with fet- 
ter'd Souls, or created to be Vaffals to another's 
Will. No, my Friends, we are born free, and 
Providence has made us the Arbiters and Builders 
of our own Fortunes. Our Inclinations are not con- 
ftrain'd, in things lawful ; they are free to chufe 
our Employments and Exercifes, and may with 
Liberty make choice of what appears to them 
moft worthy to be embraced. Behold this Pain- 
ter, who is infenfibly ravifh'd with his own Fan- 
cy : he feems to reign inftead of work, and could 
not be more happy, if, inftead of his Pencil, a 
Sceptre were put into his Hand. His Neighbour is 
no lefs pleafed : He finds in his fweet, melan- 
choly, and poetick Virions, fomething more fweet 
than Empire, and defcribes a Battel with more 
Tranfport than the Conqueror ever gain'd it. 
The Laurel on his Brow is, in his efteem, 
more valuable than thofe that graced the Mighty 
Alexander's, or fuccefsful Cafiar's. If you call 
your Eyes a little further, you will difcover 
a Phyfician and a Mathematician, who have 
placed all their Joy and Satisfaction in the Know- 
ledge of thofe things that only fuit their Genius 
and Profeifion. Enter now, I beg you, into the 
fultry Shop of the laborious Blackfmith, and 
their chearful Faces and loud finging will inform 
you, that the Labour they thus merrily perform 
is their Choice, and fo to them delightful. From 
whence we muft conclude, that every Man's Hap- 
pinefs is in his own power, and that if he confults 
his Genius, and ufes Judgment in the choice of 
his Calling, it is almoft impoiïïble but he fhould be 
happy, even in this Life, and tafte fome of that 
Peace on Earth that is part of the Joys of Heaven. 



Hor.lib.1. 



EpTft.ià!' Quamficit, uterque libens, cenfiebo, exerceat Artem. 'Tis my Advice, that every Man purfue 

The Bufinefs that he underftands to do. 



Hor.lib. 

Epift.i. 



Navem agere ignarus navis timet : abrotonum agro He that ne'er went to Sea, won't undertake 
Non audet, nifi qui didicit, dare. Quod medkorum efi A Ship to guide : Nor will he dare to make, 



Grid. 



Promittunt medici : traBant fabrilia fabri. 



Adde, quod ingenuas didiciffe fideliter Artes > 
Emollit mores, nee finit effe feros. 



Or Medicines give, who's no Phyfician bred. 
To heal the Wounded is the Surgeon's Trade. 
Staples and Locks the Smith does underftand : 
Each Artift, what he knows, does take in hand. 

To have learn 'd well, and perfectly 
The liberal Arts, the Mind does free 
From Brutifh PafTions ; Inhumanity 
Can't harbour in a Soul refin'd, 
Wifdom will make Men foft and kind. 



A View of Human Life. 



12.7 




Veux tu laijfer de toy d'illuftres monuments i 
Et gagner une place au Temple de la Glorie : 
Suy les Arts immortels des filles de mémoire ; 
Et ne force jamais tes nobles fentimens. 



Would you immortal Honour gain, 

Or by great Deeds, a Place obtain 

In Glory's Temple j then the Mufes court,' 

In Arts Divine, thy Hours employ, not Sport 1 

Their Precepts follow, and debafe 

Not thy Great Soul, nor Noble Race. 



128 



The DoBrine of MORALITY; r y 



The Explanation of the Second Plate. 



Le Sot fe plaint toujours de fa Condition. T!he Fool always complains of his Co?iditiom 




H N vient de nous enfeigner, que nôtre bonne 
fortune d'pend de nôtre éle&ion ; c'eft donc à 
nous a faire un bon choix, puifque c'tft luy 
jeul qui nous peut rendre heureux. Mais d'autant que 
c'eft a un pas fi glijfant que les hommes font ordinaire- 
ment de bien lourdes cheutes, nôtre Philofophe nous en 
•veut advenir, afin que fi nous venons à tomber, nous 
n'en accufions que nous mêmes. Cette Peinture nous re- 
prefente par un plaifant caprice, le peu de jugement 
que nous apportons au choix de nos exercifes ; & le re- 
pentir qui comme le mal-heureux compagnon de notre 
imprudence, marche continuellement fur nos pas. Ce 
Bœuf pefant & pouffif, qui a quitté le joug pour la 
bride, & le labour pour la guerre, fe plaint du change- 
ment de fa condition ; & fe prend au Ciel, de ce qu'ils 
s'efl laifft mmper au faux éclat, & à la vaine pompe 
des ornements redoutables que les hommes ont inventez, 
pour la fervitude des Chevaux. Mais laiffons ce Bœuf 
dans la punition de fon orgueil; & confeffons que la 
Nature comme une bonne & charitable Mere, porte 
également tous les animaux à la recherche de leur beati- 
tude ; & que s'ils ne s'écartent point du chemin quelle 
leur montre, ils arriveront infailliblement à la bien- 
heureufe fin qu'ils défirent. Il efl vray, que les hommes 
bien plus déraifonnables que les befies mêmes les moins 
raifonnables, femblent affe&er les occafions de fe dérober 
à la conduite de la Nature, de rompre les bornes qu'elle 
leur a prefcriptes ; de fouler aux pieds fes règlements 
& fes defences; & pour le feul plaifir du changement, 
s'enuyer de la bonne aujjt bien que la mavaise fortune. 



||*!5j££jEING now convinced that our Good- 
llljyfl F° rtune depends upon our own Election, 
IraUsÉS it remains that we make a good and 
wife choice, fince only that can make us happy. 
And fince Men often make very falfe Steps ir 
this Affair, our Philofopher gives us warning, 
that we may have nothing to lay to his Charge, 
nor any body to accufe but ourfeives, of the Dan- 
gers we run into. Our Painter reprefents by 
pleafant Whimfy, the little Judgment Men ufe ir 
the Choice of their Employments, and the Re- 
pentance that conftantly accompanies our Imprt 
dence, and continually follows us. This fat lazj 
Ox, who has quitted the Yoke for the Bridle, 
and Tillage for War, bewails his Change of Con- 
dition, and blames Heaven that permitted him to 
be deceiv'd with the vain Luftre and Pomp of 
thofe dreadful Ornaments, which Men invented 
only to enflave the head-ftrong Horfe. Let us 
leave this flupid Ox to lament his Pride, and 
confefs to our own Shame, that Nature is a good 
and tender Mother, and equally inclines all Crea- 
tures to fearch for Happinefs : and if they turn 
not out of the way, fhe fhows them they will 
infallibly obtain the Fruition of their Defires. 
But alas! Men, much more unreafonable, than 
the moft fenfelefs Brutes, feem to court Oppor- 
tunities to fleal themfelves away from Nature's 
Conduft, break through the Bounds fhe has pre- 
ferred them, tread under foot her Laws and In- 
junctions, and only for the Pleafure of changing, 
grow weary of Good-Fortune as well as bad. 






!^»<:^« ^« <^»*g y i^ f <^ y < ^f «^ f ^ y ^j y ^jgj » .- ^» *^! 



Hor. lib. i Optat ephippia bos piger, optat arare caballus ; 

' Cui placet alter ius, fua nimirum eft odio fors. 

Hor. lib. i Cui non conveniet fua res, ut calceus olim, 

pi " I0 ' Si pede major erh, fubvertet ; ft minor, wet. 



The Horfe would plow, the Ox would faddled be $ 
5 Tis beft Men do what they know perfeâly. 

The Man whofe Fortune does not fuit his Mind, 
Too narrow, or too large, his State will find : 
Like thofe who Shoes do wear unfit, 
If wide, he {tumbles ; (trait, they hurt his Feet. 

-.1 



. 



A View of Human Life. 



up 




itious accufons les Animaux 
Des defirs dérègle dont nous fommes coupables : 
Mais les Hommes tous f euh ont de fi grands défaut s$ 
les Beftes n y en font point capables. 



We do the Animals, as fenïeJefs, blame, 
Whjlft only we are void of Senfe and Shame': 
'Tis Man alone, who Crimes commits, not they § 
The Beafts Nature implicitly obey. 



tl 






I 3° 



The DoBrine of Morality ; or, 



The Explanation of the Third Plate. 



Tous nos Défauts ont leur Prétexte. 



OICï la confirmation des veritez,, que 
nos inquietudes ont fait inventer à l'une 
& à l'autre Poëfie. Nôtre Peintre a crû 
que la comparaison du bœuf & du cheval 
ne feroit foffible fas fur nos âmes, toute 




For every Failing we find a T'retencei 



EHOLD here, to confirm the pre- 
cedent Truth, another Fancy of the 
Poetick Painter's, defign'd to filence 
all our Murmurs and Inquietudes : 
Fearing left the Example of Brutes 




I'impreffion qu'il avoit dejfein d'y laiffer ; c'efi four- might not be of force enough to fhame us into a 

quoy ilpropofe l'Homme même, en exemple à l'Homme ; perfecl: Submiffion to the Will of Heaven, in being 

& luy mettant devant les yeux, les changements injuftes contented, in whatever State or Condition, Provi- 

& defixneftes aufquels il eft fujet, il prétend par fa dence, or our own Choice has placed us ; hé 

propre confujion, de le guérir d'une fi infâme maladie, here fets Men before us, by whofe Folly we may 

Le Soldat veut être Matelot. Le Matelot veut êire be made wife, and defpife that Inconftancy which 



Marchand. Le Marchand veut être Laboureur. Le 
Laboureur veut être Hoflelier ; c'eft à dire, que toute 
Condition eft importune à celuy qui n'eft pas fage ; & 
que quoy qu'il choififfe, ilfe trouve toujours trompe dans 
fon choix. Il n'en eft pas de même de l'Homme pru- 
dent. S'il eft ne libre, il fait életlion de fa fortune; 
& la fçait conduire avec tant d'adrejfe, qu'il ne fen 
lafte n'y ne s'en repent jamais. Si Dieu l'a fait naître 
dans les fers,' il fe conforme magnanimement à la 
bajfejfe de fa Condition ; & fans murmurer contre 
l'ordre univerfel des chofes, il adoucit par la Philofophie, 
les amertumes de la fervitude. 



feems to reign in Man's Nature, who is never fa- 
tisfy'd or contented, even with the Thing or* 
State he has himfelf chofen. The Soldier here 
before us, would fain turn Sailor. The Sailor 
would ftay at home and trade. The Tradefman 
wifhes himfelf a Country Swain. The Clown 
would be an Inn-keeper. In fine, every State 
of Life is uneafy to him who is not wife ; and 
though 'tis of his own chufing, the Fool always 
finds he is miftaken, and defires Change. It is 
not fo with the prudent Man. If he is born free, 



he makes choice of his Condition with Judgment, 
and behaves himfelf fo well in it, that he neither 

frows weary, or repents, but chearfully makes advantage of his Time, always content, and trufts that 
rovidence, which he hopes will crown all his Labours with a happy Eternity. If he is born in Chains, 
the Son of a Slave, he magnanimoufly conforms to his low Condition ; and without murmuring againil 
Heaven, thanks his Creator that he is at all, and fweetens with Philofophy the Bitternefs of Servitude. 



M 



*■* l 



* ?. & 



^ ^ l^' §§* £fe* *§k §K ^s Ê" & c&s. ^ ^ 



Hor.lib.l. 
Sat. i. 



Jlle gravem duro terram qui vertit aratro, 
Perfidus hie caupo, miles, nautaque per omne 
Audaces mare qui currunt : hâc mente laborem 
Sefe ferre, fenes ut in otia tuta recédant ; 
Aiunt, cum fibi fint congefta cibaria ficut 
Parvula, nam exemplo eft, magni Formica laboris, 
Ore trahit quodcumque peteft, atque addit acervo, 
Quern ftruit, haud ignora, ac non incauta futuri. 



The Husbandman, that in Earth's Bofom pries ; 

The Subtle Vintner, and the Man unwife, 

Who dares to ufe the Seas, and merchandize ; 

The Soldier, all alike, pretend that they 

Would not thus fweat and toil, and work each day 

But with Defign, at laft in Age to reft, 

And live at Eafe, with Peace and Plenty bleft : 

Having in Youth a Fortune got, to be 

Secur'd from Want, and all Adverfity, 

Like the wife Ants, fay they, who to us give 

An excellent Example, we will live ; 

For they, poor little Infeâs, labour more 

Than any Creature, and lay up a Store 

Of all that's proper ; each does fomething bear 

To the dear Heap, and places it with Care 

Clofe in his Cell, forefeeing Winter near. 



A View of Human Life. 



131 




le Nocher pauvre & vieux veut fendre les guereis 5 
Le Laboureur les quitte, &fe donne à Neptune; 
La guerre eft à la fin au Soldat importune ; 
Le Sot ayme le change. Il court toujours après ; 
Et changeant de métier t croit changer de fortune. 



The Sailor now grown poor and old, would fain 
Dig in the pleafant Fields, and till the Plain ; 
The Labourer leaves thé Land, and ploughs the^ 

Main ; 
The Soldier, weary of the Wars, returns ; 
The Fool with a Defire of Change ftill burns ; 
And hopes by changing his Employ to gain 
Content, and better Fortune to obtain. 



t$% 



The Dôtlrine of MORALITY; or, 

The Explanation of the Fourth Pi&ure* 
Qui vit bien, Voyage heureufement. He that lives well, makes afortunateVoyagè m 




RRES TO NS nous, s'il veus plaift, à con- 
jïderer ce païfage ; bien qu'il femble n'avoir 
pas beaucoup de rapport avec les autres Ta- 
bleaux de cette G aller ie, il n'en eft pas toutefois le moins 
utile, n'y le moins inftruElif. Vous me demandez., que 
fignifie ce pais fauvage ; quels font ces Hommes Jî 
bizares & ft mal-veftus qui l'habitent ; & fous quel 
climat on trouve toutes les autres, nouveautés qui vous 
cnt furpris. Sçachez. que ce Tableau eft la cane d'une 
partie de ces grandes Peninfules, que l'oyjivité de Co- 
lombe & l'Ambition d'Efpagne ont efté chercher au de 
là des bornes de la Nature. Nôtre Peintre nous les 




E T us flop a little, if you pleafe, and 
confîder this Landskip, which though it 
feems not to have much relation to the 
reft of the Pictures in this Gallery, yet it is not 
one of the leaft valuable or inftructive. You are, 
doubtlefs, curious to know what this favage 
Country is, who thofe Men are that inhabit it, 
whofe Drefs and Looks fpeak them Strangers to 
the civilized Parts of the World, more wild and 
barbarous than the Place they live in. What 
Climate, fay you, produceth Fruits, Beafts, and 
Men like thofe we fee here ? Know then, that 



représente pour corriger nos Inquietudes naturelles ; 0" it is one of thofe Weftern Illands, which by the 

nous reprocher que nous fommes prefque tous de ces Vanity of Columbus, and Ambition of Spain, was 

voyageurs ambitieux & ridicules, qui ne trouvant pas dilcovered, where Nature feem'd to have' con* 

dam le vieux monde, ajfez, d'efpace pour le flux & le ceal'd, and placed it out of the Europeans reach. 

reflux de leurs àefirs. déréglez., voudraient qu il y en eut Our Painter reprefents it to us, to fhow, firft, 

autant, que l'un de nos Philofophes s'en eft imaginé, that thefe mean Wretches who dwell here, are 



Mais ft nous fommes fages, faifons aujourd'huy une 
ferme Refolution de choijir une condition tranquille & 
durable ; & pour trouver du repps, de le chercher en 
nous mêmes, & non dans la diverfité ou des exercifes ou 
des compagnies. Aujjt bien ne Jçaurions nous faire un 
plus beau n'y un plus necejfaire voyage, que de de- 
fcendere fouvent dam- nôtre cœur, étudier ce qui fe pajfe 



highly content, tho poor ; and living in the mod 
defolate manner, fleeping on the Earth, and feed- 
ing on Roots and Flefh, which they mull hunt for 
with great Toil, and which we fhould abhor to 
tafte. They covet not to roam abroad, or travel 
to fee new Worlds, but fear a Stranger's coming 
to difturb them ; whilft we wifh to be of the 



dans un fays qui nous eft ft peu connu ; & par de nobhs number of thofe Travellers, who finding not in 
& fruclcueufes Occupations, confumer le plus agréable- the old World Places enough to gratify their ir-. 
ment qu'il nous fera poffible, le temps que nous avons regular and unbounded Defïres,wifh there were as 
à languir hors de nôtre veritable patrie. many as Des-Cartes fancy 'à, to vent their Follies in. 

But let us be wife, and make this Day a firm Re- 
folution to fix on fomething to employ us, that may procure us a' tailing Peace of Mind, and fit us for 
that great Journey we are deftin'd to make into the Regions of Death ; which is not to be found in 
defiring Diverfities of Climates, or Company. Let us often defcend into ourfelves, and learn what 
paffes in our own Breaft, a Country we are altogether Strangers to. There let us refolve on things 
noble and advantageous to ourfelves and others : thus fhall we pafs with Satisfaction, the time we are 
deftin'd to languifti here, e'er we fhall arrive at our native Country, Heaven. 



Hor.lib.2. 
Ode. 1 5. 



Quid brevi fortes jaculamur avo 
Multa ? quid terras alio calentes 
Solemutamus? P atria quis exful 

Se quoquefugit ? 



We that fô fhort a time muft live, 
Why do we Climates change, and wafté 
Thofe precious Hours that fly too fail, 
In fearch of diftant Lands, and give 
Our Souls no Reft ? Ah ! who is he, 
That flying from his Home, can be 
From Cares, and from himfelf fet free. 



Hor.lib.1. 
Epift.n. 



Tu, quamcumque Deus tibi fortunaverit horant, 
Grata fume manu, nee dulcia differ in annum : 
Ut, quocunque loco fueris, vixiffe libenter 
Te dicas. Nam ft ratio, & prudentia curas, 
Non locus effuft latè maris arbiter, aufert : 
Caelum, non animum mutant, qui trans mare currunt. 



Blefs then the Goddefs for the Moments fhe 

Does offer you, and tafte Felicity ; 

Defer not to enjoy the prefent Day, 

That you in Death may fmiling fay, 

In every Place and State I've liv'd content, 

And chearfully the fhort-liv'd Hours fpent : 

For if 'tis true (as doubtlefs 'tis) that we 

By prudent reafoning with ourfelves, can free 

Ourfelves from Troubles of the Mind, and thofe 

Who fail the fickle Seas, and feek Repofe, 

By changing Climates, not the Mind, 

Sadly deceiv'd themfelves fhall find ; 

So we fhall but encreafe our Pain, 

And all our Labour be in vain. 



A View of Human Life. 



ï33 







Nos inconfiances continues, 

Nous font errer par l'Univers j 

Et fous mille climats divers. 

Voir mille terres inconnues. 

Mais nous voyageons vainement, 

Nôtre efprit inquiet mus fait toujours la guêtre. 

AuQt pour vivre heureufement, . 

Il ne faut point changer de l'erré, 

U faut changer de fentiment. 

M m 



The inconfiant Humour ftill remains ; 
We range the World, and, vcnt'rous, try 
New Climes, and Lands unknown defcry, 
Yet find we cannot eafe our Pains : 
In vain we travel, 'tis within our Breaft 
The Tyrant Paflions live, that break our Reft 
We need not from our Native Country fly, 
Reform the Mind, 'tis there the Fault does lie; 
Suit that but to your State, and you are bleft. 



1 34 



The Dvttrine of M OR A L I T Y ; or, 



The Explanation of the Fifth Plate. 

L'Eftude des Lettres eft la Félicité de Learning is the great eft TJejfing Man can 
l'Homme* ' acquire. 



E voy bien, ntss chers amis, à qttoy In. 
beauté de votre Inclination vous forte. A 
peine avez, vous jette les yeux fur ce ta- 
bleau, que vous vous trouvez, ravis- des 
merveilles qu'il voiu prefente. Que vous 
efles heureux d'avoir fçeu vous conformer Ji prompt e- 





ment à la noblejfe de vôtre nature, & par un fi digne 
choix refpondre à la Majeftî de vos âmes. En effet, 
il faut qu'un Homme renonce publiquement à la gloire 
de fon extraction, quand il efl ou Ji mal-heureux, eu 
fi lâche, que d'embraffer une autre Profejfton que celle 
des Lettres. Approchez-vous donc de cette Peinture, 
Ù" confiderez, la Grandeur des biens où. vous efles ap- 
peliez,, par la genereufe élection que vous avez, faite. 
Les Faveurs que vous recevez, des beautez, vulgaires, 
font des Faveurs qui fe perdent en les recevant ; & 
qui prefque toujours perdent ceux qui les reçoivent. 
Mais celles que les Mufes vous offrent de fi bonne 
grace, font des Faveurs durables; font des Faveurs in- 
nocentes ; font des Faveurs qui vous élèvent en vous 
ravijfant & qui vous faifant pajfër de la condition 
des Hommes à celle des Héros, vous font comme au- 
tant de fouverains Prefervatifs, contre tous les Poifons 
que la volupté 'vous prefente. 



SEE with pleafure, my dear Com- 
panions, a rifingBlufh in your Cheeks, 
which informs me, that your Souls 
are fixed with a noble Ambition, that 
an fight of this Picture your Choice 
is made, and your Minds ravifhed with the Ap- 
pearance of the God of Wifdom and the Mufes, 
who are here come to determine you, in this for- 
tunate Moment. Happy, thricë happy are you, 
who have fo readily anfwered to their Call, and 
conform'd yourfelves to live fuitable to that noble 
Inclination Heaven gave you, when you received 
your Being, agreeable to the Dignity of Man's 
Nature. Alas ! 'tis evident, that the Man who 
is fo bafe, or infatuated to embrace (unlefs con- 
flrain'd) any other Profeffion but Learning, does 
publickly renounce all the Honour due either to 
the Nobility of his Birth, or Glory of his Ancef- 
tors. Draw yet nearer to this Picture, and con- 
fider the Greatnefs of that Good to which you 
are elected, by the generous Choice you have 
made. The Bleffings beftow'd on us by Nature, 
as Beauty of Face, Elegancy of Shape, noble 
Parents, or great Wealth, are all fubject to Chance, 
and eafily taken from us ; nay, very often prove 
But thofe offer'd you by the Mufes, are durable and excellent in them- 1 



the Means of our Undoing. 

felves, which will both make you happy in yourfelf, and procure you Honour from others ; nay, will 
even render you Heroes, and enable you to vanquifh the Frailties of human Nature : for the God of I 
Wifdom 's Counfels, and the Doctrines of the Mufes, are fovereign Prefervatives, and Counter-Poifons 
againft all the Charms, with which Vice tempts us to our Ruin 






iZ? Hf i& 



iTr 



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te 



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a. 



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•3* 



Mufis amicus, triftitiam & metas 
Hor.hb.1. J 3 J 

Ode 26. Tradam protervis, in Mare Creticum 
Portare ventis. 



Friend to the Mufes, to the Winds I give 
Sorrow and Care ; henceforth I'll happy live : ; 
Grief to my Breaft fhall now a Stranger be, 
Ye Winds, go drown 'd them in the Cretan Sea. 



Ovid. 



-Carmina latum 



Sunt opus, & Pacem mentis habere volunt. 



The Mufes were defign'd to cheer and pleafe ; 
He that would Verfes write, muft be at eafe. 



Anxia Mens Hominum, curis confecla dolore 
Non potis efl cantus pandere Pierios : 

Carmina proveniunt animo deduEla fereno, 
Triftia cum latis non bene figna cadunt. 



When a Man's Soul with Cares oppreft, 
Or torturing Grief does wound his Breaft, 
He can't compofe Pyerian Strains, or write 
Soft charming Verfe ; 'tis Eafe that does excite 
The charming Mufe : from Minds ferene fprings 

Poefy ; 
Sad Conftellations can't with cheerful ones agree. 









A View of Human Life. 



*tf 




Nouveaux & généreux Orphèes, 

Qui loin de la faveur des Rois, 

Venez, au Jiknce des bois, 

Qonfulter les neuf doEles Fées. 

Vous ignorez, les foins cuifans } 

Qui dévorent les Courtifans. 

La trifieffe & la peur, ne vous font point la guerre. 

Vous efies affranchis des injures du fort ; 
Et de tous les maux de la terre, 

Vous n'éprouvez, jamais que celui de la mon. 



You generous Children of the Gods, who fly 
The poifon'd Courts, and Smiles of Royalty, 
To filent Groves, and facred Shades retir'd, 
Converfing with the Nymphs, by Jove infpir'd ; 
You of the racking Cares fhall nothing know, 
That makes the Courtier fad, and clouds his Brow { 
Sorrow and Fear fllall ne'er your Soul moleft, 
Nor any Change of Fortune break your Reft ; 
Of all the Miferies we are fubjeâ to, 
You nothing elfe, but only Death fhall know- 



i^6 



The Doftrine of MORALITY ; or, 

The Explanation of the Sixth Plate. 




La Pareffe eft la Mere des Vices. 

Qite ce 'Tableau nous fait bien connaître 
les avantages qu'on tire de l'amour de 
Pttude, iJ de Taclivitê furnaturelle 
quelle donne à nos efpiis. La chambre 
qui nous, y efl figur'e, Je peut proprement 
nommer, la retraite de la Vertu, l'Elément de la Philofo- 
phie, li Temple des MuJ es, & le lieu J acre d'où les 
Pajfîorix. font bannies. Auffi le Phikfophe qu'il nous 
représenté, comme le Miniftre & le Preftre de ce Tem- 
ple, n'attend pas que le Soleil i'avertiffe qu'il efl temps 
de facrificer au Dieu de toutes chofes. Le foin qu'il 
a de fin devoir, & l'ardeur qui le porte à l'Adoration 
de la 'fot'meraine Sagéjfe, à laquelle il s'efl confacré, 
l'éveillent avant que la Lune ait fait les deux tiers 
de fa èfiurfe. Elle efl encore bien haute fur l'Horifon. 
Elle illumine de f on éclat blanchi ffant les feneflres de 
fa chambre ; & le voila cependant debout. Il a luy 
même éveillé fon valet ; Ô" par une fi jufle Solicitude, 
il nous- à donné cet advertisement falutaire, que le 
Pilote n'a pas grand foin de fon Vaijfeau, qui s'en 
repofe fur la foy d'un mif érable Matelot. Nous 
voyons auffi les glorieufes Victoires que ce Sage vigilant 
a remportées par la puijfance de fes veilles & de fes 
foins. Car les Paffions les plus Fortes, les plus Re- 
doutables, .& les plus Artificieuf es, comme fi : elles te- 
naient 'de la nature des Songes : & des Fantômes, fe 
diffipent avec le Sommeil & les Ténèbres ; & aban- 
donnent celuy qui veille, pour aller tourmenter ces antes 
pareffeufes, qui font leur félicité de leur lit ; & tâchent 
de continuer par un art criminel, ce qu'ils ont inno- 
cemment commencé par le benefice de la Nature. 




Idlenefs is the Mother of Vice. 

O W well, my ingenious Companions^ 
does this Picture inform us of the vaft 
Advantages which accrue to Man, 
from the Love of Learning; which 
does indeed give even a fupernatural 
Activity and Life to our Souls ! The Chamber 
here reprefented, may properly be cail'd the' Re- 
treat of Vertue, Abode of Philofophy, and Tem- 
ple of the Mufes, the facred Place from whence 
all the Paffions are bamfh'd. The Philofopher, 
who is feated on this Bed, is the High Prieft of 
this Temple, who waits not till the Rifing-Sun 
calls upon him to Wake, and offer Sacrifice to the 
great Creator of all things ; the Regard that he 
has to his Duty, and the ardent Afteftion and 
Zeal that excites him thus to adore the fovereign 
VVifdom (to whom he has confecrated himfelf) is 
fufficient to wake him, before the Moon has half 
finifh'd her Cou'rfe : She is not yet arrived at her 
full Height in the Horizontal, and darting her 
Silver Beams into his unfhut Windows, when he 
is up, and calling his lefs watchful Servant, to 
attend God and him. His laudable Diligence 
inftructs us, that a wife Pilot leaves Hot the Care 
of the VefTel to another, but watches himfelf, till 
he has reach'd the defired Port, to which he is 
bound. Now let us obferve what glorious Vic- 
tories he has obtain'd by this vigilant Care, thefe 
frequent Watchings, and fleeplefs Nights. Be- 
the ftrongeft Paffions, Luft and Envy, the 






Hold 

moft fubtle and aftive Enemies of Man's Repofe, 
vanifh, and fly from him like Dreams, or Dàrknefs 
at the; Approach of Day ; and retiring from him, who wakes to read and pray, fly thence to torment 
thofe wretched Creatures, who delight in Idlenefs, and rife not, till they are tired with too much 
Eafe ; ;who convert into a Sin, that Reft which Nature defign'd only for our Refreshment. 






Hor.lib. i, 
Epift.2. 



Plaut. 1 



■ Et, ni 

Pofces ante diem librum cum lumine, fi non 
Intendes animum fludiis & rebus honeflis, 
Invidiâ, vel amore vigil torquebere. 



■ ■ ' Vigilare decet Hominem 
Qui vult fua tempore conficere officia : 
Nam qui dormitat libenter, fine lucro, & cum 
Malo quiefcit. 



If e'er the Day appear, you do not rife, 

A Book and Candle ask ; your Faculties 

To vertuous Studies bend, your Thoughts employ 

On things divine ; Love will your Peace deftroy, 

Or Envy break your Sleeps, and ftill annoy. 

That Man ought to be moft vigilant, who defires 
to perform his Duty in due time, and well ; for 
he that delights in Idlenefs and Sloth, takes his 
Reft, 'tis true, but vaftly to His Prejudice, 
reaping no Advantage by it. 



A View of Human Life. 



in 







L'Ame eft une Machine a beaucoup de r efforts j 
L'oyfivetê les rouille & les rend inutiles ; 
Travaille incejfamment de l'efprit ou du corps ; 
Et ta Machine aura fes mouvements faciles. 



The Soul is âMàchine,which many Springs compofei 
By too much Idlenefs it rufts, and ufelefs grows : 
By confiant Exercife thyMi nd andBody ftill improve* 
And the Machine fliall fwiftly, and in order move; 



Nd 



m 



The Dotlrine &f MORALITY; or, 

The Explanation of the Seventh Picture. 



Qui ayrne la Vertue, mefjjnfe tout le 
refte. 



Whofocvcr lo-ves Vertue % defpifes alt other 
things. 



<E NE REUSE & heroique Pajfun, de 
fçavoir ce qu'il faut fçavoir, c'eft à dire 
d'eftre vertueux ; combien fcnt hautes, & 
combien font divines, les Refolutions que 
tu fais prendre à ceux que tu pojfedes 
véritablement ? 




EN E ROUS and Heroick Paffion, 
to thirft after Knowledge, to refolve 
to be virtuous ! What elevated, 
what Godlike Refolutions doft thou, 
Goddefs, infpire in thofe with whom 
Cette jufte. exclamation m'echappe en thou doft really inhabit ! This juft Exclamation 




voyant ce- tableau. Regardez,-le, je vous prie, des 
mêmes yeux que je le confidere ; & vous avouerez, avec 
may, que la Sagejfe & la Science, comme e fiant les 
Anges tutelages de nos efprits, leur infpirent des pen- 
fees dignes de la fublimité de leur extraction. Elle 
leur font connaître qu'il n'y arien de fi bas, que ce 
que le monde eftime de plus haut ; n'y rien de fi vil, 
que ce que l'ambition & les autres Pafftons déréglées 
mus offrent, comme les chofes les plus precieufes de la 
vie. Voyez, vous le Philofophe, que tant de demons 
environnent. Ils le tentent à la vérité, mais ils le 
tentent vainement. Icy l'Ambition luy prefente un 
"Throne. La une Couronne deftinet aux vainqueurs. 
Plus loin -une ftatuë; & pour dernier effort, la Pompe 
fuperbe du Triomphe. Cependant il refufe également 
tous fes prefens ; & leur donnant le jufie prix qu'ils 
doivent avoir, demeure d'accord avec luy même, que 
toutes ces chofes ne font que vanité. Qu'un Thrône 
n'eft qu'un feu de lois enrichy d'or & de pierreries. 
Que ces autres marques de Grandeur & de Pompe ne 
font que des branches de laurier pliêes enfemble, des 
pieces de marble taillé, des Armes rompues & attachées 
confufement. Que le Triomphe même, qui eft le defir 
de tous les grands Courages, n'eft qu'un meflange em- 
baraffé & deplorable de plufieurs innocents enchaînez-, 
d'un grand Nombre de Soldais infôlents & criminels, 
de richeffes ravies à leurs juftes Pcffeffeurs, & d'Acla- 
mations brutales d'une Populace infenfée. 



could not but efeape my Tongue, in beholding 
this Picture. Look on it with the like Affection 
that I do, I beg you, and confefs with me, that 
Wifdom and Learning, like two Guardian An- 
gels, to whom our Souls are committed, con- 
tinually infufe into them Defires worthy the Sub- 
limity of our Extraction ; convincing us, that 
there is nothing more vile, or lefs worth our 
Efteem, than thofe fhining things- which Am- 
bition and Paffion offer to us as the moft valuable 
things of this Life. Behold this Philofopher en- 
vironed with Demons ; who tempt him, 'tis true^ 
but all in vain. Here Ambition tenders, him a 
Throne, there à Crown, deftin'd only for the 
Victor's Head ; at a little diftance, a pompous 
Statue, erected to perpetuate his Name, and for 
her utmoft Effort, with the Charms of a publick 
Triumph, the laft and higheft Honour this vain 
World can beftow on Man. Yet this will not do ; 
he ftill refufes all thefe glittering Toys with equal 
Difdain, and fetting a juft Eftimate upon them, 
concludes with himfelf, that all thefe things are 
Pride and Folly, and not worth a wife Man's 
Acceptance. That a Throne is only a little pe- 
rifhing Wood, enriched with Gold and Diamonds ; 
and thofe other Marks of Greatnefs and Honour, 
Trifles. That Laurels will fade and wither; 



that even Marble will be defaced by Time ; and 
the Glories of a Triumph, tho' fo much coveted 
by the moft generous Minds, rightly confidered, are but a fad Spectacle of human Mifery ,• a con- 
fufed Mixture of, perhaps, innocent Captives, loaden with Chains, and infolent Soldiers, who are far 
greater Criminals, at liberty ; of vaft Riches, torn from their juft Owners, the Spoils of Temples, and 
Palaces, confirm 'd to us by the brutifh Acclamations of an incens'd Rabble, to whom no wife Man 
would be indebted for any thing. 



& s- * <£ §k & & %, & & * £■ & fr & $■ « * & & a 



Hor.lib.l. 
Epift. i. 



Eft quodnam prodire tenus, fi non datur ultra : 
Fervet avaritia, miferoque cupidine peEius ? 
Sunt verba & voces, quibus hune lenire dolorem 
Poffis T & magnant rmrbi deponere partent. 
Lan dis amore ftiftles ? fient certe piac-ula, qua te 
"fer pure letlb • pottrutrt r/creare Ubtifo, 



-Quem vis media, erue turbâ ; 



Hor.lib.î. 

Sat. 4- Aut ob avaritiam aut miferâ ambitione lalmai. 



Does Thirft of Gold, or Luft thy Soul enflame ? 
Why there are Words, and tuneful Songs can tame 
And quench the Fire, and give thee Eafe, 
Nay, cure great part of thy Difeafe. 
Art thou pûft up wrfft Pride, and fond of Pfaife ? 
In Books you'll find moft certain Spells and Ways 
That being thrice with D iligettce read o'er, 
Will make you ceafê fo fwéll, snd Health reftôïe. 

In Rome, or any where amongft Mankind, "7 

You'll hardly one free from Ambition find, £" 

Or torturing Avarice that racks the Mind. 3 



A View of Human Life. 







V Homme de bien imeffamment foûpire, 
Pour la vertu, comme four un Irefor ; 
S'il la pojfede il a ce qu'il defire ; 
Et far fa force feule, il obtient un Empire, 
Qu'on cherche vainement dejfus un Trône d'or. 



The wife and honeft Man does Vertue woo, - 
For her he fighs, as only worth his Care ; 
She's all he asks, if he poflèffes her, 
The Treafure that his Soul does ftill purfue : 
By her alone he does an Empire gain, 
Which Men on glitt'ring Thrones do feek in vain* 



140 



The DoBrine of MORALITY; or, 



The Explanation of the Eighth Plate. 

Le Sage feul eft libre. The Wife alone are free. 




I EN que vous ayez, ou affez, de con- 
noijfance, ou affez, de difcretion, four 
forcer les fentiments que vous donne la 
Nature corrompue, je les voy toutesjois 
qui paroiffent malgré vous fur vôtre. 
vif age ; & qui me demandent quel ejl le Prix, & 
quelle efl la Splendeur de la Couronne que les Sciences 
& la Vertu promettent à leurs Adorateurs. Il ejl jufte 
que je leur fatisfajje ; & qu'après vous avoir défia dit 
plufieurs fois, que l'amour des lettres eft un Remède 
fouverain pour les Maladies de l'ame, je vous montre 
la façon dont ce metveilieux baume doit eftre applique 
fur nos différentes lleffures. Vous avez, vu au tableau 
précédant, comme le Phihfophe a foulé aux pieds, ces, 
vaines Images de Gloire que le monde a pour l'objet de 
fes plus ferieufes Actions. Vous le voyez, maintenant, 
donnant la loy aux autres Tyrans de l'ame ; & regnant 
avec Empire fur les Paffions & fur la Fortune. Qu'il 
fait beau voir les Ornements qui parent fin triomphe. 
D'un coftê, les palmiers luy pref entent autant de Cou- 
ronnes qu'ils ont de branches ; & de l'autre de vieux 
chefnes inébranlables, luy font comme autant d'Images 
vivantes de fa confiance & de fa fermeté. Ce ne fi 
pas que fes ennemis foient abfolument vaincus, quoy 
qu'il les tienne dans les fers. La fortune toujours re- 
belle & toujours audacieufe, entreprend avec le refie de 
fes forces, de combattre encore une fois fin vainqueur. 
Pour en venir à bout, elle appelle les Demons de l'Am- 
bition, de l'Avarice, & des Plaifirs: La pauvreté qui 
ejl toujours ravie des Defordres &. des Confufions, ac- 
court à la voix de la Fortune ; & produit aux yeux 
de nôtre Sage, tout ce qu'elle a de plus hideux. L'ef- 
clavage ijtieme, l'exil, h" la mort qui ejl réputée le 
malheur de tous les malheurs, fe liguent enfemble pour 
venir attaquer cette place, qui ne leur femble pas im- 
prenable. Mais leurs attentes font vaines. Car l'ame 
de nôtre Sage efl fi régulièrement fortifiée, queTe ne 
peut ejlre n'y furprffe par l'Artifice de fes ennemis, n'y 
emportée à'affaut par toutes leurs forces ajfembk'es. 

thence ; their Labour is all fruitlefs; his Soul is fo 
Artifices of his Enemies, nor borne down by their 
them. 




HO' you are already fufficiently con- 
vinced, and refolved to conquer your 
corrupt Nature, and to become vei>- 
tuous ; yet by your Countenances I 
perceive you are defirous to know 
what is the Value and Splendor of the Crown, 
which Vertue and Wifdom promife their Votaries. 
And indeed it is but reafon, that you fliould be 
gratify 'd, and that after having fo often told you, 
that the Love of Learning is a fovereign Remedy 
for all the Difeafes of the Soul, I fbould fliow 
you the manner in which this marvellous Balm 
muft be apply'd to our different Wounds. You 
have feen in the precedent Picture how our Phi- 
lofopher tramples under foot . the vain Images of 
that Glory which the Generality of Men have 
for the Objeft of their moft ferious Actions. You 
fhall now fee him even giving Laws to all the other 
Tyrants that gain the Afcendant over Mens Souls, 
and reigning with défpptick Sway over Vice and 
Fortune; which the Spoils that grace his Tri- 
umph plainly fliow. The bending Palm's feem to 
tender their Branches to make him Chaplets, and 
the aged Oaks, who have flood thé Shock of 
Ages, ftand as lively Images of his Rèfolution and 
Conftancy. He holds his Enemies in Chains; 
yet Fortune feems not to be wholly fubdued : 
flie calls her Affociates together, to make another 
Attempt, in hopes flill to accomplifh her Ends: 
She appears accompanied with the Dxmons of 
Ambition, Avarice, and foft Pleafure, with the 
meagre Spedre, involuntary Poverty, that bafe 
Poverty which is the Confequence of Riots and 
Excefs. Thefe all attend their Miftrefs, Fortune, 
and fet before the Eyes of our Hero, all that is 
moft hideous and terrible to human Nature, even 
Slavery, Exile, and Death. Thus they combine 
to ftiake his Conftancy, whilft he, feated on a 
Rock, immoveable as the Stone, regards them 
with Difdain : in vain they ftrive to drive him 
well fortify 'd, that he cannot be furprized by the 
Aifaults, tho' ten thoufand more were united with 



*^ ^m .*^*£&*^ , é&'£&*^*£&'£&*£k?*^*^ , ^&*£&-*&f-*S&- 



Hor. lib.2 
Sat. 7. 



Laert. 



Quifnam igitur liber ? fapiens fibique mperiofus : 
Quern neq; pauperies, neq; mors, neq; vincula terrent ; 
Refponfare cupidinibus, contemner e honores, 
Fortis, & in feipfo totus teres, atque rotundus. 
Externi nequid valeat per lave morari ; 
In quern manca ruit femper fortuna. 



Dionyfio recitanti verficulos Olos Sophoclis ; 
Quifquis tyranni ad teEla fe contulit, 
Fit fervus illi, liber etfi venerit ; 

Arifiippus, arrepto pofieriore, refpondit ; 
Hand fervus ejl, fi liber illuc venerit. 

Qjtia, inquiebat, vere liber non eft, nifi cujus ani- 
mum fpe metuque Uberavit Philofophia. 



Who's then the Man that's free ? the Wife alone ; 
He that himfélf commands, erects a Throne 
In his own Breaft, and reigns fole Monarch there ; 
He that not Poverty or Death does fear ; 
He who his boiling Paffions can reftrain, 
Honours defpife, and profer'd Crowns difdain : 
Who in himfelf alone does all things find 
Within the Circle of his Thoughts confin'd, 
Nothing without can wound, or give him pain, 
And Fortune ftrives to ruin him in vain. 



As Dicnyfius was rehearfing loud 

Thefe Lines of Sophocles ; Who e'er he be, 
That in a Palace goes to dwell, tho' free 
When entring there, of empty Honour proud, 
His Liberty does lofe ; and from that Hour 
Becomes a Slave to a vain Monarch's Power : 
Arifiippus catching at this laft Line, 

Reply'd, If he was free when there he came, 
He's not a Slave but free, and flill the fame ; 
For no Man's really free, but whom divine 
Philofophy has freed, whofe Soul difdains 
To hope, or fear, and ftill unmov'd remains : 
If with a Soul thus free he enter 'd there, 
He cannot ceafe to be ftill free as Air. 






A Vievi of Human Life. 



141 




Ce n'efi n'y la Faveur des Rois, 

Ny les Suffrages populaires, 
Qui peuvent foufmettre à nos lois, 

Nos fiers & mortels adverf aires, 
La Venu feule a ce pouvoir ; 

Elle fait qu'un efclave efi libre dans fes chaînes j 

Qu'un jufte mal-heureux, rit au milieu des gefnes • 
Et que même la mort ne le peut emouvir. 

Oo 



s Tis not the Favour of the greatefl: Kings* 
Nor yet the Populace's Voice and Love 
That can our inward mortal Foes remove, 
And headftrong Paflions in fubjeftion bring : 
Vertue alone this Power can give ; 'tis fhe 
Can make the Slave in fettering Chains live free, 
The injur'd Wretch fmile on the Rack and Wheel 
And at the Sight of Death no Terror feel. 



Iâ± 



The DoBriné of MORALITY ; or y 

The Explanation of the Ninth Plate. 



Le Sage eft Inébranlable. 



IJJlllfUJl E S Maladies de l'âme, & les autres 
H maux de la vie, font aux pieds de nôtre. 




5§j Philofophe. 



Il a fait des efclaves de 

fes "tyrans. Mais te n'efl pas ajjez, pour , 

la Grandeur de fa Vertu. Il veut efite 
mis a de, plus difficiles efpreuves ) & ' nous montrer 
comme il fpait refifter aux injures du Ciel, & aux 
violences dé ceux qui font les Exécuteurs de fa colère. 
Nous en avons des exemples en ce tableau. En fa plus 
haute partie^ nous voyons la confufion que prcduifent la 
querelle & le conflit des deux plus hauts Elements. Au 
dejfous, la Terre ébranlée par leur impetuojîté, fe de- Confufion occafioned by the Conflict of two "jar- 



Tïhe Wife are Immoveahk. 

H E Difeafes of the Mind, and the 

Evils of Life are fubdued, and pro- ? 

ftrate at our Philosopher's feet. He 

has made Vaflals of his Tyrants ; but 

this is all too little for fuch a Vertue. 

He courts more Difficulties, and will yet give 

ftronger Proofs of his Bravery, and fhow us how 

he can fupport the Injuries of Chance^ and the 

Violence of all the Storms Heaven executes its 

Anger with. Examples of which this Picture 

In the higheft part we fee the horrid 




5' 

gives us 



tache de foy-même, renverje ce quelle perte ; & femble 
fe vouloir enfevelir fous fes propres ruines. Plus bas, 
pqxoiffent les dérèglements des Pvffions humâmes, qui 
font encore plus redoutables. Ici, un Roy menace ; 
& pour fatisfaire ■ à f on Indignation, foit quelle foit 
jufie, foit quelle ne k foit pas, lance indifféremment 
la foudre fur la tefie de ceux qui font au deffous de luy. 
Plus loin, mus .appercevons un grand nombre de monftres 



î ing Elements 



below, the Earth trembling with 
their impetuous Force, rents afunder, and "over- 
turns all it bares, as if it meant to bury all things 
in its own Ruins. À further Profpect (hows the 
Diforders occafioned by human Paffions. Behold 
a Monarch in Fury, and to vent his Rage, with- 
out all Confideration of Juftice, falls upon what- 
ever he meets, exercifing his Cruelty on the Inno- 



converts de la figure d'Hommes, qui ne refpirants que cent as well as Criminal. Afar off we may perceive 
le Maffacre & -la Def elation, portent le fer & le feu a great Number of Monitors rather than Men, 
dans une ville forcée. Mais p army tous ces de f ordres, though in human Shape, breathing nothing but 
que fait nôtre Philofophe ? '■ // efl affis fur un fiege : Murder and Defolation, and entering with Fire 
inébranlable. Ses parens & fs amis I'affiegent, & and Sword into a conquered ToWn. Amidft all 



par la ftupiditt qui efl fi commune aux Hommes, luy thefe Diforders, our Philofopher is feated in his 

ufual Tranquillity. His Relations and . Friends 
almoft deafen him with Intreaties, begging him 
to think of his Safety, to awake him from that 
Lethargy of Thought, which has, till this pref- 
fing Moment, made him negligent to provide for 
his Prefervation, and loudly call upon' Him to 
think of himfelf and them. But this truly brave 
Man, the worthy Image of his Maker, appears 
wholly deaf to their impertinent Clamours. ' Care- 
lefs of Life, he vouchfafes not once to turn his 
Eyes to fee who thefe troublefome Babblers are ; 
but perfifts in an ' unfhaken Conftancy of Mind, 
being wholly employed and taken up in contemplating himfelf, in nicely furveying the State of his 
Soul, and levelling the Balance betwixt himfelf and Heaven, and with a profound Submiffiqn waits 
whatever Providence has determin'd to do with him, committing himfelf entirely to the Care of him 
who made him. - ; ■ /• , ■' ' 



crient aux oreilles,, qu'en fin il s'éveille après un fi long 
affoupiffement ; & 'qu'il commence à penfer a fa con- 
fervation, & à celle des Jlens. Mais- cet Homme vé- 
ritablement Homme, fait la four de oreille à ces Cla- 
meurs impertinentes. -Il ne tourne pas même les yeux 
pourvoir qui font ces importuns Soliciteurs ; & per- 
fiftant en fa divine immobilité, s'attache tout entier 
à la confideration de foy-mème, pefe ferieufement les 
mouvements de fon ame ; & tenant la Balance égale, 
attend avec une profonde paix, tout ce que Dieu a re- 
folu de fa deflinée. I . 



^ , &^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^-^^^^&^*& , ûf- , &*êf-*êr 



Hor.litv 
Ode i 



Virgil. 6 
iEneid. 



fuflum & tenacem propofiti virum, 
Non civium ardor prava jubentium, 
Non vultus inflantis tyranni 3 
Mente quatit folidà, neque Aufter, 
Dux inquieti turbidus Hadria, 
Nec fulminantis magna Jovis manus : 
Si fraBus illalatur orbis, 
hnpavidum ferlent ruina. 

Ac fi dura filex aut flet Marpefia cautes. 



The Juft ftill firm in what he undertakes, 
His Aim purfues, and at no Danger (hakes ; 
The raging Multitude with Threats in vain 
His Steps purfue, and Tyrants can't reftrain 
Him by their Menaces, nor turn him back ; 
The boifterousWinds may blow,and Tempefts make 
The Adriatick Seas to foam ; nay, Jove 
With dreadful Thunder Earth and Sea remove, 
Should the Skies fall, unmov'd he'd fiand, 
Nor (hake, tho 5 Death and Ruin were at hand. 

The wife Man like to a Marfefian Rock, 

Or ftubborn Flint, does ftand the rougheft Shock. 



A Vkw of Human Life. 



14? 




Le Sage grand comme les Dieux, 

Eft maiftre de fes deftinées : 
Et de la Fortune, & des deux, 

Tient les puiffances enchaînées. 
U règne abfolummt fur la Terre & fur l'Onde ; 

Il commande aux Tyrans, il commande au trefpas ; 
Et s'il moyoit périr le Monde, 

Le Monde periffant, ne l'eftonneroit pas. 



The wife Man like the happy Deity, 
Is Matter of himfelf and Deftiny ; 
Fortune and Nature he with Eafe commands^ 
And feems to hold them as his Slaves in Bonds ; 
Reigns o'er the Earth and Seas without controulj 
Treats Tyrants as his Slaves, nor ftarts his Soul. 
At the Approach of Death ; nor would he fear 
To fee the World in Flames, and Judgment near. 



144 



the Doéîrine of MORALITY; oir, 



The Explanation of the Tenth Pi&ure. 



L'Homme de bien eft par tout en feurete» %'fte Good Man is fafe in all TÎacesi, 




\OUS voulez, fç avoir ce que reprefente cet 
Homme, qui feul au milieu d'un defert 
plein de mvnfires, marche auffi tranquille- 
ment que s'il eftoit dans l'allée de quelque 
beau jardin ; & qui far une magnani- 
mité f lus qdheriique, meprife le feaurs qui luy eft offert, 
& les armes qui lui font miraculeufement envoyées, fe 
vous le diray Jî vous m'en folicitez, d'avantage. Mais, 
quel befoin eft-il que je vous dife fon nom ? Vous 
jugez, bien à la Defer iption que je vous en faits après 
le Peintre, que c'êft le même Demy-Dieu, que je vous 
ay montré au dernier 'Tableau. La il eftoit afjis, pour 
ce qu'il n' eftoit obligé que d'attendre le Peril. Icy il 
eft debout, four ce que ne voulant fe fervir d autres 
armes que de celles de la Vertu, il eft obligé de marcher 
fans crainte au devant des Perils. Il ne fe détourne 
point de fon chemin, pour y voir des Dragons, des Ti- 
gres, & mille autres Eeftes furieufes, qui tiennent la 
gueule ouverte pour l'engloutir. Apprenez, à fon Ex- 
emple, a fçavoir bien ufer de la vie ; & retenez, comme 
le plus utile précepte que vous attendez, de nkre agréable 
étude, que celui là eft à couvert des Outrages delà For- 
tune, qui s' eft fait un az,ile de la pureté de fa Con- 
feience, & de la Connoiffance des bonnes chofes. 




'OU are, no qUeftion, impatient 
know who the Perfon here reprefented 
is ; who alone, and in the midft of a 
Defert full only of Monfters and 
wild Beafts, walks as unconcerned as 
if he were in fome pleafing Grove or Garden, 
and by a Magnanimity of Soul exceeding Man, 
difdaiws to make ufe of thofe Arms for his De- 
fence, which. Fortune feems miraculoufly to have 
thrown in his way. Sure you by this time guefs 
who he is. You muft needs be informed by the 
Defcription I (and the Painter before) gave you, 
that it' is the fame Demi-God, the Hero whom 
the precedent Pifture fhow'd you, tho' in a dif- 
ferent Pofture. He was there fitting, being ob- 
liged by the nature of the Tryals he was to fuf- 
fer, to wait the coming of his Enemies: but 
here he is in fearch of others, and courts Occafions 
of Glory and Danger. He turns /not out of his 
way at the fight of Dragons and Tygers, and 
many other furious Beafts, who feem to open 
their dreadful Jaws to devour him. Let us by 
his Example learn to fet a true Eftimate on Life, 
and retain this Maxim as the moft ufeful Precept 
that all our Studies can furnifh us with, viz,. That 
he only is fecured from all the Injuries of For- 
tune, who makes himfelf an Afylum of the In- 
tegrity of his own Confcience, and efteems Death 
as a beloved Friend, that gives him perfect Free- 
dom. 




Hor.lib.i. 

Ode Z2. 



Integer vita, fcelerifque purus, 
Non eget Mauri jaculis, nee arcu, 
Nee venenatis gravida fagittis, 

Fufce, Pharetra. 
Sive per Syrtss iter aftuofas, 
Sive faBurus per inhofpitalem 
Caucafum, vel qua loca fabulofus 

Lambit Hydafpes. 



He who uprightly lives, whofe Breaft 

Fofters no Crime to break his Reft, 

Needs not the Bow for his Defence, 

Or Javelin of the Moor, in Death well skill'd, 
Or Quivers with empoifon'd Arrows filfdj 

His only Arms are Innocence : 

He treads on Syria's burning Sands, 

Or fails to yet more Savage Lands, 

Or roams where fam'd Hydafpes flows. 



A View of Human Life. 



14? 




une Amevrayment héroïque, 
Trouve far tout, des lieux de feureté i 
Et vit même en tranquilité, 
Parmy tous les monftres d'Afrique. 
Le Sage qui fçait que la vie, 

N'eft que le chemin de la mort ; 

Ne craint jamais d'aller au prt, 
Ou fa naijfance le convie. 



The Man that's truly brave, does dauntléfs find 
Himfelf in every Place fecure ; his Mind 
Serene, he'd carelefs live at eafe 

Amidft the dreadful Monfters bred 
In Africk's defart Lands, and Seas, 

And neither Death, or Hunger dread. 
The Wife who knows Life is a Road, 
That furely leads to Death's Abode, 
fears not to reach the happy Port his Birth 
Decreed him for, nor mourns to quit the Earth. 



PP 



14-6 



The DoBrine of MORALITY; or, 



The Explanation' of the Eleventh Picture. 







I 








He that puffers much, gains much* 

HERE remains but one Victory 
more for our Hero to gain, to 
fubject all things to him : our 
Painter aflures us that he is very 
certain of this Conqueft, and may- 
even now begin hisTriumph. He 
here in one Example prefen^lo 
qui poffible vous faroijfent des énigmes, après le fens our view that glorious Conqueft which alone re- 
def quelles, il eft befoin que vôtre efprit fe travaille mains for us to gain over our laft and ftrongeft 
beaucoup: Nullement; il ri 'eft rien de fi clair n'y de Enemies, Anger and Impatience. Yet methinks 
fi connu; & fans mentir je fais Confidence de vous I almoft b'ufh to tell you who that wondrous 
dire qui eft le Verteux qui fouffre fi conftammsnt les Man is, that fo patiently f apports the Injuries 
Injures & les Outrages d'une méchante Femme. Ne- and Outrages done him by a vile cmrageous 
antmoins, fuifque toute l'Antiquité nous a propofé cet Woman. "Tis an Example of fuch incomparable 
Exemple, comme le dernier effort d'une Vertu confom- Meeknefs, that all Antiquity has recommended 
mée, il n' eft pas à propos que nous Pajfions légèrement it to our Imitation, as the molt extraordinary and 



Qui fouffre beaucoup, gagne beaucoup. 



L ne refte plus au Sage qu'un Vic- 
toire à remporter, pour avoir tout 
foufinis à fon Empire. Cette Peinture 
vous fait voir que cette dernière Vic- 
toire luy eft affeurée, & qu'il doit 
commencer fon Triomphe. Mais elle 
vous le fait voir fous certaines figures 






par deffus. Sçachez, donc, que celuy que vous voyez, 
au martyre, eft ce Socrate, fi connu par fon propre 
Mérite, & par les Extravagances de fa Femme. 
Vous jugez, bien aujft, que de tous ceux dont l'Hiftoire 
Grecque & Romaine nous ont parlé, il _ n'y avoit que 



excellent Proof of a confummate Vertue and 
Wifdom. The Man you behold thus fuftering, 
is the great Socrates, equally famous for his own 
admirable Merit, and his Wife's Extravagancies. 
You cannot but know, that of all thofe whom 



luy qui fut dignement reprefenter le Perfonnage qu'il the Greeks or Romans have made mention of, there 

fait dans ce tableau. Confiàerez, comme il fouffre ; con- is but he alone whom this Picture could perfectly 

fiderez, comme il médite des chofes très-difficiles, &~ referable, cpnfidering how he here is treated, and 

comme pratiquant ce qu'il médite, il nous enfeigne que how he behaves himfelf. He feems meditating 

four l'exercife des âmes héroïques, il eft necejfaire qu'il on fublime things, and putting in practice -what 



y ait de méchantes Femmes, qui comme des Furies do- he 



has taught others 



convincing us, that it is 



meftiques, ayent le foiiet à la main, & les Blafphemes fometimes even neceffary for the moft noble Souls 
à la bouche, afin que les Sages faffent connoitre jufques to be linked with bad Wives, fuch as prove do- 
où doit aller la veritable Patience, & combien peut meftick Furies, carrying Scorpion's Stings in their 
fouffrir la veritable magnanimité. Tongues, Scourges in their Hands, perfect A fps 

' 'A and Wafps in their Nature, and wound the Heart 

to which they creep too near. Thefe afford the happieft Opportunities for the great and elevated Soul 
to fhowand exercife itfelf upon, to give the World a Proof of its Excellency, and convince us what 
our Nature is able to bear, and to what a Degree of Wifdom a perfect Patience can arrive. 






Hor.lib.i. 
Ode 24. 

Laert. in 
vita. 



Durum, fed levius fit fatientia. 
Quidquid cortigere eft nefas. 

IUuftre fatientia exemplar Socrates, ab uxore contu- 
meliis petitus : Penes te eft, inquit, maledicere '> 
penes me autemreEîè audire. 



Eurip. in Altera duorum coHoquentium indigmntt, 
Protefil, j s q u j f e mn pf 0n it 3 fhs fafit. 



'Tis hard, in truth, but Patience can fuftain 
What can't be remedy 'd, and eafe our Pain. 

Socrates, that fam'd Example of Patience, being 
once rated at in moft opprobrious Language- 
by his infolentWife, faid only, ' Tis in your> 
1 power to give bad words, and in mine to bear 
' them as becomes me.' 

When in Gonverfation between two, the one is 
in a Paflion, he that makes no oppohtion is the 
wifeft. 



A View of Human Life, 



H7 







On tient qu'un Homme doit paffer 

Pour un lâche & pour un infâme ; 

Quand il endure que fa Femme, 
Le coiffe d'un pot à pijfer : 
Socrate cependant ce dotleur authentique. 

Soutient publiquement que c'efi une vertu : 

Quant à moy qui toujours ay craint d'eftre battu } 
Je penfe que la chofe eft fort problématique. 



We think a Man defèrves to pais 

Sut for a poor contented Afs, 

That does endure his noify Wife to grace 

With a full Chamber-pot his Head and Face j 

But Socrates, a Do&or of great Fame, 

Does here maintain, that 'tis a Vertue rare 
But I, who always fear'd a Coward's Name, 

And being beat, his Doftrine think fevere. 



148 The DoBrine of MORALITY; or, 

The Explanation of the Twelfth Pidture. 
La bonne Confcience eft invincible. A good Conference is -invinçiule. 




zftEUX là fe trompent, qui croyent que le 
Sage affeEle la Reputatk n aitffi bien que 
les Venus ; & qu'il ne Sabftient des cho- 
ces injuftes, que four gagner les coeurs, 
& recevoir les applaudiffements que les 
mechans mêmes n'ofent rtfufer au mtrite. Pour faire 
paroitre l'Erreur dé ces gens là, le Peintre nous pro- 
pofe ici le Triomphe fecret de l'Homme de bien, & la 
Gloire cachée qu'il reçoit des témoignages de fa Con- 
fcience. Il ne pouvait nous le faire voir en une Acîkn 
qui témoignât mieux n'y la Grandeur de fn ame, n'y 
le mépris qu'il fait ~& des Injures, & des Faveurs de 
la renommée. Il eft affts fur un fiege fi Jolide & fi 
bas, qu'il ne peut craindre aucune cheute. Il eft appuyé 
fur des Livres, c'eft à dire, fur les Armes que la fageffe 
fournit aux Hommes pour combatre la Fortune. Il eft 
appuyé contre un mur d'airain, qui n'eft autre que le 
repos d'efprit, qu'on acquiert par la . haine des Vices, 
& par la pratique des Vertus. Voyez,, je vous prie, 
avec combien d'Art & d'Efprit le Peintre notls repre- 
fente auprès de luy, cette dangereufe vipère, qu'on ap- 
pelle Renommée. Il, la fait- paraître en une pcfture 
flatteufe, &: avec un vif age charmant. Elle montre a 
nôtre Sage, ces Inftruments pernicieux, ces Organes 
décevants, ces Trompettes infidelles & inter effées, qui 
tantoft publient nos louanges £7 tant oft nous aceufent de 
toutes fortes de Crimes. Mais nôtre Phiîofophe qui en 
connoift l'un & l'autre ufage, & qui les condamne tous 
deux egailement, Jupplie cette folle qui parle toujours, 
de choifir une plus noble & plus haute matière à ces 
harangues, & de fe taire d'une Perfonne qui ne veut 
eftre connue que de foy-même. En fuite, il luy pro- 
tefle avec cette franchife, & cette Jtncerite qui luy eft 
naturelle, qu'il ne travaille n'y pour acquérir de la 
Gloire, n'y pour éviter la honte ; & que l'Image des 
crimes qu'elle luy prefente, quelque difforme quelle foit, 
n'adjoute rien à l averfion que la Nature luy en a don- 
née. Enfin, pour la chaffer honneflement d'auprès de 
luy, il luy declare ' que pourveu qu'il puiffe perfeverer 
dans l'Innocence qu'il s' eft propofée pour la fin de tou- 
tes fes Avions, il I tient peur indifferent, tout ce que le 
Monde voudra dire de fa vie. 




iHOSE Perfons are deceiv'd, who 
believe the wife Man loves Fame e- 
qual with Venue, and abftains not 
from 111, but with a defign to gain 
the Afteftions of Men, and that Ap- 
plaufe which even theViticus cannot refufe to Me- 
rit. To make the Error thefe People are in, appear 
more vifibly, our Painter propofes in this Piece, 
to fet before us the fecret Triumph of a good 
Man, and the hidden Glory that he receives from 
the Teftimony of his own Confcience. Nor 
could he have chofen any Pofture that would have 
better expreffed the Greatnefs of his Soul, or 
.the Contempt with which he regards either the 
Injuries, or CareiTes of Fame. He is placed on 
a Seat of Marble, firong as his Vertue, low as 
his Wifhes, from whence he can fear no Fall. He 
is leaning on his Books, to intimate, that thofe 
are the' beft Arms which W.ifdom can furnifh 
Man with to fight againft Fortune. He is fup- 
ported by a Wall of Brafs, to fignify that Peace 
of Mind he has gained by abhorring Vice, and 
embracing Vertue. Behold, I beg you, with 
how much Art and Wit our Painter has repre- 
fented that dangerous Serpent, called Fame. 
With a deluding Face and infinuating Mein, fhe 
careffes in the molt artful and charming manner 
our Hero. She fhews him thofe pernicious and 
deceitful Inftruments, which to-day fhe founds 
in lavifh Praifes of thofe, whom to-morrow fhe 
proclaims to be the worft of Men. Her merce- 
nary Voice is bought with Bribes, and Truth file 
generally is a Stranger to. But our Philofopher, 
who knows her perfectly, and defpifes all fhe of- 
fers, modeftly entreats this troublefome Babbler to 
feek elfewhere, for fome more worthy Theme to 
bufy her afiive Voice and Tongue withal, and to 
be filent of a Perfon, who defires to be wholly 
unknown, to all but himfelf. In fine, he protefts 
to her with that Franknefs and Sincerity which 
are natural to him, that he labours not to acquire 
Praife and Renown, nor yet to avoid Shame and 
Ignominy : That the frightful Scenes of Mar- 
tyrdom flie fhews him at a diftance, as the Con- 
fequences of perfevering in Virtue, can in no meafure diminifh the vaft Efteem he has for her, but 
are rather Encouragements to him to follow fuch admirable Examples. And to put an end to her 
further Importunities, he difmiffes her with this Declaration ; That he is refolv'd to continue in that 
Integrity, which he will make the Rule of all his Actions, and is perfectly indifferent to ail that the 
World fhall fay, or think of him. 



Hor.lib.i. 
Epift. 1. 



Ovid. 



Hie murus aheneus efto : 

Nil confeire fibi, nulla pallefcere culpa. 



Confia mens ut quique fua eft, ita concipit intra 
Peclora, pro faElo fpemque metumque fuo. 

Confcia mens reEli fama mendacia ridet ; 
Sed nos in vitium credula turba fumus. 



Would you true Peace, and certain Safety find ? 
Wifely preferve a pure unfully'd Mind ; 
A Mind that fpotlefs, blufhes not within 
At any fecret Crime, or hidden Sin. 

The Mind unerring, or condemns, or clears, 
And from her Voice arife our Hopes or Fears : 
The confeious Soul that's free from guilty Shame, 
Applauds itfelf, and laughs at lying Fame ; 
Tho' moft Men Lyes too credulous receive, 
And eafily the Truth of Calumnies believe. 



N 



A View of Human Life. 



• 149 




L'Innocence eft un mur d'airain, 
Que md effort ne put détruire : 
Le cœur où l'on la voit reluire. 
Ayant un peuvoir fowverain, 
Ne voit rien qui luy puijfe nuire* 



Thé Innocent urimov'd, from fear fècurë, 
Can all the fierceft Storms of Fate endure : 
Like Walls of Brafs their ftronger Vertue ftands, 
All Nature yielding to her conqu'ring Hands ; 
Her happy Fav'rites ftill victorious prove, 
For they ne'er fink, whom Vertue's pleas'd to love* 



■Q.q 



IÇO 



The Dofîrine of MORALITY; or, 



The Explanation of the Thirteenth Plate. 
Qui vit bien, ne cache point fa Vie. He that lives well, conceals 7WtJpis Actions. 




L eft vray la veritable, Sageffe n eft pas 
Ennemie de la •veritable Gloire. Elk ne 
s'attache point fi fort à la Ccnnoiffance 
qu'elle a de foy, qu'elle ne fajfe beaucoup 
cle cas de la Voix publique. Pour nous 
le tefmoigner un de ces Adorateurs je présente en ce 
"Tableau, avec ce qu'il a de plus caché ; & le décou- 
vrant à la Renommée, luy declare qu'il ne refuje n'y 
fes recherches, n'y fes cenfures. Vous devez, vous ap- 
pliquer cette leçon d'Humilité & tout ensemble de Juf- 
tice ; & apprendre d'un fi grand maift/e, que comme 




T is a known Truth, that Wifdonï 
is not an Enemy to true Glory, nor 
is the good Man fo attached to the 
Knowledge of himfelf, that he al- 
together negleds, or elleems not the 
Voice of the Publick. You fee here for this rea- 
fon one of Wifdom's Votaries, who fcruples not 
to reved to Fame his moll fecret Thoughts and 
Aftions ; declaring to her, that he refufes not to 
ftand her moft curious Search and Cenfures. You 



ought indeed to apply this Leflbn of Humility 
vous ne devez, peint affecter les Applaudijfements & les and Juftice to ycurfelves, and learn from this great 
Louanges, il n'eft pas aujjî bien feant de vous dérober Miftrefs of Truth, that as on the one hand you 



les Témoignages, qu'en vôtre Perfcnne, la Vertu a mé- 
rite de la Reconnoijfance générale du Monde. Exer- 
cez, la donc pour l'Amour d'elle même ; mais n'imitez, 
pas ces jaloux & malicieux Animaux, qui portant 
fur eux des chofes qui nous font fort falutaires, les 
perdent ou les dévorent, de peur qu'elles ne fervent à 
la. Guerifon de nos Maladies. Faites voir vos âmes 
toutes nues. Souffrez, que les Hommes jettent les yeux 
fur vôtre vie. Permettez, leur de vous confiderer de 
dans & dehors. En un mot, contentez, les curiofitez, 
étrangères ; & trouvez, bon que le Peuple eftudie jufqu'à 
•vos plus fecrets Mouvements, afin qu'au moins vous 



ought not to court the Crowd to gain Praife 
and Commendations, fo on the other you ought 
not to rob Vertue of her Due, by endeavouring 
to conceal from the World, thofe A&ions which 
you by her Infpiration perform, and by which 
fhe may be honour 'd, in your being fo. Be vcr- 
tuous then, for Vertue 's fake, to make her more 
adored, and gain her more Difciples; and imi- 
tate not that malicious Beaft, who ftrives, when 
purfued, to devour, or lofe what Nature fur- 
nifh'd him with, for a Medicine to cure our Dif- 
eafes. Let us expofe naked, and without di& 



fafftez, ceffer les injufi.es Murmures de tant à' âmes guife, the Integrity of our Souls, and permit the 
oifives, qui foupçonnent du mal en toutes les chofes, fur World to look into our Lives, to confider us 
lef quelles il neleur eft pas permis d'exercer leur s jugements, within and without. In a word, let us fatisfy 

the Curiofity even of Strangers, and think it not 
amifs, that the moft Vulgar fhould pry into our moft private, or difle<5t our moft trifling Actions ; 
that we may in the end filence all the unjuft Reports and Scandals, raifed by thofe wretched Crea- 
tures, who judge every thing to be evil, that is above their Underftanding, or not fubmitted to then» 
to exercife their Judgment on. 






*""&*&*& 



Hor.lib.i 
Epi ft. 1 6. 

Lampfon. 



Senec. 



7» reEîè v'vvis, fi curas effe quod audis. 



For you are happy, if you really are what Met» 
believe. 



Vir bonus, Infpice, ait fades, S fama, quod ante The good Man cries, Fame, come and view me well, 
PeBus, & à tergo, mantica noftra gerit : Into my Wallet look ; behind, before, 

Quin noftra tibi nulla domi volo claufa feneftra, I'd have no Window,Trunk, no Room, no Door,' 

Janua nulla tibi, nulla fit area tibi. Deny you Enterance, where I do dwell. 

Nihil opinionis caufâ, omnia confeientia faciam. I'll do nothing for Opinion's fake, but all things 
Populo fpeBante fieri credam, quicquid me con- for Confcience. Til imagine, that the whole 
fcio faciam. World is looking upon me, even when I am* 

alone, and doing fomething that none fees, or 
is privy to. 



AView of Human Life. 



içï 




? Homme de bien à l'efprh toujours net t 
U prend plaifir de l'expofer en meuè ; 
Et ne fait rien au Cabinet, 
Qu'il ne fajfe bien dans la rue. 



*The good Man's Soul is always clean ; 
He takes delight his Aftions fhould be feert J 
And in his, Clofet, he would nothing do, 
But what he dares expofe to publick View. 



Vfl 



The DoBrine of M o RA L I T Y ; or, 



The Explanation of the Fourteenth Picture; 

La Vertue a par tout fa Recompenfe* Vernie never fails to meet with its Rewards 



A IS ce n'eft pas ajfez. que la Vertu 
foit reconnue. Elle veut quelque cbofe 
de plus edattant ; & trouve bon 
qu'on lu) rende les Honneurs quelle 
mérite. Nôtre Peintre luy fait 'Jus- 
tice en ce 'Tableau ; & luy accorde ce 
que fes nobles travaux exigèrent de 
fa reconmiffance. C'eft pour-quoy, il reprejente un de 
ces anciens Conquérants, qui entre en Triomphe dans la 
Ville de Rome, monte fur un Char a Of & d Ivoire^ 
couronné d'un Laurier que la Vicloire de fes propres 
mains luy a mis fur la Tefte ; & precede d'un grand 




T is not enough that Vertue bé 
known, and reipected ; fhe aims 
at fomething more, and is con- 
tent the World fhould render her 
the Honours that fhe merits. Our 
Painter has in this Picture done 
her juftice, and granted what her 
noble Labours daim from Men, as due Acknow 
ledgments of her Worth. See here, admirably re- 
preferred, one of the antient Heroes return 'd 
from the Field, and entering triumphant into thai 
once glorious City Rome, mounted on a Chariot 




Nombre de Soldats, qui portent avec pompe les depciiil'es of Gold and Ivory, crown'd with Laurels, whic 



des Ennemis vaincus, & les Marques ghrieufes de la 
Libéralité du Triomphant. Un grand Nombre de Cap- 
tifs environnent fon Char. Ils marchent felon le Rang 
qu'ils tenaient en leur premiere Condition. Les Rois 
y font diftinguez, de leurs SubjeEîs, par la Difference de 
leurs Chaînes ; & rïen ne leur refle de toute leur Gloire 



the victorious Labours of his Hands have fixed or 
his Temples. He is followed by a Multitude of 
Soldiers, who bear in Pomp the fhining Spoils of 
the Republick's vanquifh'd Enemies, as the gk 
rious Teftimonies of the Conqueror's Liberality. 
A great number of Captives furround his Chariot, 



paffèe, que le vain eclat de l'Ôr, dont leurs fers font marching according to the Dignity of their Sta 
compofez,. Le Peuple eft ravy de tant de merveilles qui tions before they were conquer 'd. Kings an 
luy frappent la Veu'è, & quoy qu'il ne doive eftre que here diftinguifhed from their Subjects only by thei: 



le Spectateur des Richeffes qui entrent en foule dans fa 
Ville, il ne laiffe pas neantmoints de les regarder comme 
fiennes ; & tout impuiffant, tout mij érable, & tout 
efclave qu'il eft, il fe perfuade que la Vie & la Mort, 
la Servitude & la Liberté des Nations, font les Ouvra- 



Fetters ; and nothing remains of their paft Glory, 
but the vain Splendor of that Gold, of which 
their Manacles are made. The Populace ravifh'd 
with the Sight of all thefe Wonders, with which 
their Eyes are dazled, though they are only Speda- 



ges de fon Caprice, & l'Execution des confeils qui ont tors of all thefe immenfe Treafures ; yet look up- 
eftè refolus par la Pluralité de fes fuffrages. • on them as their own, and are as much tranfpor- 

ted, as if each of them were to be a Sharer in the 
Spoils ; notwithstanding, in themfelves, they are r the molt wretched and worthlefs Part of Mankind. 
Thus they grow infolent, fancying themfelves the D:fpofers of the Liberty of Nations, and that this 
Victory is owing to their Conduct and Courage : forgetting to applaud the glorious Perfori, who is 
the fole true Caufe of their prefent Joy ; who rates not the Honours done him by their Opinion, but 
by his own Worth ; and would blufh to appear on this Occafion, had not his own Arm and Sword 
given him a Right to triumph. 






Hor.lib.i. 
Epift. 17. 



Lucil. 



Res gerere, & captos oftendere civibus hoftes, . 
Attingit folium "Jovis, & cœleftia tentât. 

Vtrtutem voluere Dii fudore pardri : 
Arduus eft ad earn longufque per ardua tratlus 
Afper & eft primùm ; fed ubi alta cacumina tanges y 
Fit facilis qua dura prius fuit inclyta Virtus. 



To war, and Victor be, is all divine ; -\ 

'Tis next in place to Jove himfelf to fhine ; 
s Tis Cafar's Work, whofe Glory can't decline, J 

The Gods are pleas'd for to ordain, "\ 

That Men to Vertue fhould attain > 

Only by Labour, Toil, and Pain. J 

The Way to her Abode is long and fteep ; 
At firft it tedious feerhs her Path to keep : 
But when we once the Top have reach'd, no more 
Vertue does irkfome feem, but we adore. 



A Viem of Human Life. 



IÇ3 










Que tu produits, Vertu, defruiEis délicieux ; 

Que les Hommes par toy, font différents des Hommes 3 
Tu portes tes amants jufq'au de là des deux ; 

Et faits que tout ce que nous femmes, 
Nous les nommons nos Sauveurs, Ù" nos Dieux. 



Rr 



Vertue, delicious Fruits thou doft produce, 
And Men true Excellence by thee obtain : 

Thy Fav'rites mortal Honours do refufe : 
Up to the Skies thou bear 'ft them, there to reign* 
Making us own thy Power, and emplore 
Their Aid, and them as Gods adore* 



m 



The Doctrine of MORALITY; of, 



The Explanation cf the Fifteenth Picture. 
L'Eternité eft le Fruid de nos Etudesi 



Eternal Honours are the Fruits of elabo- 
rate Studies. 




WiA Vertu n'eft pas fatisfaitte pour nous 
avoir élevez, fur un Char de "Triomphe.. 
, Elle fcait que cet Honneur eft trop vain, 
trop commun, & trop court, pour eftre la 
Recomptnfe de nos travaux. Il n'eft bon 
heureux téméraires, qui après avoir ha- 
vie avec fuccez ; O" combattu quel 
ayfez. à vaincre, attendent de 




que pour ces 

zardè leitr vie avec Juccez ; CT combattu quelques 
temps des Ennemis ajfez à vaincre, attendent de leur 
Republique des reconnoijfances frofortionnèes à leurs La- 
beurs. Mais pour des Héros, qui font toute leur vie, 
aux mains avec des Adversaires prefque invincible*, comme 
font ie Vice & l'Ignorance, il eft bien jufte qu'il ait 
des Honneurs extraordinaires ; & que la Gloire elle- 
même, le s élevant bien haut au dejfus de laTefte des 
Conquérants, les porte fur fes propres ai/les d'un bout the defence of the Opprefled and Innocent- Bu: 



ERTUE is not content with hav- 
ing fhown us the Hero on a triumphant 
Chariot ; fhe thinks that (though a 
great Honour) yet too momentary, 
common, and vain, to be a full and 
ample Reward for Wifdom and Labours. It is 
indeed the higheft Honour that can be dene to 
happy Generals, who after hazarding their Lives, 
have fuccefsfuliy efcaped Death ; and expect from 
the State fome publick Acknowledgments, fuiting 
the martial Services they have done their Coun- 
try : wher generally make Glory more their Air 
than Vertue ; and would rather fpill their Blooc 
to procure a Title, or a gaudy Tomb, than ir 



I 



du monde à . l'autre, <cy les montre aux Nations avec 
une Pompe qui ternijfe l'éclat de tous les ancietis .Tri- 
omphes. C'eft ce qu'elle fait en ce Tableau. Elle con- 
traint le Temps malgré fa puijfance & fon envie, de 
hty prêter la main pour mus mettre au dejfus des chofes 
periffables ; & publiant de ftecle en fiecle le Mérite des 
Hommes iUuftres, annoncer qu'ainfi feront honorez, tous 
ceux que la Vertu jugera dignes de l' eftre. 



for the Heroes whofe whole Lives are one continued 
Warfare, who- are ever oppofing the two (almoft 
invincible Enemies of Mankind's Repofe) Vice 
and Ignorance; it is but reafonable that they 
fhould have fome extraordinary and uncommon 
Honours done them : that Glory herfelf fhould 
place 'em on high, above the Heads of Conque 
rors. Nay more, that fhe fhould carry them from 
the one end of the Globe to 



the other, and (how 

'em to all Nations in a manner fo pompous, as fhall even furnifh all the Luftre of the antient Tri 
umphs. This fhe is reprefented doing in the Picture before us. She conftrains Time, maugre his HI 
Nature and Averfion to preferve things from Decay, to lend her his hand to place her Favouritesfabovi 
perifhing things, and to record from Age to Age the Ads of thefe illuftrious Men ; proclaiming aloud 
that thus fhall all thofe be honoured, whom Vertue judges worthy of Eternity. 



Hor.lib.4. Dignum laude virum Mufa vetat mori : 
ode8 ' Cœlo Mufa beat. 

O facer, & magnus vatum labor, omnia fato 
Eripis, & populis donas mortalibus avum.- 



Hor.Ijb.4. Vixere fortes ante Agamemnona 
Ode 9. , 

Multi, fed omnes iUacrymabiles 

Urgentur, ignotaque longa 

NoEle, carent quia vate facro . 



Nemo tarn claro genitus parente, 
Nemo tarn clara probitate fulfit, 
Mox edax quern non perimit vetuftas, 
Vate remoto. 

Ovid. Quid petitur facris, nifi tantum fama poetis ? 

Hoc votum noftri fumma laboris habet. 
Cura ducum fuerunt olim, regumque poeta J 
Pramiaque antiqui magna, tulere tbori. 



Good Men the Mufe from Death does ever free, 
And gives them Blifs and Immortality. 

O facred, and great Power of the Mufe ! 
From Death fhe frees the Juft, and Fate fubdues ; 
To mortal Beings, Immortality does give, 
And makes the Vertous Dead to live- 
Before great Agamemnon's Birth, 
Great Captains liv'd, whofe Names and Worth 
Are loft ; becaufe no Poet did rehearfe, 
Or fing their mighty Deeds in deathlefs Verfe : 
Loft in eternal Night they are, 
Nor are lamented with one Tear. 

A noble Birth, and famous Name, 
With all the Pomp of human State, 

Without the Poet's Aid, can claim 
No Favour from devouring Fate. 

Have the immortal Poets any Aim, 
But only Glory and eternal Fame ? 
This is the Object of our Hope, the End 
To which all our Defires and Labour tend ; 
Poets, in Ages paft, the Darlings were 
Both cf the Monarch and the Conqueror : 
The Poet by his Prince was ftill preferr'd, 
And every Chorus met a juft Reward. 



A View of Human Life. 



*K 




Mufes, que vos facrez. Myfleres 

Changent le deflin des Mortels • 

Que ceux qu'un beau de fir consacre à vos autels, 
Portent de puijfants caractères ; 
Leur nom a plus d'éclat que le Flambeau des deux. 

Le Temps rompt, pour leur plaire, & fa fauXj 
fes ai/les. 
Et quand ils ont quitté leurs dépouilles mortelles, 
La Gloire en fait autant de Dieux. 



Sweet Mufes, how your facred MyfterîéS 
Mortals transform, changing their Deftinies t 
How great ! how awful ! do all Men appear, 
Who confecrate themfelves to you, and are 
Your Vot'ries : their Names more glorious grow, 
Than the bright Orb that lights the World below j 
ForthemTime both his Scythe and Wings lays by,") 
And when they quit the wretched World,and die,> 
Jove makes them each a happy Deity.- j 



iÇ* 



The DoBrine of MORALITY; or, 

The Explanation of the Sixteenth Pi&ure, 

La Vertu nous rend Immortels. Vertue renders usLmucrtah 




NNONS, je vous prie, à la Sci- 
ence, ou Jï "vous voulez, à la Vertu, 
\ar je tiens que c'eft une même chofe, 
tout la Gloire qu'elle a méritée; & 
luy rendons tous les témoignages de 
recennoijfance qu'elle doit jvftement 
attendre de nos cœurs. Vous avez, 
veu ce quelle a fait pur nous rendre ï Admiration 
des autres Hommes. Voyez, maintenant ce quelle entre- 
prend four nous élever jufqu'à la Condition des Anges. 
La voicy, qui foulant aux pieds le Monde ; & s' éle- 
vant au deffus des chofes penffables, s'envole, dans fon 
jejour natal, & dans ces lieux lien-heureux, où l'Im- 
mortalité luy prepare une Couronne plus kill ante & 
plus durable que les eftoilles mêmes. Mais elle n'eft pas^ 
de ces beautez, qui fe plaifent au changement ; ou qui 
par un volontaire manquement de mémoire, enferment 
dans le 'Tombeau de leurs amants, I" Amour que durant 
leur vie, elles leur avaient tefmoignîe. Celle-cy force les 
leix de la Necejjité. Elle triomphe du pouvoir de la- 
Mort comme elle a fait de la Tyrannie des Vices. Elle 
arrache des mains du Temps, les dépouilles de. fes Ado- 
rateurs. Elle d'eend dans leurs Sepulchres, & r' ani- 
mant leurs cendres, elle les r' 'appel e à une féconde vie, 
d'autant plus durable qu'elle n'eft fujttte n'y aux 
Perfections de la Fortune, n'y aux f cible ff es du Corps, 
n'y a cette rigfureufe Loy qui impofe la Necejjité de 
mourir à quiconque- reçoit le Privilege de vivre. 
Mais nôtre Peintie, four ne pas donner à la Vertu, 
des amants qui fvffent indignes d'elle, lésa choifis dans 
le meilleur fiecle, & parmy des peuples qui fa\f oient une 
particulière Profefficn de la Suivre & del' Adorer. Il 
luy fait porter au Ciel, dmx de ces premiers Her es de 
la Grèce,' qui par une magnanimité digne du titre 
à'enfans des Dieux, ont paffè d'un bout du monde à 
Vautre, pour en exterminer les plus cruels Tyrans & 
les Monftres les plus effroyables, je veux dire l'Ignorance 
& le Vice ; & qui joignant les Armes aux Lettres, & 
la Politique à la Morale, ont mérité que la Vertu elle- 
même, les mit en pojfejfon de la Ghire qu'ils s étaient 
acquife par deux fi belles & fi difficiles voyes. 

Thefe Godlike Men joining Arms with Learning, 
mighty Wicked, gave Freedom to the Innocent ; 
them in poffeflion of that Glory they had acquired 




IVE now, I entreat you, to Wif- 
dom, or Vertue, who are indeed 
the fame, all the Honouf that fhs 
merits, and render her the He 
mage and Acknow ledgments that 
our Souls ought in gratitude to 
pay her You have feen what fhe 
has already done, to render us the Admiration 
Mankind ; let us now fee farther what fhe mor 
undertakes, to raife us even to be equal with the 
Angels. Here fhé appears fpurning the World 
from her, and fearing above all penfhable things : 
file flies to her native Land, the Skies, with our 
Hero, and enters into thefe happy Regions, wher 
Immortality prepares for her a Crown more bright 
and durable than the Stars themfelves. She is 
none of thofe inconfiant Fair-ones, whofe Deligh 
is Change, or who, through a voluntary Forget 
fulnefs, bury in the Tombs of their Lovers, the 
Affedion which, during their Lives, they pre 
tended to bear 'em. She even forces the Grave to 
reftore them back to her, and triumphs, over the 
Power of Death, as well as the Tyranny of Vice j 
fnatching from the devouring Hands of Time 
the Spoils of her Votaries. She defcends int 
their Sepulchres, and re-animates their Afb.es 
calling them back to a fécond Life, far more de 
Arable than the former. A Life no more fubjef 
to the Perfecutions of Fortune, the Infirmities 
Mortality, exempt from that rigorous Law whic 
obiiges all who enjoy the Privilege of Life, one 
to die. Eut our Painter, to inform us who are 
the Perfons whom Vertue thus loves and honours, 
has been obliged to fearch into the beft Ages, and 
amongft that People, who ..made prcfeffion of lov- 
ing and adoring her above others. She is bearing 
to Heaven two of the greateft Heroes .of Greece, 
who, infpired with a generous. Charity, worthy 
of the Children of the Gods, travell'd through 
allthe habitable Regions of the World, to free 
it from Tyrants and Oppreflors of Mankind, and 
the more dreadful Monixers, Ignorance and Vice. 
Policy, and Morality, refined the Age, fubdued the 
and juftly merited, that Vertue herfelf fhould put 
by fuch difficult and laudable Methods. 



Hor.lib.j. 

Ode a. 



Seneca 

Oûav. 



J*, s & #• * <s & s> m a %> & & & •; 

Virtus recludens immeritis mori 

Cœlum, negatâ tentât iter via : 

Cœtusfque vulgares, & udam 
Spernit humum fugiente pennâ. 

Confulere patria, par cere affliclis, fera 
Cade abftinere, tempus atque ira dare, 
Orbi quietem, faculo pacem fuo, 
Hœc fumma virtus, petitur hâc cœlum via. 



Nunquam Stygias fertur ad umbras 
Inclyta virtus : vivite fortes, 
Nee Letheos feva per amneis 
Vos fata trahent ; fed cum fumma 
Exiget horas confumpta dies, 
Iter ad Superos Gloria pandet. 



*, «. .*. p*. <*. * * e& ^ * -^ -3* ^ S <£ *■ s, & Se S> -3* * •?> aSS,* * #.j| 



Vertue, who Heaven unbars to thofe 
Who merit Immortality, 

Up through the yielding Air fhe goes; 

From the fcorn'd Earth and Crouds does fly, 
And flops not, till file's reach'd the Sky. 

Our Country's Good to make our Care, 
The Wretched and Opprefs'd to fpare, 
To curb one's Paffion, free from Murders live, 
Quiet and Reft to the mad World to give, 
Peace to reftore, thus good and great to be, 
Will fureiy give us Immortality. 

Immortal Vertue never dies ; then fpend 
Thy Life in noble Deeds, brave to the end ; 
And Face flian't drag thee to fad Lethe's Shore : 
When the Day comes that Death exerts his Power, 
And claims your mortal Part, Glory the Way 
To you fhall ftlow; from whence fhe fhall convey/ 
Your Soul to Blifs and everlafting Day. 



A View of Human Life: 




La Vertu nous arrache à la Fureur des Parques ; 

Alcide en la fuivant eft monté dans les deux ; 
Et fes chers nourrijfons, foit Bergers foit Monarques, 

Sont mis fans difference à la Table des Dieux, 



Vertue fhall (hatch us from the Deftinies ; 
Alcide s following her, has reached the Skies ; 
Her darling Pupils with the Gods fhe feats, 
Shepherds and Kings do (hare immortal Treats." 



Sf 



IÇS 



The Doiïrine of MORALITY; or, 



■ 



The Explanation of the Seventeenth Plate. 



L'Efprit a befoin de repos. 



T'he Mind muji fometïmes be unbent. 




i E S Mufes nous ont beaucoup donné. It leur 
refte toutefois une libéralité à nous faire ; 
& comme c' efl leur couflume de joindre aux 
recompenfes publiques & immortelles, des 
fatisfaElions particulières & fecrettes, elles 
•veulent que le Philofophe fe délaffe l'efprit, & défende 
de fes hautes Speculations, pour s'abbaiffer jufques aux 
jeux & aux divertiffements des Hommes vulgaires. 
Les voici elles-mêmes, qui pour nous en donner "Exem- 
ple, prennent le frais dans leur agréable folitude. 
Le fçavant Dieu qui les conduit, a mis bas fon arc & 
fes flèches ; t^ endort ces neuf belles fœurs par l'Har- 
monie & la Douceur de fa Lyre. Ne 'vous figurez, donc 
pas, que l'eflude nous engage à un travail perpétuel; 
& que ce foit une gefne qui nous perfecute fans ceffe. 
Il veut des intermijfions, des reprifes & des diver- 
tiffemens. Il veut que de temps en temps l'efprit fe 
delaffe de fes travaux, de peur qu'il ne vienne à fe 
rompre pour avoir eflé trop tendu. Mais il ne faut 
pas que ce repos foit une oyfivité vicieufe ; ou un af- 
foupijfement letargique. Ces doEles Vierges le témoignent 
affez, par leur aEiion. Car bien quelles paroiffent en- 
dormies, elles font néanmoins delicieufement touchées 
du deux chant de leur Conducteur ; & méditent même 
dans 1cm femmeil, des chofes dignes d'avoir place dans 
leurs plus nolle s travaux. 




;HE Mufes have given us many rich 
Gifts ; one yet remains for their Li- 
berality to bellow : and it being their 
Cuftom to join with publick and im- 
mortal Rewards, particular and fe- 
cret Satisfactions, fhe is willing now, that Phi- 
lofophy fhould unbend the Mind, and defcend 
ltom elevated Speculations, to partake of the in- 
nocent Diverfions of other Men. Behold her here 
in Perfon, condefcending to teach us by her own 
Example, after what manner we may recreate 
and entertain our Minds. She is repofïng in the 
cool Evening's pleafant Shades, tailing the Plea- 
fures of divine Solitude. The God of Wifdom, 
her Guide, has laid by his Bow and Quiver, and 
drawn to grateful Slumbers the nine harmonious 
Sifters, by the Charms of his inimitable Voice 
and Lyre. Perfuade not then yourfelves, that 
Vertue obliges us to labour inceflantly, and in , 
manner persecutes us by continual Fatigues and 
knotty Studies. She allows us Hours of Diver- 
fion and Pleafure ; nay, is defirous, and invites 
us to give an innocent loofe to our Minds and 
Fancies, and mix the Agreeable with the Ufeful. 
But indeed fhe never permits, that we fhould be 
idle or vitious, drown'd in Sleep, ftupid and un- 
aftive. Thefe wife Virgins teftify to us by their 
Poftures, how w 7 e mult take Repofe ; for though 
they feem .to (lumber, they are not regardlefs of 



the Voice and ravifhing 



Songs 



of their Tutor. 



They are only meditating on thofe noble things, 
which they will perform and teach, fo foon as they 
return to Action and Bufinefs. 






Hor.lib.2. 
Ode io. 



Sperat infeftis, metuit fecundis, 
Alteram fortem bene praparatum 
Pectus, informes hiemes reducit 

'Jupiter : idem 



Summovet ; non, ft male nunc, & dim 
Sic erit, quondam cythara tacentem 
Sufcitat Mufam, neqv.e femper arcum 
'Tendit Apollo. 



A Mind for all Events prepar'd, 
Good or Ill-Fortune don't regard : 
Jove, who the Winter fends, again 
The Spring reflores, to blefs the Swain, 
And with frefh. Flowers crowns the Plain. 

If we unhappy be to-day, next Morn 
Good-Fortune may with Smiles return ; 
Apollo fometimes takes his Lyre, 
The Mufe awakes, doth Mirth infpire, 
Nor keeps his Bow ftill bent in Ire. 



\ 






A Viet» of Human Life. 



iÇp 




Un travail continue, nous eft un long fuplice , 
Le Bal qui dure trop lajfe le plus difpos : 
Il faut ménager à propos, 

Le temps qu'on donne a Vexercife, 
Et telui quon donne au repos. 



What lafls too long, does painful to us prove ; 
Diverfions tire even thofe who Pleâfure love t 
We muft of every fleeting Minute try 
Good ufe to make : fome to Repofe apply, 
And fome to Exercife ; but (till take care, 
That we for Death, our certain Fate, prepare. 



i6o 



The DoBrine of M O RA L I T Y ; or, 



The Explanation of the Eighteenth Pi&ure. 



Le Sage n'eft pas toujours Sérieux. 



Tfhe Wife Man is not always Grave. 





V 


ppU 



OU S vous fouvenez, bien qu'un grand 
Homme de l'Antiquité, faifant une 
agréable confujion des Virtus & des 
Vices de Coton, en difoit ce paradoxe ; 
que ce grand Homme pouvoit rendre- 
l'yvrognerie honorable, plutoft que d'en 
pouvoir eftre déshonoré. Je ne diray 
fas la même chofe de nôtre Sage, mais j'en diray une qui 
en efl fort approchante.- C'eft que le Philofophe peut 
quelquefois faire le fol' fans ceffer d' eftre fage. Le 
Tableau que nous regardons, eft la Confirmation de cette 
Vérité. Car les troisFigures, dont il eft compofé, font comme 
trois Figures Hieroglifiques, qui ne fegnifient autre chofe, 
finon qu'en temps & lieu une parfaitte fageffe peut être 
Affociée avec une courte folie, fans que cette communi- 
cation puiffe luy être préjudiciable. Regardez,, je vous 
prie, comme l'Occafion fe prefente elle-même à la Sa- 
gejfe ; & luy ameine cette petite enjouée, qui deride les 
Fronts, échauffe la Froideur de la Melancholie, àelaffe 
l'efprit travaillé de longues Meditations ; & fçait fi 
lien fe transformer en la chofe qu'elle ayme, que peu à 
peu elle devient une autre Vertu. Ne craignons point 
après une fi folemneUe Vermiffton, de nous rêjouyr lors 
que l Occajion nous en fera offe-rte* Souvenons-nous 
que l'Homme eft Homme ; & que ces continuelles conten- 
tions d efprit, qui nous ejlevent au deffus de la matière, 
ne font propres qu'a ces Intelligences bien heureufes, qui 
en font entièrement feparées. 




OU Cannot furely be ignorant of 
the Saying of one of the moft fa- 
mous Men of the Antients; who 
making an agreeable Mixture of 
the Vices and Vertues of Cato, 
fpoke a Paradox, faying, That 
this Great Man could render even 
Drunkennefs honourable, much fooner than be 
dishonoured by it. I will not fay as much of our 
Sage, but I will venture to advance fomething ve- 
ry like it ; which is, that a Philofopher may fome- 
times play the fool, without Prejudice to his 
Wifdom : the Picture before us explains this 
Truth. Thefe three Figures are Hieroglyphicks, 
Signifying, that at a fit time, and in a proper 
place, a perfect Wifdom may be confiftent with a 
fhort Folly, without receiving the leaft Injury. 
See here Opportunity prefents herfelf to the God- 
defs of Wifdom, bringing to her this little gay 
Idiot ; who diverts her Melancholy, chears her 
Spirits, worn with long Meditations and laborious 
Studies, and converts itfelf into an innocent Joy ; 
fuch as fhining in her Eyes, becomes a Grace and 
Ornament to her. Let us not fear then, with her 
Permiffion, to lay afide the Gravity and Air of 
Philofophers, to be merry and pleafant, when a 
convenient Occafion offers itfelf. Let us remem- 
ber, that Man is. but Man flill, and that inceflant 
uninterrupted Exercifes of the Mind, in great and 
fublime things, are not proper for all, but only 
thofe happy few, whofe Souls are entirely difen- 
gaged from the World, and whofe continual Con- 
verfe in Heaven renders all the Satisfactions of 
Life taftelefs and hateful. 



&> 3, s> g> a * g, & g> & g, g, g, g, & g, g* g g g g, g> & g> g g & g g g g, & g g g & g »<3? s g g g * 
3? w & s <& <*? é -è s? *& #«■ •& «• #«> «■ *• 3? & <$ <% 3? «• <& <s <& g? « «• # «• s- %? *• <s <s <& «■ £■ & % é <s 



Hor.lib.4. 

Ode 12. 



Hor.lib.2. 
Sat. 3. 

Ovid.i. 
Pont.el. 5. 



Mifce ftultiiiam confiliis brevem ; 
Duke eft defipere in loco. 

Juvat inter dum, 
Ludere par, impar, equitare in arundine longa. 

Otia corpus alunt, animus quoque pafcitur il'is ; 
Immodicus contra carpit uirumque labor. 



Harmlefs Diverfions mix with Cares, nor fear 
Sometimes both gay and publick to appear. 

Go ufe fome Exercife ; go hunt, or run, 
Ride the great Horfe, or to the Chace be gone. 

Quiet and Peace the Mind and Body chears, 
But both decline with Toil and Cares, 



« 



A View of Human Life, 



i6t 




La Vertu n'a rien de fauvage ; 
WEUe charme les cœurs par l'attrait de fes loix ; 
Et permet juftement que l'Homme le plus fage^ 
Fojfe l'enjoué quelquefois. 



Venue hâs nothing favage, or fevère j 
Her Precepts charm, and draw our Hearts to her : 
Her Laws forbid not Mirth ; the Wife may fmile, 
And with indulgent Mirth the Hours beguile. 



T t 



i 



i6z 



# 



The DoBrine of MORALITY; or, 

The Explanation of the Nineteenth Picture. 

Mirth is a Tart of Wifdo7u. 



;La Jpye fait Partie de la Sageffe. 




L ne vous eft plus permis de douter, de 
laVeriiêque je viens de vous apprendre, 
puifque la Deejfe même de la Sageffe 
ne paroifl en cette Peinture, que pour 
en rendre témoignage. Elle vous de- 
clare par fin Action, qu'elle n'entend' 
pas que le Sage vive d'une vie à'efclave 
ou d'Hypocondriaque. G' efl à dire, qu'il ait toujours 
les Rides fur le Front, les Larmes aux Yeux, les Am- 
poules aux Mains-, & la Trifteffe dans l'Ame. EUe 
veut que nous nous abandonnions judicieufement aux 
plaijtrs honneftes, & aux débauches ferieujes ; & par 
manière de dire, que nous laijfant vaincre aux charmes 
innocens du Dieu de la Joye & des bons mots, nous 
faffions -pour quelques temps divorce avec les Soins, le 
Travail, .& les Ennuits. Si vous confiderez, bien 
l'AB'ton dont la Deejfe de Sages nous cffrejon philtre, 
vous remarquerez, quelle n'y mefle rien de lâche, rien de 
lafcif, rien de vicieux. Çn dirait même, tant elle fait 
bien toutes chofes, qu'en nous fôllicitant aux plaijtrs, 
& a la .bonne chère ; elle nous excite à la Moderation, 
à la Temper aiice-, & à une. façon toute nouvelle de com- 
batre la Volupté. 




T is no longer permitted us to doubt 
of the Truth I am here going to ac- 
quaint you with, fince the Goddefs 
of VVifdom is herfelf come to witnefs 
it. She déclares to you by her Ges- 
tures, that fhe expefts not the wife Man to live 
the Life of a Reclufe, or to be flavifhly ty'd to 
fpend his Hours in Sadnefs, and alone ; to have 
his Face wrinkled with Frowns, his Eyes fill'd 
with Tears, and his Soul with Melancholy. She 
defires him to give himfelf up to lawful Pleafures, 
at fome times to unbend his Mind, and give a 
loofe to Joy ; that he deny not to tafte the grate- 
ful Wines, or Charms of good Company, and lay 
afide his Cares, his Books, and Meditations. Wit- 
dom has mixed up Joys, and filled a Cup, inviting 
him to tafte of Pleafures in which he'll find no 
Bitters, no Allay of Vice or 111, no Poifons in the 
Draught fhe gives, but all is charming fweet ; all 
fhe incites us to, is noble : feafting with her, we 
fhall be more in love with Temperance, and bet- 
ter able to refift all Temptations to Licentiouf; 
nefs. 



ï^^f^^^^^;^^^^^^^^¥¥^^^Ç¥¥^^^¥^^^^^¥^^¥¥¥^^^^^^^^¥¥^^^ 



Hor.lib.i. Albus ut obfeuro deterget nubila cœlo 

Ode 7. „ ' • ■ r 

Sape notus, neque parturtt rmbres 

Perpetuos : fie tu fapiens finire mementQ 

Triftjtiam, vitaque labores, 

Molli, Plance, ntero. 

Hor.lib.i. Siccis omnia nam dura Deus propofuit : neque 
Ode 18. Mordaces aliter diffugiunt SoBcitudinês. 



Qmue malum, vino, cantuque kvato, 



Epod. 

Ode 13. Deformis agrimonia, 

Dulcibus alloquiis 



Lib. 2. 
Ode 11. 



Hor.lib.i. 



-Diflipat Evius 



Curas edaces. 



-Nunc vino pellite curas, 



°" e 7- Cras ingens iterabimus xquor. 



As South Winds often clear the Skies 
Of lowring Clouds, that threatning rife, 
Yet bring not always Rain : fo, Plancus, you 
With fprightly Wine fhoutd wifely give 
Eafe to your Mind, and chearful live, 
And fome Refrefhment to yourfelf allow. 

For the God Bacchus Pain and Grief doth give, 
To all who Wine refufe ; but doth revive 
All thofe who honour him : and only he 
The Mind from racking Care and Grief can free. 

Remember then all Heavinefs 

By Wine and Mufick to remove ; 

To the affliâed Mind they prove 
A Cure ; 'tis they alone that bring Redrefs. 

Bacchus drives fordid Care away. 

Let's eat and drink to-day ; for we 
To-morrow, Friends, muft plow the Sea. 



A View of Human Life. 



id- 




Le Sage fçait bien choijîr, 
Le Temps de rire, & de boire j 
Et nofie point à fa Gloire, 

Q qu'il donne à fon plaifir. 



The Wife know ever how to chufe 
Fit times for Joy, the Mind to chear 
With fprightly Wine, and do not lofe 
By decent Mirth their Character. 



I&J. 



TheDoBrlne of MORALITY; or, 



The Explanation of the Twentieth Plate. 



Le Sage rit quand il faut rire. 



'ïhe Wife Man laughs in Seafon. 




[ES 'Perfonnages qui font repref entez, en ce 
'Tableau, exécutent ce qui leur eft com- 
mandé far la Sagejje. Mais ils ne font 
pas affez, adroits pour fuivre exaBement la 
Ligne qui leur eft marquee. Ils montent 
& défendent inconfiderément ; &-font voir qu'ils ' ne 
font pas encore bien guéris de leurs ImperfeEiions. En 
effet, les Vif ages extravagants & les AUions bigarres 
qui compofent cette Peinture ; nous feroient croire qu'il 
n'y a , que des yvrognes communs en cette aff emblée ; fi 
les Difcours ferieux qui s'y tiennent mal à propos,, ne 
nous apprenoient que cette compagnie eft bien plus yvre 
des fumées de l'Efprit que de celles du vin. Au lieu 
que les Feftins ont été introduits pour donner du repos à 
l'Efprit ; & reparer les Forces du Corps, ceux-cy en 
font des exercifes ferieux, & n'y laffent pas moins leurs 
entendements que leurs Corps. Les- uns fe querellent fur 
les plus importants Points de la Religion. Les autres 
fe font des Armes, des Pots, & des Plats, pour def- 
fendre.le Partie des SeEîes qu'ils ont embraffies. Quel- 
. qu'uns décident les Affaires des Eftats, & comme s'ils 
en avaient la fouvev.ùne Adminiftration, partagent les 
Empires avec la même facilité qu'ils ont partagé les 
meilleurs Morceaux du feftin. Tout cela eft pour nous 
apprendre, que chaque chofe a fon temps ; & qu'il n'eft 
pas moins ridicule de faire lé Sérieux dans la Débauche 
& parmy la Licence des feftins, que de faire des contes 
pour rire dans l'Efcole des Philofophes, ou dans le 
Confeil des Princes. 




HE Perfons reprefented in this Pic-* 
ture, are putting in practice what 
Wifdom has advifed them to, but 
are not yet prudent enough exact- 
ly to follow her Inftruftions, as plainly 
appears from their extravagant Geftures, and noi- 
fy manner of difputing. One would imagine 
them over-heated with Wine, rather than Zeal. 
They are fo hot in Argument, that Reafon fecms 
banilhed from their Company. But they are the 
Fumes of Paffion, not Wine, that occafion this 
Diforder amongft them, ignorant of the true Ufe 
of proper Times and Seafons- They meet not to 
feafr, but to difpute and difagree when they 
ihould eat, and be merry. Inftead of improving 
that fortunate Opportunity, defign'd to reftore 
Strength to the tired Body, and Repofe to the 
Mind, they lirait fall into ill-manner a Difputes, 
and ferious Debates, whilil the Meat fpoils. The 
one makes the moft important Points of Religion 
the Subject of his. Quarrel ; which ought not to 
be mentioned, but with Reverence, and without 
Paffion. Some enraged, make ufe of the Pots and 
Flaggons for Arms, to defend the Sects they have 
embraced. Others again are fettling the State, 
and, as if invefted with Sovereign Power, divide 
Empires with as much eafe as a nice Carver would 
the Meat on the Table. Hence let us learn to 
take care, never to difturb others with ill-timed 
Arguments, nor talk of ferious things in Places 
where Mirth is required ; or trouble thofe who 
. are difpofed to be cheerful, with the Relation of 
melancholy Stories ; which is as ridiculous as it 
would be, to rehearfe things only proper to excite 
Laughter in the Schools of Philofophy, or in the 
Council in prefence of a King. 






Hor.lib.2. 
Sat. 2. 



Difcite non inter lances , menfafque nitentes, 
Cum ftupet infants acies fulgcribus , & cum 
Acclinis falfis animus, meliora recufat. 
Verum hk impranfi mecum difquirite : cur hoc ? 
Dicam fi potero, male verum examinât cmnis 
Corruptus judex. 



Come quit thefe fplendid Tables, where 
The Eye's deceiv'd, and coftly Fare 
Enchants the Mind, the Appetite invites ; 
Sobriety's not heard, Excefs delights. 
Let us this Caufe, whilft falling, try : 
(Why fading, pray ! ) I'll tell you why, 
Bribe'd Judges ne'er try Caufes carefully, 



A View of Human Life. 



«ft 




Ne fais point le Cenfeur des libertés bonne/les, 
Aymé les Luths, les Vers, les Feftins, & les Fefies ; 
Sois divertijfant, fois joyeux. 

L'enjoué Dieu de la 'Table, 

A choify le dele&able, 
L'utile & l'important font pour les autres Dieux. 



Cenfure not honeft Freedoms, nor refute 
Mufick and Treats, Banquets and Verfe to ufe ; 
Be fometimes pleafant, and indulge the Mufe. 
The God of Mirth has always chofe 
What's entertaining : fort Repofe, 
And pleafing Wit, and harmlefs Raillery 
The Table fuits : things grave and folid be 
Proper to other Gods ; he's gay and free. 



U tt 



ï 



fhe Dotfrim of MORALITY ; of, 

The Explanation of the One and Twentieth Pidture. 



La Vertu eft PObjec de l'Envie. 



PRES que notre Peintre nous a 
charme les Efprits, auffi bien que les 
yeux, en mus eflalant les Honneurs & 
les P lai firs qui font deftinez, pour la 
Vertu ; & mus proposant cette cou- 
ronne d' Immortalité, qui eft la dernière 
& là plus pompeufe de toutes celles qui 



Virtue is the ObjeSi of Envy. 





U R Painter having new charmed 
both our Eyes and Ears, with fet- 
ting before us the dazling Honours 1 
and Rewards deftin'd for the' Vir- 
tuous, and fhown us the way to 
gain that glorious Crown of Im- 
mortality, which is the laft and 



rreat. 



luy font préparées, il nous fait voir le 'revers de la Me- moft valuable of all things that Man can délire, or 
daille, & comme s'il avait peur que nous I'Acatfations Vcrtue bellow ; proceeds now to fet before us the 
de nous avoir trompez,, il nous reprefente l'unique mal- Reverie of the Medal, left we fhould accufe him 
heur auquel cête même Venu eft fatalement ajfujéttie. of having deceived us, in concealing from us the 

Vous la voyez, afftfe fur ce Cube inébranlable, tenant le * 

monde fous fes pieds ; & témoignant par cette MajeftJ 
Héroïque qui éclatte dans fes yeux, quelle eft au Jeffus 
de toutes chofes. Cependant, elle tft attaquée de tous 
coftez,. Icy, le Voluptueux l' accufe d'avoir des aufteri- 
tez, barbares, & le plus fouvent mal-hmreufes. Là, 
le Concufftonnaire & le Partisan fe mocquent de fes . 
Scrupules & de fes Deffences. Ils la nomment par r if ée, 
la Deejfe des Hofpitaux & des Gueux; & luy repro- 
chent la miferabk Condition de tous ceux qui fuyent le 
Change, les Ufures, & les autres exécrables, mais fa- 
ciles moyens de fe tire de la boue. Plus loin, un Trai- 



and indeed only Misfortune to which Ver- ; , 
tue is, in this Life, fatally fubjefted. She here 
fets on a Stone-Pillar immovable, the World is un- 
der her Feet, and Heroick Ma jefty (nines in her 
Eyes ; all which withefs that (lie is void of Fear, 
and Miftrefs of the Earth. And yet is fhe envi- 
ron'd with Enemies: The Voluptuous lay to her 
Charge, that file is cruel, fevere, requires of Men 
things infupportable, and contrary to human Na-, 
ture, and generally makes Beggars or Martyrs of 
her Votaries. The Extortioner and Parafite de- 
ride her fcrupulous Maxims and Precepts, calling 



tre luy. impute à Crime, qu'avant qu'il fit Commerce de her, in derifion, 'The Poor Man's Goddefs, and Guide 



fon Honneur, de fa Foy, & qu'il vendit auxEftr an- 
ger s fen Prince & fa Patrie ; : elle ne luy fournirait pas 
même ce qu'il avait befoinpour le faire languir dans fa 
mifere. " Bref, les mauvais Juges, les IJfurpateurs du 
bien d'autruy, les Tyrans, & mille autres Peftes pub 



to the Hofpital. They reproach her with -the mean 
Eftate, and abject Condition of thofe, who, in 
obedience to her Commands, fly the Charms of 
Brokeridge and Ufury, with all the other execra- 
ble (but ready ways) to attain Wealth and Ho- 



liques, font tous leurs efforts pour ébranler la Cenftance '• nour. Next a Traitor inveighs againft, and ac- 



de la Vertu, & renverfer la colomne fur laquelle elle eft 
appuyée. Mais fi toft quelle eft laffe de leurs Elafphê- 
mes, elle fe venge d : 'eux par eux-mêmes. LaVeUeffe, 
les Maladies, la recherche des larcins, en changant la 
Condition de ces Scélérats,, changent aujji leur Langage. 
Ils crient, ils demandent Mifericorde. Ils fe repentent 
de leur Vie pajfée. Enfin ils invoquent dans leurs mal- 
heurs, celle contre laquelle ils ont-vomy tant d'Injures en 
leurs Profperitez,. Ils confejfent tout haut, que la Vertu rupt Judges, bafe Ufurpers, cruel Tyrants, and. 



eufes her, as he thinks, with a mighty Crime, that 
whilft he' continu'd a Bigot to her, fhe did not fur- 
nifh him with enough to fupport Life tolerably, 
with only juft enough to continue his Being, and 
prolong his Mifery : But that now having laid a- 
fide his Honour and Confcience,and fold his Prince 
and Country into the hands of Strangers, he is be- 
come great and fortunate. With thefe join cor- 



tft le feul trefor, pour l'Acquifition duquel les Hommes 
doivent travailler toute leur Vie. Us maudiffent leurs 
Lachetez,, leurs Vols, leurs Trahifons, leurs Aff affi- 
nais ; & tendant les mains vers le lieu où la Vertu s' eft 
retirée, la conjurent de prévenir leur defefpoir, ou du 
moins pour fa Vengeance, d'ajfifter aux Tortures dont 
leur mort eft accompagnée. 



many others, who are the Pefts of human Society. 
Thefe Monfters try all their Efforts to fhake the 
Conftancy of Vertue, and to throw down the Pil- 
lar on which fhe is feated : But fhe fuffering their 
Biafphemies patiently, continues filent, and makes 
them execute her Juftice upon themfelves. Age, 
Sicknefs, and Juftice foon rends from them a great 
part of what they have wickedly got, and change 
their Condition ; which makes thefe Villains alter their Language, lament and beg for Mercy. They 
begin to repent of their paft Lives, and invoke her Name only in their Anguifh; her, againft whom 
they have utter'd fuch injurious Taunts in their Profperity. They now confefs aloud, that Vertue is 
the only Treafure, to acquire which, Men ought to labour all their Lives. They curfe their own Folly, 
and call, with Bitternefs of Soul, to mind, the Thefts, the Treafons, the Murders they have committed. 
With lifted Hands, they, dying, turn their Eyes to Heaven, to which Vertue' is retir'd, and implore her 
to prevent their Defpair, by granting them a Pardon, or elfe fully to revenge herfelf, by haftening their 
Deaths, to finifh their Torments, which exceed even Imagination, tho all this while they forget the eter- 
nal Punifhment, which is referv'd for fuch Wretches. 






w$ 



Hor.lib.3. 
Ode 24. 



Lib. 1. 
Epifl. 1. 

Lib. 3. 
Ode j. 



Quatenus, heu nefas ! 
Virtutem incolumem odimus : 

Sublatam ex Oculis quarimus invidi. 



Cives ! Cives ! quarenda Pecunia primum eft, 

■Virtus poft Nummos. 

Nee vera Virtus, cum femel excidit, 

Curat reponi deterioribus. 



For we fo bafe and envious are, 
That we do all Great Men abhor, 

So long as they are living here ; 

But when they're dead, we then revere 
Their Vertues, and their Names adore. 

Oh ! Romans ! Romans ! you firft feek for Gold, 

7'hen Vertue, that in lefsEfteem you hold. 

Whenever Vice bright Vertue does deface, 

She ne'er returns again, Vice to difplace. 






A View of Human Life. 



167 




Plus la Vertu te rend proche des Dieux) 
Plus ton deftin eft fujet à f Envie. 
Mais quand la Parque aura borné ta vie. 
Tes Ennemis te voyant dans les Ceux 
De tafplendeur auront i'ame ravie. 



The more thy Worth and Vertues flxine, 

And thou refembleft what's Divine ; 

The more on Earth thou'lt envy'd be : 
But when kind Fate thy Life does end, 
And thou to Heaven fhall afcend, 

Thy Foes, amaz'd, fhall worfhip thee. 






The Doiïrine of Morality ; of, 



The Explanation of the Two and Twentieth Pi&ure. 



L'Envie cede a la Mort feule. 



Envy yields to l}eatb alone. 




^.. Tv i- ^W,,/».-,-; ,- 



■fiL^. 



E "tableau qui eft la Confirmation 

u précèdent, nous affeure, que la 

ffl'^il Vérité qu'il enf eigne eft au ffl vieille 

C IJcEllii 1 ue k Monde ; & qu'au même in- 

^éffîm fiant qu il y eut à 



l'erré, 



des Hommes fur la 
il y eût de l'Envie Her- 



^-■'ivÀ-v-' ( -f-i^S..iit ■• 

-Tferij cule ce Héros, qui dompta les jybn- 




flres qui paroiffoient les plus indomptables, ne pût néant- 
moins être victorieux de celuy qui l'obligea de tourner 
fon propre courage contre luy-même. ■ Cela étant, il 
faut croire qu'il n'y a qu'un bras qui [oit capable d'é~ 
crafer la- Tefte de ce Serpent ; & que de toutes les Armes 
qui ont ête emphyées_four le Vaincre, la Faulx de la 
Mort eft feule affez. trejich ante* pour finir la Deftinée de 
cette Hydre renœiffqige; Notre Peintre a fort inge- 
nieufement exécuté- 'dite penfi'e ; car nous faifant voir 
l'ancien Alcide, qui foule aux Pieds le Serpent prodi- 
gieux des mar et s de Lerne, il nous veut apprendre, que 
fi la Vertu eftoit affez, forte pour triompher de la Rage 
des Envieux, il n'y en a jamais eu qui deut prétendre- 
à cet avantage comme celle d'Hercule. Cependant, ce 
Libérateur du Monde, ce Prodige de valeur, auffi bien 
que de fuftice, tenta mille fois en fa vie, cette grande : 
àvanture, • & la manqua mille fois ; & femble nous 
dire par fon Action, que fans le Secours de la Mort, 
iln'euft jamais conté l'Envie entre les Monftres qu'il 
a domptez,. 



THIS Pifture confirms the pre-* 
cedent, and the Truth it teaches 
is as old as the World- For from 
the Moment there were Men on 
the Earth,' Envy received its Be- 
ing. Hercules, the famed Hero, 
who overcame Moufters the moft 
prodigious and furious, could not vanquifh this 
Paffion ; which obliged him to make ufe of that 
Courage which had rendered him victorious over 
all things elfe, to conquer himfelf This gives us 
good reafon to believe, that there is but one Arm 
that is able to crufh the Head of this Serpent. 
Death's Scythe only is-fharp enough to finifh the 
Life of this many-headed Hydra. Our Painter 
has ingenioufly reprefented this Thought. Behold 
here the famous Alcides trampling upon the huge 
Serpent, feigned to have been bred in the Laver- 
nian Lake. No Hand but his could ever boaft to 
have gained fuch a Victory. -Yet even he, this 
Deliverer of Mankind, this Prodigy of Valour 
and Juftice, a thoufand times attempted, during 
his Life, to vanquiih the Monfter Envy, but as 
often failed ; and here acknowledges, that with- 
out Death's Affiftance, he fhould never have 
made Envy one of the Number of thofe Mon- 
fters whom he vanquished. 



WlWf%4^WWl¥W^Wl'^^l ? W'i ? l-W^^^¥^WWW¥'f^¥¥¥W¥l'^^W^ 



Hor.lib.2. 
Epift. i. 



Ovid. 3. 
de Pont. 



1 Hiram qui contudit Hydrant, 
Notaque fatali portenta labore fubegit, 
Comperit Invidiam fupremo fine domari. 
Uriienimfulgore fuo, qui pragravat artes 
Infra fe pofitas .- extinfius amabitur idem. 

Pafcitur in vivis livor, poft fata quiefcit : 
Tunc fuus ex merito quemque tuetur bonos. 



The Hero that the Hydra did o'ercome, 
And all the Monfters Juno's Hate did raife, 
Conquer 'd not Envy, tho' he try'd all Ways, 
'Till he was dead and in his Tomb. 
Thofe that by Vertue rife, ftill envy'd are. 
And ne'er efteem'd till dead ; we love them there- 
Envy upon the Living ftill does feaft ; 
But after peath fhe always lets them reft, 
Grows filent : then each Man is truly known, 
And, as he merits, to the World is fhown. 



A View of Human Life. 



169 




Le cruel Monflre de {' 'Envie, 
Suit les grands hommes fas a fas ', 
Et pour avancer leur treffas, 
Ha%arde incejfamment leur vie. 
Mais quand far l'excez. de fa rage, 
Leurs jours ont éteint leur flambeauh 
M arme contre foy fon fer fide courage. 
Et tombe mort au fied de leur tombeau* 



The cruel Monfter, Envy, who keeps pace 
With each great Man, who Vertue's Steps doth 

trace, 
Haftens their Deaths, in Perils does engage, 
And makes them Dangers meet t her dreadful Rage 
Now glutted with their Deaths, fhe angry flies ? 
On her ownfelf, becomes a Sacrifice ^ 

To her own Rage, and on their Tomb-ftone dies.3 



X 




no 



The DoBrine çf MORALITY; of, 



The Explanation of the Twenty-Third Plate. 
Là Vertu triomphe de tous fes EnnemiSé Vertue triumphs over all her Enemies. 





jjjT is not, till the Race is finifhed; 
that Men crown the Victor, nor till 
this Life is ended, that the Vertuous 
receive the Reward of their Labours. 
Behold here a flight Glimpfe of that 
glorious Triumph which Heaven has promifed to 
a confummate Vertue. Vertue in this Place 
(lands to reft herfe.'f, being victorious over all her 
Enemies, clad in a Robe and Arms bright as her- 
felf. Trophies of Honour, whofe number equal 
Obfiacle que Von nomme Fortune, el/e édatte de Joye & the Victories fhe has gained over Vice, furround 
de Gloire. Vous la voyez, aujfî bien haut ejlevée au her. Under her Feet lies proftrate that incon- 
deffus de cette region mal-heureufe, où fan irréconciliable ftant Goddefs, called Fortune, whom the Wife 
ennemie a pofè les Bornes de fin Empiré. Elle règne command. A glorious Brightnefs fills the Place, 
absolument dans le Ciel, & dijpofe fouverainement des and Vertue, like the Sun, feems all on fire with' 
Couronnes, des Sceptres, & des autres marques de cette Joy, and warms the World. She how, raifed 
jufie & fupreme Grandeur, que nous ne pouvons ac- far above this miferable Earth, where her invete 



\OMME ce n'efi qu'après la Courfe ache- 
vée, que l'on Couronne le Vainqueur, ce 
n'efi aujji qu après la Fin de la Vie, que 
le Vertueux reçoit ja, veritable recompense. 
Voicy comme un petit crayon du glorieux 
Triomphe que le Ciel promet à la Vertu confommêe. 
Elle paroifl viEîorieufe de tous fes ennemis. Elle efi 
reveftuë de fes Armes de parade. Elle efi environnée 
d'autant de Trophées quelle a défait de différents Ad- 
verfaires, & foulant aux Pieds ce grand & difficile 



rate Enemies have the Bounds of their Dominion 
fet, reigns a Queen in Heaven, and difpofes with 
fovereign Authority of Crowns and Empires j and 
invites us to fliare her Favours, that fhe may 
make us alfo Supremely great and happy : which 



quérir que par la Connpijfance des belles chofes & par 
la pratique des bonnes. Excitons-nous les uns les au- 
tres, je vous prie, à la Meditation d'une ft belle ma- 
tière. Voyons j ce que les Rois même font en terre. Con- 
fiderons ce que les Vertueux font au Ciel ; & par la 

Comparaifon des uns & des autres, appliquons-nous fe- we can no ways attain to be, but by ftudying her 
rieufement à l'acquifition d'un bien, devant lequel, le Laws, and praftifîng her Precepts. Let us then* 
trefor de tous les Crefus, & la Puiffance de tons les I beg you, earnestly excite one another to a fe- 
Alexandres, ne font que boue, vanité t foiblejfe, & rious Confederation of this excellent Matter- We 
fumée. have feen what Kings are here on Earth, let us 

now reflecT: what the Vertuous are in Heaven : 
comparing the one with the other, we fhall foon be convinced, that it is highly our Intereft to fol- 
low Vertue, by which only we can obtain that Treafure ; in comparifon whereof, the Wealth of 
Crcefus, the Greatnefs and Dominions of Cafar and Alexander, and all the Glories of the World, are but 
Duft, Vanity, Folly, and Smoke. 



ll^^^^^^^^É^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^è^^^^^^^^^^è^^^^^ii^^ÉÉ^^^^^I:^^ 



HorJib.3. Virtus repulfa nefcia fordida, 
2 " Intaminatis fulget honoribus : 
Nee fumit, aut ponit fecures 
Arbitrio popularis aura. 



Hor.ll!>. 1. 

Sat. 6. 



Claudian 
in Confu- 
latuMan- 
lii. 



-Populus nam fiuhus honores 



Sape dot indignis, & fama fervit ineptus ; 
Et fiupet in titulis, & imaginibus. 



Ipfa quidam Virtus pretium fibi, folaque late 
Fortuna fecura nitet, nee fafcibus ullis 
Erigitur, plaufuve petit clarefcere vulgi : 
Nil dpis externa cupiens, nihil indiga laudis, 
Divuiis animofa fuis, immotaque cunEiis 
Cladibus, ex aha mortalia defpicit arce. 



Vertue, who ne'er was baffled, or difgrae'd, 
But ftill thofe Honours does poffefs, 
Whofe Luftre never can grow lefs, 

Regardlefs of the fickle Croud is plac'd ; 

From them fhe won't accept a profer'd Throne, 

Nor yet, to pleafe them, lay her Honours down. 



A 



The Populace, you know, accuftom'd are 
Still to do wrong,- they Honours oft confer 
On the Unworthy ; blindly led by Fame, 
The Man's Defcent and Titles they proclaim 
And think him worthy for his Race and Name. 

Vertue's her own Reward, and only fhe - 
Has Fortune at her own Difpofe; divine, 
She don't with bought, or borrow'd Honours fhine, 

Or wants the People's Voice, or Aid to be 
Advanced : confeious of her own Worth, fhe views 
All that oppofe her Will, and all fubdues ; 
And, from her bright Abode, with fcorn looks down 
On all below, bleft in herfelf alone. 



A View o/HWMAN LIFE. 



171 




r Amants dé la Vertu, dignes enfans des Dieux , 
À qui tous les rkêchms ont declare la guerre : 
Vous ne combattez* fur la 'terre'. 

Que four triompher dans les deux. 



Lovers of Vertue, Race Divine, 

Whom bad Men hate, do not repine 

At what you fuffer here ; they rage in vain : 

You combat here, that: you in Heaven may reign.' 



rjz 



ne Dottr'we of MORALITY; or, 



The Explanation of the Twenty-fourth Plate. 



All things change, to the end that all 
things may continue. 





rellrial. 
him at 
began 



EFORE we arrive at the glorious Scate 
of BLifs, it is absolutely neceflary,; that a 
Man fhould ftrip himfelf of all that is ter- 
He muft quit the Body that was given 
his Formation, and finifh the Courfe he 
the Day he entred into the World. For* 



Rien ne dure afin que tout dure. 

IAIS avant que d'arriver à ce comble de Gloire 
& de Félicite; il faut que l'Homme fe dé- 
pouille de ce qu'il a de terrefire. Il faut qu'il 

abandonne l'Habillement qu'il a reçeu de la Mortalité ; 

& qu'il 'accompljfe la Courfe qu'il commença le Jour 

quil vint au Monde. Ceft pourquoy nôtre Peintre a 

mis immédiatement après le Triomphe de la Vertu, celuy this caufe our Painter has here, immediately after 

Vertue's Triumph, placed that of Time and 
Death, for which the imperfect View we have had 
of future Happinefs, will, I hope, arm us. He 
firft fets before us* the different Seafons of the 
Year, a true Emblem of Man's Life. The Spring 
firft leads the way, to reprefent our infant State, 
and our blooming Youth and Beauty. The Sum- 
mer follows next, which is our Manhood, full of 
Fire and Vigour. Then comes Autumn, ,loaden 
with Fruits, and Pieafures of fhort Duration. 
Next, Winter limping follows, feeble and weak, 
benumb'd with Frofts, and vainly ftrives to keep 
pace with thofe who feem to fly before him ; re- 

\floient partis, les condamne, à des vicifjitudes qui ne prefenting our decrepid Age : whilft the winged 

Daemon, Timç, who never ftays to reft, flies 
hovering over their Heads, and drives them on, 
marks all their Steps, prescribes their Walk, aud 
makes them feel Viciffitudes, which will not ceafe 
but with the World; though in fome meafure 
they change and ceafe every day. This Picture 
inftructs us, that we muft in Youth begin to fol- 
low Vertue, and leave no Minute unimprov'd, 
fince Time inceffantly flies from us, and will bear 
us through the Stage of Life with a Rapidity 
more furprizing than that of Lightning ;. and in- 
fenfibly conducts us to that dreadful Moment, 
where he will give the fatal Stroke, and we fhalt 
ceafe to be. Think, my Companions, upon this 
melancholy Truth, and be not deaf to this timely Advice. Let us endeavour not to lofe, if poffible, 
even the leaft part of a thing, that is fo uncertain to keep, and which in itfelf is of fo fhort Duration, 
yet of fo great Importance to us, that upon the Ufe of it depend all our Hopes, all our Happinefs. 
'Tis now in our own power to be eternally miferable, or to be made Sharers of that glorious State, 
which has been fo often and excellently propofed to us, in the foregoing Difcpurfes. 



du r ïêms & de la Mort. Pour nous le repref enter au 
naturel, il expofe d'abord à nos yeux ce 'tableau de 
l'Année-, & par cenfequent celuy de nôtre vie. Le 
Printemps parcift le premier, comme le plus jeune & 
le plus beau- L'Efté le fuit, plein de vigueur & de 
feu. V Autommè marche après, chargé de fes jruicls, 
& de fes plaifirs de peu de durée. .Finalement, l'Hy- 
ver parejfeux, foible, languijfant, & accablé de viel- 
leffe, fait tous fes efforts pour ne fe pas eloigner de ceux 
qui le precedent*. Le T'êms, comme un petit Demon 
qui vole jour & nuiB, efi au deffus de la Tejle de ces 
quatre différents Ajfociez,. Il marque leur courfe; il 
frefeript leur marche ; & les faifant retourner d'où ils 
efioient partis, les condamne à des vicifjitudes qui ne 
finiront qu'avec le Monde, quoy qu'elles finiffent tous 
lesjours. Cette reprefentation nous enfeigne, qu'il faut 
commencer des nôtre jeunèffe à fuivre la Vertu, c'ejl à 
dire, à ménager le T'êms qui vole inceffamment ; & qui 
nous portant d'un âge à l'autre, avec une viteffe plus 
Surprenante que celle même des eclairs, nous conduit im- 
perceptiblement à cet infiant horrible, où fe fait la 
Diffolution de nous-même. Soyons fenfible à ce grand 
advertisement ; & eff ayons autant qu'il nous ejl pofftble, 
de né pas perdre la plus petite partie d'un chofe qui 
dure fi peu ; & qui nous ejl fi importante, puifque 
d'elle depend la Ptffeffton de la Gloire qui vient de nous 
être propofée. 



Hor.Iib.4. Immortalia ne fperes, monet annus, & almum 
e 7" Qua rapit hora diern. 

Frigora mitefeunt Zephyris : Ver proterit AZftas, 

lnteritura fimul, 
Pomifer Autumnus fruges effuderit ; & mox 
Bruma recurrit iners. 



Virg. 3 
Geprg. 



Optima quaque dies miferis mortalibus avi 
Prima fugit, fubeunt morbi, trifiifque fenetlus, 
Et labor, & dura rapit inclementia mortis. 



The changing Seafons, and the Hours that fly, 
And ftill fucceeding, wear away the Day, 
Kindly forewarn us, that we muft decay, 

Tell us that we are mortal, and muft die. 

Each Year, the Winter by the Spring we find 
Succeeded is, and Summer next takes place ; 
Then fruitful Autumn comes with fmiling Face, 

Then Winter purling Streams in Ice does bind. 

The pleafing Years of Life are quickly gone, -\ 
And helplefs Age, and fwift Decay comes on, S. 
And then remorfelefs Death o'ertakes us foon. j 



A View of Human Life. 



173 




Le Têms qui produit les Saifons, 

Les tient l'une à l'autre enchaînées ; 
Et le Soleil marchant far fes douze maifonsj 

Renouvelle les jours, les mois & les années : 
Il n'en efl pas ainfi du deflin de nos jours . 
Quand la Parque en borne le cours. 
Nous entrons dans des nuifis qui ne font point bornées. 



Time ftill the different Seafons brings,, 

And regularly changes things ; 

The Sun walking his confiant Round, ' 

Renews the Days, the Months, and Years ; 
The Fields with fragrant Flowers are crown 'd, 

And every Tree frefh Bloffoms wears : 
But with us Mortals 'tis not fo ; 
When Fate our Lives does end* we go 
To endlefs Night, and gloomy Shades below. 



i 



Yy 



174 



The Doltrine of MORALITY; or, 



The Explanation of the Twenty-fifth Picture* 

Tous les Siècles ont eu leurs Vices. AU Ages have had their particular Vices. 




ICY le Têms à qui nôtre Peintre 
rendu fa première figure. Il 



a 
nous 



qu'il leur 
on dirait 
& qu'Us 



declare en ce 'tableau, que volant. d'un 
fiecle à Vautre, il entraine avec Jby 
tous les Vices & tous les mal-heurs 
qu'il rencontre dans la rapidité de fa 
courfe. Les petits Demons qui l'ac- 
compagnent, font bien aifes du changement 
propoje ; & à voir leur contenance enjoiie. 
qu'ils on quelque connoiffance de l' advenir, 
font affeurez, que plus le Monde vieïïira, & .plus leurs 
forces renouvelleront.. Mais bien qu'ils ayent commencé 
de régner des le commencement des fiecles, il efi toute- 
fois au pouvoir du Vertueux, de leur arracher un Em- 
pire où ils fe font fi bien établis. Il faut que ce De- 
my-Dieii pour remporter une fi grande Victoire, faffe 
reflution de combatre ihceffamment. Car encore que 
ces Tyranneaux foient fouvent chajfez, de leur "Trône ; 
ils y remontent prefqu auffi tofi en defpit de leurs Vain- 
queurs ; & trouvent autant de complices de leur Ufur- 
patien, & autant de Deffenfeurs, que la Vertu leur 
peut fufcjter d'ennemis. Soyons du nombre des derniers. 
Prenons les Armes fous la conduite d'un fi digne Gene- 
ral. Fcùfons voir au Têms & aux Vices, que nous 




EHOLD Time here admirably re- 
prefented, flying from one Age to 
another. He bears with him all 
the Vices and Misfortunes he 
meets with in his way, and Scat- 
ters them amongft Men as he paf- 
fes. The little Damions, his Com- 
panions, feem joyful, and are pleafed to fee the 
Diforders they occafion in the World. He retains 
them in his Service, promifing to fhow them 
greater Revolutions yet. And they are too cer- 
tain, that though the World grows old and decays, 
yet they fhall gather Strength, and grow more 
potent every Agé, whilft that is growing nearer 
to its end. True it is, that they have reigned 
too much ever fince the World was inhabited ; 
but it is as certain, that the Vertuous have been, 
and are at all times able to take from them that 
Dominion and Power, in which they believe them- 
felves fo well eftablifiVd. But the brave Man, 
who will oppofe them, mull, in order to gain 
fo glorious a Vidory, firft refolve to refill all, even 
the leaft Temptations, to Evil. For though thefe 
Tyrants are often driven down from their Throne, 
avons ajfez, de cœur pour les combatre tous enfemble ; yet they too frequently regain a footing there, in 
& que malgré la trahi fin de ceux même qui nous de- ïpight of their Oppofers, and have as manyAc- 
vr oient eftrê les plus fidelles, comme e fiant une partie complices, and as powerful Friends, to fupporc 
de nous-mêmes, mus -finirons victorieux du combat où their Ufurpation, as Vertue can raife them Ene- 
ils nous ont engagez,. mies. Let us be of thé number of the laft. Let us 

. take up Arms under the Conduit, of this glorious 
Leader, and convince Time and Vice, that we have Courage enough to combat them all united : and 
that though we fhould be abandon'd even by thefe whom we have, moll reafon to expeâ: Affiftance from ; 
though our Pallions, and the ftrong Temptations of Beauty and Ambition lhould try their utmoll to 
difarm our Souls, and charm our Reafon afleep > yet we are refohred to be both deaf and blind to all 
but Vertue, and not to quit the Field, till we come off Conquerors to reign for ever. 






HorJib.: 
Ode 6. 



Senec 



Damnofa quid non imminuit dies ? 

JEtas parentum pejor avis, tulit 
Nos nequiores, mox daturos 
Pngeniem vitiofiorem. 



What is't that Time don't change ? we are 
Worfe than our Fathers ; yet they were 
Worfe than their Anceflors ; and wé 
Shall leave a worfe Pollerity. 



Hoc majores noflri quafii funt, hoc nos queriniur, It was the Complaint of our Anceilors, is ours, 

hoc pofieri noflri querentur, everfos effe mores, reg- and will be our Succeflbrs, That all Morality 

nare nequitiam, in deterius res humanas & in cm- is loft. 
ne nefas labi. 




A View of Human Life. 



iyç 




En vain l'objet affreux des tourments éternels^ 
Fait peur a tout ce que nous fommes : 
Tant que la Terre aura des Hommes, 

Le Ciel verra des criminels. 



The Dread of Death and endlefs Pain 
Do feem to threat Mankind in vain ; 
Whilft Men upon the Earth do dwell, 
There (hall be found fome criminal. 



*£ 



V6 



The DoBrine of MORALITY; of, 



The Explanation of the Twenty-Sixth Fi6tur& 



Il faut s'accommoder au Temps. 



We ought to make ufe of TÏime. 



ME 








É 


E 








US 









NCORE que le Terns fit le per- 
pétuel ennemy de la Vertu, néant- 
moins nous ne devons pas toujours 
le confiderer comme tel. S'il l'en- 
gage dans de grands Dangers ; & 
l'expofe à la Fureur de divers Mon- 
ftres, il eft bon de croire que c'eft 
autant four la 'Couronner que pur la Perdre. Cela 
étant, il ne faut pas que nous foyons incejfamment aux 
mains avec luy ; & que fans ceffe nous' luy difions des 
Injures. Le Sage peut fort bien s'y accommoder. Il 
peut fe fervir de luy contre hy-même, & fi l'eft permis 
de le dire fans Blafpheme, il eft capable d'imiter l'Ef- 
prit étemel, qui l'ef claire, & tirer le bien du mal même. 
Pour en venir là, il neft besoin d'autre chofe que de 
faire une tres-exaBe diftinBion du T'êms & des Vices 
qui l'accompagnent. Car pburveu que nous ayons l'a- 
dreffe d'arrefter ce Prothée, nous l'obligerons ayfement, 
à nous accorder tout .ce que la Vertu veut que nous ex- 
igions de luy. Nous luy ferons payer avec ufure les 
droits de notre hofpitalitê, h le forcerons de nous porter 
en dépit qu'il en ait, dans 1e fe jour éternel, où nous 
trouverons nôtre confervation & fa ruine. 







HOUGH Time is in one re^ 
fpeft an Enemy to us, yet we 
ought not to look upon him as 
always fuch ; for if he engages 
us in great Dangers, and expo- 
fes us often to the Fury of .fierce 
Enemies, yet we muft acknow- 
ledge, it is oftener to crown 
than to undo us. We muft not therefore be con- 
tinually at variance with him, and look on him 
with Prejudice-^ The wife Man knows perfe&ly 
well how to treat him, fo as to render him ufeful 
to all his Purpofes, though againft his Will. He, 
like the divine Wifdom who enlightens the Mind, 
and brings forth Good out of Evil, (if I may be 
permitted to make the Comparifon) turns to his 
advantage thofe very Moments that ruin the 
greater Part of Mankind. To this end, the wi- 
feft Way is to make an exaft and nice DiftincYion 
between Time and the Vices that accompany 
him. Thus fhall we learn the Art, to ilay this 
Proteus in our hands, and with eafe oblige him to 
grant us all that Vertue requires for our Ufe : 
nay, to make him repay with Ufury, the Enter- 
tainment we give him ; by forcing him, in return, 
to carry us into that eternal Abode, where we 
fhall find our Confervation, and he his Ruin. 



^^^^^^^^^*^^^^^^^^^*^^^^^^M^^^è^É^i'M^^^i!^^^* 



Hor.lib.3. 
Ode 29. 



-Quod adefl, memento 



Ovid. 6 
Faft. 



Componere aquus, catera fiuminis 
Ritu feruntur, nunc medio alveo 
Cum pace dilabentis Etrufcum 
In mare, nunc lapides adefos, 
Stirpefque raptas, & perns, & domos 
Volventis unà, non fine montium 
Clamore, vicinaque filva, 
Cum fera diluvies quietos 
Irritât dmnes. 



T'empora lahmtur, tacitifque fenefcimus annis. 



Remember to ufe well the prefent Hour ; 

For what's to come is not within our power ; 
5 Tis all uncertain, as the Sea or Wind, 
Or Tibre, who now to his Banks confin'd, 

Falls gently in the Sea, nor beats the Shore : 
But when by Floods increas'd, his Waters rife, 
With dreadful Noife he fills the Air and Skies, 

O'erflows his Banks, Houfes and Rocks o'er- 
throws, 

Brings Swift Deftruftion wherefoe'er he goes, 
And to his Fury all doth facrifice. 

We antient grow, Time flips away, 
E'er we are fenfible of our Decay. 



A View of Human Life. 



177 




Les Hommes légers & fottans t 
Perdent toujours leur advantage ; 
Aujfi n'appartient-il quau Sage, 
De fçavoir bien prendre fon te^Si 



Mankind carelefs appear, and thoughtlefs live, 
Lofing the happy Moments Fate does give ; 
It to the Wife alone belongs to take 
Each lucky Hint, and much of Time to make. 



Zz 



I7& 



TheDoBriw of Morality; <#, 



The Explanation of the Twenty-Seventh Plaie. 




Ne regette point le Temps paffé. 



E "vieillard qui nous efl figure dans cette Pein- 
:L]a| ture, a fait ce que nous venom de dire. Il à 
5^$§ 'bien ufé du 'terns ; & l'ayant reçeu four fin 
hcfte, il en a tiré tout ce dentil à crû avoir befoin. 
C'efi aujfi de fort bon cœur qu'il le laijfe finir de fa 
maifin ; pour ce qu'ayant vefeu plufieurs années, & 
far manière de parler, vieilly tous deux enfemble, ils 
ont afpris l'un de l'autre, que leur Société ne pouvoit 
être éternelle ; & que to fi ou tard ils fe verraient réduits 
à la Necejfité de Je feparer. Cet hofte fage & cour- 
tois voyant que l'heure de leur feparation eftoit fonnêe, 
luy a de bonne grace ouvert la Porte de fin logis ; & 
fans fe pkindre de fin départ, femble luy témoigner, 
en luy difant à Dieu, le contentement qui luy refte d'a- 
voir logé un fi docile & fi fidelle amy. Cecy ne fi fi 
artifiemeni feprefenté, que pour apprendre aux âmes 
foibles & timides a fe guérir de cette vaine repugnance, 
qu'elles font paroifire,. toutes les fois que le c Têms leur 
redemande ce qu'il leur à prefi'e. Certes, il nous efl 
honteux, d'eftte des depofitaires de mavaife foy ; de nous 
faire chicaner pour rendre ce que l'on nous a bai'Jé en 
garde; & vouloir, s'il nous eftoit pojfible, nous enrichir 
de ce qui n'eft pas à nous. Cependant, c'efi le mauvais 
procédé de ces infenfez,, qui fe voyant à la fin de leur 
vie, importunent Dieu & les Hommes, pour obtenir des 
délais, & différer le Payment d'une Debte à laquelle ils 
font condamnez.. 



Regret not for the Tim pafti 



Reverend Perfori in this Piâure hâS 
done what we mentioned in our laft. Hé 
has made a good ufe of Time, and having 
received him as a Gueft, has gain'd from him all 
that he had occafion for ; and having in a manner 
old together, they have mutually learn'd 
each other, that their Continuance and 







grown 
from 



Friendfhip on Earth could not be eternal, and that 
fooner or later, they mull be reduced to the fatal 
Neceffity of being feparated. Our wife. and cour- 
teous Hoft, feeing that this expeded Hour is 
come, cheerfully opens the Door to him, and 
without repining at his Departure, feems to de- 
clare, by the kind manner of his bidding him 
farewell, that he is highly pleafed and fatisfy'd, 
in having been fo fortunate, as to have long lodged 
fo kind and faithful a Friend. So much Pains 
would not have been ufed to have thus artfully re- 
prefented this Matter, but with defign to cure 
thofe timorous cowardly Souls, who fliake at 
Death, fhow an idle Fear, and vainly murmur; 
and repine* whenever Time takes away that Life 
and Pleafure, which he has lent them. Certainly 
'tis a great Shame for us to be fuch ungrateful 
Creatures, to return with Reludance what is ge- 
neroufly lent us for a few Years only, and to defire,' 
if poffible, to enrich ■ ourfelves with what belongs 
not to us. Yet fuch is the Folly of Mortals, who 
feeing their End to draw near, vainly importune 
both God and Man for longer time, and to defer 
the Payment of a Debt, to the Payment of which 
they are condemned by the Law of Nature. 






H0r.lib.3-; 
Ode if 



•Tile potens fui t 



Latufque deget, cui licet in diem 
Dixijfe, vixi : eras vel atra 
Nube polum, pater occupait) 
Vel file puro : non tamen irritum 
Quodcumque retro efl, efficiet : neque 
Diffinget, infeBumque reddet 
Quod fugiens femel bora vexit. 



He only happy lives, and flill fhall be 

Lord of himfelf alone, who free 

From racking Cares, each Evening cries, 1 
It is enough, this Day I've fpent, 
As I could wifh, and am content 

I've liv'd to-day ; this ftiall fuffice. 

Let Jove to-morrow Tempefts raife, 

Or burn the Earth with Phoebus' Rays,' 

It is not even in his power, 

The Pleafures paft from me to take, 
Or call the fleeting Moments back, 

Or to undo what's done before. 



' 



A View of Human Life. 



17* 



x 




Sans te plaindre du temps qui coule comme l onde; 
Vfe bien de celui que tu tiens en ta main ; 
"Tu n'as qu'un jour à toy. Car peut-efire demain, 
La mort te forcera d'abandonner le Monde; 



Ceafe to complain of Time, that fwifr as Air,- 
Or rolling Waves, doth pafs away ; 
Ufe well the prefent, ufe this Day, 
And for Eternity this Day prepare : 
To-morrow's Rifing-Sun thou may'ft not tee, 
For Death e'er then from Earth may fummon thee* 



i So 



The DoBrine ôf MORALITY; or, 



The Explanation of the Twenty-eighth Plate. 



11? 


É 



11 n'eft riea li court que la Vie. 



OICY le fupptice auquel font con- 
damnez, ces hoftes indifcrets, qui veu- 
lent retenir far force, le Terns qui 
s'en veut aller. Car cet impatient qui 
ne peut fouffrir de contrainte, voyant 
la Force qu'on luy fait pour l'areter, 
fe change en un fier ennemy ; & au 
lieu qu'il avoit toujours paru agreeable & complaifant, 
il devient fafcbeux & cruel, & ne donne à fon hofte 
que de trifles & fane/les marques de fa prefence. Vous 
voyez,, comme d'abord il exerce une insupportable Ty^ 
rannie dans les lieux où l'on l'enferme ; £? comme pour 
conferver la Liberté qu'on luy veut ravir, il retranche 
à fes Geôliers, toutes les chofes en la compagnie defquelles 
il avoit trouvé la Vie fi charmante & fi defirable. 
D'un cofié s'enfuient la Jeuneffe & la Beauté, qui ne 
fçauroient être fepartes- De l'autre, fe dérobent le 
Repos & le Sommeil ; & les Amours fe voyons pour- 
fuivis de ce vieux Tyrant, prennent leur vol droit, vers 
la Jeuneffe & la Beauté, qui font leurs véritables a- 
mantes. Que croyez,-vour que deviennent les Hommes, 
-quand ils fe confiderent depoiiillez, de leurs plus belles 
parties ; & reveflus de qualitez, fi contraires à leur na- 
ture, que ce font autant d'Ennemis domeftiques, & de 
bourreaux qui les tourmentent ? Certes, ils fe repen- 
tent jour Ô" nuit! d'avoir différé la Fin de leur Vie ; 
Ù" pour l'avoir trop follement aymée, de s'eflre expofê à 
des fupplices, qui leur font continuellement fouhaitter 
cette longue indolance 3 dont la Mort eft accompagnée. 



Nothing pajfes away more pwiftly thah 
Life* 




EHOLD here the Punifhment 
to which thofe indifferent Hofls 
are condevnn'd, who would retain 
Time by force, who will be gone. 
This Impatient, who endures not 
Reftraint, feeing the Efforts that 
are made to flay him, turns to a 
fierce Enemy ; and inflead of being as hereto- 
fore, agreeable and complaifant, grows angry and 
cruel, and gives the Perfon that ufes him thus, af- 
flicting and dreadful Proof of his Prefence. He 
in a moment fhowS^imfelf a Tyrant, in every 
Place where he is confined, .to procure the Liberty 
they would deprive him of. He ftrait drives from 
his Goaler all thofe, whofe Company made Life 
fweet and valuable. On the other hand, he chafes 
thence Youth and Beauty, who are infeparable. 
Then he deprives him of Sleep and Streegth. 
The affrighted Cupids, who fann'd his youthful 
Fires, purfued by the Tyrant- Time, take their 
flight after Youth and Beauty, their belt Friends. 
What think you now of Manj when he confiders 
himfelf under thefe Circumftances ? ftripp'd of all 
that made him agreeable to others, or pleating to 
himfelf? no longer able to pleafe, or be pieas'd, 
whilft Age and its Infirmity are his domeftick E- 
nemies and confiant Attendants, the cruel Exe- 
cutioners who keep him in continual Torment. 
Believe me, he repents Day and Night, that he 
befought Heaven to prolong his Days, curfing his 
own Folly, in coveting to be expofed to the Im- 
becility and Dotage of old Age, and begs to be 
releafed, longing to repofe in the cold icy Arms 
of Death, which can only give him eafe. 






Hor.lib.a. 
Ode ii. 



■ ■ Nee trépides in ufum 
Pofcentis avi pauca ; fugit retro 
Levis juventas, & decor, arida 
PeUente lafcivos amores 
Canicie, facilemque fomnum. 
Non femper idem floribus eft honos 
Vernis, neque uno Luna rubens nitet 
Vultu ; quid aternis minorent 
Confiliis animum fatigas ? 



Do not yourfelf torment 

For what this worthlefs Life requires, 
Which with a little is content : 
Sweet Youth and Beauty flies away, 
Age takes their place, all things decay ; 

Time ruins Sleep and amorous Fires. 
Spring-Flowers their Beauty quickly lofe, 

The Moon doth change her Shape we fee j 
Then why do you yourfelf amufe. 
Form great Defigns, and break your Reft, 
Forget you're mortal, live unbleft, 

Aiming above Mortality. 



A View of Human Life, 



i8t 



■3'! ■ 




Pontic d'Ambition & d'Envie; 
Pauvre mortel paffe une vie, 
Que la Mort talionne de près. 
Peu de chofe fuffit au Sage ; 
Et pour faire un petit voyage, 
Il ne faut pas de grands âpre fis. 



Free from Ambition, Ènvy, Strife, 
Poor Mortals ftrive to pafs that Life", 
Which cruel Death fo foon may end. 
Nature a little does fuffice, 
For a fhort Voyage, he that's wife, 
Won't Stores provide, and much expend, 



A a a 



i8l 



TheboBnm of MORALITY; or, 



The Explanation of the Twenty-ninth Pidture. 



Tout fe pert avec le Temps. 



Every thing periJJoes with %i?nè. 




\E Terns n'a fait que menacer dans les 
Tableaux que nous avons vus. En celui- 
cy, il commence à exécuter fes menaces. 
Comme il voit que l'on ne veut pas le 
laijfer. partir de bonne grace, ilfaitViolence 
à fa Prifon ; & brisant tout ce qui l'enchaîne, il tourne 
fes Armes cruelles & viSiorieufes contre ce qu'il a le 
mieux aymé. Il fe fait autant de Victimes qu'il y a 
de belles cbofes dans le Monde. La Force des Héros, 
l'Eloquence des Orateurs, la Beauté des Dames ont 
aujjt peu de Charmes pour vaincre cet Ennemi public, 
qu'en ont les Diadèmes, les Trônes, & les autres Ob- 
jets de -l'Idolâtrie des petites âmes. Tout ployé fous 
ce Tyran. Tout cede à fa cruauté. Les trières y font 
inutiles. La Force n'y peut rien; & comme fi cène 
luy efioi't pas ajfez. de nous détruire, il adjoute l'info- 
lence de la mocquerie, à la Fureur, avec laquelle il nous 
tourmente. Il fait défendre la vieiUeffe à fon fecours 
fans qu'il en ait befoin ; & nous la prefentant comme 
celle qui ne nous doit quitter qu'avec la Vie, il nous en 
parle avec un foufris mocqueur ; & nous jure, que 
nous nous trouverons fort bien d'une fi fage & fi di- 
vertijfante compagnie. 




1IME did only threaten, in the pre- 
cedent Piâure, in companion of what 
he does hère, where he vents all his 
Fury. Seeing himfelf confined, and 
that they will not let him go willing- 
ly, he breaks through all, and tears in pieces all 
that refill him. He even turns his victorious 
Arms againft thofe he loved moft, and makes as 
many Victims- as there are beautiful things in na- 
ture. The Strength of Heroes, Eloquence of 
Orators, Beauty and Innocence can find no 
Charms powerful enough to appeafe him. He 
profefles himfelf an Enemy to all Mankind. 
Crown'd Heads, Thrones, Monuments, and all 
the Croud are awed by, fall before him. He de- 
ftroys all things at his pleafure. Prayers are in- 
effectual; and Strength fignifies nothing. It is 
not enough that he is every day taking lomething 
from us ,• he infults our Mifery, and laughs at our 
Decay, faying, Age is a good Companion, that 
grèy Hairs make us appear venerable : it is a wife 
Counfellor, he cries, and the Ruins of fine things 
are beautiful. So paiTes on to do more mifchief. 






3B. J5- 



6* 



A 



>l<& 6 . 



& Q $k •& •&• ■& ^ 

■fô &• "3? ■* & ■$■ 



M 



at 



* 



% 



raçsew? 



•3 



Hot. de 
arte Poet. 



—Mort alia fafla peribunt, 



Nedum fermonum fiet honos & gratia vivax. 



Ovid. 15 Tempus edax rerum, tuque invidiofa vetufias, 
Met. Facundiam, eloquentiam, gratiarum omne genus 

& quali let corporis bona confumitis. 



p At non ingenio qua/itum nomen ab avo 

Jib. 3. Excidet. Ingenio flat fine morte decas. 

Vivitur ingenio, catera mortis erunt. 



The Works of Mortals die ; 

Why fhould we hope that Words fhould live, 

And Language fhould all Time furvive ? 

Envious old Age, and Time, you who devour 
All mortal things, Beauty, Wit, and Power, 
And charming Eloquence ; all that you find 
That's excellent in Body, or in Mind- 

A Name by Wifdom gain'd, will never die ; 
Honours thus got, claim Immortality. 

Wit lives to all Eternity, 
And all things elfe do die. 



' 



A View of Human Life. 



185 




Rayon d'un Soleil invifible ; 

Pomp e de la Nature : Enchantement des yeux ; 

Beauté qui de l'Amour rend le trait invincible, 

Il eft way, ton Empire eft grand comme les deux. 

Mais ne te flatte point du pouvoir de tes charmes : 

Ne vante point les Feux : Ne vante point les ArmeSj 

Dont tu defoles l'Univers. 

lu pajferas un jour par le cifeau des Parques ; 

Et fi de tes appas il refle quelques marques. 

Ce ne fera que dans nos vers. 



Beauty,* bright as the glorious San, 

Nature's chief Pride, that doth enchant, 

By whom the World's almoft undone, 
Thy Empire boundlefs is, we grant : 

But of thy powerful Charms don't boaft, 
Though all Mankind thy Victims be, 
For Death at laft fliall conquer thee ; 

And all thofe Beauties fhall be loft, 
Except your Names recorded be 4 
In Verfe, that gives Eternity. 



1 84 



The DoBrine if Morality ; or, 



The Explanation of the Thirtieth Picture. 



Philofopher, c'eft apprendre a mourir. 



"true Thilofophy is to learn to die. 




• jE £ Sages vulgaires croiront avoir fatisfait 
au nom de Sage, s'ils confiderent les Revolu- 
tions des chofes comme nous venons de les con- 
fiderer ; & s'ils attendent leur dernière heure ^ fans 
fe donner la peine de la prévoir & de l'efludier. Mais 
le Stoïque, c'eft à dire le Sage parfait & confommê, fe 
demande à foy-même où le mené , la vieilleffe ; & comme 
avec des lunettes d'approche va jufques dans le Ciel, 
découvrir le Secret de fa Deftinée.. Il fe >' familiar if e 
de bonne heure avec la Mort. Il fe fouvient, qu'il a 
mille fois ouy dire au grand Zeiîon, que la Vie du Phi- 
lofophe, ne doit être qu'une continuelle Meditation de la 
Mort. Vous le voyez, auffi, qui paroift Jî attentif & 
fi calme au milieu de tant de Sujets, de "Troubles, & 
d'Agitations, qu'il ne s'abandonne n'y a l'efperance, 
n'y à la crainte. Il a l'efprit tout entier occupé à la 
Contemplation de cette main jufte mais inflexible, qui 
du haut du Ciel tient les cifeaux dont le fil de notre vie 
doit être coupé; & pour éviter toute furprife, il y 
tient les yeux de l'efprit continuellement attachez,, afin 
de voir quand elle fermera l'inftrument fatal, qui doit 
le délivrer de lafervitude de la matière. 




HE Vulgar Wife, think they have done e- 
noligh, it" they, like us, have considered, 
that Life is fubjeét to many Changes, and 
expect Death without thinking further of it, than 
that it is à thing that muft come; and take no 
care to provide for a future' State, or medi- 
tate on what is to be done, to render k lefs ter- 
rible. But the wife Man confiders daily with 
himfeif where he is drawing to, arid, as through 
a Perfpedive, looks into Futurity, and difcovers 
the Secrets of his Deftiny, by reading his own 
Soul, which thus becomes familiar, and acquaint- 
ed with Death, before he approaches. A thou- 
fand times he calls to mind the great Zeno's Words, 
That the Life of a Philofopher ought to be no 
other but one continued Meditation on Death. 
You fee here a Man who appears fo attentive and 
calm, àmidft many Objefts of Trouble and Dif- 
order, that he gives not his Soul up, either to 
Hope or Fear. His Thoughts are wholly em- 
ployed in Contemplation of that juft, but inexo- 
rable Power, who fitting in the Heavens, holds 
the Sciflars and the Thread of Life. Fearing to be 
furprized, he holds the Eyes of his Soul. continu- 
ally fixed there, watches when the fataî Infini- 
ment of Death fhall cut the Twine, and deliver' 
him from the Slavery of Mortality- 






*&*^, 



* • tf *** i jj.**vW*«jï* »«jp* »^p« »^r J^t -J^t J^, -fig!* i^W#^i»w^i» 






Hor.lib.1. Inter fpem, curamque, timorés inter & has, 
Omnem crede diem tibi diluxiffe fupremum : 
Grata fuperveniet, qua ncn fperabitur hora. 



Plaut. 
Rud. 

Hor.lib.i. 
Epift. 2. 



Animus aquus optimum eft arumna condimentum. 

Tu quamcumque Deus tibi fortunaverit horam, 
Grata fume manu, nee dulcia differ in annum. 

Qui cupit aut metuit, juvat ilium fie domus aut res, 
Ut lippum piEla tabula, fomenta podagrum t 
Auriculas cythara colleBas forte dolentes. 



Amidft Hope, Fear, Anger,and Doubt, which wafte 
Our wretched Lives, believe each Hour your laft ; 
Thus every day the Gods do add, will be, 
Caufe unexpected, Welcomer to thee. 

A Mind fedate, and well refigned, is the beft Re- 
medy for Sorrow, Care, and Trouble. 

Thank Fortune for the prefent Hours, defer 
Not of Life's Joys to tafte, to the next Year. 

This Houfe, thefe Lands, and all thefe Treafures 

are 
To him whofe Soul is fill'd with Hope, or Fear, 
As Pictures to the Blind, or Salves to eafe 

The Gout's diftrafting Pain, 

Or fome harmonious Strain 
Play'd to deaf Ears, and cure not his Difeafe. 






A View of Human Life, 



18Ç 




Ce qui tt'efi pas en ta puijfance, 
Ne doit point troubler ton repos : 
7a balances mal à propos t 

Entre la Crainte & VEfperance. 
Laijfe faire le Ciel. C'eft ton maiftre & ton Roy ; 

Et fupporte avec confiance, 
Ce qu'il a refolu de toy. 



The thing that is not in thy power 
Ought not to break thy Peace one Hour \ 
Thy Hopes and Fears are fond and vain s 
Leave all to Providence divine, 
Let thy great Matter's Will be thine, 
And calmly fuffer Death or Pain, 



Bbb 



m 



The DoBrine of MORALITY ; or, 



The Explanation of the Thirty-firft Plate. 



La Vieillefle a fes Plaifirs. 



Age has its 'Pleafures. 




OICY done la Vieitteffe que le Terns 
à Jubtilement introduite- en la compag- 
nie des Hommes. Les uns s'en defef- 
perent ; les autres y font infenjibles. 
Mais le Sage qui fçait que par elle, 
il doit parvenir à fes plus hautes dig- 
nités, la reçoit de bonne grace. Il 
luy laiffe la conduitte de fa famille. Il luy permet d'en 
chaffer ce qui luy déplaift, & d'y faire venir ce quelle 
trouvera bon. Vous voyez, auffi la Vieillejfe, qui femble 
cajoler ce Sage decrepit ; & qui luy remontre avec 
adrejfe, que déformais il ne doit plus penfer aux plai- 
firs du Gouft, du TaSi, & de laVeu'è. Elle luy fait 
aufft chaffer de fa compagnie, ces Demons importuns & 
voluptueux qui régnent fur nosPajfîons, & l'oblige défaire 
un éternel divorce avec la Chair & le Sang. Nôtre Sage 
qui connoifl fon artifice, eft ravy de s'y laiffer prendre j 
& de renoncer pour janîais à des plaifirs qui font in- 
dignes de fon âge. Il tourne aufft volontairement la 
Te fie de l'autre coflè ; & arette fa veue débile fur des 
leautez,, bien plus capables de lé contenter que celles 
qu'il a perdues. Au lieu de l'Amour des chofes cor- 
ruptibles, il s'attache à la pourfuilte des éternelles ; & 
au lieu de prefter l'oreille aux Solicitations de la Volup- 
té, il n'écoute plus que la Prudence, que la Moderation 
& que les autres Vertus, qui peuvent d'une chair ca- 
duque & d'une matière toute uf'ee, en faire une toute nou- 
velle & toute immortelle. 




EE here Old Age, which Time has 
fubtilly introduced into the Com- 
pany of Mankind ! One feems de- 
fpairing at the fight of her, ano- 
ther grows fiupid and infenfible. 
But the wife Man,who well knows, 
that byherhemuft attain Under- 
ftanding and Honour, receives her With a chearful 
Countenance, leaves to her the Management of 
his Family, fuffering her to put from him all that 
difpleafes her, and to place about him all thofe (he 
approves of. She, in return, comforts and carefles 
our feeble Sage, and eloquently demonftrates to 
him, that henceforward he ought not to think of 
gratifying his Senfes, or*to pleafe the Touch, the 
Tafte, and Smell, or feaft his Eyes on Beauty. 
She drives from him the wanton Damons, that 
raife and excite our Paffions, and makes him agree 
to an eternal Divorce with the Pleafures of Flefli 
and Blood. He wifely fathoms her Defign, and 
lets her go on with pleafure. He renourices freely 
thofe things that fuit not his Age, and then turns 
his Face to the other fide, where he fixes his de- 
cayed Sight upon Beauties much more capable to 
pleafe him, than thofe he has parted with. No 
longer loving things corruptible, he bends his 
whole Defires to things eternal. Deaf to the Sol- 
licitations of the World, he hearkens to none but to 
thofe of Prudence and the other Vermes, who out of 
a withered Body, worn with Years, and crumbling 
into Duft, can foon form a new and immortal one. 






Hor. de 
arte Poet. 



Seneca. 



Multa ferunt ami venientes commoda fecum > Our youthful Years Profit and Pleafures bring, 

Multa recedentes adimunt. But our declining, every grateful thing 

Lenior & melior fis accedente fenetta ? The others brought, deprive us of. 

Turn demunt fana mentis oculus acute cernere incipit, The Eye of the Mind then begins to fee, when 
ubi corporis'oculus incipit habefcere. the Eyes of the Body begin to decay.. 



A Viens of HUMAN LIFE. 



187 




Roy des avantures humaines, 

Qui fais nos amours G» nos haines ; 

Terns fous qui le f lus forts font enfin abattus, 

Que tes bontex, nous font propices ; 

Quand tu nous ofles les délices, 
Tu nous fais aymer les Vertus. 



Lord of Mankind, thou who do'ft movèî 
Our youthful Souls to Hate or Love, 
Time, who ; the ftrongeft does o'ercome; 
When you foft Pleafures from us take* 
A large amends you feem ro make, 
*Caufe you place Vertués in their room. 



i88 The Doiïrine of Morality ; or, 

The Explanation of the Thirty-fecond Pi&ure. 

Ne t'informe point de l'advenir. Seek not to inform thy felf of vohat is to come. 




\ UR un Sage que vous venez, de voir, 
vous allez, être environnez, d'un grand 
nombre de Fous. Le Sage a prevû. Ja fin, 
& en a confideré le Moment avec joye. 
Voicy des infenfez, qui je de f efferent aufeul 
nom de la Mort ; & qui pour tenter les Moyens de l'é- 
viter, s' abandonnent à toutes les Fbibkjjes & à toutes 
les Super ftitions , que la Fourbe; ie & l'Erreur cm in- 
troduites dans le Monde. Vous voyez, au lieu le plus 
eminent de ce "Tableau, un vieux Sacrificateur accom- 
pagné de fes Officiers, & orne des marques de fa Pre- 
lature. Il confulte ferieufement les entrailles d'un Bœuf, 
& pretend de voir dans le ventre d'une be fie, des fe- 
crets que les EftoiHes même ne nous apprennent que fort 
cmfufement. Plus loing, efi peinte une de ces Cages fi- 
er ées, dans le f quelles ■ les Romains tenoient enfermez, les 
Interprettes demeftiques de leur fortune ; & par un a- 
veuglement indigne de leur Vertu, cherchoieni dans l'A- 
vidité ou dans le degoufi d'un poulet, la Refolution des 
chofes pour lesquelles ils ne fe fiaient pas à leur propre 
raifon. Plus loing, paroijfent des Chaldeens, des Afiro- 
logues judiciaires, & d'autres femblables Charlatans ; 
& pour faire rougir les curieux impertinents de leurs ex- 
travagances, le Peintre a ingenieufement placé dans un 
eloignement deux de ces miferabtes Affronteurs, qui fe 
■méfient de dire la. bonne avanture aux Femmes U aux 
Enfans. Tous ces divers vifages ne font représentez, 
que pour détromper les petits.e] prit s, & leur o fier l'En- 
vie de fçavoir les chofes futures. 



|pssa& 


s? 


f v 


'Isa 1 






3j 



O U have feen one wife Man in the 
precedent Pi&ure, and now muft be 
content to be entertained with a great 
number of Fools. He forefaw his End 
by Reafon, and is prepared to meet ic 
with Joy. But thefe, at the Name only of Death, 
fall into Defpair, and trying all ways, fondly think 
to avoid it, by giving themfelves up to all the Fol- 
lies and Superftitions that Error and Deceit have 
introduced into the World. In the moft remark- 
able Place of this Pidure, ftands a Heathen Prieft 
with his Officers, dreffed in his Habit after the 
manner of the Romans in the times of Paganifm, 
wifely confulting the Entrails of an Ox, and pre- 
tending to difcover in the Belly of a Beaft, thofe 
Secrets which the Stars themfelves can give us but 
a very imperfed, if any Knowledge of. Next is 
one of thofe confecrated Cages, in which the Ro- 
mans kept the domeftick Interpreters of their 
Good or Ill-fortune. Thus blinded by Cuftom 
and Prieftcraft, unworthy their other Vertues, 
they fought from their" Greedinefs, or Want of Ap- 
petite, of a Dunghill-Fowl to folve their Doubts, 
and neglected to ufe that Reafon which could 
have much better direfted them what to have done. 
Next appear fome counterfeit AZgyptians, Students 
in Aftrology, and other fuch like Deceivers, who 
firft confult the Pocket, then the Hand, and fo 
impofe upon weak Women and Children. Mife-* 
rable Cheats! who are not more contemptible than 
thofe that employ them ! The Painter here drives 
to fhame fuch into more Senfe, in hopes to unde- 
ceive the Vulgar, and to take from all Men the 
unlawful Defire of knowing things to come. 



i& j"& 



5j» <g 



5t AS- 



se. 



it 



Hor.lib.3. 

Ode 29. 



Hor.lib.i. 
Ode n. 



Hor.lib.i. 
Ode 9. 



Hor.lib.2. 
Ode 11. % 



Prudens futuri temporis exitum 
Caliginofa noEie premit Deus : 
Ridetque, fi mortatis ultra 
Fas trépidât. 



Tu ne quafieris feire (nef as) quern mihi, quern tibi 
Finem Di dederint, Leuccnoe : nee Babyhnios 
Tentaris numéros, ut melius, quidquid erit pati ; 
Seu plttres hyemes, feu tribuit Jupiter ultimam. 



Quid fit futurum eras, fuge quarere : & 
Quern fors dierum cumque dabit, lucro 
Appone. 



-Quid aternis minorem 



Confiliis animum fatigas ? 



God in his Wifdom has thought fit 

In dark Obfcurity to hide 

What is to come, and doth deride 
All thofe who think by human Wit 
His fecret Decrees to know, 
And farther than's permitted go : 
Leave all to him that all does move, 
Do you the prefent Hour improve. 

Take care, Leuconoe, nor be 
Led by a foolifh Curiofity, 
To know the Day and Hour when we 
Shall die ; it is a Search forbidden thee : 
Confult not Men, or Stars, but let us ftrive 
To make the beft of all that fhall arrive, 
Whether our Lives to many Years extend, 
Or Jove decrees this Winter be their End. 

Seek not to know what will to-morrow be, 
But like as if you were this Day to die ; 

Think Fortune with this Day hath favour'd me, 
This Day I'll live, bid Care and Sorrow fly. 

Then why do you your Thoughts fondly employ 
On things above your Reach," and Peace deftroy. 



A View of Human Life. 




Scrutateurs des chofes futures^ 

Ennemis det fecrets divins ; 

Ne confultez, plus lés Devins j 
Pour apprendre vos avantures. 

L'Art eft faux & pernicieux, 

Qui dans les grands chiffres des Cieux § 
Croit découvrir nos deftinèes. 
< Dieu feul comme Roy des humains y 
Tient le come de nos années, 

Etledeftin du monde eft l'Oeuvre defes mains. 



Ccc 



Yoû Who Would boldly pfy 

Into Futurity, 

Foes to the Deity, 
And Heaven's dread Decrees î 
To the Diviners do not go, 
Your haplefs Deftinies to know ; 
The Art is all a cheat, and he 
Who in the Skies does think to fee 
What fhall befall, is worfe than blind i 
*Tis God alone, who o'er Mankind 
Préfides ; he only knows the Hour 
When we fhall die, and be no more "t 
He made the World, and only he 
Does all that pafles in't decree. _ 



I£>0 



The Dottrine of MORALITY; or, 



The Explanation of the Thirty-Third Piéture. 



La Mort eft inevitable. 



T)eath is unavoidable. 




'AVANTURE que Je Peintre nous 
prefente en ce tableau, n'eft pas moins 
étrange, quelle eft rare. Elle nous fait 
voir qu'il y a une notable difference en- 
tre un Sage & un Sçavant ; & qu'af- 
fes fouvent toute la Rhétorique & toute 
la Pc'éfie peuvent être renfermées dans 
la Tejle d'un Fou. Elle nous apprend auffi, que malgré 
les Prédirions contraires, l'heure de nôtre Mort dépend 
d'une Horloge qui ne peut comme Its nôtres, être n'y re- 
tardées par notre crainte, n'y avancée par nés impa- 
tiences. Le bon Vieillard tout chauve & tout blanc, que 
vous voyez, dans une profonde Meditation, eft ce grand 
Ornement de la Grèce, qui a donné le commencement & 
les beautez. à la Tragédie. On l'avait menacé qu'il 
finirait f es jours par la cheute d'une voûte. Pour fe 
mocquer de cette PrediBion il quitte fa Ville, & choifit 
pour fa demeure ordinaire, les plus agreeables Solitudes 
de la Sicile. Mais un jour qu'il èftoit attentif à la 
Production de quelque excellente Piece, un Aigle qui 
avait pris une Tortue fur le 'Rivage prochain, & qui 
s'eftoit élevé bien haut en l'Air, s'arrejla malheureufe- 
ment au deffus d'un fi precieufe tefte ; & n'ayant pas des 
yeux d'Aigle en cette occafion, la prit pour une pointe 
de rocher^ & l'écraza en voulant écrazer la Tortue. 




HE Accident reprefented in this 
Pi&ure is no lefs ftrange than lin- 
gular. Our Painter here fhows 
us, that there is a vaft difference 
between a Man that is truly wife, 
and one who is a great Scholar 
only, and that very often Rheto- 1 
rick and Poefy, Languages, and many Sciences, 
may be lodged in a Head that wants folid Wifdom 
He likewife informs us, that notwithftanding Pre- 
dictions, and all our Caution to prevent Death, 
the Hour depends upon a Clock that cannot, like 
others, be put back, or flopped : Our Fears can- 
not retard, nor our Impatience haften the Stroke. 
The venerable old Man, whofe Head is almoft 
bald, and Hair white with Age, who feems pro- 
foundly meditating, was once the greateft Orna- 
ment of Greece, and gave a beginning to, and 
then improv'd ■ the Beauty of Tragedy. He had 
been warn'd by a Predidion, That he fhould be 
killed by the Fall of an Arch. To prevent which, 
he quitted his native City, and chofe for the Place 
of his Rejidence, the moft agreeable folitary part 
of Sicily. In a day, fitting in the open Field, at- 
tentively forming fome excellent Piece, an Eagle 
that had taken a Tortoife upon the Brink of an 
adjacent River, which he had borne to a great 
height in the Air, unfortunately pitched upon his 
precious Head ; and not having Eagles Eyes on 
this Occafion, miftook it for the Point of a Rock, 
and broke his Skull, by endeavouring to break the 
Shell of the Tortoife. 






Hor.lib.z. 
Ode 13. 



■Quid quifque vitet, nunquam homini fatis 
Cautum eft in haras. Navita Bofphorum 

Panus perhorrefcit : neque ultra 

Caca timet aliunde fata. 
Miles Sagittas, & celerem fugam 
Parthi : catenas Parthus, & Italum 

Robur : fed improvifa leti. 

Vis rapuit, rapietque gentes. 



It is impoffible for Man to be 
Againft Misfortunes arm'd, or all forefee : 
The Carthaginian Merchants only fear 
The Cafpian Seas, nor apprehend 
That Fate, whofe Ways are hid, can fend 
Worfe Mifchiefs, and furprize them any where. 
The Roman Soldiers fear the Parthians Darts, 
The Swiftnefs of their Flight, andfubtle Arts; 
The Parthian dreads the Roman Arms and Chains : 
But Death in every Place is found, 
And can deftroy without a Wound, 
Whole Nations kills, and in all Kingdoms reigns* 



A View of Human Life. 



ipi 




Ne crois pas éviter la Mort, 

Que la loy divine t'apprefie : 

Car fi ton propre toifl ne t'écrate la Tefie, 
Le toiB d'un étranger accomplira le Sort. 



Think not for to avoid that kind of Death, 
That is by all-wife Heaven's Decree thy Lot ; 
If thy own Roof upon thy Head falls not, 

Another fliall fall down, and flop thy Breath,- 



tpl 



The Dock-/ m of Morality ; or, 



The Explanation of the Thirty-fourth Pi&ure. 



Vivons fans craindre la Mart. 



Live without fearing to did 




ET" infenf: que vous ne pouvez, regarder fans 



|C j;iï rire, eft d'une efpece différente de ceux que 
vous venez, de voir. Celui-cy ne consulte n'y 
les Entrailles des Beftes, n'y la Cervele des Devins ; il 
Je anfulte luy-même, & demande a fon miroir, raifon 
de fon changement. Il fe voit le Vif age couvert de 
rides, & Je veut ferfuader que ces rides procèdent de 
la Malignité de la Glace qui le reprefente. Il luy fou- 
flient qu'il n'eft pas encore en l'Age de la Difformité ; 
& que le tèms l'aurait trahy fi ces rides eftoient vérita- 
bles. Il s'eftoh figuré, le pauvre Homme qu'il eft, 
qu'ayant toute fa vie lutté contre fes Pajftons, refufê 
à fes fens toutes les chofes défendues ; & atache fon ef- 
prit à la pratique des Vertus, il vieilliroit aujfi peu que 
les Beautez, qu'il avait adorées. Mais voicy la Pieté, 
qui fe juftifie des plaintes que cet Homme de bien luy 
fait. Elle luy. declare, qu'elle ne retarde n'y la Vieil- 
leffe n'y la Mort. Bien au contraire, qu'elle hafte leur 
venue, afin que plutoft elle donne à ceux qui la fervent, 
cette jeunejfe perpétuelle qui ne fe. trouve qu'au deffus 
des deux. Ce faux religieux, n'eft pas fatisfait d'une 
fi fainEle & fi raifonable Excufe. Il murmure contre 
le Dieu qu'il a fi fcrupuleufement fervy ; & tefmoig- 
nant fon Intention mercenaire, & fon Amour propre, 
femble luy reprocher la Fin de fa vie, comme la plus 
haute Injuftice qui luy pouvait jamais être faite. Cela 
nous fait bien canmiftre combien l'Homme eft intereffe. 
Combien il eft hypocrite ; combien il eft amoureux defoy- 
même ; . & combien peu il l'eft de cette éternelle beauté, 
pour qui feule il doit avoir de l'Amour. 




fenfelefs Idiot, whom you cannot 
on without fmiling, is of a kind 
quite different from thofe that we have 
feen before. He confults neither the Inwards of 
Brutes, nor Brains of Diviners; but he examines 
himfelf, and asks the Reafon of his Decay. He 
fees his Face fill'd with Wrinkles, and would feign 
believe it the Fault of the Glafs that (hows them. 
He fancies to himfelf, that he is not yet of an 
Age to be fo altered, and that Time has injured 
him. If this Decay be real, he vainly imagines, 
that having all his Life lived foberly, and fubdued 
his Paflions, deny 'd himfelf all unlawful Pleafures, 
and apply'd himfelf to the Practice of Vertue, he 
fhould decay as little as the Power he had adored. 
But here Piety vindicates herfelf, in anfwer to 
this good Man's Complaints, and declares to him, 
that fhe does not prevent Age, or Death, but on 
the contrary, often haftens their coming, to the 
end, that fhe may the fooner give to thofe that 
ferveher, that eternal Youth and Beauty, which, 
none enjoy but in Heaven. This counterfeit holy 
Man, not fatisfy'd with fo divine and excellent a 
Reafon, murmurs againft that God, whom he has 
pretended to ferve fofcrupuloufly, manifefting his 
mercenary Intentions by {o doing. He was pious 
only through a fear of dying, and now reproaches 
the Almighty, that in ending his Life, he does 
him the higheft Injuftice, and is cruel and unkind- 
This fhows the Nature of Man, how felf-inter- 
efted» how much a Lover of this Life, and how 
little fond he is of that eternaf Beauty, which alone 
fhould take up all his Thoughts, and engrofs all 
his Affeâions. 



****à*^*^*^***l!*ll***ll********â!*è********^â!****^^********* 



Hor.lib.2. 
Ode 14. 



Seneca 

Epift. 30. 



Eheu fugaces, Pofthume, Pofthume, 
Labuntur anni : nee pietas moram 

Rugis out inftanti fene&a 

Afferet, indomitaque morti. 

Mors partus eft malorum, perfugium arumnofs vita. 
Senefcentes anno*, cum rugis, flores mortis cogita ; 
mortem fruBum quietis. Mars requies arumna- 
rum in lutlu atque miferiis eft, & c unci a mor- 
talium mala diffolvit. Nullum fine exitu iter eft. 



Alas ! Pofthumus, my dear Friend, 
The whirling Year does quickly end, 
And Piety cannot one Moment ftay 
Approaching Age and fwift Decay, 
Nor from inevitable Death defend. 

Death is a fecure Port to fly to from all Mifchan- 
ces, and the laft Refuge of the Miferable. Wrin- 
kles in Age, are the Blonoms of Death, and 
the Fruits are lafting Repofe. Death filences 
all our Complaints, and puts a Period to all the 
Sorrows and Misfortunes of Mankind. The 
longeft Journey has an end. 



A View of Human Life. 



i n 




Tel far un fentiment brutal, 

Croit donnant tout à la Nature ; 
Eviter le chemin fatal, 

Qui nous meine à la Sepulture. 
Telpenfe dans la Pieté 
Trouver un lieu de feureté ; 
Contre les trois fœurs homicides. 

Us fe trompent egallement. 
Le trépas devance les rides, 

Ou les fuit infailliblement. 



Some, by a fenfelefs Notion led, believe, 
That they can Life prolong, themfelves deceive, 
And gratifying every Senfe, to try, 
To fence off Death, or fubt'ly pafs it by. 
Others in Prayer place their Security, 
Hoping the Gods won't let the Pious die- 
Alike deluded, Death will foon o'ertake, 
Of Young and Old he does no difference make. 



Ddd 



I 



194 



The DoBrine of MORALITY; of, 



The Explanation of the Thirty-fifth Plate. 

Le Vieillard ne doit penfer qu'a mourir. .XfyJgfApuiJ??. tothiîik of nQihjngbiit dying. 



v#^se*^ 






m 




HE Man before you ' truly repre- 
fents the major part of Mankind. 
It is an otd Sinner, who from the 
Age of twenty has made an equal 
Commerce of his Conference and hitf 
Money. ; , He is known in all Pla- 
ces', \\ here Ufury is fuffered. There 
is not .a Banker that has notfome of his Bills, 
nor fcarcea Ship in which he has' not a Part; nor 
Farmer cf the Revenues, that is no^t in his Books ; 
ôr any Bttlipefs, that a Man of any figure is con- 
cern ci- in, in -which he is not interested. By thefe 
illuftrious Ways he is become Mailer of im- 
hienfe. Riches,' which, makes him pafs with the 
Vulgar for a Man of Worth. He is how arrived 
at that unhappy time of Life, in which he cannot 
make the Ufe he defires of this ili-gotten Store. 
He neverthe'efs endeavours to prolong his Life, or 
at • leaft to .perpetuate, his Name, by undertaking 
things that: will continue long. ' He takes à 
Wife young; and handfome, when fhe is, alas ! 
an ufelèfs Trèafure to him.» He, keeps a good Ta- 
ble, and can digeft no Food hinheffy but Afs's 
Milk. Makes Feafts each Night, and cannot reft 
one Hour fol* the Gout and Stone, by which he is 
kept continually on the Rack, In fine, he thinks 
to cheat Death; and, in reality, cheats himfelf. 
He is" worn to nothing but a little wither 5 d Skin 
and Bone, which perhaps the cold aguifh Vapours 
of the next Autumn may reduce into their pri- 
mitive Nothing ; yet ceafes he hot to lay the Foun- 
his, cannot finifh, and ' bring to Perfection : when 
ion, to expiate his Crimes, provide his Shrowd and 
ferioufly 'tis his laft Lodging, -and therefore to pre-* 



Hor.lib.2. 
Ode 18. 



Hor.lib.2. 

Epift. 2. 



'IDIO^ que vous cenfderù!t,.eft le 

'Portrait, de.:- la plupart des Hommes. 

■C'cft'. 0' vieux: coupable, qui .depuis 

■l'âge .de vingt 'ans, à fait -'gaiement 

- commerce' de'.fa Confhme & de fon 

'Argent. il- ejl'.cmnH par- toutes les 

Places oie Wfure^ft foiferiev fin' y 
a Banquier qui n'ait de fesrbillêt's. M n'y 'a'Qii&ïfe, 
où il n'ait part. Il n'y a Pa?tï%xm qui pe fuit; dans 
f es papier^ jln'y a- avances]' à faire, où fits le : nom 
d'un valet : -, ilnefohinterefé\].^arfesfluflres-moy^^ 
il eff.ïparvenû . au comble -des biens qui le fnt.'fn- 
jufepieni paffer pour Homme d'importance. -: Mdif il eft 
en meme'tims arrivé, a cet -âgé mal-heUreux où il nç peut . 
fe ferviràe ces-yjckiffes makaçqutfes. . Il ejfaye néant* 
moins- de ijtardfr'fa fn pat des éntr'epifes de -longue du- 
rée, il prendittïé, jmne Femme ; & ,h prend ini{iîlê* 
ment four-luyy'ui! twit une. bonne table, & ne -vit que 
de lâ0 : . à'Àriêffe,. if.fl fait " . des Âffemblies toutes les- 
NuiSsf& laf Goutte Ù 'la Graiefa -le mettent ffiur 
& Nuiçz a laGefne.' Enfin, il croit tromper la Mort 
en fe, trempant foy-mlme ; & n'eflànf plils qit'un peu-, 
de bouë'deffeicbée, que feut être ^Humidité du premier 
Automne r^fçudra en* fon^xêmier. néant , il ne laiffe pas 
de commencer des. Palais, que trente vies comme la 
Sienne ,~ ne fçaureient m'ettfë en. leur-'peyfeclion..: Il de- 
vroit'iiïeji pluttjï, four. ^Expiation de, fes'Crîmes, faire 
travailler *à fon "Tombe art -, . '& par la Conflrublion de 
ce dernhri ligk Xl fes preparer bien firieufement à y 
entrer 1 :,-. I )') '- - ,: ' ,; v ' , ;\ ' .- *■'■' 

dations of Buildings, which thirty Lives; fuch as 
he ought much rather, to think of . making feftitut 
Grave,, açd, while his Tomb is building, confider 
pare himfèlf to enter into it. - 

Days fwiftly drive on Days, and each new Moon 
Still haftes to end the Courfe fhe has begun; 
But thou, who haft but one Day more to live, 
For thy new Buildings Marble doft prepare, 
Wholly unmindful of thy Sepulchre ; 
For Thee Earth cannot room fufficient give. 
The raging Sea thpu would'ft reftrain, 
And make the watry Shore a Plain ; 
Upon thy Neighbours bordering Lands doft prey, 
Driving thy ruin'd Clients thence away. 

Since the perpetual Ufe of Things to none 
Is by the Gods allow 'd, but all moves on ; 
Heirs pufh on Heirs, like rolling Waves, 
Why do we covet Lands and Slaves ? 
Why the Calabrian Fields delight 
With the Lucanian to unite ? 
What do large Fortunes fignify, 
Since we are all but born to die ? 
Pluto can't be by Gold prevail'd upon, 
But mows down all, not pitying one. 



[rtidktir dies die, :''ï.^^. ; - 

- Nevaque pergunt interne Luna. ; ■ 

Tu fecanda marmora 

Locus fa ib if. fum funus, & fepulcbri 
Immemor, firuis domos. 

Quid, quod ufqv.e proximos 

Revellis agri terminos ? & ultra 

Limites clientium 
Salis avarus ? 

Sic quia perpetuus nulli datur ufus, & hares 
Haredem alterius veht unda fupervenit undam : 
Quid vici profunt, quidve horrea, quidque Calabris 
Saltibus adjecli Lucani ? fi metit Orcus 
Grandia cum parvis, non exorabilis aura. 






A View of Human Life. 



*5* 




Que te fert vieil ambitieux^ 

De voler toutes nos Provinces ; 

Pour élever en mille lieux 

Des Palais dignes de nos Princes ? 

Ignores-tu que les deftins, 

Apres quelques fâcheux matins, 

Vont borner le cours de ta vie ? 

Desja tes plus beaux jours ont efleint leur flambeau. 

Penfe donc à la Mon. "ton âge t'y convie ; 

Et fi tu veux bafiir, va baflir un Tombeau. 



Ambitious Dotârd, why doft thoù 

Each Province rob, vainly to raife 

Such Palaces in every Place, 

As Princes would become, hot you ? 

Doft thou not know alas ! that Fate 

Has to thy Life prefix'd a Date ? 

Thy pleafant Youth and Manhood's pafL, 

And few Days more will bring thy laft ; 

Thy Age reminds thee, and thy Glafs is fpent ; 

If thou wilt build, ereâ thy Monument. 



I9<5 



The DoElrine of Morality ; or, 



The Explanation of the Thirty-fixth Pi&ure. 



Il n'y a point de Prévoyance contre la 
Mort. * 



l'hère is no Precaution ca?i he ufed to 
prevent Death. 




1 ICT des Hommes qui véritablement pen- 
fent à la Mort. Mais cela n'empefche ■ 
fas, que ce ne foient des fous d'une efpece 
différente des precedents. Comme ce ba- 
ftiffeur du dernier "tableau, ils croyent que 
la Mort eft ajfez, complaisante pour ne les pas fâcher, 
ou affez. difcrete pour ne pas venir ou elîe n'eft pas ap- 
pellee. L'un n of e penfer à la guerre, pour ce. qu'il 
croit que c' eft là principalement, 'où, là Mort ne eonfidere 
n'y le mérite, n'y l'âge. L'autre fe perfuade, que 
celuy-là eft bien infenfé, qui fe hasarde fur la mer, qui 
fe fie à la plus infideUe de toutes les chofes ; & qui vit 
en lieu où il n'eft ftpare delà Mort que par l'epaiffeur 
d'une ais. Le troifieme, qui cent fois a ouy dire que 
le vent de l'Automne, & l'Inçonftance de cette Saifon, 
font autant de Miniftres dont la Mort fe fert pour dé- 
peupler le Monde,' fe tient clos & couvert dans fa cham- 
bre. H y entretient par artifice, ce qu'il y a de plus 
fain dans la Saifon la plus réglée; & fe retranche 
contre la Mort partout les Aphorifmes de la Médecine. 
Mais ces robbes fourrées, ces caUottes à longues oreilles, 
& toute fa Philofophie Galenique, ne retarderont pas 
d'un jour la prife de cette place, qu'il croit fi bien def- 
fendre. La Mort trouve paffage au travers de fes dou- 
bles chaffs, de fes paravents, & de fes fauf es portes i 
& le tuë aujft bien que ceux qui font tous les jours.ex- 
pofez, aux perils, de la Mer, ou de la Guerre. 




as 



1ERE are Men that really think of 
Death j yet that does not hinder them 
from being Fools, like the Builder in 
the laft Piâure. They believe Death 
is to be kept off, and is not fo ill-bred 
to come uncalled for. The one will not think 
of going into the Field, becaufe there he imagines 
Death is raoft bufy, and refpeâs neither Merit or 
Age. Another is perfuaded, that he is void of 
Senfe, who trulls himfelf on the Seas, the moll 
faithlefs of all Elements, who lives in a Place 
where he is fecured from Death by nothing but 
a (lender Plank. A third, who has been often 
told, That the Winds in Autumn, and the incon- 
ftant unfettled Weather of , that Seafon, are fo 
many Miniflers Death makes ufe of, to depopulate 
the World, keeps himfelf clofe wrapped up in his 
Chamber, ufes nothing but what is certainly 
known to be moll wholefbme, lives by Rule, and 
fortifies himfelf againft Death by all the Medi- 
cines Art can furnifh, to prevent Infection. But 
all his furr'd Gowns, and Power of Phyfick, re- 
tard not one Day the ftorming of that Place, he 
thought to befo well s provided. Death finds a 
Paffage through his doublé Cafe, his Skreéns and 
Doors, and kills him as eafily as thofe who' are ex- 
pofed to the Perils of the Seas, or Dangers of the 
War. " 



^Èy^^âyÊs^f^^f^^^^^^ÊiÊ.^^^iii 



.4&&&&&&ife#y&&iM&& 



ôd"& 



Hor.lib.2. Fruftra cruento Marte carebimus, 
FraElifque rauci flutlibus Adria, 
Fruftra per autumnos nocentem 
Corporibus metuemus Auftrum. 



-Neqv.e uUa eft 



Hor.lib.2. 

Sat. 6. Aut magno aut parvo lethifuga. 



Hor.lib.3. 
Ode 2. 



Seneca 
in Epift. 



Mors & fugacem perfequitur virum, 
Nee parch imbellis juventa 
Poplitibus, timidoque tergo. 



'Yis but in vaip that we the Wars do fhun, 
And fear to follow Mars, or Dangers run, 
Refufe the Adriatick Seas to fail, 
Which with a horrid Noife does foaming beat 
Againft the Rocks ; in vain the Mid-day Heat 
Of Autumn dread, and to cold Shades retreat, 
When fickly South Winds blow,and Plagues prevail. 

There is no Perfon, fmall or great, 
But what muft die, and yield to Fate. 

Death, him that bafely flies, enrag'd, purfues, 
And to the Coward Quarter does refufe, 
And furely does o'ertake 
The Youth that turns his back. 



Inmtum eft, quo te loco mors expeBat ; itaque tu It is uncertain where, and when we fhall die ; let 
illam omni loco expeEia. ™ therefore expeS Death at .11 times and in all 

places. 



A View of Human Life. 




Ne tante jamais la Fortune, 

Vy bien loin den Perils de Mars & de Nef tune : 

Fuy le ferain des nuits ; & les chaleurs du jour. 

Tout ce foin t'efi fort inutille. 
Paris, qui fut un lâche, & ne fit que l'Amour, 

Eft mort aufji jeune qu'Achille. 



Tempt not thy Fortuné on thé Seas ; and fat 
Froni noify Camps and dreadful War retreat s 
Avoid the Mid-night Air and Noon-day's Heat, 

In vain, alas ! my Friend, is all your Care. 

Paris, who love purfu'd, and Mars did fly, 

Young as the brave Achilles chanc'd to di«v 

Eee 



The DoBrine of MORALITY; or, 



The Explanation of the Thiny-fèvènth Pi&ure. 

La Mort nous despouille de toutes chofes. T>eatb deprive? us of all earthly thi?igs: 




\A Mort commence à combattre ; & par confe- 
quent à vaincre. Nous fommes arrivez, à 
l' accompli]} ement des Prophéties : l'heure fa- 
tale eft f année. Il faut partir, & aller au lieu, où 
unejuftice incorruptible rend à chacun felon fes oeuvres. 
Le galand Homme quevousvoyez, dans ceT'ableau, n'avait 
jamais médité cette matière. Auffi n'a-til dans l'ame 
que la ^terreur de fa fin; & devant les yeux, que 
l'ObjeBs des pertes qu'il va faire. B a de belles mai- 
fons, une belle Femme, & de beaux Enfans, & vou- 
drait bien jouir pflufieurs fiecles, des douceurs qu'il 
trouve en leur pojfejfion. Cependant, lors qu'il y penfe 
le moins, il fe voit contraint d'abandonner tant de diffé- 
rentes ricbejfes. Il faut qu'il quitte fes maifons en- 
chantées, où la Pompe des meubles difpute avec les de- 
lices des promenoirs. Il regarde avec defefpoir, ces lon- 
gues alites d'Hypreaux, & ces couverts de Gyprez, & de 
Phileries, fous lefquvls il fe promettait de trouver 
d'agréables Hyvers au milieu des Eftes les plus brû- 
lants ; de confondre l'Obfurité des nuits avec la Lumière 
des fours, & dans la Rigueur de l'H)ver trouver la 
Verdure dis plus beaux Printemps. C'eft bien vaine- 
ment qu'il témoigne le Regret qu'il a de les abandonner. 
Il a reçeu le Commandement de les laijfer à fes Succejfeurs; 
H eft obligé de l'exécuter, & . de s'arracher d'entre les 
bras d'une Femme qui n'eft pijfible-' pas trop fafchêe 
de pajjer en ceux d'un plus jeune que luy. Les V Armes 
quelles répand, vous font infailliblement accufer de Ca- 
lomnie, la Liberté de mes foubçons. Mai: ne foyez, pas 
fi fort indulgeant aux artifices^ d'un fixe naturellement 
trompeur. Apres ce que nous avons vu de la Matrone 
d'Ephefe, il ne nous eft plus permis de croire aux pleurs, 
aux gemijfemens, n'y aux careffes même des Femmes. 




EAT H is fet forward to the Field of Bat- 
tel, and is fure to go off Conqueror. Wé 
are now arrived at the Accompli filment 
of what has been fo long foretold; the fatal Hour 
is^come, the Clock ftrikes, and we muft part, and 
go to the deftin'd Place, where an incorruptible 
Judge will render to every Man according to his 
Works- The gay pleafant Man you fee in this 
Pi&ure, never thought of this Change : his Soul 
is filled with Fear, and nothing appears fo dread- 
ful to his fightj'as the Prcfped of what he is going 
to part" with. He has fine Houfes, a beautiful 
Wife, and lovely Children, and would fain enjoy 
many Years the Pleafures that he finds in poffeff- 
ing them. Yet now, when he thinks leaft of it, 
he is conftrain'd to abandon all thefe Treafures. ' 
He muft leave his enchanting Seats, where the 
Magnificence of the Furniture can only be equall'd 
by the Beauty of the Buildings and Gardens. He- 
looks with defpair on the long Rows of Pines, 
the Cyprefs Groves, and clofe Walks, where he pro- 
mifed himfelf a cool Shade, amidft the burning 
Heats of Summer, where he might, in fome de- 
gree, fhut out the Light of Day, and tafte thé 
Pleafures of an . artificial' Night ; and preferve in 
the Rigours of the coldeft Winter, Trees whofe 
Verdure might rival the Spring. But 'tis in vain 
he now reflects, and then laments. He is com- 
manded to depart, and leave all to his Heirs, fince 
he muft be torn from the Arms of a beloved Wife* 
who perhaps is fo little concerned to part with him, 
that fhe will gladly receive a younger into his Bed. 
The Tears file fheds will doubtlefs make you con- 
demn my Sufpicions, and think they are pure Ca- 
lumnies. But, after what we have heard j of thé 
Ephefian Matron, we can no more credit theTears* 
the Sighs, or indeed the Careffes of a Woman. 






§skk 



Hor.lib.:. 
Ode 14. 



Ovid. 3. 
Amor. el. 
8. 



Senec. 
Epift. 16. 



Linquenda teïïus, & domus, & placens 
Uxor, ' neque harum, quas colis, arborum, 

"Te prater invifas cuprejfos, 

Vila brevem dominum fequetur. 
Abfumet hares Cacuba dignior, 
Servata centum claudibus : & mero 

c /inget pavimentum fuperbo, 

Pontificum potiore coenis. 



Scilicet omne facrum mors importuna profanât, 
Omnibus obfeuras injicit ilia manus. 

Sapiens ad omnem incurfum munitus eft, non fi pau- 
pertas, non ft lutlus, non fi ignominia, nonfi mors 
impetum faciat, pedem referet. Interritus contra 
iSa ibit & inter ilia. 



You muft at laft your native Country quit, 
And from your Houfe and Wife remove' 
The darling ObjecT: of your Love ; 
The hated Cyprefs only will be fit, 
Of all the Trees thy Hand did plant, to go 
With thee, its fhort-live'd Lord, thy Grave to fhow. 
Thy lavilh Heir, more free than you to fhow 
His generous Mind, the Wines fo rare 
That you lock up with fo much Care, 
Shall moft profufely fpend ; the Chambers flow 
With coftly Wines, fuch as deferve at leaft, 
Ne'er to be drank, but at a Bifhop's Feaft- 

Things the moft facred, Death don't fpare, 
All that falls in his hands, alike does fare. 

A wife Man is arm'd for all Attacks; fhould Po- 
verty, Difgrace, or extreme Grief, nay, even 
Death itfelf aflail him, he would not ftart ; but, 
void of Fear, not only oppofe, but pafs through 
them all. 



A View of Human Life. 




AymaUlefolitudevù j'ay l'âme ravie, 

Et goufte le bon-heur que les deux m'ont prtmis. 
Livres qui mttfijJeiL les plaifirs de ma vie ; 
Et vous rare beauté que j'ay toujours fervie. 

Malgré deux puijfants ennemis. 
Un jour viendra que la Mort blefme, 
M arrachant moy-même a moy-même, 
M'arrachera du«eut vos objects amoureux; 

Je pajferay dans l'ombre éternellement noire ; 

Et perdant la mémoire, 
Je perdray malgré moy, l'amour que j'ay pour eux. 



Sweet Solitude, which to my ravifh'd Mind 
A Tafta of Heaven gives, and Joys refin'd ; 
Books, bleft Companions of my leifure Hours, 1 
And you, fweet Beauty ,whom the mighty Powers' 
Have granted .me, in whom I'm highly bîèfs'd j 
Though I'm of you, and all I wifh, pofleft : 
Yet there fhall come a fad and fatal Day, 
When from your Arms I fhall be torn away ; 
When Death your lovely Image fhall deface, 
And drag me weeping to that dreadful Place, 
Where gloomy Nighfcj and endlefs Darknefs reign 3 Tj 
There Love no riiore fhall give me pleafing Pain, > 
Nor fhall I ever think of you again. j 



zoo 



The Doftrine of MORALITY; or 3 



The Explanation of thé Thirty : Èighth Picture. 





fcent. 



Tieath makes all Men Equals. 

]ERHAPS he whom Death /uft 
now fnatched from the Arms of . 
his Wife, had been better treated* 
could he have produced a long Roll 
of the Nobility of his Anceftors* 
with great Titles, and prov'd him- 
felf a Perfon of Quality by De- 
. N°> not j n tne ] ea ft . f or w herever Death 
lets his Foot, he is alike audacious, powerful, and 
relolute. H e jnfolently takes away the Lives of 
the Miferablg, infults the Humble, ufes Force a- 
gainft the F ee bi e , and with the fame Arms attacks 
qui d'un coup de pied enforce la Porte d'une haute Tour, tne Happy, t h e Haughty, and the Strong. Behold 
dans laquelle un Roy s'eftoit renfermé pour éviter fes at- how he h erS) w j t h one Foot, breaks open the 
teintes. Mais cette impittyalle contemptrice des Cou-' Door of a ftrong Tower, into which a Monarch 
ronnes, commande outrageusement à^ ce Prince: de de- is fled, to avoid him. This inexorable Contem- 
fcendre ;'& pour ce qu'il n'a pas aJfez.toft obey, elle le ner of Dignities, enraged, commands this Prince 
Précipite du haut de la Tour en bas, afin que par cette to come down to him,which he not doing fo quick 



La MofÉ nous égale tous. 

EUT être que celuy que la Mort vi- 
ent d'arracher d'entre les bas de fa 
Femme, aurait eflre mieux traittê, 
s'il eut pu produire contre fes Violen- 
ces, les vieux Titres de fa Noblejfe, tu 
les Marques de fa Dignité. Nulle- 
ment ,• par tout . où paroifi la Mort, 
elle éfi également audaciev.fe, également puijfante, égale- 
ment abfolu'è. Si elle cfle infotainment la vie aux mife- 
rables. Si elle a de l'orgueil contres les Humbles, & de 
la Force contre les Foibles, elle attaque avec les mêmes 
Armes, les heureux, les fuperbes, les forts. Lavoicy, 



cheute, elle l'égale au pauvre Savetier, qui tenait fa , 
boutique au pied de fes murailles. Je voy fur vos vi- 
fages, des figues de vôtre etonnement-, & me pejfuade- 
que vous voudriez, lien ne pas continuer votre prome- 
nade. Mais il vous faut de benne heure acceuflumer 
à une chefe, que tôt ou tard vous efies obligez, de foujjrir. 
Ceux qui nouniffent les Lions, & qui vivent avec eux, 
les apprivoifent par leur communication.. H en fera de 
même de la Mort. Si nous nous pouvons familiarifer 



as he expe&ed, he immediately throws him 
down from the top of the Tower, and lays him 
level in the Duft, with the poor Shoemaker, 
whom he had before juft flain, and left prof- 
ftrate in his Shop, at the foot of the Tower- Wall. 
Methinks I fee in your Faces Signs of Aftonifh- 
ment, and your Looks perfuade me, that you 
would willingly go no farther in this melancholy 
Walk. But, my dear Companions, it is abfolute- 



avec elle; & par l'accoufiumance,nous défaire de l'hor- ly neceflary for us to become well acquainted with, 
reur que fa deformité nous donne,nous mus la rendrons fi and early accuftom ourfelves to fee a thing that 
agréable quelle nous fera conçevoirun jufiemepris de lavie. we muft e'er long fuffer. Thofe that feed Lions, 

and live in the fight of them, make them tame to 
them, by their frequently feeing and handling them. We may do the fame by Death ,• Cuftotn will 
leflen the Averfion we have to the Sight of him, and render his terrible Looks agreeable to our Eyes ; 
nay, we fhall in fine grow fo fenfible of the Excellency of that Change that he will make in us, that 
we fhall court the Hour, embrace him with Joy, and defpife Life. 



"âr'ê* 



Hor.lib.i. Pallida mors aquo pulfat pede pauperum tabemas 
Ode 4. Regumque turres. 



Hor.lib.2. 
Ode 18. 



aqua tellus 

Pauperi recluditur 

Regumque pueris : nee fatelles Ocri 
Calidum Promethea 

Revexit auro captus. Hie fuperbum 

Tantalum atque Tantali 

Genus coercet : hie levare funBum 
Pauperem laboribus, 

Vocatus atque non vocatus audit. 



With equal Foot impartial Death does dare 
To knock at every Gate, nor will he fpare 
The wretched Cottage, or the Palace rare. 

The Earth does equally afford to all 

The Dead a Place of Reft ; both Great and Small 

Her gentle Bofom opens to receive, 

Nor to a Prince's Bones refpeâ: does give ; 

Charon ne'er could be bribe'd with fhining Ore, 

To fet Prometheus on the living Shore. 

Proud Tantalus, and all his mighty Race, 

Tho Kings, he there confines in that fad Place ; 

Whether we wifh for him or no, he's near, 

And ready to affift the Poor ; does hear 

Their Cries, and gladly comes to fet them free 

From Want, and waft them to Felicity. 



A View of Human Life 



201 




"Toy de qui la tefte fe couvre, 
De ce brillant Metail qui fait fuiwe les Rois ; 
Ne croy pas que la Mort t'exempte de fes loix. 
Elle frappe aujjifort à la porte du Louvre, 
Qu'a celle du moindre Bourgeois. 



Monarch, whofe facrëd Head does lhine 
With the bright Metal we adore, 
Which Kings are ferv'd and courted for; 

Think not thy Wealth, or Race divine, 

Exempts thee from the common Fate ; 

Death knocks as boldly at the Palace Gate; 

As at the humble Cottage of the Poor. 

Fff 



202, 



The Doffrine of MORALITY; or, 



The Explanation of the Thirty-ninth Pi&ure. 



Rien de fi certain que la Mort. 

\ES Stoi'ques, qui fe plaifent à confiderer 
la Mort feus toutes fortes de vifages, afin 
que de quelque façon qu'elfe fe pefente à 
eux, ils pwjfertt la 'voir fans e'tcnnemerit, 
ont obligl notre Peintre, de nous la mon-, 
fîrer fous la figure effnyable que vous -voyez,. Elle efi 
occupée à difiribuer .les billets,, qui fervent de pajfeport 
aux âmes qui font détachées de leurs corps, pour entrer 




Nothing is fo certain as7)e,:-b. 

HE Stoicks, who much delighted in 
the Contemplation of Death, in all 
its Shapes, with defign to prevent their 
being furpriz'd at any Shape he fhould 
appear in, to arm us after the fame 
obliged our Painter to fet him before us 
in the ghafily Form you fee : He feems bufy in 
diftributing Tickets, which are a kind of Pailports 
to the Souls of thofe that are difengaged from. 




manner. 



dans les lieux que la Providence divine leur a deftines. 

Chaque ame reçoit fon pajfe-port ; & fefaifant unpaf- their Bodies, toget them an entrance intp that Place 

fage au travers des epa'.ffts ténèbres qui l'environne,' of Reft which the divine Wifdom has deftin'd lor 

gaigne ce pénible Ù deplorable chemin, où l'aveugle 

marche aujfi droit que lis plus clairs-voyants. Mais à 

dire la Veriti, ces Imaginations melamhohques & ces 



fpeElades hvdeux, dont les Peintres A-jfayent d'effrayer 
nos âmes, & leur, faire concevoir de F 'horreur povr- la 



them : Each Soul takes one, and making its way 
'through the thick Darknefs that fills all the Place, 
gets into that painful Road, where the Blind and 
the Ciear-fighted know no difference, and People 
of all Ranks pafs undi'flinguilh'd, crowding on 



Mort, ne font, capables de-furprendre que des Enfans ' to crofs the fatal River, whilft Charon {lands ready 



& des Femmes, lin Homme Sage fie rit de fies mafques 
& de ces habits de lalet, d-'ni la Peinture couvre la 
Mort, & luy. donna^i'ttfapenfie, la veritable figure 
quelle doit avoir, {à confidere 'de la m*me. forte qu'il 
regarde fon origine. Il voit . qu'il a commencé ; il con- 



ta receive them in his Boat. Thefe melancholy 
Fancies and tiifmal Reprefentations:of Death, our 
Painter fhows, to fortify our Minds againft the 
Fear of it. Women or Ghildreu may ftart, but 
the wife Man will fmile, to fee Death thus drefled 



niofi qu'il doit finir. Ilfçait même, qu'il commença de . out in-Mafquerade, by the Painter's witty Imagi- 



mourir a I'inftajit même qu'il commença de vivre. Vous 
avez,les mêmes femimens, pour ce que voUshivez, le même 
efprit. Achevez,donc de voir ave cplaifir les autres portraits 
delaMort; &par eux devousdifipofer à fouffrirl 'Original. 



nation. He- views it with other Eyes than the 
Vulgar ; he finds it in his own Likenéfs and Per- 
fon, knows that he had a beginning, and mult 
have an end ; nay, that he but, began to die* 
when he -began to live ; and looks on this Skeleton 

and Ghofts without Amazement or Horror. Ycu cannot but agree, that his Sentiments are right. 

Let us then proceed to fee with 'pleafure the remaining Pictures on this SubjecT:, and, by contemplating 

them, learn to fubmit to the Original itfeif. . ■ ' 



Hor.lib.2. 
Ode 3. 



Divefne prifco natus ab Inacho, 

Nil interefl, an pauper, & infima 
De gente fub dio moreris, 
ViElima nil miferantis Orel. • 

Omnes eodem cogimur .-' omnium 

Verfatur urna : feriùs ocyùs 

Sors exitura, & nos in aternum 
Exilium impofitura cymba. 



Hor.lib.3. 
Ode 1. 



Efi, ut viro vir latiùs erdinet 
Arbufta fulcis : hie generofior 

Defcendat in campum petitor : 
Moribus hie, meliorque fama 
Contendat : illi turba clientium 
Sit major. JEqua lege neceffitas 
Sortitur infignes & imos y 
Omne capax movet urna nomen. 



For whether fpfung from Royal Blood, 
Or from the meaneftof the Crowd, 
'Tis all aCafe, - for nought can fave ; 
The Hand of Fate does ftrike at all, - 
And thou art furely doam'd to fall 
A Sacrifice to the impartial Grave. 
Our Lots are eaft, Fate fhakes the Urn, 
And each Man's Lot muft take his turn ; 
Some foon leap out, and fome more late : 
But (till 'tis fure each Mortal's Lot 
Will doom his Soul to Charon's Boat, 
To bear the eternal Banifhment of Fate. 

One Man does larger Fields poffefs, 
One ftands more fair for Offices, 
The drudging Darling of the Croud ; 

Whilft one his Manners, or nis Friends,. 

Or his obfequious Train commands, 
And one in Fame is greater, or in Blood ; 
Yet equal Death does ftrike at all, 
The Haughty Great, and Humole Small, 
She ftnkes with an impartial Hand, 

Sae fhakes the vaft capacious Urn, 

And each Man's Lot muft take its turn, 
Through every Glafs ftie prefles equal Sand. 



Creech. 



A View of Human Life. 



zoj 




"Toutes les fois qu'il flaift au fort, 
De nos jours incertains la Courfe eft achevée. 
Qu 'eft devenu Louis ? Il eft aufft bien mort, 
Que Pharamond & Meroiiée. 



Whene'er Fate pleafe, we Mortals die 5 
What of Great Lewis is become ? 
He's dead, and in the filent Tomb 

As well as Pharamond does. lie. 



2.04 



The Doff rim of MORALITY ; or, 



The Explanation of the Fortieth Plate. 



Le Chemin de h Mort eft commun a tous. 'the. Road to Heath is contmon to all Men. 




%OSJRE fç avant Deffignateur femble 
voulir ipuifer toute fon Art, & toute 
fen Imagination fur la matière de la 
Mort, tant il fe plaifi à la reprefenter 
fous diver f es Piftures. Son Po'éie luy 
a donné la Penf e de ce Puff age fatal, 
qui fait peur aux plus gram courages, 
& où les Rois étant obligez, de perdre les droits de leur 
fouverainneté, défendent jufqu'a à la Condition du 
moindre de leurs fujets'. Ce luy que vous voyez, entrer 
dans Barque de Caron, & payer triftement les arrérages 
de fa mortalité ; efl fuivy d'un nombre infiny d autre? 
mortels, Riches & Pauvres, Vieux & Jeunes, Dotles 
& Ignorants, qui par divers chemins fe font rendus à 
ce rivage ténébreux,, où toutes les Conditions deviennent 
égales, & toutes les Connoijfances pareilles. Lus, y 
faroift axtjfi pompeux & auffi riche, que le Fameux Roy 
de Lydie. Alexandre & Darius, y font également 
viBorieux, & n'ayant plus de terres &. de mers à par- 
tager, fe rient réciproquement de leurs Conquefles & de 
leurs Pertes. Ferdinand & Gv.fiave s'y promeinent 
en paix, & s'efiant defpoiiilles des fentimens qui les ont 
fait périr dans leurs querelles, ils voudraient bien re- 
paffer du cofié de la vie, ou du moins pouvoir apprendre 
à leurs Succejfeurs, que de toutes les Folies, il n'y en a 
pas une fi eftrange, que de courir au travers des Fers 
& des Feux, à la PoffeJJtvn d'une chofe qu'on eft con- 
traint d'abandonner, avant même qw de l'avoir fof- 
fedée. 




UR learned Painter feems as if he 
would even exert all his Art and 
Imagination upon this one Subject 
of Death ; nay, fo pleâfed he is, 
that he invents more Forms to fhow 
it in. His poetick Fancy has fur- 
nifh'd him with this Idea of thac 
dreadful Paflage to Immortality, that càufes Fear 
in the braveft Heart, where Kings are bereft of 
Power, and made equal in Condition with the leaft 
of their Subjects. For a witnefs of this, obferve 
him that you fee entering into Charon's Boat^ fad- 
ly paying his Fare to the dark Shades, attended 
with an innumerable Crowd of other Mortals, Rich 
and Poor, Old and Young, Learned and Ignorant, 
of all Ages and Conditions, who, by divers Paths, 
are arrived at this gloomy Lake, where all Condi- 
tions become alike, and Learning avails not. 
Here Irus appears as glorious as the famed King of 
Lydia. Alexander and Darius are equally Victors, 
and having no more Lands nor. Crowns to fight 
for, laugh together at their own Folly, and no 
longer glory in their Gonquefts, or bewail their 
Loffes. The Great Ferdinand and Gufiavus walk 
together in peace, freed from thofe Paffions that 
caufed them both to perifh in a fatal Quarrel. 
They wifh. to return to life again, to inform their 
Succeffors, that, of all Follies, there is no one great- 
er or more unaccountable, than for Men to ftrive 
with Fire and Sword, to poffefs thofe things 
which they are certain they cannot always keep ; 
nay, which perhaps they may be forced by Death 
to abandon, even before they have time once to 
fay, they pofleffed them. 



&&&&&iu&&&^&gL&&&^&&ife&^&&&^&&^*^&^^^^ 



Hor.lib.2. Charontis unda fcilicet omnibus 

Ode 14. ^-> . r • 

T Qutcunque terra munere vejamur, 

Enaviganda, five Reges, 
Sive inopes erimus coloni. 



Ovid. p a ta moment omnes, omnes expetlat avarus 

Portitor, & turba vix fatis una ratis. 
Tendimns hue omnes, metam proper amus ad unam . 
Omnia fub leges mors vocat atra fuau 



Environ'd with the fatal Stream, which we 
Muft all pafs o'er y the dreadful Lake, 
Where Fate does no Diftinction make : 
To thefe dark Realms all Mortals deftin'd be, 
The Rich, thePoor, the Kings and Slaves fhall there 
Be us'd alike, Death does no Mortal fpare. 

Remorfelefs Death grants no delay, 

The greedy Boat attends, 
To ferry crowding Souls away, 
AH fubjeft to Death's fatal Sway, 

We haften to our Ends. 



A View of Human Life. 



2.0Ç 




Naijfons ou Bergers ou Monarques, 

Quand le fort à marqué nôtre dernier moment} 

Nous tombons indifféremment. 
Sous la main Janglante des Parques. 
Nous defçendons aux triftes bords 

Où commande un nocher Avare ; 

Et payons le tribuit barbare, 
Que Pluton exige des morts. 



Ggg 



For whether born of Swains, or Kingly Race, 
Yet, when our Death's decreed, 'tis all a Cafe ; 
And we, alas ! fhall, undiftinguifh'd, fall 
Before that bloody Hand, that conquers all : 
Down to the difmal River we mufi come, 
Where furly Charon does our Souls command, 
Taking the Tribute from each trembling Hands 
Which Pluto claims from all that fill the Tomb, 



zo6 



The Bottrine of MORALITY; of, 



The Explanation of the Forty-firft Pi&ure. 
La Mort eft inexorable. Death is inexorable. 




E commence à me laffermoy-même de ce 
grand nombre de tableaux, qui ne re- 
prefentent qu'une même chofe. Notre 
Peintre toutefois né les a pas faits fans 
raifon ; & je meiperfuade, que f ca- 
chant l'Horreur que nous avons du 
fouvenir de la Mort, il a crû qu'il ne 
pouvait trop de fois, nous renouveler cette importante vé- 
rité, qu'il n'y a perfonne exempt de la NeceJJité de 
mourir. Voyez, vous cet Homme étendit mort fur fon lit, 
qui ne demande que le cercueil, fi la Pieté, l'Eloquence 
& la Nobkjfe pouvaient délivrer quelqu'un de lu Ty- 
rannie de la Mort, il feroit encore dans cette grandeur 
eclattante, avec laquelle il voulait ébloiiyer les yeux de 
tout le Monde. Mais f oyons Eloquents ou Barbares ; 
foyons Empereurs où Bergers ; foyons Jeunes ou Viex, il 
faut que nous rendions à la Nature ce qu'elle nous a 
prefié. Il faut retournir d'où nous femmes venus. Il 
faut abandonner les biens, dont nous avons efté d'une 
façon ou d'autre, mavais depofitaïres. Il faut fe dé- 
pouiller de la pourpre, defçetMere de deffus les Fleurs de 
Lis, devenir Soliciteurs timides, après avoir efté Juger 
fouverains, & peut-être Juges corrumpus ; & pour 
comble de douleur, remplir les Tombeaux qui nous atten- 
dent. S'il fe rencontre quelque difference en nos avan- 
tures, elle confifte toute en quelque peu de marbre & de 
bronze, que la Vanité de nos Succeffeurs font mettre en 
oeuvre, pour publier plus pompeufement l'Infirmité de 
la Condition des Hommes. 




BEGIN to be almoft 'tired my- 
felf, with feeing fo many Pictures 
creating on one Subjëcl. Out 
Painter is not ufed to do things, 
without giving Reafons for fo do- 
ing : knowing the Horror we are 
apt to conceive at the thoughts of 
Death, he has doubtlefs concluded, That he 
could not too often repeat to Us this important 
Truth, That all Men muft die. See here, dead, 
and extended on his Bed, unable to ufe any thing 
but a Coffin and Shroud, a Man, who, if Elo- 
quence, or a noble Birth could deliver any one 
from the Tyranny of Death, had been ftill alive, 
and fhone in that illuftrious Sphere of; Glory in 
which Fate had placed him ; and 'ftill fill'd that 
Throne, where he once fat the Wonder and 
Terror of Nations. But alas ! it matters not 
whether we are Eloquent or Illiterate, Kings or 
Shepherds, Beautiful, or Deformed, we mùft all pay 
the Debt of Nature, and return to Duft. Wê 
muft abandon all we poffeffed, and give an ac- 
count of our Stewardship. We muft be ftripped 
of our Purple and Gold ; from the fhining Throne 
and Canopy of State, we muft defcend into the 
gloomy Vaults, and mix with common Duft. From 
Sovereigns, we fhall become Suppliants to Death 
to fpare us, we fhall carry nothing with us but 
our Works, and leave the Joys of Life for a cold 
Tomb, that waits our coming. Nor can we be 
diftinguiflied from the Crowd, but by fome Brafs 
or Marble Monument, which the Love, or Va- 
nity of our Succeffors fhall eretft, to publifh to 
the World, that Man is mortal, and. muft die. 



^^^^<^^^«^5^^^4^^^^^<^<^«^*^^-'^«^^^ , ^ , ^^»«^'^ J !^«^.<^^^^l 



Hor.Hb.4. 

Ode 7. 



Catull. in 
Epigr. 



Virg. 10 

Eneid. 



Cumfemel occideris, & de te fplendida Minos 

Fecerit arbitria J 
Non, Torquate, genus, non te facundia, non te 

Reftituet pietas. 
CunEla manus avidas fugient haredis, amico 

Qua dederis animo. 
Infernis neque enim tenebris Diana pudicum 

Libérât Hyppolitum. 



Soles occidere & redire pojfunt : 
Nobis cum femel occidit brevis lux, 
Nox eft perpétua una dormienda. 

Define fata Deum fieSli fperare precando. 
Statfua cuique dies ; breve & trreparabile tempus 
Omnibus eft vita. 



When once relentlefs Fate does end 
Your Life, Torquatus, my dear Friend, 
And Minos has your Sentence read, 
Not all your Eloquence, or Piety, 
Nor noble Birth fhall fet you free 
From Death, and raifë you from the Dead» 
Have we not feen even Diana ftrive 
Her chafte Hyppolitus for to revive ? 
But all in vain. 

Suns that fet may rife again ; 
But when once we lofe this Light, 
'Twill be with us eternal Night. 

In vain the cruel Gods you pray, 
Your End's decreed, Time flies away, 
Life's fhort, and we on Earth can't ftay. 



A View of Human Life. 



«07 




Ce fameux Orateur dont le puijfant difcouri 

Ufurpa fans effort l'Empire de la Grèce ; 

Manqua d'Eloquence & d'AdreJfe, 
Quand la Mort vint trancher le Filet de fes jours. 
Cent Rois pleins de cœur & de gloire , 

Ont perdu la Clarté des deux ; 

Et le dévot Louis qui fut fi cher aux Dieux, 
Ne vit plus qu'en notre mémoire. 



This famous Ôrator, whofe àrtful Tongue 
The Grecian Empire gain'd, could not prolong 
His Life one Day ; he's dead, and now no more 
Can ufe his Eloquence, or Life reftore. 
A hundred Kings, worthy eternal Fame, 
Are dead, the pious Le-mis is the fame ; 
He, who was Heaven's Darling, even he 
No longer lives, but in our Memory. 



:o8 



The Dottrine of MORALltY ; or } - 



The Explanation of the Forty-Second Plate. 



L'Homme n'eft rien qu'une peu de Boue. 



Man is nothing but a little c DuJi. 




1 l'Ôbfcurité de cette voûte effroyable vous' 
permet de remarquer ce qui y efl caché, 
vous n'y verrez, que les vaijfeaux funejles, 
oh font confervez, les rejles inutiles des 
Flames & du Têms. Lifez. les tiltres 
pompeux qui font gravez, en bronzée, au dejfus de ces 
Urnes d'Agate, de Lapis, ou de Crifial ; ils vous ap- 
prendront, que les plus grans Monarques de fiecles paf- 
fez, ne font plus qu'un peu. de terre. Ils cm eflj Cun- 
querants ; ils ont eflé Maiflres des Nations ; ils ont 
efié adorez, des Hommes. Cela veut dire, qu ils ne font 
plus n'y conquérants, n'y creints, n'y aymez,. .Voky 
dans fe petit vaiffeau de verre, les Cendres de la plus 
parfaite beauté de fon fiecle. Confîderez. lien en ce ra- 
courcy, toutes les Graces, toutes les Charmes, toutes les 
Merveilles pour qui vous foufpirez, ; & vous ferez, 
vainqueurs de vos vainqueurs. Vous aurez, honte de- 
vôtre fervitude ; vous romprez, les Chaifnes qui vous 
mettent ; puifque vous fçavez, bien que les Beautez, t 
dont vous eftes idolâtres, ne feront pas' exemptes du 
deftin de leurs femblables. Mais je voy bien que ce 
fejour vous déplaît ; & que vous nèfles pas refolus de 
demeurer long-tèms avec les Phantômes & les SpeBres 
qui l'habitent. Ce doit être toutefois le lieu de vos 
Meditations & de vos Retraittes. Ce doit être I't'coSe, 
où vous devez, apprendre ce qu'il y a déplus important 
en ce monde. Enfin, ce doit être le' Temple, où l'Au- 
theur de vôtre vie, veut que tous les 'Jours vous luy en 
facrifiez, quelques moments- 




'F the dreadful Obfcurity of this Vault 
will permit you to fee what it con- 
tains, you will perceive only fome few 
fatal Urns, in which are ftill preferv'd 
the ufelefs Remains (all that thé 
Flames and Time have yet fpared) of illuftrious 
Men- Read the pompous Titles which are en- 
graven on thofe coftly Veflels of Agate, Stone, and 
Chryftal, and they will inform you, that the great- 
èft Monarchs of paft Ages were but common 
Earth, like us. Thofe who were Conquerors and 
Matters of the World, and oft adored as Gods by 
Men, confefs by thefe their worth!efs\Afhes, that 
they now are conquered, and no longer fear'd or 
lov'd. Behold in that fmall Chryftal" Urn, the 
Afhes of one of thé mofl perfect Beauties of her 
time! Confider in this, as in a Mirrour,what thofe 
Charms, that Beauty, and all thofe wondrous 
things are, for which you figh and languifh, and 
which you fo much admire, and then you'll be 
no longer Slaves to a Pailionfo unreafonable ; nay, 
you will even blufh at your own Weaknefs, break 
thofe Chains that hold you, and be convinced, that 
the Beauty which ycu thus adore, is not exempt 
from Death and Decay. But this melancholy 
Place, I fear, is not agreeable to you ; you are 
hot yet refolv'd to continue long with Ghofts, 
and Specters that inhabit here. Yet, believe me, 
Friends, this ought to be the Place where you 
fhould every day retire, to. meditate. This is thé 
School where you muft learn what is of the greateft 
Importance to you. In fine, this is the Temple 
where the Author of our Beings expefts that you 
fhould (at leaft once in the Day) facrifice fome 
Moments to him- 



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Hor.lib.4. 

Ode 7. 



Damna quidem celeres réparant calejlia Luna : 

Nos ubi decidimus, 
Quo pius Apneas, quo Tullus dives, & Ancus, 

Pulvis & umbra fumus. 
Quis fcit, an adjiciant hodierna crafiina fumma 

Tempora Dî fuperi / 



Hor.lib.i. Vita fumma brevis fpem nos vetat inchoare longam, 
*" Jam te premet nox, fabulaque Manés, 

Et domtts exilis Plutmis. 



Pindar. Quid autem aliquis, quid autem nuRtif l 
Umbra fomnium, homo. 



The Moon her Light renews, and brings 
Returning Months, and pleafing Springs ; 
But when we die, we to the Shades muft go, 
Where Great Apneas, and Rich Tul'us are 
By Fate confin'd ; Fate that does nothing {pare, 
Eut makes us Duft, and Shades to dwell below. 
Ah ! who can tell how long we have to live, 
Or if the Gods another Day will give. 

The longeft Life is found fo fhort, that we 
No great Defigns can form, and hope to fee 
Brought to effect ; and you, e'er long, 
Muft to another World be gone ; 
The waiting Ghofts for you attend, 
To Pluto's Houfe you muft defcend. 

Lighter than flying Plumes, or Shades, or Air, 
Or Dreams, does Man's fhort Life appear. 



A View of Human Life. 



209 




Tombeaux de Jafpe & de Porphire, 
Ttltres d'Or, Vaz.es précieux, 
Ce que vous offrez, à nos yeux, 

Nous eft un grand fujet de rire. 

Ces Cefars & ces Alexandres, 
Qui font vos plus riches- trefors i 

Que font-ils qu'un refte des cendres, 
Que la Flame a fait de leurs corps ? 



Hhh 



You Monuments of Brafs and Porphyry, 
And you, rich Urns, whofe great Antiquity 
Golden Infcriptions tell, and who they were, 
Whofe Afhes you contain, which facred are : 
What you do to our curious Eyes prefent, 
The Subject ought to be of Merriment- 

Cafar and Alexander's Duft you keep ; 
Thefe are the only Treafures you contain, 
All that of thofe great Monarchs does remain, 

And it would Folly be for Duft to weep. 



2IO 



The Dottrine of MORALITY ; or, 



The Explanation of the Forty-Third Picture. 



La Mort eft la Fin de toutes chofes. 



Heath is the End of all things. 




H] UISQUE la Mort eft la Borne de 
toutes chofes, il eft jufte qu'elle le 
fob de nos promenades & de nos en- 
tretiens. Arrettons-nous donc, fuis 
quelle nous arrette. Ceft elle qui 
bien plus juftement qu'Hercule, doit 
graver fur les Colomnes- qui font 
peintes dans ce Tableau, Qu ePersonne dépasse 
outre. Vous voyez, aufji que tout demeure-là. Ces 
Couronnes, ces Tiares, & ces autres marques depuif- 
fance font mel.es avec les Menottes & les Fouets, qui 
font le Partage des Efclaves ; & vous enfeignent ; 
queftant arrivez, à ce point, il fe fait un mélange & 
une égalité de toutes chofes. Les Qualitez. y font con- 
fondues. , Let dons de la Nature s y perdent avec ceux 
de la Fortune. Mais difons pour la Gloire de la Vertu, 
quelle s'eleve au dejfus de fes bornes fatales, & que 
comme elle tire fdn origine du Ciel, où la Mort na point 
d'Empire, elle triomphe aufft de cette infolente ViBo- 
rieufe, & luy apprend qu'il n'y a que la moindre Partie 
de l'Homme, qui foitfoufmife à fa tyrannie. 




INCE Death is the End of all 
things, it is fit that it fhould 
end our Walk and Converfation. 
Let us then ftop here, fince 
Death here flops us, and fets 
bounds to our farther Search, 
and we can be no longer ufeful 
to each other. He may, with 
far better reafon than Hercules, engrave upon the Pil- 
lars reprefented in this Picture, ThatnoPerfonprefume 
to paf s farther. Behold all things remain on this fide, 
Crowns and Tiaras, and all thofe other Marks 
of Power, are mixed with the Whips and Fetters, 
that are the Portion of Slaves ; to inform you, 
that being arrived here, all Diftin&ions ceafe ; 
that the Vulgar and theGreat fleep undiftinguifh- 
ed in the Duft. The Gifts of Nature are loft 
with thofe of Fortune ; and, to the Glory of Ver^- 
tue be it fpoken, that fhe alone has the Prehemi- 
nence. She foars above thefe fatal Bounds and 
Limits, and deriving her glorious Original from 
Heaven, where Death has no power, triumphs o- 
ver this infolent Viâor, and makes him confefs, 
that it is only the leaft valuable Part of Man, that 
is fubje&ed to his Power and Tyranny. 



Hor.lib.3. n bk omn j s moriar, multaque pars met 
Ode 30. 2 r. 

Vifabit Libitinam. 



_ 



Sit modus lajfo maris, & viarum, 
Militiaque. , 

' Nil non mortale tenemus, 
PeSîoris excepts ingeniique bonis. 
Poft obitum benefaEla manent, aternaque virtus 
Non metuit, Stygiis ne rapiatur aquis. 

Poft labor es, artium ftudia, dignitates, opes, fequun- 
tur flagella, dolores, aliaque mala, vitam fuga- 
cem exercitantia ; fola Virtus manet fuperftes. 



All of me fhall not die, 
My better Part fhall be 
From Proferpint rfet free. 

Death ends the worn-out Soldiers Fears, • 

Gives reft to weary Travellers, 

And Shipwreck'd Sailors anxious Cares. 

When Death the fatal Summons gives, 
We nothing can immortal boaft, 

But Vertue, which for ever lives, 

Nor fears t 'approach the Stygian Coaft. 

Wealth, Arts, and Honours, all are vain, 

AH fubjed to decay, 
Short fleeting Life, purfu'd with Pain, 

And Sorrows, haftes away ; 
But Vertue only ftands fecure, 
And fhall (when Time's no more) endure. 



A View of Human Life. 



zii 




S'en eft fait : c £out eft confomm'e. 

Voicy l'achèvement des chofes. 

Mort il faut que tu te repofes, 

Et briz.es pour jamais ton dard envenimé. 

Mais S ! qu'en un moment ta fortune cft changk i 

Tu cedes à ton tour à ta fatalité, 

Et la Nature humaine heureufement vengée, 

S'eleve par ta Mort à l'Immmalitê. 



^Tis finifh'd, all things to ah end are comé; 
Death, 'tis now time that you fhould find a Tomb: 
Break now thy poifon'd Dart^ and go to reft; 
Since all things yield, and have thy Power confeft, 
Behold the Moment's come, when even you 
To Fate fhâll yield, and Death a Death fliall knoWj 
And human Nature in thy Ruin be 
Rais'd up to Life and Immortality. 






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